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Data: Limited

  • Other Concerns
  • Functions
  • About the Chemical
  • Synonyms
  • Use restrictions (low)


Cancer concern is LOW

Developmental & Reproductive Toxicity

Developmental & reproductive toxicity concern is LOW

Allergies & Immunotoxicity

Allergies & immunotoxicity concern is LOW

Products with this Ingredient

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moisturizer1038 products
lipstick548 products
lip balm471 products
conditioner392 products
facial moisturizer/treatment379 products
bar soap316 products
antiperspirant/deodorant305 products
body firming lotion218 products
hand cream216 products
recreational sunscreen205 products
body wash/cleanser204 products
hair treatment/serum198 products
lip gloss193 products
shampoo190 products
exfoliant/scrub189 products
concealer167 products
hair styling aide159 products
mask156 products
daily use with SPF115 products
foundation107 products
around-eye cream99 products
bath oil/salts/soak99 products
baby lotion88 products
lip balm with SPF87 products
facial cleanser80 products
liquid hand soap78 products
bronzer/highlighter65 products
styling gel/lotion62 products
beard care54 products
serums & essences53 products
baby sunscreen45 products
shaving cream44 products
blush44 products
42 products
lip liner41 products
foot moisturizer39 products
eye shadow36 products
hair color and bleaching36 products
anti-aging33 products
diaper cream32 products
eye liner31 products
brow liner31 products
bubble bath30 products
detangler28 products
makeup primer26 products
antiperspirant/deodorant (men's)26 products
baby soap22 products
mascara22 products
baby shampoo21 products
after shave20 products
shaving cream (men's)18 products
sunless tanning16 products
body oil16 products
after sun product13 products
baby bubble bath13 products
makeup remover12 products
beard oil12 products
hand sanitizer11 products
muscle/joint soreness10 products
cuticle treatment9 products
hair spray9 products
fragrance for women8 products
foot cleansing7 products
styling mousse/foam7 products
hair relaxer7 products
BB cream7 products
lip plumper6 products
damaged skin treatment6 products
CC cream6 products
baby oil5 products
nail treatment4 products
toners/astringents4 products
glitter4 products
foot odor control4 products
beard cleanser4 products
depilatory2 products
skin fading/lightener2 products
fragrance for men2 products
vapor rubs1 products
mouthwash1 products
facial powder1 products
body spray1 products
other eye makeup1 products
eye makeup remover1 products
setting powder/spray1 products
eyelash glue1 products

Use restrictions

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Concern Reference
Determined safe for use in cosmetics, subject to concentration or use limitations - Safe for use in cosmetics with some qualificationsIJT 36(Suppl 3):51-129, 2017; Final report 09/2017 available from CIR

Data gaps

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Concern Reference
Risk assessment method deficiencies and data gaps - Maximum reported "as used" concentration is basis of safety assessment by industry safety panel (Cosmetic Ingredient Review, CIR) - implicit safe concentration limit in productCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments
54 studies in PubMed science library may include information on the toxicity of this chemicalNLM PubMed


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Concern Reference
Not suspected to be an environmental toxinEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List


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Concern Reference
Industry or government recommendations for safe use: restrictions on concentration, impurities, product types, or manufacturing methods - anyCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments

Organ system toxicity (non-reproductive)

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Concern Reference
Classified as not expected to be potentially toxic or harmfulEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Data Sources

  • IJT 36(Suppl 3):51-129, 2017; Final report 09/2017 available from CIR
  • CIR (Cosmetic Ingredient Review). 2006. CIR Compendium, containing abstracts, discussions, and conclusions of CIR cosmetic ingredient safety assessments. Washington DC.
  • NLM (National Library of Medicine). 2012. PubMed online scientific bibliography data.
  • EC (Environment Canada). 2008. Domestic Substances List Categorization. Canadian Environmental Protection Act (CEPA) Environmental Registry.


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