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Data: Good

  • Other Concerns
  • Functions
  • About the Chemical
  • Synonyms
  • Use restrictions (moderate)


Cancer concern is LOW

Developmental & Reproductive Toxicity

Developmental & reproductive toxicity concern is LOW

Allergies & Immunotoxicity

Allergies & immunotoxicity concern is LOW

Products with this Ingredient

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facial moisturizer/treatment1196 products
foundation1138 products
moisturizer1132 products
mask960 products
shampoo943 products
conditioner936 products
body wash/cleanser869 products
facial cleanser792 products
serums & essences788 products
daily use with SPF559 products
recreational sunscreen529 products
liquid hand soap498 products
concealer479 products
bar soap422 products
exfoliant/scrub414 products
body firming lotion365 products
hair treatment/serum328 products
hair styling aide319 products
toners/astringents298 products
toothpaste282 products
around-eye cream243 products
hand cream233 products
hand sanitizer199 products
mascara194 products
hair color and bleaching190 products
bronzer/highlighter186 products
eye shadow178 products
antiperspirant/deodorant168 products
makeup primer160 products
makeup remover156 products
styling gel/lotion149 products
baby lotion145 products
mouthwash129 products
bath oil/salts/soak122 products
lipstick122 products
anti-aging121 products
baby shampoo116 products
baby soap112 products
shaving cream107 products
BB cream101 products
hair spray99 products
baby sunscreen93 products
brow liner91 products
87 products
baby wipes86 products
lip balm77 products
sunless tanning76 products
eye liner71 products
setting powder/spray68 products
detangler67 products
CC cream67 products
bubble bath61 products
lip gloss59 products
after sun product58 products
foot moisturizer53 products
after shave53 products
body spray52 products
blush49 products
shaving cream (men's)46 products
fragrance for women45 products
antiperspirant/deodorant (men's)43 products
facial powder37 products
baby bubble bath36 products
beard care34 products
styling mousse/foam33 products
tooth whitening31 products
polish remover31 products
diaper cream28 products
eye makeup remover24 products
baby toothpaste21 products
lip plumper21 products
glitter21 products
pore strips16 products
body oil16 products
oil controller15 products
other eye makeup15 products
fragrance for men14 products
lip balm with SPF14 products
foot cleansing13 products
beard cleanser13 products
damaged skin treatment11 products
muscle/joint soreness8 products
baby oil8 products
depilatory7 products
tanning oil7 products
hair-loss treatment6 products
beard oil5 products
foot odor control4 products
skin fading/lightener3 products
nail treatment2 products
cuticle treatment2 products
hair relaxer2 products
vapor rubs1 products
nail polish1 products
lip liner1 products
eyelash glue1 products
other men's products1 products
nail glue1 products
body art1 products

Use restrictions

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Concern Reference
Restricted in cosmetics (recommendations or requirements) - use, concentration, or manufacturing restrictions - Use is restricted in Canadian cosmeticsCanada - Prohibited and Restricted Cosmetics Ingredients

Data gaps

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Concern Reference
70707 studies in PubMed science library may include information on the toxicity of this chemicalNLM PubMed


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Concern Reference
Not suspected to be an environmental toxinEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Multiple, additive exposure sources

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Concern Reference
Designated as safe for general or specific, limited use in foodFDA Food Additive Status
Designated as safe for general or specific, limited use in foodFDA Everything Added to Food

Organ system toxicity (non-reproductive)

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Concern Reference
Classified as not expected to be potentially toxic or harmfulEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List
Classified as a low human health priorityEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Persistence and bioaccumulation

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Concern Reference
Not suspected to be persistentEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List
Not suspected to be bioaccumulativeEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Data Sources

  • Health Canada. 2007. List of Prohibited and Restricted Cosmetic Ingredients. Canada's Cosmetic Ingredient Hotlist. March 2007.
  • NLM (National Library of Medicine). 2012. PubMed online scientific bibliography data.
  • EC (Environment Canada). 2008. Domestic Substances List Categorization. Canadian Environmental Protection Act (CEPA) Environmental Registry.
  • FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration) 2006. Food Additive Status List. Downloaded from, Oct 16, 2006.
  • FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration). 2008. EAFUS [Everything Added to Food]: A Food Additive Database. FDA Office of Food Safety and Applied Nutrition.

About this Ingredient's Score Range

  • Products with the EWG VERIFIED mark have met use restrictions and warnings based on EWG review of company data.


EWG provides information on personal care product ingredients from the published scientific literature, to supplement incomplete data available from companies and the government. The ratings below indicate the relative level of concern posed by exposure to the ingredients in this product - not the product itself - compared to other product formulations. The ratings reflect potential health hazards but do not account for the level of exposure or individual susceptibility, factors which determine actual health risks, if any. Learn more | Legal Disclaimer


Beyond providing Skin Deep® as an educational tool for consumers, EWG offers its EWG VERIFIED™ mark as a quick and easily identifiable way of conveying personal care products that meet EWG's strict health criteria. Before a company can use EWG VERIFIED™ on such products, the company must show that it fully discloses the products' ingredients on their labels or packaging, they do not contain EWG ingredients of concern, and are made with good manufacturing practices, among other criteria. Note that EWG receives licensing fees from all EWG VERIFIED™ member companies that help to support the important work we do. Learn more | Legal Disclaimer