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Data: Limited

  • Other Concerns
  • Functions
  • About the Chemical
  • Synonyms
  • Use restrictions (low), Non-reproductive organ system toxicity (low), and Irritation (skin, eyes, or lungs) (low)


Cancer concern is LOW

Developmental & Reproductive Toxicity

Developmental & reproductive toxicity concern is LOW

Allergies & Immunotoxicity

Allergies & immunotoxicity concern is LOW_MODERATE

Products with this Ingredient

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shampoo386 products
body wash/cleanser256 products
facial cleanser250 products
liquid hand soap226 products
baby shampoo82 products
baby soap61 products
exfoliant/scrub60 products
concealer58 products
makeup remover54 products
hair color and bleaching51 products
baby wipes37 products
baby bubble bath30 products
facial moisturizer/treatment27 products
bubble bath26 products
mask25 products
conditioner23 products
foundation20 products
bar soap15 products
beard cleanser14 products
recreational sunscreen13 products
daily use with SPF9 products
sunless tanning9 products
9 products
styling mousse/foam9 products
makeup primer8 products
setting powder/spray8 products
moisturizer8 products
serums & essences7 products
shaving cream6 products
toners/astringents6 products
eye makeup remover6 products
bath oil/salts/soak5 products
brow liner4 products
hair styling aide4 products
hand sanitizer4 products
toothpaste4 products
antiperspirant/deodorant3 products
hair-loss treatment2 products
foot moisturizer2 products
hair treatment/serum2 products
baby lotion2 products
lip gloss2 products
around-eye cream2 products
body firming lotion1 products
shaving cream (men's)1 products
anti-aging1 products
hand cream1 products
nail treatment1 products
beard care1 products
oil controller1 products
after shave1 products
vapor rubs1 products
baby toothpaste1 products
eye liner1 products
lipstick1 products
bronzer/highlighter1 products
hair spray1 products
foot cleansing1 products
mascara1 products


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Concern Reference
One or more animal studies show any or allergenic effects at very low dosesOpen scientific literature
One or more human case studies show possible any or allergenic effectsOpen scientific literature
Not likely to be a skin toxicant or allergenic in humansOpen scientific literature

Irritation (skin, eyes, or lungs)

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Concern Reference
any irritation - weight of evidence unknown/unassessedOpen scientific literature
Limited evidence of any irritationOpen scientific literature

Developmental/reproductive toxicity

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Concern Reference
One or more animal studies show any effects at moderate dosesOpen scientific literature
Not likely to be a reproductive or developmental toxicant in humansOpen scientific literature

Use restrictions

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Concern Reference
Determined safe for use in cosmetics, subject to concentration or use limitations - Safe for use in cosmetics with some qualificationsCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments

Organ system toxicity (non-reproductive)

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Concern Reference
Classified as toxic or harmful.Open scientific literature


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Concern Reference
Not likely to be mutagenic in humansOpen scientific literature

Data gaps

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Concern Reference
25 studies in PubMed science library may include information on the toxicity of this chemicalNLM PubMed

Data Sources

  • Open scientific/peer reviewed literature
  • CIR (Cosmetic Ingredient Review). 2006. CIR Compendium, containing abstracts, discussions, and conclusions of CIR cosmetic ingredient safety assessments. Washington DC.
  • NLM (National Library of Medicine). 2012. PubMed online scientific bibliography data.


EWG provides information on personal care product ingredients from the published scientific literature, to supplement incomplete data available from companies and the government. The ratings below indicate the relative level of concern posed by exposure to the ingredients in this product - not the product itself - compared to other product formulations. The ratings reflect potential health hazards but do not account for the level of exposure or individual susceptibility, factors which determine actual health risks, if any. Learn more | Legal Disclaimer


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