Menu

EWG's Tap Water Database — 2019 UPDATE

Donate

Miramar (East & West) Plants

EWG's drinking water quality report shows results of tests conducted by the water utility and provided to the Environmental Working Group by the Florida Department of Environmental Protection, as well as information from the U.S. EPA Enforcement and Compliance History database (ECHO). For the latest quarter assessed by the U.S. EPA (January 2019 - March 2019), tap water provided by this water utility was in compliance with federal health-based drinking water standards.

Utility Details

  • Miramar, Florida
  • Serves: 128,729
  • Data available: 2012—2017
  • Source: Groundwater

Contaminants Detected

6

EXCEED
EWG HEALTH
GUIDELINES

75 Total Contaminants

  • Legal does not necessarily equal safe. Getting a passing grade from the federal government does not mean the water meets the latest health guidelines.
  • Legal limits for contaminants in tap water have not been updated in almost 20 years.
  • The best way to ensure clean tap water is to keep pollution out of source water in the first place.

Legal ≠ Safe

EWG Health Guidelines fill the gap in outdated government standards.

The federal government’s legal limits are not health-protective. The EPA has not set a new tap water standard in almost 20 years, and some standards are more than 40 years old.

Contaminants Detected

Arsenic

Potential Effect: cancer100x EWG'S HEALTH GUIDELINE
THIS UTILITY0.400 ppb
EWG HEALTH GUIDELINE0.004 ppb
LEGAL LIMIT10 ppb
DETAILS
X

Arsenic is a potent carcinogen and common contaminant in drinking water. Arsenic causes thousands of cases of cancer each year in the U.S. Click here to read more about arsenic.

Arsenic was found at 100 times above EWG's Health Guideline.

EWG Health Guideline

0.004 ppb or less

This Utility

0.4 ppb

Legal Limit

10 ppb

National Average

0.688 ppb

State Average

0.515 ppb
The state and national averages were calculated using the averages of the contaminant measurements for each utility in 2015-2017.
ppb = parts per billion

Health Risks

The EWG Health Guideline of 0.004 ppb for arsenic was defined by the California Office of Environmental Health Hazard Assessment as a public health goal, the level of a drinking water contaminant that does not pose a significant health risk. This health guideline protects against cancer.

Pollution Sources

agriculture icon

Agriculture

industry icon

Industry

naturally occuring icon

Naturally Occurring

Filtering Options

reverse osmosis icon

Reverse Osmosis

ion exchange icon

Ion Exchange

Cadmium

Potential Effect: harm to the kidney2.1x EWG'S HEALTH GUIDELINE
THIS UTILITY0.0833 ppb
EWG HEALTH GUIDELINE0.04 ppb
LEGAL LIMIT5 ppb
DETAILS
X

Cadmium is a toxic metal found in food and drinking water. It has been linked to kidney toxicity, bone damage, cancer, and damage to developing fetuses.

Cadmium was found at 2.1 times above EWG's Health Guideline.

EWG Health Guideline

0.04 ppb or less

This Utility

0.0833 ppb

Legal Limit

5 ppb

National Average

0.00334 ppb

State Average

0.00797 ppb
The state and national averages were calculated using the averages of the contaminant measurements for each utility in 2015-2017.
ppb = parts per billion

Health Risks

The EWG Health Guideline of 0.04 ppb for cadmium was defined by the California Office of Environmental Health Hazard Assessment as a public health goal, the level of a drinking water contaminant that does not pose a significant health risk. This health guideline protects against harm to internal organs.

Pollution Sources

industry icon

Industry

urban area icon

Runoff & Sprawl

naturally occuring icon

Naturally Occurring

Filtering Options

carbon filter icon

Activated Carbon

reverse osmosis icon

Reverse Osmosis

ion exchange icon

Ion Exchange

Perfluorooctane sulfonate (PFOS)

Potential Effect: 12x EWG'S HEALTH GUIDELINE
THIS UTILITY11.8 ppt
EWG HEALTH GUIDELINE1 ppt
NO LEGAL LIMIT
DETAILS
X

Perfluorooctane sulfonate (PFOS)

more about
this contaminant

Perfluorooctane sulfonate (PFOS) is a member of a group of perfluorinated chemicals used in many consumer products. PFOS and other perfluorinated chemicals can cause serious health effects, including cancer, endocrine disruption, accelerated puberty, liver and immune system damage, and thyroid changes. These chemicals are persistent in the environment and they accumulate in people. Click here to read more about perfluorinated chemicals.

