Menu Close Menu




Data: Good

  • Other Concerns
  • Functions
  • About the Chemical
  • Synonyms
  • Use restrictions (moderate)


Cancer concern is LOW

Developmental & Reproductive Toxicity

Developmental & reproductive toxicity concern is LOW

Allergies & Immunotoxicity

Allergies & immunotoxicity concern is LOW

Products with this Ingredient

Expand content Collapse content
shampoo582 products
body wash/cleanser508 products
conditioner391 products
liquid hand soap318 products
facial moisturizer/treatment228 products
facial cleanser205 products
lipstick197 products
moisturizer177 products
bath oil/salts/soak167 products
mask160 products
moisturizer with SPF154 products
serums & essences136 products
hair color and bleaching119 products
nail polish107 products
foundation90 products
beach & sport sunscreen80 products
hair treatment/serum74 products
makeup remover72 products
lip balm70 products
baby shampoo68 products
baby soap67 products
exfoliant/scrub63 products
around-eye cream50 products
toners/astringents50 products
bubble bath48 products
concealer42 products
hair styling aide40 products
baby wipes35 products
baby lotion33 products
eye liner31 products
bar soap30 products
mascara30 products
lip liner29 products
baby bubble bath28 products
mouthwash28 products
sunless tanning27 products
bronzer/highlighter25 products
hand cream25 products
body firming lotion25 products
styling gel/lotion23 products
toothpaste21 products
shaving cream21 products
makeup primer21 products
lip gloss19 products
antiperspirant/deodorant16 products
CC cream16 products
detangler16 products
brow liner14 products
eye shadow13 products
anti-aging13 products
baby toothpaste10 products
lip balm with SPF10 products
styling mousse/foam9 products
hand sanitizer9 products
BB cream9 products
foot moisturizer8 products
hair spray8 products
shaving cream (men's)8 products
baby sunscreen8 products
blush7 products
makeup with SPF7 products
antiperspirant/deodorant (men's)7 products
nail treatment5 products
tooth whitening5 products
oil controller5 products
eye makeup remover5 products
after shave4 products
after sun product4 products
fragrance for women4 products
Facial Sun Care4 products
beard care3 products
other eye makeup3 products
hair-loss treatment2 products
foot cleansing2 products
vapor rubs2 products
other men's products2 products
body spray2 products
body oil2 products
facial powder1 products
diaper cream1 products
muscle/joint soreness1 products
cuticle treatment1 products
baby oil1 products
lip plumper1 products
beard oil1 products
beard cleanser1 products

Use restrictions

Expand content Collapse content
Concern Reference
Restricted in cosmetics (recommendations or requirements) - use, concentration, or manufacturing restrictions - Use is restricted in Canadian cosmeticsCanada - Prohibited and Restricted Cosmetics Ingredients

Data gaps

Expand content Collapse content
Concern Reference
Risk assessment method deficiencies and data gaps - Maximum reported "as used" concentration is basis of safety assessment by industry safety panel (Cosmetic Ingredient Review, CIR) - implicit safe concentration limit in productCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments
20950 studies in PubMed science library may include information on the toxicity of this chemicalNLM PubMed


Expand content Collapse content
Concern Reference
Not suspected to be an environmental toxinEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Multiple, additive exposure sources

Expand content Collapse content
Concern Reference
Designated as safe for general or specific, limited use in foodFDA Food Additive Status
Designated as safe for general or specific, limited use in foodFDA Everything Added to Food


Expand content Collapse content
Concern Reference
Industry or government recommendations for safe use: restrictions on concentration, impurities, product types, or manufacturing methods - anyCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments

Organ system toxicity (non-reproductive)

Expand content Collapse content
Concern Reference
Classified as not expected to be potentially toxic or harmfulEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List
Classified as a low human health priorityEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Persistence and bioaccumulation

Expand content Collapse content
Concern Reference
Not suspected to be persistentEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List
Not suspected to be bioaccumulativeEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Data Sources

  • Health Canada. 2007. List of Prohibited and Restricted Cosmetic Ingredients. Canada's Cosmetic Ingredient Hotlist. March 2007.
  • CIR (Cosmetic Ingredient Review). 2006. CIR Compendium, containing abstracts, discussions, and conclusions of CIR cosmetic ingredient safety assessments. Washington DC.
  • NLM (National Library of Medicine). 2012. PubMed online scientific bibliography data.
  • EC (Environment Canada). 2008. Domestic Substances List Categorization. Canadian Environmental Protection Act (CEPA) Environmental Registry.
  • FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration) 2006. Food Additive Status List. Downloaded from, Oct 16, 2006.
  • FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration). 2008. EAFUS [Everything Added to Food]: A Food Additive Database. FDA Office of Food Safety and Applied Nutrition.

About this Ingredient's Score Range

  • Products with the EWG VERIFIED mark have met use restrictions and warnings based on EWG review of company data.


EWG provides information on personal care product ingredients from the published scientific literature, to supplement incomplete data available from companies and the government. The ratings below indicate the relative level of concern posed by exposure to the ingredients in this product - not the product itself - compared to other product formulations. The ratings reflect potential health hazards but do not account for the level of exposure or individual susceptibility, factors which determine actual health risks, if any. Learn more | Legal Disclaimer


Beyond providing Skin Deep® as an educational tool for consumers, EWG offers its EWG VERIFIED™ mark as a quick and easily identifiable way of conveying personal care products that meet EWG's strict health criteria. Before a company can use EWG VERIFIED™ on such products, the company must show that it fully discloses the products' ingredients on their labels or packaging, they do not contain EWG ingredients of concern, and are made with good manufacturing practices, among other criteria. Note that EWG receives licensing fees from all EWG VERIFIED™ member companies that help to support the important work we do. Learn more | Legal Disclaimer