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Data: Fair

  • Other Concerns
  • Functions
  • About the Chemical
  • Synonyms
  • Enhanced skin absorption


Cancer concern is LOW

Developmental & Reproductive Toxicity

Developmental & reproductive toxicity concern is LOW

Allergies & Immunotoxicity

Allergies & immunotoxicity concern is LOW

Products with this Ingredient

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foundation361 products
mask259 products
serums & essences241 products
facial moisturizer/treatment239 products
conditioner225 products
moisturizer with SPF222 products
concealer207 products
beach & sport sunscreen198 products
moisturizer191 products
shampoo150 products
facial cleanser136 products
body wash/cleanser128 products
mascara78 products
eye liner62 products
makeup primer58 products
hair styling aide52 products
hair color and bleaching48 products
toners/astringents47 products
hair treatment/serum46 products
around-eye cream43 products
hand cream39 products
styling gel/lotion38 products
body firming lotion36 products
makeup remover36 products
eye shadow35 products
blush30 products
exfoliant/scrub29 products
BB cream24 products
brow liner24 products
bronzer/highlighter23 products
liquid hand soap23 products
anti-aging19 products
bubble bath17 products
hair spray14 products
CC cream14 products
lip balm13 products
tooth whitening12 products
antiperspirant/deodorant12 products
detangler12 products
baby sunscreen11 products
styling mousse/foam11 products
after sun product11 products
bath oil/salts/soak11 products
shaving cream10 products
baby shampoo10 products
foot moisturizer9 products
fragrance for men8 products
fragrance for women8 products
body spray7 products
sunless tanning7 products
baby soap7 products
baby wipes6 products
oil controller6 products
baby lotion6 products
6 products
hand sanitizer5 products
hair relaxer5 products
beard care5 products
after shave5 products
eye makeup remover5 products
glitter5 products
bar soap5 products
shaving cream (men's)4 products
mouthwash4 products
lip gloss4 products
other eye makeup4 products
makeup with SPF4 products
antiperspirant/deodorant (men's)4 products
lipstick4 products
damaged skin treatment3 products
beard cleanser3 products
foot cleansing3 products
baby bubble bath2 products
nail treatment2 products
facial powder2 products
lip plumper1 products
baby oil1 products
skin fading/lightener1 products
cuticle treatment1 products
depilatory1 products
body oil1 products

Enhanced skin absorption

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Concern Reference
Penetration enhancerCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments

Data gaps

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Concern Reference
Risk assessment method deficiencies and data gaps - Maximum reported "as used" concentration is basis of safety assessment by industry safety panel (Cosmetic Ingredient Review, CIR) - implicit safe concentration limit in productCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments
24913 studies in PubMed science library may include information on the toxicity of this chemicalNLM PubMed


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Concern Reference
Not suspected to be an environmental toxinEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Multiple, additive exposure sources

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Concern Reference
Designated as safe for general or specific, limited use in foodFDA Food Additive Status
Designated as safe for general or specific, limited use in foodFDA Everything Added to Food


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Concern Reference
Industry or government recommendations for safe use: restrictions on concentration, impurities, product types, or manufacturing methods - anyCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments

Organ system toxicity (non-reproductive)

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Concern Reference
Classified as not expected to be potentially toxic or harmfulEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Persistence and bioaccumulation

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Concern Reference
Not suspected to be persistentEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List
Not suspected to be bioaccumulativeEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Data Sources

  • CIR (Cosmetic Ingredient Review). 2006. CIR Compendium, containing abstracts, discussions, and conclusions of CIR cosmetic ingredient safety assessments. Washington DC.
  • NLM (National Library of Medicine). 2012. PubMed online scientific bibliography data.
  • EC (Environment Canada). 2008. Domestic Substances List Categorization. Canadian Environmental Protection Act (CEPA) Environmental Registry.
  • FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration) 2006. Food Additive Status List. Downloaded from, Oct 16, 2006.
  • FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration). 2008. EAFUS [Everything Added to Food]: A Food Additive Database. FDA Office of Food Safety and Applied Nutrition.


EWG provides information on personal care product ingredients from the published scientific literature, to supplement incomplete data available from companies and the government. The ratings below indicate the relative level of concern posed by exposure to the ingredients in this product - not the product itself - compared to other product formulations. The ratings reflect potential health hazards but do not account for the level of exposure or individual susceptibility, factors which determine actual health risks, if any. Learn more | Legal Disclaimer


Beyond providing Skin Deep® as an educational tool for consumers, EWG offers its EWG VERIFIED™ mark as a quick and easily identifiable way of conveying personal care products that meet EWG's strict health criteria. Before a company can use EWG VERIFIED™ on such products, the company must show that it fully discloses the products' ingredients on their labels or packaging, they do not contain EWG ingredients of concern, and are made with good manufacturing practices, among other criteria. Note that EWG receives licensing fees from all EWG VERIFIED™ member companies that help to support the important work we do. Learn more | Legal Disclaimer