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Data: Good

  • Other Concerns
  • Functions
  • About the Chemical
  • Synonyms
  • Use restrictions (moderate)


Cancer concern is LOW

Developmental & Reproductive Toxicity

Developmental & reproductive toxicity concern is LOW

Allergies & Immunotoxicity

Allergies & immunotoxicity concern is LOW

Products with this Ingredient

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facial moisturizer/treatment747 products
moisturizer726 products
mask652 products
foundation610 products
shampoo523 products
body wash/cleanser499 products
serums & essences493 products
beach & sport sunscreen485 products
conditioner474 products
moisturizer with SPF447 products
facial cleanser422 products
liquid hand soap264 products
concealer253 products
exfoliant/scrub212 products
bar soap202 products
toners/astringents154 products
toothpaste144 products
around-eye cream142 products
body firming lotion119 products
hair treatment/serum116 products
bronzer/highlighter112 products
hand cream110 products
antiperspirant/deodorant109 products
mascara107 products
makeup remover97 products
eye shadow93 products
baby lotion91 products
lipstick89 products
hair styling aide87 products
hair color and bleaching87 products
makeup primer83 products
BB cream77 products
baby soap74 products
anti-aging73 products
baby shampoo72 products
styling gel/lotion71 products
hand sanitizer68 products
mouthwash66 products
shaving cream61 products
lip balm59 products
brow liner57 products
CC cream53 products
bath oil/salts/soak52 products
baby sunscreen46 products
eye liner44 products
hair spray43 products
bubble bath38 products
sunless tanning36 products
body spray36 products
Facial Sun Care36 products
baby wipes34 products
fragrance for women32 products
lip gloss31 products
facial powder31 products
blush30 products
baby bubble bath29 products
detangler28 products
after shave27 products
Tanning Sprays25 products
after sun product25 products
foot moisturizer24 products
makeup with SPF24 products
antiperspirant/deodorant (men's)19 products
shaving cream (men's)18 products
tooth whitening17 products
diaper cream17 products
eye makeup remover14 products
baby toothpaste14 products
lip balm with SPF14 products
styling mousse/foam12 products
polish remover12 products
other eye makeup11 products
oil controller11 products
lip plumper11 products
pore strips9 products
fragrance for men9 products
beard care6 products
foot cleansing6 products
other men's products6 products
damaged skin treatment5 products
glitter5 products
Oils & Serums4 products
beard oil4 products
skin fading/lightener4 products
body oil4 products
nail treatment3 products
depilatory3 products
baby oil3 products
muscle/joint soreness3 products
cuticle treatment2 products
vapor rubs2 products
beard cleanser2 products
eyelash glue1 products
hair relaxer1 products
hair-loss treatment1 products
tanning oil1 products
nail polish1 products

Use restrictions

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Concern Reference
Restricted in cosmetics (recommendations or requirements) - use, concentration, or manufacturing restrictions - Use is restricted in Canadian cosmeticsCanada - Prohibited and Restricted Cosmetics Ingredients

Data gaps

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Concern Reference
70707 studies in PubMed science library may include information on the toxicity of this chemicalNLM PubMed


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Concern Reference
Not suspected to be an environmental toxinEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Multiple, additive exposure sources

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Concern Reference
Designated as safe for general or specific, limited use in foodFDA Food Additive Status
Designated as safe for general or specific, limited use in foodFDA Everything Added to Food

Organ system toxicity (non-reproductive)

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Concern Reference
Classified as not expected to be potentially toxic or harmfulEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List
Classified as a low human health priorityEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Persistence and bioaccumulation

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Concern Reference
Not suspected to be persistentEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List
Not suspected to be bioaccumulativeEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Data Sources

  • Health Canada. 2007. List of Prohibited and Restricted Cosmetic Ingredients. Canada's Cosmetic Ingredient Hotlist. March 2007.
  • NLM (National Library of Medicine). 2012. PubMed online scientific bibliography data.
  • EC (Environment Canada). 2008. Domestic Substances List Categorization. Canadian Environmental Protection Act (CEPA) Environmental Registry.
  • FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration) 2006. Food Additive Status List. Downloaded from, Oct 16, 2006.
  • FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration). 2008. EAFUS [Everything Added to Food]: A Food Additive Database. FDA Office of Food Safety and Applied Nutrition.

About this Ingredient's Score Range

  • Products with the EWG VERIFIED mark have met use restrictions and warnings based on EWG review of company data.


EWG provides information on personal care product ingredients from the published scientific literature, to supplement incomplete data available from companies and the government. The ratings below indicate the relative level of concern posed by exposure to the ingredients in this product - not the product itself - compared to other product formulations. The ratings reflect potential health hazards but do not account for the level of exposure or individual susceptibility, factors which determine actual health risks, if any. Learn more | Legal Disclaimer


Beyond providing Skin Deep® as an educational tool for consumers, EWG offers its EWG VERIFIED™ mark as a quick and easily identifiable way of conveying personal care products that meet EWG's strict health criteria. Before a company can use EWG VERIFIED™ on such products, the company must show that it fully discloses the products' ingredients on their labels or packaging, they do not contain EWG ingredients of concern, and are made with good manufacturing practices, among other criteria. Note that EWG receives licensing fees from all EWG VERIFIED™ member companies that help to support the important work we do. Learn more | Legal Disclaimer