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Vanadium

Status: No national drinking water standard exists

 

Vanadium is a metal used in steels and other alloys. People are commonly exposed to vanadium in water and food. Excessive exposure can be toxic during pregnancy and childhood.

2010-2015:

FOUND
FOUND ABOVE HEALTH GUIDELINES

50

states detected

7,846

utilities detected

212 million

people served

10

states over health guideline

127

utilities over health guideline

2.3 million

people served over health guideline

Health concerns for vanadium

Change in blood chemistry

Harm to reproduction and child development

State and national drinking water standards and health guidelines

Health Guideline 21 ppb

The health guideline of 21 ppb for vanadium was defined by the Environmental Protection Agency as a benchmark for testing under the Unregulated Contaminant Monitoring Rule program. This health guideline protects against change in blood chemistry.

ppb = parts per billion.

States reporting vanadium in drinking water

UTILITIES REPORTING ABOVE HEALTH GUIDELINES UTILITIES WITH CONTAMINATION
State UtilitiesPeople Served UtilitiesPeople Served
California871,277,56189039,450,079
Texas1119,38591019,572,132
Florida0031916,252,783
Illinois0045510,343,081
New York002167,589,119
Ohio002587,392,253
North Carolina003565,650,633
Arizona220,8511535,612,648
New Jersey001295,598,046
Michigan002025,540,486
Georgia002105,310,253
Washington1902485,041,483
Virginia001444,919,140
Tennessee001804,728,714
Colorado001644,531,391
Maryland00344,327,848
Alabama002504,316,743
Pennsylvania001733,990,087
Kentucky002043,704,371
Missouri001403,697,542
Massachusetts001193,212,508
Louisiana001102,930,864
South Carolina001632,868,447
Oregon11,540972,834,609
Wisconsin00912,701,680
Oklahoma12230,0612912,670,567
Nevada00272,449,889
Utah00832,358,979
Connecticut00602,331,367
Indiana00742,084,572
Kansas001441,983,332
Minnesota00501,756,651
Iowa001891,631,590
Arkansas11,9871511,595,414
Hawaii17519,518271,347,777
New Mexico495,262471,332,886
Nebraska00341,165,773
Rhode Island0036926,336
Idaho146,00026806,230
Mississippi0032782,818
District Of Columbia005664,572
Delaware0012549,207
West Virginia0046546,501
South Dakota00108461,979
Alaska0018405,868
North Dakota0033390,439
Montana0043386,663
New Hampshire0028309,291
Wyoming0038249,185
Maine0010152,067
Vermont001943,311
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Utilities with the highest amounts of vanadium, 2010-2015

ALL UTILITIES
LARGE UTILITIES
UtilityLocationTestsAverage levelPeople served
Caruthers Community Services DistrictCaruthers, CA3 of 392.0 ppb2,497
SBNDO County Service Area 70JVictorville, CA10 of 1076.4 ppb10,111
WaikoloaWaikoloa, HI6 of 659.8 ppb12,100
Mobile Plaza ParkSan Mateo, CA2 of 258.5 ppb125
North Kona*Hilo, HI26 of 2658.0 ppb27,942
Keyes Community Services DistrictKeyes, CA3 of 354.3 ppb4,891
YukonYukon, OK4 of 450.2 ppb22,498
Murrieta Palms Mobile Home ParkHemet, CA1 of 147.0 ppb237
Sultana Community Services DistrictSultana, CA3 of 346.7 ppb650
City of DinubaDinuba, CA4 of 444.8 ppb23,666
City of Modesto, SalidaModesto, CA10 of 1044.0 ppb24,440
City of RiponRipon, CA11 of 1144.0 ppb14,915
City of KermanKerman, CA16 of 1643.6 ppb14,068
City of ReedleyReedley, CA20 of 2043.5 ppb24,842
Fall River Valley Community Services DistrictFall River Mills, CA1 of 143.0 ppb1,600
Oasis InvestmentsModesto, CA8 of 841.6 ppb75
Spring Creek Estates Public Water SystemStockton, CA2 of 241.5 ppb90
Country Club County Water DistrictTurlock, CA1 of 141.0 ppb56
Pilot Rock, City ofPilot Rock, OR6 of 640.1 ppb1,540
Victorville Water District*Victorville, CA213 of 21739.7 ppb111,649
Arvin Community Services DistrictArvin, CA11 of 1139.6 ppb19,000
East Orosi Community Services DistrictOrosi, CA2 of 239.5 ppb700
City of KingsburgKingsburg, CA41 of 4339.0 ppb11,504
El Monte Village Mobile Home ParkClovis, CA2 of 239.0 ppb100
MustangMustang, OK10 of 1138.7 ppb15,435
Rio Linda/Alverta Community Water DistrictRio Linda, CA24 of 2438.5 ppb13,386
City of Turlock*Turlock, CA22 of 2238.2 ppb64,215
City of MantecaManteca, CA125 of 12536.1 ppb66,451
MooreMoore, OK31 of 3135.1 ppb41,138
Tahama Village Mobile Home ParkBellflower, CA4 of 434.5 ppb200

