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Aluminum

Status: No national drinking water standard exists

 

Aluminum is a metal released from metal refineries and mining operations. Too much aluminum exposure can impair children's brain development.

2015:

FOUND
FOUND ABOVE HEALTH GUIDELINES

30

states detected

3,405

utilities detected

64 million

people served

14

states over health guideline

70

utilities over health guideline

556,000

people served over health guideline

Health concerns for aluminum

Harm to the brain and nervous system

State and national drinking water standards and health guidelines

Health Guideline 600 ppb

The health guideline of 600 ppb for aluminum was defined by the California Office of Environmental Health Hazard Assessment as a public health goal, the level of a drinking water contaminant that does not pose a significant health risk. This health guideline protects against harm to the brain and nervous system.

ppb = parts per billion.

States reporting aluminum in drinking water

UTILITIES REPORTING ABOVE HEALTH GUIDELINES UTILITIES WITH CONTAMINATION
State UtilitiesPeople Served UtilitiesPeople Served
Texas15140,3791,25816,898,638
California1059,81933815,725,306
New Jersey112,0001933,822,753
Virginia412,0801593,539,393
Kentucky312,7831733,129,570
Florida001222,933,907
New York00652,637,661
Missouri001502,473,190
Alabama941,5291182,323,964
Kansas43,3103931,935,588
Louisiana10228,494851,387,713
Tennessee00191,101,048
Wisconsin00171,016,884
Massachusetts116,16046826,394
Washington0041650,604
District Of Columbia003644,822
Georgia711,31269627,340
Utah0012412,475
Arkansas33,45672347,806
Delaware004310,201
Alaska009242,938
Pennsylvania007196,987
New Hampshire0012162,357
Nevada17728138,615
Maryland00317,318
Idaho114,500114,500
Rhode Island0018,969
West Virginia0028,308
Oklahoma0033,436
Colorado15251525
New Mexico00145
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Utilities with the highest amounts of aluminum, 2015

ALL UTILITIES
LARGE UTILITIES
UtilityLocationTestsAverage levelPeople served
Trinity Rural Water Supply Corporation 1*Trinity, TX1 of 16,500.0 ppb1,931
WoodburyWoodbury, GA1 of 13,300.0 ppb961
Eskridge, City of*Eskridge, KS1 of 12,400.0 ppb520
Charlotte Courthouse, Town ofCharlotte Courthouse, VA1 of 12,330.0 ppb1,975
Sonoma Ranch Mutual Water CompanyPetaluma, CA1 of 22,250.0 ppb100
City of Hemphill*Hemphill, TX1 of 12,000.0 ppb1,198
Calvada Meadows UicnPahrump, NV2 of 41,970.0 ppb77
Pixley Public Utility DistrictPixley, CA3 of 31,756.7 ppb3,310
Covina Irrigating Company*Covina, CA1 of 11,700.0 ppb0
City of StantonStanton, TX1 of 11,500.0 ppb2,492
White County Water & Sewerage Authority*Cleveland, GA1 of 11,300.0 ppb4,420
Vivian Water SystemVivian, LA1 of 11,200.0 ppb4,500
SBDNO County Service Area 64Victorville, CA2 of 21,200.0 ppb12,514
City of TrinidadTrinidad, TX1 of 11,200.0 ppb896
Glacier ClubDurango, CO1 of 11,190.0 ppb525
Armona Community Services DistrictArmona, CA15 of 151,104.0 ppb4,143
Bluefield, Town of*Bluefield, VA2 of 21,005.5 ppb6,138
City of Beaumont Water Utility Department*Beaumont, TX1 of 1923.0 ppb118,228
Rebel Ridge VillageCamptonville, CA3 of 4917.0 ppb60
Washington County Water Authority*Chatom, AL1 of 1903.0 ppb2,478
Amity Waterworks*Amity, AR1 of 2890.0 ppb740
Middleborough Water SupplyMiddleborough, MA10 of 10867.0 ppb16,160
The Commons Water Supply Inc.Spring, TX1 of 1827.0 ppb2,511
Aqua NJ - Eastern DivisionHamilton, NJ18 of 18819.6 ppb12,000
City of LewistonLewiston, ID1 of 1817.0 ppb14,500
Shreveport Water System*Shreveport, LA1 of 1770.0 ppb201,000
Pendleton Water AssociationMany, LA1 of 1750.0 ppb2,211
Fort Payne Water Works Board*Fort Payne, AL1 of 1692.0 ppb21,363
City of MegargelMegargel, TX1 of 1670.0 ppb205
Morganfield Water Works*Morganfield, KY1 of 1670.0 ppb5,170

* This water utility supplies finished drinking water to at least one other water utility. The purchasing utility is not required to test for or report Aluminum, but it likely has the contaminant in its water supply.

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UtilityLocationTestsAverage levelPeople served
SBDNO County Service Area 64Victorville, CA2 of 21,200.0 ppb12,514
City of Beaumont Water Utility Department*Beaumont, TX1 of 1923.0 ppb118,228
Middleborough Water SupplyMiddleborough, MA10 of 10867.0 ppb16,160
Aqua NJ - Eastern DivisionHamilton, NJ18 of 18819.6 ppb12,000
City of LewistonLewiston, ID1 of 1817.0 ppb14,500
Shreveport Water System*Shreveport, LA1 of 1770.0 ppb201,000
Fort Payne Water Works Board*Fort Payne, AL1 of 1692.0 ppb21,363
Magnolia Waterworks*Magnolia, AR4 of 4417.5 ppb10,866
Nueces County WCID 3*Robstown, TX1 of 1383.0 ppb14,607
Monticello Water & Sewer Commission*Monticello, KY1 of 1380.0 ppb24,057
Texarkana Water Utilities*Texarkana, AR3 of 3376.7 ppb32,097
James Fork Regional Water District*Greenwood, AR4 of 4367.5 ppb11,380
City of LemooreLemoore, CA1 of 1360.0 ppb24,945
Tri-County Water Distbr District*Russelville, AR1 of 1300.0 ppb17,299
Cypress Springs SUD N Plant 1 and NE Plant*Mount Vernon, TX2 of 2280.0 ppb10,692
City of Jacksonville*Jacksonville, TX1 of 1270.0 ppb14,544
City of Longview*Longview, TX3 of 3266.7 ppb80,455
Pikeville Water Department*Pikeville, KY1 of 1260.0 ppb12,700
City of Atchison*Atchison, KS1 of 1260.0 ppb10,771
Compton Water DepartmentCompton, CA1 of 2250.0 ppb81,963
Texarkana Water Utilities*Texarkana, TX2 of 2240.0 ppb39,678
City of Mabank*Mabank, TX1 of 1240.0 ppb10,482
City of San Marcos*San Marcos, TX1 of 3233.0 ppb53,540
Benton - Washington Regional Public Water Authority*Rogers, AR1 of 1230.0 ppb77,085
PerryPerry, GA2 of 2230.0 ppb14,526
NJ American Water - Atlantic CountyVoorhees, NJ4 of 8212.5 ppb120,000
Marion Waterworks*Marion, AR1 of 1210.0 ppb12,345
California Water Service - LivermoreLivermore, CA3 of 5203.6 ppb56,700
West Morgan-East Lawrence Water Authority*Decatur, AL1 of 1202.0 ppb26,130
City of San Jose - EVG/EDV/COYSan Jose, CA1 of 1200.0 ppb93,300

* This water utility supplies finished drinking water to at least one other water utility. The purchasing utility is not required to test for or report Aluminum, but it likely has the contaminant in its water supply.

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