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Data: Fair

  • Other Concerns
  • Functions
  • About the Chemical
  • Synonyms
  • Irritation (skin, eyes, or lungs) (high)


Cancer concern is LOW

Developmental & Reproductive Toxicity

Developmental & reproductive toxicity concern is LOW

Allergies & Immunotoxicity

Allergies & immunotoxicity concern is LOW

Products with this Ingredient

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foundation218 products
eye shadow217 products
concealer155 products
bronzer/highlighter119 products
lipstick92 products
facial moisturizer/treatment66 products
conditioner55 products
shampoo50 products
moisturizer with SPF44 products
facial cleanser41 products
facial powder40 products
brow liner40 products
blush39 products
serums & essences38 products
makeup remover37 products
makeup primer32 products
eye liner28 products
mask28 products
hair color and bleaching22 products
mascara21 products
lip gloss15 products
moisturizer14 products
lip balm14 products
beach & sport sunscreen13 products
body wash/cleanser11 products
around-eye cream9 products
toners/astringents9 products
glitter9 products
BB cream8 products
eye makeup remover7 products
exfoliant/scrub7 products
lip plumper6 products
shaving cream5 products
sunless tanning5 products
after shave4 products
hand cream4 products
hair styling aide4 products
other eye makeup4 products
makeup with SPF3 products
styling gel/lotion3 products
hair treatment/serum3 products
anti-aging2 products
oil controller2 products
beard care2 products
body firming lotion2 products
shaving cream (men's)2 products
baby shampoo1 products
damaged skin treatment1 products
baby lotion1 products
1 products
bath oil/salts/soak1 products
body spray1 products
tanning oil1 products
muscle/joint soreness1 products
detangler1 products
baby soap1 products
baby bubble bath1 products
nail polish1 products
beard oil1 products

Irritation (skin, eyes, or lungs)

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Concern Reference
Classified as irritantCPS&Q - Classification & Labelling


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Concern Reference
Limited evidence of immune system toxicity or allergiesNational Library of Medicine HazMap

Data gaps

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Concern Reference
Risk assessment method deficiencies and data gaps - Maximum reported "as used" concentration is basis of safety assessment by industry safety panel (Cosmetic Ingredient Review, CIR) - implicit safe concentration limit in productCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments
2457 studies in PubMed science library may include information on the toxicity of this chemicalNLM PubMed


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Concern Reference
Not suspected to be an environmental toxinEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List


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Concern Reference
Industry or government recommendations for safe use: restrictions on concentration, impurities, product types, or manufacturing methods - anyCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments

Organ system toxicity (non-reproductive)

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Concern Reference
Classified as not expected to be potentially toxic or harmfulEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List
Classified as a low human health priorityEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List


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Concern Reference
nervous system - weight of evidence unknown/unassessed/unreview: published lit review or major tox studyNational Library of Medicine HazMap

Persistence and bioaccumulation

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Concern Reference
Not suspected to be persistentEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List
Not suspected to be bioaccumulativeEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Data Sources

  • CPS&Q (Consumer Products Safety & Quality) formely known as ECB (European Chemicals Bureau). 2008. Classification and Labelling: Chemicals: Annex VI of Directive 67/548/EEC through the 31st ATP.
  • NLM (National Library of Medicine). 2006. HazMap — Occupational Exposure to Hazardous Agents.
  • CIR (Cosmetic Ingredient Review). 2006. CIR Compendium, containing abstracts, discussions, and conclusions of CIR cosmetic ingredient safety assessments. Washington DC.
  • NLM (National Library of Medicine). 2012. PubMed online scientific bibliography data.
  • EC (Environment Canada). 2008. Domestic Substances List Categorization. Canadian Environmental Protection Act (CEPA) Environmental Registry.


EWG provides information on personal care product ingredients from the published scientific literature, to supplement incomplete data available from companies and the government. The ratings below indicate the relative level of concern posed by exposure to the ingredients in this product - not the product itself - compared to other product formulations. The ratings reflect potential health hazards but do not account for the level of exposure or individual susceptibility, factors which determine actual health risks, if any. Learn more | Legal Disclaimer


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