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Data: Fair

  • Other Concerns
  • Functions
  • About the Chemical
  • Synonyms
  • Enhanced skin absorption


Cancer concern is LOW

Developmental & Reproductive Toxicity

Developmental & reproductive toxicity concern is LOW

Allergies & Immunotoxicity

Allergies & immunotoxicity concern is LOW

Products with this Ingredient

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beach & sport sunscreen557 products
moisturizer with SPF411 products
foundation258 products
mask253 products
facial moisturizer/treatment210 products
serums & essences197 products
conditioner131 products
concealer119 products
moisturizer108 products
facial cleanser107 products
body firming lotion85 products
body wash/cleanser71 products
shampoo69 products
Facial Sun Care57 products
BB cream50 products
baby sunscreen46 products
eye liner43 products
hair color and bleaching43 products
around-eye cream35 products
mascara34 products
makeup remover28 products
styling gel/lotion26 products
makeup primer26 products
makeup with SPF25 products
toners/astringents24 products
blush23 products
hair styling aide18 products
brow liner16 products
anti-aging14 products
exfoliant/scrub14 products
eye shadow14 products
CC cream14 products
hand cream13 products
lip balm12 products
hair treatment/serum12 products
bronzer/highlighter9 products
detangler8 products
shaving cream8 products
liquid hand soap8 products
antiperspirant/deodorant8 products
baby shampoo8 products
bath oil/salts/soak7 products
hair spray7 products
oil controller6 products
styling mousse/foam6 products
bubble bath5 products
baby lotion5 products
baby wipes5 products
other eye makeup4 products
baby soap3 products
sunless tanning3 products
after shave3 products
lipstick3 products
body spray3 products
fragrance for men3 products
shaving cream (men's)3 products
after sun product2 products
facial powder2 products
foot moisturizer2 products
antiperspirant/deodorant (men's)2 products
Tanning Sprays2 products
eye makeup remover2 products
skin fading/lightener1 products
nail treatment1 products
fragrance for women1 products
mouthwash1 products
Oils & Serums1 products
baby bubble bath1 products
depilatory1 products
tooth whitening1 products
baby oil1 products
body oil1 products

Enhanced skin absorption

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Concern Reference
Penetration enhancerCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments

Data gaps

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Concern Reference
Risk assessment method deficiencies and data gaps - Maximum reported "as used" concentration is basis of safety assessment by industry safety panel (Cosmetic Ingredient Review, CIR) - implicit safe concentration limit in productCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments
24913 studies in PubMed science library may include information on the toxicity of this chemicalNLM PubMed


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Concern Reference
Not suspected to be an environmental toxinEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Multiple, additive exposure sources

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Concern Reference
Designated as safe for general or specific, limited use in foodFDA Food Additive Status
Designated as safe for general or specific, limited use in foodFDA Everything Added to Food


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Concern Reference
Industry or government recommendations for safe use: restrictions on concentration, impurities, product types, or manufacturing methods - anyCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments

Organ system toxicity (non-reproductive)

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Concern Reference
Classified as not expected to be potentially toxic or harmfulEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Persistence and bioaccumulation

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Concern Reference
Not suspected to be persistentEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List
Not suspected to be bioaccumulativeEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Data Sources

  • CIR (Cosmetic Ingredient Review). 2006. CIR Compendium, containing abstracts, discussions, and conclusions of CIR cosmetic ingredient safety assessments. Washington DC.
  • NLM (National Library of Medicine). 2012. PubMed online scientific bibliography data.
  • EC (Environment Canada). 2008. Domestic Substances List Categorization. Canadian Environmental Protection Act (CEPA) Environmental Registry.
  • FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration) 2006. Food Additive Status List. Downloaded from, Oct 16, 2006.
  • FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration). 2008. EAFUS [Everything Added to Food]: A Food Additive Database. FDA Office of Food Safety and Applied Nutrition.


EWG provides information on personal care product ingredients from the published scientific literature, to supplement incomplete data available from companies and the government. The ratings below indicate the relative level of concern posed by exposure to the ingredients in this product - not the product itself - compared to other product formulations. The ratings reflect potential health hazards but do not account for the level of exposure or individual susceptibility, factors which determine actual health risks, if any. Learn more | Legal Disclaimer


Beyond providing Skin Deep® as an educational tool for consumers, EWG offers its EWG VERIFIED™ mark as a quick and easily identifiable way of conveying personal care products that meet EWG's strict health criteria. Before a company can use EWG VERIFIED™ on such products, the company must show that it fully discloses the products' ingredients on their labels or packaging, they do not contain EWG ingredients of concern, and are made with good manufacturing practices, among other criteria. Note that EWG receives licensing fees from all EWG VERIFIED™ member companies that help to support the important work we do. Learn more | Legal Disclaimer