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Data: Limited

  • Other Concerns
  • Functions
  • About the Chemical
  • Synonyms
  • Use restrictions (moderate), Non-reproductive organ system toxicity (moderate), and Ecotoxicology (low)


Cancer concern is LOW

Developmental & Reproductive Toxicity

Developmental & reproductive toxicity concern is LOW

Allergies & Immunotoxicity

Allergies & immunotoxicity concern is LOW

Products with this Ingredient

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foundation640 products
eye shadow401 products
lipstick332 products
moisturizer with SPF315 products
beach & sport sunscreen272 products
bronzer/highlighter247 products
moisturizer207 products
concealer188 products
blush163 products
facial moisturizer/treatment143 products
serums & essences121 products
facial powder77 products
conditioner74 products
brow liner63 products
lip liner61 products
mask53 products
makeup primer53 products
eye liner47 products
shampoo40 products
BB cream36 products
mascara32 products
antiperspirant/deodorant27 products
around-eye cream27 products
baby sunscreen23 products
hand cream23 products
CC cream23 products
lip gloss22 products
hair treatment/serum21 products
lip balm with SPF18 products
lip balm17 products
anti-aging14 products
hair color and bleaching13 products
body firming lotion13 products
baby lotion12 products
other eye makeup12 products
hair styling aide12 products
styling gel/lotion11 products
makeup remover9 products
sunless tanning7 products
foot moisturizer6 products
antiperspirant/deodorant (men's)6 products
shaving cream6 products
exfoliant/scrub4 products
hand sanitizer4 products
oil controller4 products
detangler3 products
hair spray3 products
after shave3 products
body wash/cleanser3 products
shaving cream (men's)3 products
makeup with SPF2 products
after sun product2 products
muscle/joint soreness2 products
beard oil2 products
foot odor control1 products
baby oil1 products
depilatory1 products
fragrance for men1 products
eyelash glue1 products
diaper cream1 products
facial cleanser1 products
nail treatment1 products
toners/astringents1 products
body oil1 products

Use restrictions

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Concern Reference
Recommended restricted in cosmetics - use, concentration, or manufacturing restrictions - Product type restrictions or differences noted in safety assessment by industry panelCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments

Organ system toxicity (non-reproductive)

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Concern Reference
Classified as expected to be toxic or harmfulEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List


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Concern Reference
Suspected to be an environmental toxin and be persistent or bioaccumulativeEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List
Suspected to be an environmental toxinEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Data gaps

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Concern Reference
Risk assessment method deficiencies and data gaps - Maximum reported "as used" concentration is basis of safety assessment by industry safety panel (Cosmetic Ingredient Review, CIR) - implicit safe concentration limit in productCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments
218 studies in PubMed science library may include information on the toxicity of this chemicalNLM PubMed

Multiple, additive exposure sources

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Concern Reference
Designated as safe for general or specific, limited use in foodFDA Food Additive Status
Designated as safe for general or specific, limited use in foodFDA Everything Added to Food


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Concern Reference
Industry or government recommendations for safe use: restrictions on concentration, impurities, product types, or manufacturing methods - anyCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments

Persistence and bioaccumulation

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Concern Reference
Not suspected to be bioaccumulativeEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Data Sources

  • CIR (Cosmetic Ingredient Review). 2006. CIR Compendium, containing abstracts, discussions, and conclusions of CIR cosmetic ingredient safety assessments. Washington DC.
  • EC (Environment Canada). 2008. Domestic Substances List Categorization. Canadian Environmental Protection Act (CEPA) Environmental Registry.
  • NLM (National Library of Medicine). 2012. PubMed online scientific bibliography data.
  • FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration) 2006. Food Additive Status List. Downloaded from, Oct 16, 2006.
  • FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration). 2008. EAFUS [Everything Added to Food]: A Food Additive Database. FDA Office of Food Safety and Applied Nutrition.


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