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Data: Fair

  • Other Concerns
  • Functions
  • About the Chemical
  • Synonyms
  • Use restrictions (moderate) and Non-reproductive organ system toxicity (low)


Cancer concern is LOW

Developmental & Reproductive Toxicity

Developmental & reproductive toxicity concern is LOW

Allergies & Immunotoxicity

Allergies & immunotoxicity concern is LOW

Products with this Ingredient

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shampoo1097 products
body wash/cleanser902 products
conditioner608 products
liquid hand soap436 products
facial cleanser385 products
facial moisturizer/treatment360 products
moisturizer297 products
foundation274 products
mask238 products
serums & essences226 products
hair treatment/serum199 products
baby wipes138 products
mouthwash135 products
exfoliant/scrub119 products
daily use with SPF113 products
makeup remover110 products
toners/astringents108 products
concealer97 products
around-eye cream96 products
hair styling aide95 products
baby shampoo82 products
hair color and bleaching66 products
mascara66 products
baby soap63 products
makeup primer62 products
toothpaste61 products
hand cream60 products
setting powder/spray59 products
brow liner58 products
bubble bath55 products
bath oil/salts/soak50 products
recreational sunscreen48 products
46 products
antiperspirant/deodorant45 products
styling gel/lotion42 products
body firming lotion41 products
eye shadow41 products
body spray40 products
eye liner39 products
detangler39 products
sunless tanning38 products
bronzer/highlighter34 products
hair spray29 products
CC cream29 products
shaving cream25 products
anti-aging24 products
baby lotion24 products
BB cream23 products
baby bubble bath22 products
styling mousse/foam21 products
after sun product21 products
lipstick20 products
eye makeup remover16 products
lip balm16 products
bar soap15 products
hand sanitizer15 products
lip gloss12 products
antiperspirant/deodorant (men's)11 products
blush11 products
foot moisturizer10 products
after shave10 products
hair-loss treatment10 products
nail treatment10 products
beard cleanser10 products
nail polish9 products
baby sunscreen9 products
facial powder8 products
beard care8 products
tooth whitening6 products
shaving cream (men's)6 products
fragrance for women6 products
muscle/joint soreness6 products
body oil5 products
baby toothpaste4 products
skin fading/lightener4 products
lip plumper4 products
polish remover3 products
foot odor control3 products
tanning oil3 products
other eye makeup2 products
depilatory2 products
oil controller2 products
eyelash glue2 products
damaged skin treatment2 products
vapor rubs2 products
glitter2 products
hair removal waxes1 products
foot cleansing1 products
cuticle treatment1 products
baby oil1 products
lip balm with SPF1 products
diaper cream1 products
body art1 products

Use restrictions

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Concern Reference
Restricted in cosmetics (recommendations or requirements) - use, concentration, or manufacturing restrictions - Japan - restricted for use in cosmetics (concentration limit)Japan's Standards for Cosmetics
Determined safe for use in cosmetics, subject to concentration or use limitations - Safe for use in cosmetics with some qualificationsCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments

Organ system toxicity (non-reproductive)

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Concern Reference
Limited evidence of sense organ Toxicity Information
Classified as not expected to be potentially toxic or harmfulEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List
Classified as a low human health priorityEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Data gaps

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Concern Reference
Risk assessment method deficiencies and data gaps - Maximum reported "as used" concentration is basis of safety assessment by industry safety panel (Cosmetic Ingredient Review, CIR) - implicit safe concentration limit in productCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments
Insufficient data to determine safetyEPA Integrated Risk Information System (IRIS)
1089 studies in PubMed science library may include information on the toxicity of this chemicalNLM PubMed


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Concern Reference
Industry or government recommendations for safe use: restrictions on concentration, impurities, product types, or manufacturing methods - anyCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments

Multiple, additive exposure sources

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Concern Reference
Designated as safe for general or specific, limited use in foodFDA Food Additive Status
Designated as safe for general or specific, limited use in foodFDA Everything Added to Food


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Concern Reference
Not suspected to be an environmental toxinEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Persistence and bioaccumulation

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Concern Reference
Not suspected to be persistentEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List
Not suspected to be bioaccumulativeEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List


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Concern Reference
Limited or incomplete evidence of cancer according to safety/hazard data – government assessment cannot classify as human carcinogen due to data gapsEPA Integrated Risk Information System (IRIS)

Data Sources

  • Japan Ministry of Health, Labour and Welfare. 2006. Standards for Cosmetics. Evaluation and Licensing Division. Pharmaceutical and Food Safety Bureau.
  • CIR (Cosmetic Ingredient Review). 2006. CIR Compendium, containing abstracts, discussions, and conclusions of CIR cosmetic ingredient safety assessments. Washington DC.
  • ED (Environmental Defense). 2006. Scorecard _ The Pollution Information Site.
  • EC (Environment Canada). 2008. Domestic Substances List Categorization. Canadian Environmental Protection Act (CEPA) Environmental Registry.
  • EPA (U.S. Environmental Protection Agency). 2008. Integrated Risk Information System (IRIS). Evidence for human carcinogenicity based on 1986-2005 guidelines.
  • NLM (National Library of Medicine). 2012. PubMed online scientific bibliography data.
  • FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration) 2006. Food Additive Status List. Downloaded from, Oct 16, 2006.
  • FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration). 2008. EAFUS [Everything Added to Food]: A Food Additive Database. FDA Office of Food Safety and Applied Nutrition.

About this Ingredient's Score Range

  • Products with the EWG VERIFIED mark have met use restrictions and warnings based on EWG review of company data.


EWG provides information on personal care product ingredients from the published scientific literature, to supplement incomplete data available from companies and the government. The ratings below indicate the relative level of concern posed by exposure to the ingredients in this product - not the product itself - compared to other product formulations. The ratings reflect potential health hazards but do not account for the level of exposure or individual susceptibility, factors which determine actual health risks, if any. Learn more | Legal Disclaimer


Beyond providing Skin Deep® as an educational tool for consumers, EWG offers its EWG VERIFIED™ mark as a quick and easily identifiable way of conveying personal care products that meet EWG's strict health criteria. Before a company can use EWG VERIFIED™ on such products, the company must show that it fully discloses the products' ingredients on their labels or packaging, they do not contain EWG ingredients of concern, and are made with good manufacturing practices, among other criteria. Note that EWG receives licensing fees from all EWG VERIFIED™ member companies that help to support the important work we do. Learn more | Legal Disclaimer