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Data: Fair

  • Other Concerns
  • Functions
  • About the Chemical
  • Synonyms
  • Irritation (skin, eyes, or lungs) (high)


Cancer concern is LOW

Developmental & Reproductive Toxicity

Developmental & reproductive toxicity concern is LOW

Allergies & Immunotoxicity

Allergies & immunotoxicity concern is LOW

Products with this Ingredient

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foundation270 products
eye shadow233 products
concealer174 products
bronzer/highlighter162 products
lipstick130 products
facial moisturizer/treatment93 products
shampoo84 products
moisturizer with SPF67 products
conditioner65 products
serums & essences62 products
brow liner56 products
mask55 products
makeup remover50 products
facial cleanser50 products
facial powder47 products
mascara41 products
blush41 products
makeup primer36 products
eye liner32 products
moisturizer27 products
lip gloss25 products
hair color and bleaching24 products
setting powder/spray22 products
body wash/cleanser18 products
beach & sport sunscreen16 products
toners/astringents16 products
lip balm15 products
exfoliant/scrub14 products
around-eye cream13 products
13 products
lip liner11 products
BB cream11 products
eye makeup remover11 products
hair styling aide10 products
glitter9 products
hand cream9 products
sunless tanning7 products
body firming lotion7 products
lip plumper6 products
hair treatment/serum6 products
shaving cream5 products
styling gel/lotion4 products
other eye makeup4 products
after shave4 products
detangler3 products
anti-aging3 products
oil controller3 products
beard care3 products
body spray2 products
foot moisturizer2 products
shaving cream (men's)2 products
baby lotion1 products
baby bubble bath1 products
muscle/joint soreness1 products
damaged skin treatment1 products
nail polish1 products
bath oil/salts/soak1 products
after sun product1 products
beard cleanser1 products
tanning oil1 products
beard oil1 products
styling mousse/foam1 products
liquid hand soap1 products
CC cream1 products
antiperspirant/deodorant1 products

Irritation (skin, eyes, or lungs)

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Concern Reference
Classified as irritantCPS&Q - Classification & Labelling


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Concern Reference
Limited evidence of immune system toxicity or allergiesNational Library of Medicine HazMap

Data gaps

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Concern Reference
Risk assessment method deficiencies and data gaps - Maximum reported "as used" concentration is basis of safety assessment by industry safety panel (Cosmetic Ingredient Review, CIR) - implicit safe concentration limit in productCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments
2457 studies in PubMed science library may include information on the toxicity of this chemicalNLM PubMed


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Concern Reference
Not suspected to be an environmental toxinEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List


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Concern Reference
Industry or government recommendations for safe use: restrictions on concentration, impurities, product types, or manufacturing methods - anyCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments

Organ system toxicity (non-reproductive)

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Concern Reference
Classified as not expected to be potentially toxic or harmfulEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List
Classified as a low human health priorityEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List


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Concern Reference
nervous system - weight of evidence unknown/unassessed/unreview: published lit review or major tox studyNational Library of Medicine HazMap

Persistence and bioaccumulation

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Concern Reference
Not suspected to be persistentEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List
Not suspected to be bioaccumulativeEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Data Sources

  • CPS&Q (Consumer Products Safety & Quality) formely known as ECB (European Chemicals Bureau). 2008. Classification and Labelling: Chemicals: Annex VI of Directive 67/548/EEC through the 31st ATP.
  • NLM (National Library of Medicine). 2006. HazMap — Occupational Exposure to Hazardous Agents.
  • CIR (Cosmetic Ingredient Review). 2006. CIR Compendium, containing abstracts, discussions, and conclusions of CIR cosmetic ingredient safety assessments. Washington DC.
  • NLM (National Library of Medicine). 2012. PubMed online scientific bibliography data.
  • EC (Environment Canada). 2008. Domestic Substances List Categorization. Canadian Environmental Protection Act (CEPA) Environmental Registry.


EWG provides information on personal care product ingredients from the published scientific literature, to supplement incomplete data available from companies and the government. The ratings below indicate the relative level of concern posed by exposure to the ingredients in this product - not the product itself - compared to other product formulations. The ratings reflect potential health hazards but do not account for the level of exposure or individual susceptibility, factors which determine actual health risks, if any. Learn more | Legal Disclaimer


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