Perfluorooctane sulfonate (PFOS) was found at 12 times above EWG's Health Guideline.

EWG Health Guideline

1 ppt or less

This Utility

11.8 ppt

National Average

0.664 ppt

State Average

2.21 ppt
NO LEGAL LIMIT
The state and national averages were calculated using the averages of the contaminant measurements for each utility in 2012-2017.
ppt = parts per trillion

Health Risks

The EWG Health Guideline of 1 ppt for PFOS was defined by EWG based on studies by Phillipe Grandjean of Harvard University and many other independent researchers who found reduced effectiveness of vaccines and adverse impacts on mammary gland development from exposure to PFOA and PFOS, the two PFAS most widely detected in drinking water. This health guideline applies to the entire class of PFAS detected in water.

Pollution Sources

industry icon

Industry

urban area icon

Runoff & Sprawl

Filtering Options

carbon filter icon

Activated Carbon

reverse osmosis icon

Reverse Osmosis

Perfluorooctanoic acid (PFOA)

Potential Effect: cancer5.3x EWG'S HEALTH GUIDELINE
THIS UTILITY5.25 ppt
EWG HEALTH GUIDELINE1 ppt
NO LEGAL LIMIT
DETAILS
X

Perfluorooctanoic acid (PFOA)

more about
this contaminant

Perfluorooctanoic acid (PFOA) is a member of a group of perfluorinated chemicals used in many consumer products. PFOA and other perfluorinated chemicals can cause serious health effects, including cancer, endocrine disruption, accelerated puberty, liver and immune system damage, and thyroid changes. These chemicals are persistent in the environment and they accumulate in people. Click here to read more about perfluorinated chemicals.

Perfluorooctanoic acid (PFOA) was found at 5.3 times above EWG's Health Guideline.

EWG Health Guideline

1 ppt or less

This Utility

5.25 ppt

National Average

0.283 ppt

State Average

0.072 ppt
NO LEGAL LIMIT
The state and national averages were calculated using the averages of the contaminant measurements for each utility in 2012-2017.
ppt = parts per trillion

Health Risks

The EWG Health Guideline of 1 ppt for PFOA was defined by EWG based on studies by Phillipe Grandjean of Harvard University and many other independent researchers who found reduced effectiveness of vaccines and adverse impacts on mammary gland development from exposure to PFOA and PFOS, the two PFAS most widely detected in drinking water. This health guideline applies to the entire class of PFAS detected in water.

Pollution Sources

industry icon

Industry

urban area icon

Runoff & Sprawl

Filtering Options

carbon filter icon

Activated Carbon

reverse osmosis icon

Reverse Osmosis

Total trihalomethanes (TTHMs)

Potential Effect: cancer278x EWG'S HEALTH GUIDELINE
THIS UTILITY41.8 ppb
EWG HEALTH GUIDELINE0.15 ppb
LEGAL LIMIT80 ppb
DETAILS
X

Total trihalomethanes (TTHMs)

more about
this contaminant

Trihalomethanes are cancer-causing contaminants that form during water treatment with chlorine and other disinfectants. The total trihalomethanes group includes four chemicals: chloroform, bromodichloromethane, dibromochloromethane and bromoform.

Total trihalomethanes (TTHMs) was found at 278 times above EWG's Health Guideline.

EWG Health Guideline

0.15 ppb or less

This Utility

41.8 ppb

Legal Limit

80 ppb

National Average

30.1 ppb

State Average

33.5 ppb
The state and national averages were calculated using the averages of the contaminant measurements for each utility in 2015-2017.
ppb = parts per billion

Health Risks

The health guideline of 0.15 parts per billion, or ppb, for the group of four trihalomethanes, or THM4/TTHM, was defined in a peer-reviewed scientific study by EWG and represents a one-in-one-million lifetime cancer risk level.

