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Toluene

Status: National drinking water standard exists

 

Toluene is a volatile solvent that harms the nervous and immune systems, damages the liver and may increase the risk of miscarriage and birth defects. Read More.

Toluene is a petroleum-derived chemical found in gasoline and used as a solvent in paints, adhesives and cleaning supplies. Toluene is highly neurotoxic. Exposure can cause fatigue and nausea, and may lead to nervous system disorders.

2015:

FOUND
FOUND ABOVE HEALTH GUIDELINES

36

states detected

269

utilities detected

2.1 million

people served

0

states over health guideline

0

utilities over health guideline

0

people served over health guideline

Health concerns for toluene

Harm to the brain and nervous system

Harm to the liver

Harm to the immune system

Harm to the reproductive system

Harm to fetal growth and development

State and national drinking water standards and health guidelines

Health Guideline 150 ppb

The health guideline of 150 ppb for toluene was defined by the California Office of Environmental Health Hazard Assessment as a public health goal, the level of a drinking water contaminant that does not pose a significant health risk. This health guideline protects against harm to internal organs.

ppb = parts per billion.

EPA Maximum Contaminant
Level (MCL) 1,000 ppb

The enforceable federal standard that defines the highest level of a contaminant allowed in drinking water.

ppb = parts per billion.

EPA Maximum Contaminant
Level Goal (MCLG)1,000 ppb

A non-enforceable federal health guideline. For cancer-causing chemicals, these health goals are typically set to zero.

ppb = parts per billion.

States reporting toluene in drinking water

UTILITIES WITH CONTAMINATION
State UtilitiesPeople Served
Texas68433,830
New York9367,232
Wisconsin26316,646
California18186,826
Virginia9158,215
Arizona5156,302
Utah10111,836
Tennessee192,506
Iowa842,512
Colorado738,540
New Jersey533,984
North Carolina1222,276
Massachusetts521,773
Ohio317,458
Georgia414,346
Louisiana59,596
Alaska78,281
Idaho58,233
Minnesota56,453
Vermont45,940
Florida85,884
Nevada24,400
New Mexico74,112
Pennsylvania53,785
Oklahoma73,307
Kansas43,061
West Virginia12,680
Indiana12,349
Illinois11,067
Washington3968
Missouri4858
Delaware1420
Maine4313
Connecticut1285
Oregon1275
New Hampshire3245
MORE
LESS

Utilities with the highest amounts of toluene, 2015

ALL UTILITIES
LARGE UTILITIES
UtilityLocationTestsAverage levelPeople served
Hillview Water Co-raymondOakhurst, CA1 of 2120.0 ppb294
Farm Water WorksSanford, NC4 of 497.6 ppb137
Menomonee Falls WW - GroundwaterMenomonee Falls, WI2 of 418.2 ppb1,796
WeemsRockville, VA1 of 213.8 ppb653
Wells St. Station 425 WestBrookfield, WI2 of 212.8 ppb25
Goshen Water District #2 (arcadia Hills)Goshen, NY2 of 611.1 ppb822
Inchelium Water DistrictInchelium, WA1 of 110.2 ppb540
Brandt PointSequim, WA2 of 59.54 ppb26
East Thetford Water CompanyE Thetford, VT1 of 29.50 ppb250
Happy Trails Mobile Home ParkAuburn, ME1 of 29.50 ppb33
Faith School of TheologyCharleston, ME1 of 19.10 ppb110
Laurel Lakes 508Thiensville, WI1 of 48.50 ppb50
Lakeview Hills Water Supply CorporationLago Vista, TX1 of 18.30 ppb93
Lewis Estates SubdivisionThomasville, GA1 of 28.00 ppb101
Fairview Road Water SystemHollister, CA2 of 27.80 ppb40
Gap View Community Mobile Home ParkSecaucus, PA1 of 17.60 ppb50
Heron Pond At StockbridgeStockbridge, MA1 of 37.00 ppb25
Upham Farms CondominiumsCharlton, MA2 of 37.00 ppb90
White Oak VillageGarner, NC1 of 37.00 ppb104
Gunnison City*Gunnison, UT1 of 16.90 ppb3,124
Hilltop Lakes Water Supply CorporationHilltop Lakes, TX1 of 36.67 ppb1,878
Country Crest Mobile Home ParkDillsburg, PA1 of 25.50 ppb150
Big Island Water CompanyRoach, MO1 of 15.48 ppb175
EitzenEitzen, MN1 of 35.33 ppb237
Hart Flat Bear Mutual WaterKeene, CA1 of 35.00 ppb43
The HarborWichita, KS1 of 34.67 ppb35
Old Farms Condominium Association Inc.New Milford, CT1 of 24.65 ppb285
Earlysville ForestPalmyra, VA1 of 24.46 ppb488
Neuse Colony S/d Section BClayton, NC3 of 83.50 ppb195
Mountain Water CompanyWarren, VT1 of 23.20 ppb2,400

* This water utility supplies finished drinking water to at least one other water utility. The purchasing utility is not required to test for or report Toluene, but it likely has the contaminant in its water supply.

MORE
LESS
UtilityLocationTestsAverage levelPeople served
Western Virginia Water Authority*Roanoke, VA3 of 141.02 ppb155,000
Savannah-Georgetown/GatewayPort Wenworth, GA5 of 80.948 ppb13,504
North Reading Water DepartmentNorth Reading, MA1 of 10.820 ppb15,200
Jackson Water SystemJackson, TN12 of 1260.745 ppb92,506
Harris County MUD 165*Houston, TX2 of 70.700 ppb17,763
Grand Junction*Grand Junction, CO1 of 10.520 ppb26,000
Langham Creek Utility District*Houston, TX1 of 20.500 ppb10,377
Burlington Municipal Waterworks*Burlington, IA1 of 40.343 ppb25,619
Shorewood WaterworksShorewood, WI3 of 30.297 ppb13,189
Elmira Water Board*Elmira, NY2 of 190.292 ppb66,529
Ogden City Water System*Pleasant View, UT1 of 30.200 ppb77,000
City of Peoria*Peoria, AZ3 of 150.173 ppb124,500
Pinery WwdParker, CO1 of 70.171 ppb10,800
City of Apache JunctionApache Junction, AZ1 of 40.150 ppb13,657
Grand Chute Tn San District 1Grand Chute, WI1 of 10.130 ppb21,583
City of Houston Utility District 5 - Kingwood*Houston, TX1 of 60.117 ppb78,078
City of League City*League City, TX1 of 90.0667 ppb96,209
Monroe WaterworksMonroe, WI1 of 20.0650 ppb10,780
Madison Water Utility*Madison, WI2 of 370.0284 ppb235,000
New Philadelphia City PWSNew Philadelphia, OH1 of 240.0246 ppb17,288
Margate City Water DepartmentMargate, NJ1 of 40.0175 ppb25,545
Bayleaf MasterRaleigh, NC1 of 460.0122 ppb16,500
Whitewater WaterworksWhitewater, WI1 of 200.0115 ppb14,000
United Water New York*New Rochelle, NY1 of 1560.00385 ppb270,950

* This water utility supplies finished drinking water to at least one other water utility. The purchasing utility is not required to test for or report Toluene, but it likely has the contaminant in its water supply.