Menu Close Menu




Data: Fair

  • Other Concerns
  • Functions
  • About the Chemical
  • Synonyms


Cancer concern is LOW

Developmental & Reproductive Toxicity

Developmental & reproductive toxicity concern is LOW

Allergies & Immunotoxicity

Allergies & immunotoxicity concern is LOW

Products with this Ingredient

Expand content Collapse content
hair color and bleaching61 products
facial moisturizer/treatment60 products
serums & essences56 products
moisturizer56 products
lipstick40 products
conditioner36 products
moisturizer with SPF36 products
shampoo33 products
mask32 products
beach & sport sunscreen21 products
facial cleanser19 products
lip gloss17 products
exfoliant/scrub16 products
lip balm with SPF14 products
antiperspirant/deodorant14 products
hair treatment/serum12 products
around-eye cream12 products
mouthwash11 products
foundation11 products
CC cream11 products
toners/astringents10 products
anti-aging9 products
sunless tanning7 products
concealer7 products
hand cream6 products
BB cream6 products
hair spray5 products
detangler5 products
toothpaste5 products
body firming lotion4 products
mascara4 products
antiperspirant/deodorant (men's)4 products
hair styling aide4 products
brow liner3 products
makeup remover3 products
after sun product3 products
eye liner3 products
makeup primer3 products
bar soap2 products
baby sunscreen2 products
lip balm2 products
body spray2 products
facial powder1 products
body wash/cleanser1 products
cuticle treatment1 products
liquid hand soap1 products
styling gel/lotion1 products
after shave1 products
baby lotion1 products
bath oil/salts/soak1 products
tanning oil1 products
bronzer/highlighter1 products
baby shampoo1 products
tooth whitening1 products
baby toothpaste1 products

Data gaps

Expand content Collapse content
Concern Reference
Risk assessment method deficiencies and data gaps - Maximum reported "as used" concentration is basis of safety assessment by industry safety panel (Cosmetic Ingredient Review, CIR) - implicit safe concentration limit in productIJT 24(2):51-111, 2005
66172 studies in PubMed science library may include information on the toxicity of this chemicalNLM PubMed


Expand content Collapse content
Concern Reference
Not suspected to be an environmental toxinEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Multiple, additive exposure sources

Expand content Collapse content
Concern Reference
Designated as safe for general or specific, limited use in foodFDA Food Additive Status
Designated as safe for general or specific, limited use in foodFDA Everything Added to Food


Expand content Collapse content
Concern Reference
Industry or government recommendations for safe use: restrictions on concentration, impurities, product types, or manufacturing methods - anyIJT 24(2):51-111, 2005

Organ system toxicity (non-reproductive)

Expand content Collapse content
Concern Reference
Classified as not expected to be potentially toxic or harmfulEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List
Classified as a low human health priorityEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Persistence and bioaccumulation

Expand content Collapse content
Concern Reference
Not suspected to be persistentEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List
Not suspected to be bioaccumulativeEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Data Sources

  • IJT 24(2):51-111, 2005
  • NLM (National Library of Medicine). 2012. PubMed online scientific bibliography data.
  • EC (Environment Canada). 2008. Domestic Substances List Categorization. Canadian Environmental Protection Act (CEPA) Environmental Registry.
  • FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration) 2006. Food Additive Status List. Downloaded from, Oct 16, 2006.
  • FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration). 2008. EAFUS [Everything Added to Food]: A Food Additive Database. FDA Office of Food Safety and Applied Nutrition.


EWG provides information on personal care product ingredients from the published scientific literature, to supplement incomplete data available from companies and the government. The ratings below indicate the relative level of concern posed by exposure to the ingredients in this product - not the product itself - compared to other product formulations. The ratings reflect potential health hazards but do not account for the level of exposure or individual susceptibility, factors which determine actual health risks, if any. Learn more | Legal Disclaimer


Beyond providing Skin Deep® as an educational tool for consumers, EWG offers its EWG VERIFIED™ mark as a quick and easily identifiable way of conveying personal care products that meet EWG's strict health criteria. Before a company can use EWG VERIFIED™ on such products, the company must show that it fully discloses the products' ingredients on their labels or packaging, they do not contain EWG ingredients of concern, and are made with good manufacturing practices, among other criteria. Note that EWG receives licensing fees from all EWG VERIFIED™ member companies that help to support the important work we do. Learn more | Legal Disclaimer