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EWG's Tap Water Database — 2019 UPDATE

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Vanadium

Status: No national drinking water standard exists

 

Vanadium is a metal used in steels and other alloys. People are commonly exposed to vanadium in water and food. Excessive exposure can be toxic during pregnancy and childhood.

2012-2017:

FOUND
FOUND ABOVE HEALTH GUIDELINES

50

states detected

6,952

utilities detected

210 million

people served

10

states over health guideline

122

utilities over health guideline

2.3 million

people served over health guideline

Health concerns for vanadium

Change in blood chemistry

Harm to reproduction and child development

State and national drinking water standards and health guidelines

EWG Health Guideline 21 ppb

The EWG Health Guideline of 21 ppb for vanadium was defined by the Environmental Protection Agency as a benchmark for testing under the Unregulated Contaminant Monitoring Rule program. This health guideline protects against change in blood chemistry.

ppb = parts per billion

States reporting vanadium in drinking water

UTILITIES REPORTING ABOVE HEALTH GUIDELINES UTILITIES WITH CONTAMINATION
State UtilitiesPeople Served UtilitiesPeople Served
California881,275,12690738,636,064
Texas1132,95073419,477,562
Florida0029816,189,603
Illinois0042310,223,386
New York002057,343,385
Ohio002397,262,473
Georgia001525,938,483
Arizona220,8511005,734,768
New Jersey001265,610,201
North Carolina003155,531,372
Michigan001595,183,099
Virginia001395,094,684
Washington1901974,931,990
Tennessee001564,825,216
Colorado001584,495,617
Maryland00364,323,690
Alabama001874,004,083
Pennsylvania001573,900,794
Missouri001313,686,136
Kentucky001793,583,218
Massachusetts001143,089,597
South Carolina001502,964,190
Louisiana00972,930,905
Oregon11,540832,737,124
Wisconsin00892,711,652
Oklahoma7230,2332092,630,951
Utah00762,432,156
Nevada00242,420,486
Connecticut00532,314,752
Indiana00712,118,632
Kansas001311,949,037
Minnesota00451,725,303
Iowa001571,568,010
Arkansas11,9871281,525,383
Hawaii16519,118261,347,377
New Mexico495,262391,316,034
Nebraska00361,178,479
Rhode Island0034957,468
Idaho146,00026830,866
Mississippi0030756,834
District Of Columbia004664,572
Delaware0023572,436
West Virginia0041541,487
South Dakota00102450,989
Alaska0014410,865
North Dakota0020407,547
Montana0039383,886
New Hampshire0028311,543
Wyoming0038248,516
Maine008149,854
Vermont001939,471
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Utilities with the highest amounts of vanadium, 2012-2017

ALL UTILITIES
LARGE UTILITIES
UtilityLocationTestsAverage levelPeople served
Caruthers Community Services DistrictCaruthers, CA3 of 392.0 ppb2,497
SBNDO County Service Area 70JVictorville, CA11 of 1183.1 ppb10,111
WaikoloaWaikoloa, HI6 of 659.8 ppb12,100
Mobile Plaza ParkSan Mateo, CA2 of 258.5 ppb125
North Kona*Hilo, HI26 of 2658.0 ppb27,942
Keopu Water AssociationHolualoa, HI26 of 2658.0 ppb250
Arvin Community Services DistrictArvin, CA12 of 1251.0 ppb19,000
YukonYukon, OK4 of 450.2 ppb22,498
Sultana Community Services DistrictSultana, CA2 of 247.0 ppb650
City of DinubaDinuba, CA4 of 444.8 ppb23,666
City of RiponRipon, CA11 of 1144.0 ppb14,915
City of Modesto, SalidaModesto, CA10 of 1044.0 ppb24,440
City of KermanKerman, CA16 of 1643.6 ppb14,068
City of ReedleyReedley, CA20 of 2043.5 ppb24,842
Victorville Water DistrictVictorville, CA242 of 24243.1 ppb111,649
City of KingsburgKingsburg, CA36 of 3642.6 ppb11,504
Spring Creek Estates Public Water SystemStockton, CA2 of 241.5 ppb90
Pilot Rock, City ofPilot Rock, OR6 of 640.1 ppb1,540
City Of Modesto - Central TurlockModesto, CA20 of 2038.8 ppb500
City of Turlock*Turlock, CA20 of 2038.8 ppb64,215
Oasis InvestmentsModesto, CA8 of 838.8 ppb75
MustangMustang, OK10 of 1138.7 ppb15,435
Rio Linda/Alverta Community Water DistrictRio Linda, CA24 of 2438.5 ppb13,386
Eagle's Nest ResortPorterville, CA1 of 136.0 ppb50
MooreMoore, OK31 of 3135.1 ppb41,138
Fairway Estates Public Water System Csa-18Stockton, CA2 of 235.0 ppb68
City of MantecaManteca, CA121 of 12334.5 ppb66,451
Tahama Village Mobile Home ParkBellflower, CA4 of 434.5 ppb200
East Orosi Community Services DistrictOrosi, CA3 of 334.3 ppb700
San Joaquin County-raymus VillageStockton, CA4 of 434.3 ppb1,086
Waipio HeightsHonolulu, HI6 of 634.0 ppb16,616
Del Rio East Homeowners Association Water SystemModesto, CA4 of 434.0 ppb110
Wine Country ApartmentsLodi, CA1 of 134.0 ppb40
City of MidlandMidland, TX12 of 1233.3 ppb132,950
California State University FresnoFresno, CA8 of 832.6 ppb23,000
Lemon Cove Water CompanyLemon Cove, CA2 of 231.5 ppb200
WaialuaHonolulu, HI4 of 431.0 ppb13,447
Desert Springs Mutual Water CompanyLucerne Valley, CA1 of 131.0 ppb325
MililaniHonolulu, HI8 of 829.7 ppb35,875
Hawaiian ShoresPahoa, HI4 of 429.5 ppb1,310
Villa CerezosLos Altos, CA2 of 229.5 ppb200
City of AtwaterAtwater, CA19 of 1929.4 ppb29,050
Roosevelt County Water Users AssociationPortales, NM8 of 829.4 ppb3,780
Portales Water System*Portales, NM8 of 829.4 ppb14,097
Landale Mutual Water CompanyLancaster, CA2 of 229.3 ppb500
Laguna Village Rv ParkElk Grove, CA1 of 129.0 ppb32
North Perris Water SystemPerris, CA8 of 828.9 ppb3,350
A1 Winstons Mobile Home ParkStockton, CA2 of 228.5 ppb75
Tull WaterMalvern, AR8 of 828.4 ppb1,987
Hobbs Municipal Water SupplyHobbs, NM20 of 2028.4 ppb37,877

