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Product score: 04

Data Availability:

Limited

Circumference NYC Vital-C Antioxidant Day Serum

Circumference NYC Vital-C Antioxidant Day Serum

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CATEGORY

Serums & Essences

BRAND

Circumference

DATA LAST UPDATED

July 2021

Ingredient concerns

See how this product scores for common concerns.

  • LOW
    Cancer
  • HIGH
    Allergies & Immunotoxicity
  • MODERATE
    Developmental and Reproductive Toxicity
  • HIGH
    Use Restrictions

Ingredient scores

Ingredients are scored based on their formulation and concentration in this product. Click on an ingredient for more information.

Ingredient score: 05
GLYCYRRHIZA GLABRA (LICORICE) ROOT EXTRACT
Data Availability: Limited
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FUNCTION(S) antioxidant, skin-conditioning agent - humectant, skin-conditioning agent - miscellaneous, perfuming
CONCERNS • Developmental/reproductive toxicity (moderate)
• Allergies/immunotoxicity (low)
• Neurotoxicity (low)
• Endocrine disruption (moderate)
• Non-reproductive organ system toxicity (moderate)
• Irritation (skin, eyes, or lungs) (low)
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Ingredient score: 05
CITRUS AURANTIUM DULCIS (ORANGE) PEEL OIL
Appeared as: CITRUS SINENSIS (ORANGE) PEEL OIL
Data Availability: None
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CONCERNS • Cancer (low)
• Developmental/reproductive toxicity (low)
• Allergies/immunotoxicity (high)
• Persistence and bioaccumulation (moderate)
• Non-reproductive organ system toxicity (moderate)
• Ecotoxicology (low)
• Irritation (skin, eyes, or lungs) (high)
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Ingredient score: 04
SODIUM METABISULFITE
Data Availability: Fair
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FUNCTION(S) antioxidant, reducing agent, preservative, reducing
CONCERNS • Allergies/immunotoxicity (low)
• Use restrictions (moderate)
• Non-reproductive organ system toxicity (moderate)
• Irritation (skin, eyes, or lungs) (high)
• Occupational hazards (high)
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Ingredient score: 04
PHENOXYETHANOL
Data Availability: Limited
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FUNCTION(S) fragrance ingredient, preservative
CONCERNS • Allergies/immunotoxicity (low)
• Use restrictions (moderate)
• Non-reproductive organ system toxicity (moderate)
• Irritation (skin, eyes, or lungs) (high)
• Occupational hazards (high)
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Ingredient score: 03
DIMETHICONE
Data Availability: Limited
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FUNCTION(S) antifoaming agent, skin-conditioning agent - occlusive, skin protectant, antifoaming, emollient, skin conditioning, skin protecting
CONCERNS • Use restrictions (moderate)
• Non-reproductive organ system toxicity (moderate)
• Ecotoxicology (low)
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Ingredient score: 03
PEG-8
Data Availability: Limited
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FUNCTION(S) humectant, solvent
CONCERNS • Non-reproductive organ system toxicity (low)
• Contamination concerns (ETHYLENE OXIDE and 1,4-DIOXANE)
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Ingredient score: 03
POLYSORBATE-20
Data Availability: Fair
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FUNCTION(S) fragrance ingredient, surfactant - emulsifying agent, surfactant - solubilizing agent
CONCERNS • Non-reproductive organ system toxicity (low)
• Contamination concerns (ETHYLENE OXIDE and 1,4-DIOXANE)
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Ingredient score: 03
POLYSORBATE-80
Data Availability: Fair
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FUNCTION(S) denaturant, fragrance ingredient, surfactant - emulsifying agent, surfactant - solubilizingagent, emulsifying, surfactant
CONCERNS • Non-reproductive organ system toxicity (low)
• Contamination concerns (ETHYLENE OXIDE and 1,4-DIOXANE)
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Ingredient score: 03
SODIUM BENZOATE
Data Availability: Fair
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FUNCTION(S) fragrance ingredient, preservative, anticorrosive, masking
CONCERNS • Use restrictions (moderate)
• Non-reproductive organ system toxicity (low)
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Ingredient score: 02
GLYCERIN
Data Availability: Good
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FUNCTION(S) denaturant, fragrance ingredient, hair conditioning agent, humectant, oral care agent;oral health care drug, skin-conditioning agent - humectant, skin protectant, viscosity decreasing agent, perfuming, solvent
CONCERNS • Use restrictions (moderate)
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Ingredient score: 02
ACRYLAMIDE/ SODIUM ACRYLOYLDIMETHYLTAURATE COPOLYMER
Data Availability: Fair
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FUNCTION(S) emulsion stabilizer, viscosity increasing agent - aqueous, emulsion stabilising, viscosity controlling
CONCERNS • Use restrictions (moderate)
• Non-reproductive organ system toxicity (low)
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Ingredient score: 02
CITRIC ACID
Data Availability: Good
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FUNCTION(S) chelating agent, fragrance ingredient, ph adjuster, buffering, chelating, masking
CONCERNS • Use restrictions (moderate)
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Ingredient score: 02
DECYL GLUCOSIDE
Data Availability: Limited
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FUNCTION(S) surfactant - cleansing agent, cleansing, emulsion stabilising, surfactant
CONCERNS • Developmental/reproductive toxicity (low)
• Allergies/immunotoxicity (moderate)
• Use restrictions (low)
• Non-reproductive organ system toxicity (low)
• Irritation (skin, eyes, or lungs) (low)
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Ingredient score: 02
LAVANDULA ANGUSTIFOLIA (LAVENDER) OIL
Data Availability: Limited
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FUNCTION(S) fragrance ingredient, skin-conditioning agent - miscellaneous
CONCERNS • Allergies/immunotoxicity (low)
• Endocrine disruption (moderate)