Pollution Sources

water treatment icon

Treatment Byproducts

Filtering Options

carbon filter icon

Activated Carbon

reverse osmosis icon

Reverse Osmosis

Toxaphene

Potential Effect: cancer3.2x EWG'S HEALTH GUIDELINE
THIS UTILITY0.0967 ppb
EWG HEALTH GUIDELINE0.03 ppb
LEGAL LIMIT3 ppb
DETAILS
X

Toxaphene is a neurotoxic, persistent and bioaccumulative insecticide classified by the EPA as a probable human carcinogen.

Toxaphene was found at 3.2 times above EWG's Health Guideline.

EWG Health Guideline

0.03 ppb or less

This Utility

0.0967 ppb

Legal Limit

3 ppb

National Average

ppb

State Average

0.000711 ppb
The state and national averages were calculated using the averages of the contaminant measurements for each utility in 2015-2017.
ppb = parts per billion

Health Risks

The EWG Health Guideline of 0.03 ppb for toxaphene was defined by the California Office of Environmental Health Hazard Assessment as a public health goal, the level of a drinking water contaminant that does not pose a significant health risk. This health guideline protects against cancer.

Pollution Sources

agriculture icon

Agriculture

Filtering Options

carbon filter icon

Activated Carbon

reverse osmosis icon

Reverse Osmosis

Includes chemicals detected in 2015-2017 for which annual utility averages exceeded an EWG-selected health guideline established by a federal or state public health authority.


Other Contaminants Tested


Miramar (East & West) Plants compliance with legally mandated federal standards:

  • From April 2016 to March 2019, Miramar (East & West) Plants complied with health-based drinking water standards.

Information in this section on Miramar (East & West) Plants comes from the U.S. EPA Enforcement and Compliance History Online database (ECHO).

LEARN MORE ABOUT THIS UTILITY

Water Filters That Can Reduce Contaminant Levels

ContaminantActivated Carbonactivated carbonReverse Osmosisreverse osmosisIon Exchangeion exchange
CONTAMINANTS ABOVE
HEALTH GUIDELINES
Arsenic
Cadmium
Perfluorooctane sulfonate (PFOS)
Perfluorooctanoic acid (PFOA)
Total trihalomethanes (TTHMs)
Toxaphene
OTHER CONTAMINANTS
DETECTED
1,1,1-Trichloroethane
1,1,2-Trichloroethane
1,1-Dichloroethylene
1,2,4-Trichlorobenzene
1,2-Dibromo-3-chloropropane (DBCP)
1,2-Dichloroethane
1,2-Dichloropropane
1,4-Dioxane
2,4,5-TP (Silvex)
2,4-D
Alachlor (Lasso)
Aluminum
Antimony
Atrazine
Barium
Benzene
Benzo[a]pyrene
Beryllium
Carbofuran
Carbon tetrachloride
Chlorate
Chlordane
Chromium (hexavalent)
Chromium (total)
cis-1,2-Dichloroethylene
Cyanide
Dalapon
Di(2-ethylhexyl) adipate
Di(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate
Dichloromethane (methylene chloride)
Dinoseb
Diquat
Endothall
Endrin
Ethylbenzene
Ethylene dibromide
Fluoride
Glyphosate
Haloacetic acids (HAA5)
Heptachlor
Heptachlor epoxide
Hexachlorobenzene (HCB)
Hexachlorocyclopentadiene
Lindane
Manganese
Methoxychlor
Molybdenum
Monochlorobenzene (chlorobenzene)
Nitrate
Nitrite
o-Dichlorobenzene
Oxamyl (Vydate)
p-Dichlorobenzene
Pentachlorophenol
Picloram
Polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs)
Selenium
Silver
Simazine
Strontium
Styrene
Tetrachloroethylene (perchloroethylene)
Thallium
Toluene
trans-1,2-Dichloroethylene
Trichloroethylene
Vanadium
Vinyl chloride
Xylenes (total)

Take Action

Contact Your Local Official

One of the best ways to push for cleaner water is to hold accountable the elected officials who have a say in water quality – from city hall and the state legislature to Congress all the way to the Oval Office – by asking questions and demanding answers.

LEARN MORE

Filter Out Contaminants

Check out our recommendations for filters to protect your water against the detected contaminants.

EWG’S WATER FILTER GUIDE