* This water utility supplies finished drinking water to at least one other water utility. The purchasing utility is not required to test for or report Vanadium, but it likely has the contaminant in its water supply.

UtilityLocationTestsAverage levelPeople served
SBNDO County Service Area 70JVictorville, CA11 of 1183.1 ppb10,111
WaikoloaWaikoloa, HI6 of 659.8 ppb12,100
North Kona*Hilo, HI26 of 2658.0 ppb27,942
Arvin Community Services DistrictArvin, CA12 of 1251.0 ppb19,000
YukonYukon, OK4 of 450.2 ppb22,498
City of DinubaDinuba, CA4 of 444.8 ppb23,666
City of Modesto, SalidaModesto, CA10 of 1044.0 ppb24,440
City of RiponRipon, CA11 of 1144.0 ppb14,915
City of KermanKerman, CA16 of 1643.6 ppb14,068
City of ReedleyReedley, CA20 of 2043.5 ppb24,842
Victorville Water DistrictVictorville, CA242 of 24243.1 ppb111,649
City of KingsburgKingsburg, CA36 of 3642.6 ppb11,504
City of Turlock*Turlock, CA20 of 2038.8 ppb64,215
MustangMustang, OK10 of 1138.7 ppb15,435
Rio Linda/Alverta Community Water DistrictRio Linda, CA24 of 2438.5 ppb13,386
MooreMoore, OK31 of 3135.1 ppb41,138
City of MantecaManteca, CA121 of 12334.5 ppb66,451
Waipio HeightsHonolulu, HI6 of 634.0 ppb16,616
City of MidlandMidland, TX12 of 1233.3 ppb132,950
California State University FresnoFresno, CA8 of 832.6 ppb23,000
WaialuaHonolulu, HI4 of 431.0 ppb13,447
MililaniHonolulu, HI8 of 829.7 ppb35,875
City of AtwaterAtwater, CA19 of 1929.4 ppb29,050
Portales Water System*Portales, NM8 of 829.4 ppb14,097
Hobbs Municipal Water SupplyHobbs, NM20 of 2028.4 ppb37,877
City of Buckeye Sonora - SundanceBuckeye, AZ8 of 828.3 ppb15,783
City of McFarlandMcfarland, CA20 of 2228.2 ppb12,333
Waipahu-Ewa-WaianaeHonolulu, HI41 of 4128.2 ppb188,539
Rancho California Water District*Temecula, CA91 of 9728.2 ppb120,000
City of DelanoDelano, CA48 of 5028.1 ppb49,800
Kalaheo-KoloaLihue, HI32 of 3227.8 ppb11,382
Schofield Barracks*Schofield Barracks, HI4 of 427.3 ppb40,558
Norman*Norman, OK80 of 8026.9 ppb72,928
Wahiawa*Honolulu, HI6 of 625.8 ppb24,798
Camrosa Water DistrictCamarillo, CA30 of 3125.6 ppb30,000
Epcor Water New Mexico Inc ClovisClovis, NM30 of 3025.5 ppb39,508
Joint Base Pearl Harbor-Hickam*Jbphh, HI12 of 1225.1 ppb65,230
City of Loma LindaLoma Linda, CA63 of 6323.9 ppb23,261
City of Clovis*Clovis, CA74 of 7723.9 ppb103,871
City of TulareTulare, CA91 of 9323.7 ppb60,823
City of LodiLodi, CA72 of 7223.7 ppb63,395
Coachella Water AuthorityCoachella, CA54 of 5423.5 ppb41,904
City of Edmond - Arcadia Lake*Arcadia, OK87 of 8723.5 ppb77,616
City of LindsayLindsay, CA14 of 1423.3 ppb13,445
City of ExeterExeter, CA14 of 1422.6 ppb10,539
City of RiverbankRiverbank, CA39 of 3922.1 ppb22,201
City of CeresCeres, CA17 of 1721.9 ppb42,666
City of Twin FallsTwin Falls, ID16 of 1621.8 ppb46,000
WailukuWailuku, HI87 of 8721.6 ppb68,976
City of MaderaMadera, CA37 of 3721.5 ppb63,105

* This water utility supplies finished drinking water to at least one other water utility. The purchasing utility is not required to test for or report Vanadium, but it likely has the contaminant in its water supply.