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Ingredient score: 02
POTASSIUM SORBATE
Data Availability: Limited
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FUNCTION(S) fragrance ingredient, preservative
CONCERNS • Allergies/immunotoxicity (moderate)
• Non-reproductive organ system toxicity (low)
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Ingredient score: 01
WATER
Appeared as: AQUA
Data Availability: Robust
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FUNCTION(S) solvent
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Ingredient score: 01
ROSA DAMASCENA FLOWER WATER
Appeared as: ROSA DAMASCENA FLOWER WATER (ROSE)
Data Availability: Limited
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FUNCTION(S) fragrance ingredient, masking, skin conditioning, skin protecting
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Ingredient score: 01
ALOE BARBADENSIS (ALOE VERA) LEAF JUICE
Appeared as: ALOE BARBADENSIS LEAF JUICE
Data Availability: Limited
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CONCERNS • Cancer (moderate)
• Developmental/reproductive toxicity (low)
• Use restrictions (low)
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Ingredient score: 01
NIACINAMIDE
Data Availability: Fair
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FUNCTION(S) hair conditioning agent, skin-conditioning agent - miscellaneous, smoothing
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Ingredient score: 01
ETHYL ASCORBIC ACID
Data Availability: None
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FUNCTION(S) skin-conditioning agent - miscellaneous, skin conditioning
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Ingredient score: 01
ASCORBIC ACID (VITAMIN C)
Appeared as: ASCORBIC ACID
Data Availability: Fair
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FUNCTION(S) antioxidant, fragrance ingredient, ph adjuster, skin-conditioning agent - miscellaneous, buffering, masking, skin conditioning
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Ingredient score: 01
CAPRYLYL GLYCOL
Data Availability: Limited
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FUNCTION(S) hair conditioning agent, skin-conditioning agent - emollient, emollient, hair conditioning, humectant, skin conditioning
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Ingredient score: 01
CEREUS GRANDIFLORUS (CACTUS) FLOWER EXTRACT
Data Availability: None
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FUNCTION(S) not reported
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Ingredient score: 01
OLEA EUROPAEA (OLIVE) LEAF EXTRACT
Data Availability: Limited
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FUNCTION(S) skin-conditioning agent - miscellaneous
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Ingredient score: 01
PUNICA GRANATUM (POMEGRANATE) FRUIT JUICE
Data Availability: Limited
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FUNCTION(S) flavoring agent, skin-conditioning agent - miscellaneous, masking, skin conditioning
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Ingredient score: 01
VERBASCUM THAPSUS (COMMON MULLEIN) EXTRACT
Appeared as: VERBASCUM THAPSUS (MULLEIN) LEAF EXTRACT
Data Availability: Limited
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FUNCTION(S) skin-conditioning agent - miscellaneous, skin conditioning, smoothing
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Ingredient score: 01
AMMONIUM ACRYLOYLDIMETHYLTAURATE/ VP COPOLYMER
Data Availability: None
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FUNCTION(S) viscosity increasing agent - aqueous, viscosity controlling
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Ingredient score: 01
BUTYROSPERMUM PARKII (SHEA) BUTTER
Data Availability: Limited
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FUNCTION(S) skin-conditioning agent - miscellaneous, skin-conditioning agent - occlusive, viscosityincreasing agent - nonaqueous, skin conditioning, viscosity controlling
CONCERNS • Use restrictions (low)
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Ingredient score: 01
HEXYLENE GLYCOL
Data Availability: Fair
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FUNCTION(S) fragrance ingredient, solvent, viscosity decreasing agent, emulsifying, perfuming, skin conditioning, surfactant
CONCERNS • Allergies/immunotoxicity (low)
• Irritation (skin, eyes, or lungs) (high)
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Ingredient score: 01
ISOHEXADECANE
Data Availability: Limited
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FUNCTION(S) skin-conditioning agent - emollient, solvent, emollient, skin conditioning
CONCERNS • Use restrictions (low)
• Non-reproductive organ system toxicity (moderate)
• Ecotoxicology (low)
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Ingredient score: 01
POLYSILICONE-11
Data Availability: None
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FUNCTION(S) film former, film forming
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Ingredient score: 01
SODIUM CITRATE
Data Availability: Fair
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FUNCTION(S) ph adjuster, buffering, chelating, masking
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Ingredient score: 01
SODIUM HYALURONATE
Data Availability: Fair
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FUNCTION(S) skin-conditioning agent - miscellaneous, humectant, skin conditioning
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Ingredient score: 01
SORBITAN OLEATE
Data Availability: Limited
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FUNCTION(S) fragrance ingredient, surfactant - emulsifying agent, emulsifying
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Ingredient score: 01
SALVIA OFFICINALIS (SAGE) OIL
Data Availability: Limited
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FUNCTION(S) fragrance ingredient, masking, skin protecting, tonic
CONCERNS • Non-reproductive organ system toxicity (moderate)
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Ingredient score: 01
DISODIUM EDTA
Data Availability: Fair
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FUNCTION(S) chelating agent, chelating, viscosity controlling
CONCERNS • Enhanced skin absorption
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Ingredients from packaging:

