Menu Close Menu




Data: Good

  • Other Concerns
  • Functions
  • About the Chemical
  • Synonyms
  • Use restrictions (moderate)


Cancer concern is LOW

Developmental & Reproductive Toxicity

Developmental & reproductive toxicity concern is LOW

Allergies & Immunotoxicity

Allergies & immunotoxicity concern is LOW

Products with this Ingredient

Expand content Collapse content
shampoo767 products
body wash/cleanser621 products
conditioner539 products
liquid hand soap394 products
bath oil/salts/soak275 products
facial moisturizer/treatment268 products
facial cleanser255 products
lipstick244 products
mask203 products
moisturizer202 products
foundation183 products
hair color and bleaching174 products
serums & essences163 products
moisturizer with SPF140 products
hair treatment/serum121 products
nail polish116 products
makeup remover88 products
lip balm84 products
toners/astringents82 products
eye liner80 products
baby shampoo77 products
baby wipes77 products
baby soap73 products
beach & sport sunscreen71 products
exfoliant/scrub71 products
hair styling aide63 products
bubble bath61 products
around-eye cream56 products
concealer54 products
brow liner47 products
bronzer/highlighter41 products
mascara40 products
baby lotion38 products
bar soap35 products
styling gel/lotion35 products
hand cream35 products
body firming lotion34 products
lip gloss33 products
makeup primer33 products
lip liner32 products
mouthwash31 products
sunless tanning29 products
baby bubble bath28 products
toothpaste27 products
detangler25 products
shaving cream24 products
antiperspirant/deodorant23 products
anti-aging16 products
eye shadow15 products
blush14 products
hair spray13 products
CC cream13 products
beard cleanser12 products
hand sanitizer11 products
11 products
styling mousse/foam11 products
antiperspirant/deodorant (men's)11 products
beard care11 products
foot moisturizer9 products
fragrance for women8 products
shaving cream (men's)8 products
lip balm with SPF8 products
eye makeup remover7 products
nail treatment7 products
facial powder6 products
after shave6 products
BB cream6 products
oil controller6 products
after sun product5 products
hair-loss treatment5 products
baby sunscreen5 products
baby toothpaste4 products
tooth whitening4 products
makeup with SPF4 products
other eye makeup4 products
diaper cream3 products
hair relaxer3 products
body oil3 products
vapor rubs2 products
foot cleansing2 products
body spray2 products
other men's products2 products
beard oil2 products
fragrance for men1 products
muscle/joint soreness1 products
baby oil1 products
tanning oil1 products
eyelash glue1 products
body art1 products
cuticle treatment1 products
depilatory1 products
lip plumper1 products

Use restrictions

Expand content Collapse content
Concern Reference
Restricted in cosmetics (recommendations or requirements) - use, concentration, or manufacturing restrictions - Use is restricted in Canadian cosmeticsCanada - Prohibited and Restricted Cosmetics Ingredients

Data gaps

Expand content Collapse content
Concern Reference
Risk assessment method deficiencies and data gaps - Maximum reported "as used" concentration is basis of safety assessment by industry safety panel (Cosmetic Ingredient Review, CIR) - implicit safe concentration limit in productCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments
20950 studies in PubMed science library may include information on the toxicity of this chemicalNLM PubMed


Expand content Collapse content
Concern Reference
Not suspected to be an environmental toxinEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Multiple, additive exposure sources

Expand content Collapse content
Concern Reference
Designated as safe for general or specific, limited use in foodFDA Food Additive Status
Designated as safe for general or specific, limited use in foodFDA Everything Added to Food


Expand content Collapse content
Concern Reference
Industry or government recommendations for safe use: restrictions on concentration, impurities, product types, or manufacturing methods - anyCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments

Organ system toxicity (non-reproductive)

Expand content Collapse content
Concern Reference
Classified as not expected to be potentially toxic or harmfulEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List
Classified as a low human health priorityEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Persistence and bioaccumulation

Expand content Collapse content
Concern Reference
Not suspected to be persistentEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List
Not suspected to be bioaccumulativeEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Data Sources

  • Health Canada. 2007. List of Prohibited and Restricted Cosmetic Ingredients. Canada's Cosmetic Ingredient Hotlist. March 2007.
  • CIR (Cosmetic Ingredient Review). 2006. CIR Compendium, containing abstracts, discussions, and conclusions of CIR cosmetic ingredient safety assessments. Washington DC.
  • NLM (National Library of Medicine). 2012. PubMed online scientific bibliography data.
  • EC (Environment Canada). 2008. Domestic Substances List Categorization. Canadian Environmental Protection Act (CEPA) Environmental Registry.
  • FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration) 2006. Food Additive Status List. Downloaded from, Oct 16, 2006.
  • FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration). 2008. EAFUS [Everything Added to Food]: A Food Additive Database. FDA Office of Food Safety and Applied Nutrition.

About this Ingredient's Score Range

  • Products with the EWG VERIFIED mark have met use restrictions and warnings based on EWG review of company data.


EWG provides information on personal care product ingredients from the published scientific literature, to supplement incomplete data available from companies and the government. The ratings below indicate the relative level of concern posed by exposure to the ingredients in this product - not the product itself - compared to other product formulations. The ratings reflect potential health hazards but do not account for the level of exposure or individual susceptibility, factors which determine actual health risks, if any. Learn more | Legal Disclaimer


Beyond providing Skin Deep® as an educational tool for consumers, EWG offers its EWG VERIFIED™ mark as a quick and easily identifiable way of conveying personal care products that meet EWG's strict health criteria. Before a company can use EWG VERIFIED™ on such products, the company must show that it fully discloses the products' ingredients on their labels or packaging, they do not contain EWG ingredients of concern, and are made with good manufacturing practices, among other criteria. Note that EWG receives licensing fees from all EWG VERIFIED™ member companies that help to support the important work we do. Learn more | Legal Disclaimer