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Data: Fair

  • Other Concerns
  • Functions
  • About the Chemical
  • Synonyms
  • Enhanced skin absorption


Cancer concern is LOW

Developmental & Reproductive Toxicity

Developmental & reproductive toxicity concern is LOW

Allergies & Immunotoxicity

Allergies & immunotoxicity concern is LOW

Products with this Ingredient

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foundation403 products
conditioner384 products
mask380 products
facial moisturizer/treatment310 products
daily use with SPF295 products
serums & essences278 products
recreational sunscreen272 products
shampoo269 products
moisturizer268 products
facial cleanser248 products
concealer223 products
body wash/cleanser212 products
body firming lotion104 products
hair styling aide99 products
mascara96 products
hair treatment/serum95 products
makeup primer75 products
hand cream70 products
toners/astringents67 products
eye liner63 products
liquid hand soap63 products
makeup remover58 products
styling gel/lotion58 products
exfoliant/scrub57 products
hair color and bleaching57 products
around-eye cream54 products
eye shadow40 products
anti-aging37 products
bubble bath37 products
brow liner37 products
BB cream33 products
blush31 products
CC cream30 products
baby sunscreen30 products
bronzer/highlighter28 products
antiperspirant/deodorant25 products
setting powder/spray24 products
after sun product21 products
hair spray19 products
detangler19 products
baby shampoo19 products
styling mousse/foam17 products
foot moisturizer16 products
tooth whitening16 products
bath oil/salts/soak16 products
baby wipes14 products
baby lotion13 products
lip balm13 products
after shave12 products
shaving cream12 products
antiperspirant/deodorant (men's)12 products
beard care12 products
sunless tanning11 products
baby soap11 products
hand sanitizer9 products
shaving cream (men's)9 products
9 products
eye makeup remover8 products
fragrance for men8 products
fragrance for women8 products
body spray8 products
bar soap8 products
oil controller6 products
glitter5 products
hair relaxer5 products
facial powder5 products
lipstick5 products
damaged skin treatment5 products
foot cleansing4 products
mouthwash4 products
lip gloss4 products
other eye makeup4 products
baby bubble bath4 products
beard cleanser3 products
skin fading/lightener2 products
lip plumper2 products
cuticle treatment1 products
depilatory1 products
nail treatment1 products
body oil1 products
foot odor control1 products
baby oil1 products

Enhanced skin absorption

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Concern Reference
Penetration enhancerCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments

Data gaps

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Concern Reference
Risk assessment method deficiencies and data gaps - Maximum reported "as used" concentration is basis of safety assessment by industry safety panel (Cosmetic Ingredient Review, CIR) - implicit safe concentration limit in productCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments
24913 studies in PubMed science library may include information on the toxicity of this chemicalNLM PubMed


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Concern Reference
Not suspected to be an environmental toxinEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Multiple, additive exposure sources

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Concern Reference
Designated as safe for general or specific, limited use in foodFDA Food Additive Status
Designated as safe for general or specific, limited use in foodFDA Everything Added to Food


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Concern Reference
Industry or government recommendations for safe use: restrictions on concentration, impurities, product types, or manufacturing methods - anyCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments

Organ system toxicity (non-reproductive)

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Concern Reference
Classified as not expected to be potentially toxic or harmfulEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Persistence and bioaccumulation

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Concern Reference
Not suspected to be persistentEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List
Not suspected to be bioaccumulativeEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Data Sources

  • CIR (Cosmetic Ingredient Review). 2006. CIR Compendium, containing abstracts, discussions, and conclusions of CIR cosmetic ingredient safety assessments. Washington DC.
  • NLM (National Library of Medicine). 2012. PubMed online scientific bibliography data.
  • EC (Environment Canada). 2008. Domestic Substances List Categorization. Canadian Environmental Protection Act (CEPA) Environmental Registry.
  • FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration) 2006. Food Additive Status List. Downloaded from, Oct 16, 2006.
  • FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration). 2008. EAFUS [Everything Added to Food]: A Food Additive Database. FDA Office of Food Safety and Applied Nutrition.


EWG provides information on personal care product ingredients from the published scientific literature, to supplement incomplete data available from companies and the government. The ratings below indicate the relative level of concern posed by exposure to the ingredients in this product - not the product itself - compared to other product formulations. The ratings reflect potential health hazards but do not account for the level of exposure or individual susceptibility, factors which determine actual health risks, if any. Learn more | Legal Disclaimer


Beyond providing Skin Deep® as an educational tool for consumers, EWG offers its EWG VERIFIED™ mark as a quick and easily identifiable way of conveying personal care products that meet EWG's strict health criteria. Before a company can use EWG VERIFIED™ on such products, the company must show that it fully discloses the products' ingredients on their labels or packaging, they do not contain EWG ingredients of concern, and are made with good manufacturing practices, among other criteria. Note that EWG receives licensing fees from all EWG VERIFIED™ member companies that help to support the important work we do. Learn more | Legal Disclaimer