Aqua, Glycerin, Rosa Damascena (Rose) Flower Water, Aloe Barbadensis Leaf Juice, Dimethicone, PEG-8, Niacinamide, Acrylamide/Sodium Acryloyldimethyltaurate Copolymer, 3-0-Ethyl Ascorbic Acid, Ascorbic Acid, Caprylyl Glycol, Cereus Grandiflorus (Cactus) Flower Extract, Olea Europaea (Olive) Leaf Extract, Punica Granatum (Pomegranate) Fruit Juice, Glycyrrhiza Glabra (Licorice) Root Extract, Verbascum Thapsus (Mullein) Leaf Extract, Citric Acid, Decyl Glucoside, Ammonium Acryloyldimethyltaurate/VP Copolymer, Butyrospermum Parkii (Shea) Butter, Hexylene Glycol, Isohexadecane, Polysilicone-11, Polysorbate 20, Polysorbate 80, Sodium Citrate, Sodium Hyaluronate, Sodium Metabisulfite, Sorbitan Oleate, Lavandula Angustifolia (Lavender) Oil, Citrus Sinensis (Orange) Peel Oil, Salvia Officinalis (Sage) Oil, Phenoxyethanol, Disodium EDTA, Potassium Sorbate, Sodium Benzoate, Limonene, Linalool

Product's animal testing policies

Some cosmetics companies have taken People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals and Leaping Bunny animal-testing pledges. For consumers who are concerned about companies’ policies on animal testing, Skin Deep reports this information.


Unknown

Leading international certifiers PETA and Leaping Bunny have no information concerning this company’s use of animal testing.

Understanding scores

Cosmetics and personal care products are not required to be tested for safety before being allowed on the market. The Skin Deep® scoring system was designed to help the public understand whether a product is safe to use or whether it contains ingredients of concern.

Every product and ingredient in Skin Deep gets a two-part score – one for hazard and one for data availability. The safest products score well by both measures, with a low hazard rating and a fair or better data availability rating.

HOW WE DETERMINE SCORES

Hazard score

The Skin Deep ingredient hazard score, from 1 to 10, reflects known and suspected hazards linked to the ingredients. The EWG VERIFIED™ mark means a product meets EWG’s strictest criteria for transparency and health.

Score legend

Data availability

The Skin Deep data availability rating reflects the number of scientific studies about the product or ingredient in the published scientific literature.

NONE LIMITED FAIR GOOD ROBUST
Low Availability
Moderate Availability
High Availability

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