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Data: Fair

Sodium Citrate

IMAGE SOURCE: PubChem

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Other Concerns


SYNONYMS

1,2,3-PROPANETRICARBOXYLIC ACID, 2-HYDROXY-, MONOSODIUM SALT, 1,2,3-PROPANETRICARBOXYLIC ACID, 2-HYDROXY-, TRISODIUM SALT, 1,2,3PROPANETRICARBOXYLIC ACID, 2HYDROXY, MONOSODIUM SALT, 1,2,3PROPANETRICARBOXYLIC ACID, 2HYDROXY, TRISODIUM SALT, 2-HYDROXY- MONOSODIUM SALT 1,2,3-PROPANETRICARBOXYLIC ACID, 2-HYDROXY- TRISODIUM SALT 1,2,3-PROPANETRICARBOXYLIC ACID, 2-HYDROXY-1,2,3-PROPANETRICARBOXYLIC ACID, MONOSODIUM SALT, 2-HYDROXY-1,2,3-PROPANETRICARBOXYLIC ACID, TRISODIUM SALT, 2-HYDROXY-1,2,3-PROPANETRICARBOXYLIC ACID,TRISODIUM SALT, CITRIC ACID, MONSODIUM SALT, CITRIC ACID, TRISODIUM SALT, MONOSODIUM CITRATE, MONOSODIUM SALT 1,2,3-PROPANETRICARBOXYLIC ACID, 2-HYDROXY-, MONOSODIUM SALT 2-HYDROXY-1,2,3-PROPANETRICARBOXYLIC ACID, MONSODIUM SALT CITRIC ACID, SODIUM CITRATE, SODIUM CITRATEM, SODIUM DIHYDROGEN CITRATE, TRISODIUM CITRATE, TRISODIUM SALT 1,2,3-PROPANETRICARBOXYLIC ACID, 2-HYDROXY-, TRISODIUM SALT 2-HYDROXY-1,2,3-PROPANETRICARBOXYLIC ACID, and TRISODIUM SALT CITRIC ACID

Restricted

Restricted: EWG VERIFIED products cannot contain this ingredient without adequate substantiation


Cosmetic manufacturers use sodium citrate to adjust the acidity of a product. Citrate, in the form of citric acid, is also found in citric fruits and juices.

Common concerns

See how this product scores for common concerns.

  • LOW
    Cancer
  • LOW
    Allergies & Immunotoxicity
  • LOW
    Developmental and Reproductive Toxicity
  • LOW
    Use Restrictions

Ingredient concerns

  • CONCERNS
  • DATA SOURCES

Products with this Ingredient

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shampoo306 products
body wash/cleanser160 products
facial moisturizer/treatment155 products
foundation122 products
facial cleanser107 products
serums & essences106 products
liquid hand soap101 products
mask98 products
conditioner81 products
baby wipes76 products
daily use with SPF76 products
around-eye cream68 products
toothpaste57 products
moisturizer56 products
toners/astringents49 products
bar soap46 products
makeup remover45 products
concealer43 products
recreational sunscreen42 products
exfoliant/scrub33 products
CC cream30 products
mouthwash22 products
hand cream21 products
bath oil/salts/soak16 products
nail polish16 products
baby sunscreen14 products
makeup primer13 products
hair treatment/serum12 products
body spray11 products
anti-aging10 products
BB cream10 products
sunless tanning9 products
brow liner9 products
after shave8 products
eye liner8 products
antiperspirant/deodorant8 products
setting powder/spray7 products
tooth whitening6 products
hand sanitizer6 products
baby shampoo6 products
body firming lotion5 products
lip balm5 products
hair styling aide5 products
mascara4 products
hair color and bleaching4 products
baby soap4 products
4 products
styling gel/lotion3 products
baby lotion3 products
lipstick3 products
bubble bath3 products
baby bubble bath3 products
bronzer/highlighter3 products
eye makeup remover2 products
foot cleansing2 products
antiperspirant/deodorant (men's)2 products
foot moisturizer2 products
blush2 products
other eye makeup2 products
shaving cream2 products
after sun product2 products
beard care2 products
beard cleanser2 products
baby toothpaste1 products
hair spray1 products
skin fading/lightener1 products
body oil1 products
detangler1 products
lip plumper1 products
foot odor control1 products
vapor rubs1 products

Data gaps

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CONCERN REFERENCE
Risk assessment method deficiencies and data gaps - Maximum reported "as used" concentration is basis of safety assessment by industry safety panel (Cosmetic Ingredient Review, CIR) - implicit safe concentration limit in productCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments
3078 studies in PubMed science library may include information on the toxicity of this chemicalNLM PubMed

Multiple, additive exposure sources

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CONCERN REFERENCE
Designated as safe for general or specific, limited use in foodFDA Food Additive Status
Designated as safe for general or specific, limited use in foodFDA Everything Added to Food

Ecotoxicology

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CONCERN REFERENCE
Not suspected to be an environmental toxinEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Organ system toxicity (non-reproductive)

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CONCERN REFERENCE
Classified as not expected to be potentially toxic or harmfulEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Persistence and bioaccumulation

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CONCERN REFERENCE
Not suspected to be persistentEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List
Not suspected to be bioaccumulativeEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Informational

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CONCERN REFERENCE
Industry or government recommendations for safe use: restrictions on concentration, impurities, product types, or manufacturing methods - anyCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments
  • CIR (Cosmetic Ingredient Review). 2006. CIR Compendium, containing abstracts, discussions, and conclusions of CIR cosmetic ingredient safety assessments. Washington DC.
  • NLM (National Library of Medicine). 2012. PubMed online scientific bibliography data. http://www.pubmed.gov.
  • FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration) 2006. Food Additive Status List. Downloaded from http://www.cfsan.fda.gov/%7Edms/opa-appa.html, Oct 16, 2006.
  • FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration). 2008. EAFUS [Everything Added to Food]: A Food Additive Database. FDA Office of Food Safety and Applied Nutrition.
  • EC (Environment Canada). 2008. Domestic Substances List Categorization. Canadian Environmental Protection Act (CEPA) Environmental Registry.

Understanding scores

Cosmetics and personal care products are not required to be tested for safety before being allowed on the market. The Skin Deep® scoring system was designed to help the public understand whether a product is safe to use or whether it contains ingredients of concern.

Every product and ingredient in Skin Deep gets a two-part score – one for hazard and one for data availability. The safest products score well by both measures, with a low hazard rating and a fair or better data availability rating.

HOW WE DETERMINE SCORES

Hazard score

The Skin Deep ingredient hazard score, from 1 to 10, reflects known and suspected hazards linked to the ingredients. The EWG VERIFIED™ mark means a product meets EWG’s strictest criteria for transparency and health.

Score legend

Data availability

The Skin Deep data availability rating reflects the number of scientific studies about the product or ingredient in the published scientific literature.

NONE LIMITED FAIR GOOD ROBUST
Low Availability
Moderate Availability
High Availability

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