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Data: Fair

  • Other Concerns
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  • About the Chemical
  • Synonyms


Cancer concern is LOW

Developmental & Reproductive Toxicity

Developmental & reproductive toxicity concern is LOW

Allergies & Immunotoxicity

Allergies & immunotoxicity concern is LOW

Products with this Ingredient

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facial moisturizer/treatment102 products
serums & essences97 products
hair color and bleaching77 products
shampoo75 products
conditioner73 products
moisturizer70 products
lipstick69 products
mask55 products
daily use with SPF53 products
concealer49 products
facial cleanser43 products
recreational sunscreen36 products
exfoliant/scrub33 products
antiperspirant/deodorant30 products
hair treatment/serum25 products
foundation24 products
toners/astringents22 products
lip gloss19 products
around-eye cream18 products
body firming lotion16 products
lip balm with SPF15 products
hair styling aide15 products
anti-aging14 products
sunless tanning14 products
CC cream13 products
mouthwash11 products
facial powder9 products
hair spray8 products
toothpaste8 products
hand cream7 products
after sun product7 products
antiperspirant/deodorant (men's)7 products
detangler7 products
lip balm7 products
BB cream7 products
body wash/cleanser6 products
makeup remover6 products
bar soap6 products
makeup primer6 products
baby sunscreen6 products
setting powder/spray6 products
mascara5 products
bath oil/salts/soak4 products
beard oil4 products
eye liner3 products
brow liner3 products
blush3 products
tanning oil3 products
3 products
beard care3 products
eye shadow2 products
body oil2 products
baby lotion2 products
polish remover2 products
cuticle treatment1 products
styling gel/lotion1 products
muscle/joint soreness1 products
eye makeup remover1 products
bronzer/highlighter1 products
liquid hand soap1 products
body spray1 products
foot moisturizer1 products
after shave1 products
baby shampoo1 products
tooth whitening1 products
body powder1 products
baby toothpaste1 products
beard cleanser1 products

Data gaps

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Concern Reference
Risk assessment method deficiencies and data gaps - Maximum reported "as used" concentration is basis of safety assessment by industry safety panel (Cosmetic Ingredient Review, CIR) - implicit safe concentration limit in productIJT 24(2):51-111, 2005
66172 studies in PubMed science library may include information on the toxicity of this chemicalNLM PubMed


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Concern Reference
Not suspected to be an environmental toxinEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Multiple, additive exposure sources

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Concern Reference
Designated as safe for general or specific, limited use in foodFDA Food Additive Status
Designated as safe for general or specific, limited use in foodFDA Everything Added to Food


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Concern Reference
Industry or government recommendations for safe use: restrictions on concentration, impurities, product types, or manufacturing methods - anyIJT 24(2):51-111, 2005

Organ system toxicity (non-reproductive)

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Concern Reference
Classified as not expected to be potentially toxic or harmfulEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List
Classified as a low human health priorityEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Persistence and bioaccumulation

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Concern Reference
Not suspected to be persistentEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List
Not suspected to be bioaccumulativeEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Data Sources

  • IJT 24(2):51-111, 2005
  • NLM (National Library of Medicine). 2012. PubMed online scientific bibliography data.
  • EC (Environment Canada). 2008. Domestic Substances List Categorization. Canadian Environmental Protection Act (CEPA) Environmental Registry.
  • FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration) 2006. Food Additive Status List. Downloaded from, Oct 16, 2006.
  • FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration). 2008. EAFUS [Everything Added to Food]: A Food Additive Database. FDA Office of Food Safety and Applied Nutrition.


EWG provides information on personal care product ingredients from the published scientific literature, to supplement incomplete data available from companies and the government. The ratings below indicate the relative level of concern posed by exposure to the ingredients in this product - not the product itself - compared to other product formulations. The ratings reflect potential health hazards but do not account for the level of exposure or individual susceptibility, factors which determine actual health risks, if any. Learn more | Legal Disclaimer


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