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Data: Good

  • Other Concerns
  • Functions
  • About the Chemical
  • Synonyms
  • Use restrictions (moderate)


Cancer concern is LOW

Developmental & Reproductive Toxicity

Developmental & reproductive toxicity concern is LOW

Allergies & Immunotoxicity

Allergies & immunotoxicity concern is LOW

Products with this Ingredient

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moisturizer1882 products
foundation1688 products
facial moisturizer/treatment1682 products
mask1451 products
body wash/cleanser1319 products
shampoo1310 products
conditioner1307 products
facial cleanser1162 products
serums & essences896 products
concealer862 products
liquid hand soap800 products
bar soap705 products
exfoliant/scrub633 products
daily use with SPF595 products
hair treatment/serum566 products
recreational sunscreen545 products
hand sanitizer487 products
hand cream446 products
hair styling aide438 products
toothpaste410 products
toners/astringents407 products
around-eye cream400 products
mascara334 products
hair color and bleaching292 products
styling gel/lotion255 products
antiperspirant/deodorant254 products
eye shadow242 products
makeup remover241 products
makeup primer230 products
lipstick220 products
body firming lotion215 products
bronzer/highlighter183 products
brow liner180 products
baby lotion170 products
BB cream157 products
anti-aging141 products
baby shampoo139 products
CC cream131 products
mouthwash130 products
baby soap130 products
130 products
hair spray128 products
bath oil/salts/soak127 products
sunless tanning126 products
shaving cream123 products
lip gloss120 products
baby wipes119 products
eye liner114 products
setting powder/spray113 products
body spray109 products
bubble bath107 products
lip balm98 products
baby sunscreen97 products
blush96 products
foot moisturizer90 products
detangler84 products
after sun product80 products
after shave67 products
shaving cream (men's)64 products
tooth whitening60 products
antiperspirant/deodorant (men's)56 products
baby bubble bath54 products
styling mousse/foam47 products
glitter45 products
beard care44 products
nail polish43 products
polish remover42 products
diaper cream34 products
body oil31 products
foot cleansing31 products
damaged skin treatment31 products
baby toothpaste29 products
eye makeup remover29 products
muscle/joint soreness28 products
facial powder26 products
lip plumper26 products
beard cleanser26 products
pore strips19 products
fragrance for women18 products
skin fading/lightener16 products
fragrance for men14 products
lip balm with SPF14 products
nail treatment13 products
hair-loss treatment12 products
tanning oil11 products
other eye makeup11 products
foot odor control10 products
oil controller9 products
cuticle treatment8 products
depilatory6 products
baby oil6 products
lip liner6 products
eyelash glue6 products
beard oil6 products
body art2 products
vapor rubs1 products
hair removal waxes1 products
hair relaxer1 products
body powder1 products
nail glue1 products

Use restrictions

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Concern Reference
Restricted in cosmetics (recommendations or requirements) - use, concentration, or manufacturing restrictions - Use is restricted in Canadian cosmeticsCanada - Prohibited and Restricted Cosmetics Ingredients

Multiple, additive exposure sources

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Concern Reference
Designated as safe for general or specific, limited use in foodFDA Food Additive Status
Designated as safe for general or specific, limited use in foodFDA Everything Added to Food


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Concern Reference
Not suspected to be an environmental toxinEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Organ system toxicity (non-reproductive)

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Concern Reference
Classified as not expected to be potentially toxic or harmfulEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List
Classified as a low human health priorityEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Persistence and bioaccumulation

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Concern Reference
Not suspected to be persistentEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List
Not suspected to be bioaccumulativeEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Data gaps

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Concern Reference
70707 studies in PubMed science library may include information on the toxicity of this chemicalNLM PubMed

Data Sources

  • Health Canada. 2007. List of Prohibited and Restricted Cosmetic Ingredients. Canada's Cosmetic Ingredient Hotlist. March 2007.
  • FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration) 2006. Food Additive Status List. Downloaded from, Oct 16, 2006.
  • FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration). 2008. EAFUS [Everything Added to Food]: A Food Additive Database. FDA Office of Food Safety and Applied Nutrition.
  • EC (Environment Canada). 2008. Domestic Substances List Categorization. Canadian Environmental Protection Act (CEPA) Environmental Registry.
  • NLM (National Library of Medicine). 2012. PubMed online scientific bibliography data.

About this Ingredient's Score Range

  • Products with the EWG VERIFIED mark have met use restrictions and warnings based on EWG review of company data.


EWG provides information on personal care product ingredients from the published scientific literature, to supplement incomplete data available from companies and the government. The ratings below indicate the relative level of concern posed by exposure to the ingredients in this product - not the product itself - compared to other product formulations. The ratings reflect potential health hazards but do not account for the level of exposure or individual susceptibility, factors which determine actual health risks, if any. Learn more | Legal Disclaimer


Beyond providing Skin Deep® as an educational tool for consumers, EWG offers its EWG VERIFIED™ mark as a quick and easily identifiable way of conveying personal care products that meet EWG's strict health criteria. Before a company can use EWG VERIFIED™ on such products, the company must show that it fully discloses the products' ingredients on their labels or packaging, they do not contain EWG ingredients of concern, and are made with good manufacturing practices, among other criteria. Note that EWG receives licensing fees from all EWG VERIFIED™ member companies that help to support the important work we do. Learn more | Legal Disclaimer