Menu Close Menu




Data: Limited

  • Other Concerns
  • Functions
  • About the Chemical
  • Synonyms
  • Use restrictions (moderate), Non-reproductive organ system toxicity (moderate), and Ecotoxicology (low)


Cancer concern is LOW

Developmental & Reproductive Toxicity

Developmental & reproductive toxicity concern is LOW

Allergies & Immunotoxicity

Allergies & immunotoxicity concern is LOW

Products with this Ingredient

Expand content Collapse content
foundation1810 products
eye shadow1087 products
lipstick1021 products
moisturizer928 products
concealer908 products
bronzer/highlighter554 products
facial moisturizer/treatment538 products
conditioner493 products
blush445 products
daily use with SPF419 products
recreational sunscreen334 products
facial powder254 products
shampoo234 products
eye liner224 products
hand cream204 products
antiperspirant/deodorant204 products
hair treatment/serum201 products
brow liner187 products
makeup primer171 products
mask165 products
serums & essences146 products
around-eye cream133 products
CC cream132 products
nail polish121 products
hair styling aide113 products
body firming lotion110 products
BB cream94 products
mascara85 products
antiperspirant/deodorant (men's)74 products
anti-aging73 products
lip liner73 products
lip gloss64 products
hair color and bleaching62 products
setting powder/spray61 products
baby lotion60 products
60 products
sunless tanning52 products
baby sunscreen51 products
lip balm49 products
styling gel/lotion48 products
makeup remover41 products
foot moisturizer36 products
glitter31 products
body wash/cleanser29 products
facial cleanser28 products
exfoliant/scrub27 products
nail treatment22 products
detangler19 products
shaving cream19 products
after shave17 products
lip balm with SPF15 products
hand sanitizer14 products
diaper cream13 products
hair spray12 products
after sun product12 products
damaged skin treatment12 products
skin fading/lightener11 products
body oil10 products
oil controller8 products
styling mousse/foam7 products
shaving cream (men's)7 products
muscle/joint soreness7 products
cuticle treatment6 products
baby oil5 products
bar soap5 products
beard oil5 products
foot cleansing5 products
toners/astringents4 products
beard care4 products
lip plumper3 products
tooth whitening3 products
toothpaste3 products
pore strips3 products
foot odor control2 products
eye makeup remover2 products
tanning oil2 products
liquid hand soap1 products
fragrance for men1 products
body spray1 products
depilatory1 products
body powder1 products
mouthwash1 products
baby wipes1 products
beard cleanser1 products
nail glue1 products
baby bubble bath1 products

Use restrictions

Expand content Collapse content
Concern Reference
Recommended restricted in cosmetics - use, concentration, or manufacturing restrictions - Product type restrictions or differences noted in safety assessment by industry panelCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments

Organ system toxicity (non-reproductive)

Expand content Collapse content
Concern Reference
Classified as expected to be toxic or harmfulEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List


Expand content Collapse content
Concern Reference
Suspected to be an environmental toxin and be persistent or bioaccumulativeEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List
Suspected to be an environmental toxinEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Data gaps

Expand content Collapse content
Concern Reference
Risk assessment method deficiencies and data gaps - Maximum reported "as used" concentration is basis of safety assessment by industry safety panel (Cosmetic Ingredient Review, CIR) - implicit safe concentration limit in productCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments
218 studies in PubMed science library may include information on the toxicity of this chemicalNLM PubMed

Multiple, additive exposure sources

Expand content Collapse content
Concern Reference
Designated as safe for general or specific, limited use in foodFDA Everything Added to Food
Designated as safe for general or specific, limited use in foodFDA Food Additive Status


Expand content Collapse content
Concern Reference
Industry or government recommendations for safe use: restrictions on concentration, impurities, product types, or manufacturing methods - anyCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments

Persistence and bioaccumulation

Expand content Collapse content
Concern Reference
Not suspected to be bioaccumulativeEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Data Sources

  • CIR (Cosmetic Ingredient Review). 2006. CIR Compendium, containing abstracts, discussions, and conclusions of CIR cosmetic ingredient safety assessments. Washington DC.
  • EC (Environment Canada). 2008. Domestic Substances List Categorization. Canadian Environmental Protection Act (CEPA) Environmental Registry.
  • NLM (National Library of Medicine). 2012. PubMed online scientific bibliography data.
  • FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration). 2008. EAFUS [Everything Added to Food]: A Food Additive Database. FDA Office of Food Safety and Applied Nutrition.
  • FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration) 2006. Food Additive Status List. Downloaded from, Oct 16, 2006.

About this Ingredient's Score Range

  • Products with the EWG VERIFIED mark have met use restrictions and warnings based on EWG review of company data.


EWG provides information on personal care product ingredients from the published scientific literature, to supplement incomplete data available from companies and the government. The ratings below indicate the relative level of concern posed by exposure to the ingredients in this product - not the product itself - compared to other product formulations. The ratings reflect potential health hazards but do not account for the level of exposure or individual susceptibility, factors which determine actual health risks, if any. Learn more | Legal Disclaimer


Beyond providing Skin Deep® as an educational tool for consumers, EWG offers its EWG VERIFIED™ mark as a quick and easily identifiable way of conveying personal care products that meet EWG's strict health criteria. Before a company can use EWG VERIFIED™ on such products, the company must show that it fully discloses the products' ingredients on their labels or packaging, they do not contain EWG ingredients of concern, and are made with good manufacturing practices, among other criteria. Note that EWG receives licensing fees from all EWG VERIFIED™ member companies that help to support the important work we do. Learn more | Legal Disclaimer