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Data: Good

  • Other Concerns
  • Functions
  • About the Chemical
  • Synonyms
  • Use restrictions (moderate)


Cancer concern is LOW

Developmental & Reproductive Toxicity

Developmental & reproductive toxicity concern is LOW

Allergies & Immunotoxicity

Allergies & immunotoxicity concern is LOW

Products with this Ingredient

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foundation922 products
facial moisturizer/treatment894 products
moisturizer845 products
mask654 products
shampoo627 products
body wash/cleanser615 products
conditioner609 products
serums & essences604 products
facial cleanser539 products
moisturizer with SPF415 products
concealer405 products
beach & sport sunscreen388 products
liquid hand soap314 products
exfoliant/scrub273 products
bar soap260 products
toners/astringents214 products
hair treatment/serum179 products
around-eye cream175 products
toothpaste174 products
eye shadow171 products
mascara169 products
bronzer/highlighter161 products
hair styling aide153 products
hair color and bleaching149 products
hand cream139 products
makeup primer131 products
lipstick121 products
body firming lotion117 products
hand sanitizer115 products
antiperspirant/deodorant114 products
makeup remover113 products
baby lotion113 products
bath oil/salts/soak107 products
styling gel/lotion105 products
baby shampoo83 products
brow liner83 products
baby soap82 products
mouthwash79 products
anti-aging77 products
shaving cream75 products
baby wipes74 products
BB cream74 products
eye liner65 products
lip balm62 products
hair spray57 products
lip gloss53 products
CC cream50 products
bubble bath45 products
blush43 products
fragrance for women42 products
body spray42 products
after shave40 products
sunless tanning38 products
38 products
detangler36 products
foot moisturizer32 products
facial powder32 products
baby sunscreen30 products
baby bubble bath28 products
antiperspirant/deodorant (men's)26 products
shaving cream (men's)26 products
after sun product26 products
diaper cream23 products
tooth whitening21 products
beard care17 products
styling mousse/foam16 products
eye makeup remover16 products
oil controller15 products
glitter14 products
polish remover14 products
pore strips13 products
lip balm with SPF12 products
foot cleansing12 products
fragrance for men12 products
other eye makeup12 products
lip plumper11 products
baby toothpaste10 products
beard cleanser10 products
makeup with SPF8 products
damaged skin treatment7 products
baby oil6 products
muscle/joint soreness6 products
other men's products6 products
body oil5 products
beard oil5 products
depilatory4 products
nail treatment2 products
vapor rubs2 products
tanning oil2 products
cuticle treatment2 products
skin fading/lightener2 products
hair relaxer2 products
lip liner1 products
foot odor control1 products
hair-loss treatment1 products
nail polish1 products
eyelash glue1 products
body art1 products

Use restrictions

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Concern Reference
Restricted in cosmetics (recommendations or requirements) - use, concentration, or manufacturing restrictions - Use is restricted in Canadian cosmeticsCanada - Prohibited and Restricted Cosmetics Ingredients

Data gaps

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Concern Reference
70707 studies in PubMed science library may include information on the toxicity of this chemicalNLM PubMed


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Concern Reference
Not suspected to be an environmental toxinEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Multiple, additive exposure sources

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Concern Reference
Designated as safe for general or specific, limited use in foodFDA Food Additive Status
Designated as safe for general or specific, limited use in foodFDA Everything Added to Food

Organ system toxicity (non-reproductive)

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Concern Reference
Classified as not expected to be potentially toxic or harmfulEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List
Classified as a low human health priorityEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Persistence and bioaccumulation

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Concern Reference
Not suspected to be persistentEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List
Not suspected to be bioaccumulativeEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Data Sources

  • Health Canada. 2007. List of Prohibited and Restricted Cosmetic Ingredients. Canada's Cosmetic Ingredient Hotlist. March 2007.
  • NLM (National Library of Medicine). 2012. PubMed online scientific bibliography data.
  • EC (Environment Canada). 2008. Domestic Substances List Categorization. Canadian Environmental Protection Act (CEPA) Environmental Registry.
  • FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration) 2006. Food Additive Status List. Downloaded from, Oct 16, 2006.
  • FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration). 2008. EAFUS [Everything Added to Food]: A Food Additive Database. FDA Office of Food Safety and Applied Nutrition.

About this Ingredient's Score Range

  • Products with the EWG VERIFIED mark have met use restrictions and warnings based on EWG review of company data.


EWG provides information on personal care product ingredients from the published scientific literature, to supplement incomplete data available from companies and the government. The ratings below indicate the relative level of concern posed by exposure to the ingredients in this product - not the product itself - compared to other product formulations. The ratings reflect potential health hazards but do not account for the level of exposure or individual susceptibility, factors which determine actual health risks, if any. Learn more | Legal Disclaimer


Beyond providing Skin Deep® as an educational tool for consumers, EWG offers its EWG VERIFIED™ mark as a quick and easily identifiable way of conveying personal care products that meet EWG's strict health criteria. Before a company can use EWG VERIFIED™ on such products, the company must show that it fully discloses the products' ingredients on their labels or packaging, they do not contain EWG ingredients of concern, and are made with good manufacturing practices, among other criteria. Note that EWG receives licensing fees from all EWG VERIFIED™ member companies that help to support the important work we do. Learn more | Legal Disclaimer