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Data: Limited

  • Other Concerns
  • Functions
  • About the Chemical
  • Synonyms
  • Use restrictions (moderate), Non-reproductive organ system toxicity (moderate), and Ecotoxicology (low)


Cancer concern is LOW

Developmental & Reproductive Toxicity

Developmental & reproductive toxicity concern is LOW

Allergies & Immunotoxicity

Allergies & immunotoxicity concern is LOW

Products with this Ingredient

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foundation1286 products
eye shadow786 products
lipstick685 products
concealer545 products
moisturizer533 products
bronzer/highlighter488 products
daily use with SPF388 products
facial moisturizer/treatment336 products
conditioner324 products
recreational sunscreen319 products
blush268 products
body firming lotion201 products
serums & essences189 products
shampoo184 products
facial powder170 products
makeup primer121 products
hair treatment/serum118 products
brow liner108 products
eye liner100 products
hand cream97 products
antiperspirant/deodorant93 products
mask93 products
hair styling aide81 products
mascara70 products
BB cream67 products
around-eye cream66 products
lip liner64 products
CC cream58 products
anti-aging51 products
baby sunscreen49 products
baby lotion48 products
hair color and bleaching45 products
antiperspirant/deodorant (men's)43 products
sunless tanning31 products
lip balm31 products
styling gel/lotion30 products
30 products
setting powder/spray29 products
foot moisturizer27 products
body wash/cleanser27 products
makeup remover23 products
lip gloss23 products
exfoliant/scrub17 products
nail polish17 products
facial cleanser16 products
lip balm with SPF16 products
other eye makeup14 products
glitter12 products
shaving cream11 products
detangler10 products
after sun product10 products
hand sanitizer10 products
diaper cream9 products
after shave8 products
hair spray8 products
shaving cream (men's)7 products
baby oil7 products
oil controller5 products
foot cleansing5 products
nail treatment4 products
body oil4 products
damaged skin treatment4 products
beard care4 products
styling mousse/foam3 products
fragrance for women3 products
fragrance for men3 products
toners/astringents3 products
bar soap3 products
cuticle treatment2 products
eye makeup remover2 products
muscle/joint soreness2 products
tanning oil2 products
beard oil2 products
foot odor control1 products
hair relaxer1 products
hair-loss treatment1 products
depilatory1 products
eyelash glue1 products
toothpaste1 products
baby wipes1 products
baby shampoo1 products

Use restrictions

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Concern Reference
Recommended restricted in cosmetics - use, concentration, or manufacturing restrictions - Product type restrictions or differences noted in safety assessment by industry panelCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments

Organ system toxicity (non-reproductive)

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Concern Reference
Classified as expected to be toxic or harmfulEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List


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Concern Reference
Suspected to be an environmental toxin and be persistent or bioaccumulativeEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List
Suspected to be an environmental toxinEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Data gaps

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Concern Reference
Risk assessment method deficiencies and data gaps - Maximum reported "as used" concentration is basis of safety assessment by industry safety panel (Cosmetic Ingredient Review, CIR) - implicit safe concentration limit in productCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments
218 studies in PubMed science library may include information on the toxicity of this chemicalNLM PubMed

Multiple, additive exposure sources

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Concern Reference
Designated as safe for general or specific, limited use in foodFDA Food Additive Status
Designated as safe for general or specific, limited use in foodFDA Everything Added to Food


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Concern Reference
Industry or government recommendations for safe use: restrictions on concentration, impurities, product types, or manufacturing methods - anyCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments

Persistence and bioaccumulation

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Concern Reference
Not suspected to be bioaccumulativeEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Data Sources

  • CIR (Cosmetic Ingredient Review). 2006. CIR Compendium, containing abstracts, discussions, and conclusions of CIR cosmetic ingredient safety assessments. Washington DC.
  • EC (Environment Canada). 2008. Domestic Substances List Categorization. Canadian Environmental Protection Act (CEPA) Environmental Registry.
  • NLM (National Library of Medicine). 2012. PubMed online scientific bibliography data.
  • FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration) 2006. Food Additive Status List. Downloaded from, Oct 16, 2006.
  • FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration). 2008. EAFUS [Everything Added to Food]: A Food Additive Database. FDA Office of Food Safety and Applied Nutrition.

About this Ingredient's Score Range

  • Products with the EWG VERIFIED mark have met use restrictions and warnings based on EWG review of company data.


EWG provides information on personal care product ingredients from the published scientific literature, to supplement incomplete data available from companies and the government. The ratings below indicate the relative level of concern posed by exposure to the ingredients in this product - not the product itself - compared to other product formulations. The ratings reflect potential health hazards but do not account for the level of exposure or individual susceptibility, factors which determine actual health risks, if any. Learn more | Legal Disclaimer


Beyond providing Skin Deep® as an educational tool for consumers, EWG offers its EWG VERIFIED™ mark as a quick and easily identifiable way of conveying personal care products that meet EWG's strict health criteria. Before a company can use EWG VERIFIED™ on such products, the company must show that it fully discloses the products' ingredients on their labels or packaging, they do not contain EWG ingredients of concern, and are made with good manufacturing practices, among other criteria. Note that EWG receives licensing fees from all EWG VERIFIED™ member companies that help to support the important work we do. Learn more | Legal Disclaimer