* This water utility supplies finished drinking water to at least one other water utility. The purchasing utility is not required to test for or report Vanadium, but it likely has the contaminant in its water supply.

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UtilityLocationTestsAverage levelPeople served
SBNDO County Service Area 70JVictorville, CA10 of 1076.4 ppb10,111
WaikoloaWaikoloa, HI6 of 659.8 ppb12,100
North Kona*Hilo, HI26 of 2658.0 ppb27,942
YukonYukon, OK4 of 450.2 ppb22,498
City of DinubaDinuba, CA4 of 444.8 ppb23,666
City of Modesto, SalidaModesto, CA10 of 1044.0 ppb24,440
City of RiponRipon, CA11 of 1144.0 ppb14,915
City of KermanKerman, CA16 of 1643.6 ppb14,068
City of ReedleyReedley, CA20 of 2043.5 ppb24,842
Victorville Water District*Victorville, CA213 of 21739.7 ppb111,649
Arvin Community Services DistrictArvin, CA11 of 1139.6 ppb19,000
City of KingsburgKingsburg, CA41 of 4339.0 ppb11,504
MustangMustang, OK10 of 1138.7 ppb15,435
Rio Linda/Alverta Community Water DistrictRio Linda, CA24 of 2438.5 ppb13,386
City of Turlock*Turlock, CA22 of 2238.2 ppb64,215
City of MantecaManteca, CA125 of 12536.1 ppb66,451
MooreMoore, OK31 of 3135.1 ppb41,138
Waipio HeightsHonolulu, HI6 of 634.0 ppb16,616
City of MidlandMidland, TX12 of 1233.3 ppb119,385
California State University FresnoFresno, CA8 of 832.6 ppb23,000
Waialua*Honolulu, HI4 of 431.0 ppb13,447
City of McFarlandMcfarland, CA19 of 2030.2 ppb12,333
MililaniHonolulu, HI8 of 829.7 ppb35,875
City of AtwaterAtwater, CA19 of 1929.4 ppb29,050
Portales Water System*Portales, NM8 of 829.4 ppb14,097
Rancho California Water DistrictTemecula, CA90 of 9628.4 ppb120,000
Hobbs Municipal Water SupplyHobbs, NM20 of 2028.4 ppb37,877
City of Buckeye Sonora - SundanceBuckeye, AZ8 of 828.3 ppb15,783
Waipahu-Ewa-WaianaeHonolulu, HI41 of 4128.2 ppb188,539
City of DelanoDelano, CA48 of 5028.1 ppb49,800

* This water utility supplies finished drinking water to at least one other water utility. The purchasing utility is not required to test for or report Vanadium, but it likely has the contaminant in its water supply.

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