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Data: Good

  • Other Concerns
  • Functions
  • About the Chemical
  • Synonyms
  • Use restrictions (moderate)


Cancer concern is LOW

Developmental & Reproductive Toxicity

Developmental & reproductive toxicity concern is LOW

Allergies & Immunotoxicity

Allergies & immunotoxicity concern is LOW

Products with this Ingredient

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shampoo624 products
body wash/cleanser552 products
conditioner421 products
liquid hand soap328 products
facial moisturizer/treatment240 products
bath oil/salts/soak232 products
facial cleanser230 products
lipstick215 products
moisturizer188 products
mask185 products
serums & essences143 products
moisturizer with SPF141 products
hair color and bleaching134 products
nail polish108 products
foundation85 products
makeup remover81 products
hair treatment/serum79 products
lip balm72 products
beach & sport sunscreen71 products
baby shampoo69 products
baby soap68 products
toners/astringents67 products
exfoliant/scrub63 products
around-eye cream54 products
bubble bath53 products
eye liner48 products
concealer46 products
hair styling aide44 products
baby wipes42 products
bronzer/highlighter36 products
baby lotion35 products
lip gloss32 products
hand cream30 products
mascara30 products
bar soap29 products
mouthwash29 products
lip liner29 products
sunless tanning28 products
styling gel/lotion28 products
body firming lotion28 products
brow liner27 products
baby bubble bath25 products
shaving cream24 products
toothpaste23 products
makeup primer23 products
detangler21 products
antiperspirant/deodorant16 products
eye shadow15 products
anti-aging14 products
CC cream13 products
hair spray9 products
styling mousse/foam9 products
shaving cream (men's)9 products
foot moisturizer8 products
fragrance for women8 products
blush8 products
lip balm with SPF8 products
hand sanitizer7 products
antiperspirant/deodorant (men's)7 products
beard cleanser6 products
eye makeup remover5 products
nail treatment5 products
tooth whitening5 products
after shave5 products
BB cream5 products
oil controller5 products
baby sunscreen5 products
baby toothpaste4 products
makeup with SPF4 products
beard care4 products
after sun product3 products
hair relaxer3 products
other eye makeup3 products
hair-loss treatment3 products
facial powder2 products
body oil2 products
vapor rubs2 products
foot cleansing2 products
body spray2 products
other men's products2 products
diaper cream1 products
fragrance for men1 products
muscle/joint soreness1 products
baby oil1 products
1 products
eyelash glue1 products
beard oil1 products
cuticle treatment1 products
lip plumper1 products
tanning oil1 products
body art1 products

Use restrictions

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Concern Reference
Restricted in cosmetics (recommendations or requirements) - use, concentration, or manufacturing restrictions - Use is restricted in Canadian cosmeticsCanada - Prohibited and Restricted Cosmetics Ingredients

Data gaps

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Concern Reference
Risk assessment method deficiencies and data gaps - Maximum reported "as used" concentration is basis of safety assessment by industry safety panel (Cosmetic Ingredient Review, CIR) - implicit safe concentration limit in productCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments
20950 studies in PubMed science library may include information on the toxicity of this chemicalNLM PubMed


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Concern Reference
Not suspected to be an environmental toxinEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Multiple, additive exposure sources

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Concern Reference
Designated as safe for general or specific, limited use in foodFDA Food Additive Status
Designated as safe for general or specific, limited use in foodFDA Everything Added to Food


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Concern Reference
Industry or government recommendations for safe use: restrictions on concentration, impurities, product types, or manufacturing methods - anyCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments

Organ system toxicity (non-reproductive)

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Concern Reference
Classified as not expected to be potentially toxic or harmfulEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List
Classified as a low human health priorityEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Persistence and bioaccumulation

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Concern Reference
Not suspected to be persistentEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List
Not suspected to be bioaccumulativeEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Data Sources

  • Health Canada. 2007. List of Prohibited and Restricted Cosmetic Ingredients. Canada's Cosmetic Ingredient Hotlist. March 2007.
  • CIR (Cosmetic Ingredient Review). 2006. CIR Compendium, containing abstracts, discussions, and conclusions of CIR cosmetic ingredient safety assessments. Washington DC.
  • NLM (National Library of Medicine). 2012. PubMed online scientific bibliography data.
  • EC (Environment Canada). 2008. Domestic Substances List Categorization. Canadian Environmental Protection Act (CEPA) Environmental Registry.
  • FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration) 2006. Food Additive Status List. Downloaded from, Oct 16, 2006.
  • FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration). 2008. EAFUS [Everything Added to Food]: A Food Additive Database. FDA Office of Food Safety and Applied Nutrition.

About this Ingredient's Score Range

  • Products with the EWG VERIFIED mark have met use restrictions and warnings based on EWG review of company data.


EWG provides information on personal care product ingredients from the published scientific literature, to supplement incomplete data available from companies and the government. The ratings below indicate the relative level of concern posed by exposure to the ingredients in this product - not the product itself - compared to other product formulations. The ratings reflect potential health hazards but do not account for the level of exposure or individual susceptibility, factors which determine actual health risks, if any. Learn more | Legal Disclaimer


Beyond providing Skin Deep® as an educational tool for consumers, EWG offers its EWG VERIFIED™ mark as a quick and easily identifiable way of conveying personal care products that meet EWG's strict health criteria. Before a company can use EWG VERIFIED™ on such products, the company must show that it fully discloses the products' ingredients on their labels or packaging, they do not contain EWG ingredients of concern, and are made with good manufacturing practices, among other criteria. Note that EWG receives licensing fees from all EWG VERIFIED™ member companies that help to support the important work we do. Learn more | Legal Disclaimer