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Data: Good

  • Other Concerns
  • Functions
  • About the Chemical
  • Synonyms
  • Use restrictions (moderate)


Cancer concern is LOW

Developmental & Reproductive Toxicity

Developmental & reproductive toxicity concern is LOW

Allergies & Immunotoxicity

Allergies & immunotoxicity concern is LOW

Products with this Ingredient

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facial moisturizer/treatment781 products
moisturizer777 products
mask702 products
foundation661 products
body wash/cleanser546 products
shampoo540 products
serums & essences527 products
conditioner492 products
facial cleanser472 products
moisturizer with SPF411 products
beach & sport sunscreen389 products
concealer337 products
liquid hand soap269 products
exfoliant/scrub228 products
bar soap212 products
toners/astringents175 products
around-eye cream150 products
toothpaste149 products
bronzer/highlighter135 products
hand cream127 products
hair treatment/serum126 products
mascara114 products
lipstick112 products
eye shadow105 products
makeup remover104 products
antiperspirant/deodorant104 products
hair styling aide102 products
body firming lotion97 products
makeup primer96 products
baby lotion95 products
hair color and bleaching94 products
bath oil/salts/soak87 products
hand sanitizer84 products
styling gel/lotion80 products
baby soap75 products
baby shampoo73 products
BB cream71 products
anti-aging70 products
mouthwash68 products
brow liner67 products
shaving cream66 products
lip balm58 products
eye liner50 products
hair spray49 products
CC cream49 products
lip gloss41 products
baby wipes39 products
bubble bath39 products
fragrance for women38 products
body spray37 products
sunless tanning35 products
blush34 products
detangler32 products
facial powder32 products
after shave31 products
baby sunscreen30 products
foot moisturizer28 products
baby bubble bath26 products
after sun product24 products
shaving cream (men's)21 products
antiperspirant/deodorant (men's)20 products
diaper cream19 products
tooth whitening18 products
eye makeup remover14 products
styling mousse/foam13 products
polish remover13 products
lip balm with SPF12 products
fragrance for men12 products
lip plumper11 products
other eye makeup11 products
oil controller11 products
baby toothpaste9 products
pore strips9 products
foot cleansing8 products
beard care7 products
glitter7 products
makeup with SPF7 products
damaged skin treatment6 products
other men's products6 products
baby oil4 products
beard oil4 products
body oil4 products
depilatory3 products
hair relaxer3 products
beard cleanser3 products
skin fading/lightener3 products
muscle/joint soreness3 products
nail treatment2 products
vapor rubs2 products
cuticle treatment2 products
tanning oil1 products
eyelash glue1 products
1 products
body art1 products
hair-loss treatment1 products
nail polish1 products

Use restrictions

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Concern Reference
Restricted in cosmetics (recommendations or requirements) - use, concentration, or manufacturing restrictions - Use is restricted in Canadian cosmeticsCanada - Prohibited and Restricted Cosmetics Ingredients

Data gaps

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Concern Reference
70707 studies in PubMed science library may include information on the toxicity of this chemicalNLM PubMed


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Concern Reference
Not suspected to be an environmental toxinEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Multiple, additive exposure sources

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Concern Reference
Designated as safe for general or specific, limited use in foodFDA Food Additive Status
Designated as safe for general or specific, limited use in foodFDA Everything Added to Food

Organ system toxicity (non-reproductive)

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Concern Reference
Classified as not expected to be potentially toxic or harmfulEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List
Classified as a low human health priorityEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Persistence and bioaccumulation

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Concern Reference
Not suspected to be persistentEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List
Not suspected to be bioaccumulativeEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Data Sources

  • Health Canada. 2007. List of Prohibited and Restricted Cosmetic Ingredients. Canada's Cosmetic Ingredient Hotlist. March 2007.
  • NLM (National Library of Medicine). 2012. PubMed online scientific bibliography data.
  • EC (Environment Canada). 2008. Domestic Substances List Categorization. Canadian Environmental Protection Act (CEPA) Environmental Registry.
  • FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration) 2006. Food Additive Status List. Downloaded from, Oct 16, 2006.
  • FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration). 2008. EAFUS [Everything Added to Food]: A Food Additive Database. FDA Office of Food Safety and Applied Nutrition.

About this Ingredient's Score Range

  • Products with the EWG VERIFIED mark have met use restrictions and warnings based on EWG review of company data.


EWG provides information on personal care product ingredients from the published scientific literature, to supplement incomplete data available from companies and the government. The ratings below indicate the relative level of concern posed by exposure to the ingredients in this product - not the product itself - compared to other product formulations. The ratings reflect potential health hazards but do not account for the level of exposure or individual susceptibility, factors which determine actual health risks, if any. Learn more | Legal Disclaimer


Beyond providing Skin Deep® as an educational tool for consumers, EWG offers its EWG VERIFIED™ mark as a quick and easily identifiable way of conveying personal care products that meet EWG's strict health criteria. Before a company can use EWG VERIFIED™ on such products, the company must show that it fully discloses the products' ingredients on their labels or packaging, they do not contain EWG ingredients of concern, and are made with good manufacturing practices, among other criteria. Note that EWG receives licensing fees from all EWG VERIFIED™ member companies that help to support the important work we do. Learn more | Legal Disclaimer