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Data: Limited

  • Other Concerns
  • Functions
  • About the Chemical
  • Synonyms
  • Use restrictions (moderate), Non-reproductive organ system toxicity (moderate), and Ecotoxicology (low)


Cancer concern is LOW

Developmental & Reproductive Toxicity

Developmental & reproductive toxicity concern is LOW

Allergies & Immunotoxicity

Allergies & immunotoxicity concern is LOW

Products with this Ingredient

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foundation1159 products
eye shadow687 products
lipstick557 products
concealer450 products
bronzer/highlighter422 products
moisturizer353 products
moisturizer with SPF300 products
blush241 products
beach & sport sunscreen240 products
facial moisturizer/treatment236 products
serums & essences160 products
conditioner158 products
facial powder145 products
shampoo112 products
eye liner102 products
brow liner101 products
makeup primer98 products
lip liner67 products
mask65 products
mascara64 products
body firming lotion57 products
hair treatment/serum55 products
hand cream51 products
around-eye cream46 products
BB cream41 products
hair color and bleaching37 products
hair styling aide37 products
antiperspirant/deodorant36 products
CC cream34 products
baby lotion27 products
lip balm27 products
anti-aging22 products
body wash/cleanser22 products
styling gel/lotion20 products
lip gloss19 products
foot moisturizer17 products
antiperspirant/deodorant (men's)16 products
makeup remover14 products
nail polish13 products
baby sunscreen13 products
lip balm with SPF13 products
glitter12 products
sunless tanning12 products
other eye makeup12 products
exfoliant/scrub11 products
makeup with SPF10 products
diaper cream9 products
shaving cream9 products
9 products
facial cleanser7 products
detangler7 products
nail treatment7 products
after shave6 products
shaving cream (men's)5 products
baby oil5 products
hand sanitizer5 products
oil controller4 products
foot cleansing4 products
fragrance for women4 products
fragrance for men3 products
hair spray3 products
beard care3 products
cuticle treatment2 products
bar soap2 products
styling mousse/foam2 products
damaged skin treatment2 products
beard oil2 products
foot odor control1 products
body oil1 products
after sun product1 products
muscle/joint soreness1 products
eyelash glue1 products
toothpaste1 products
hair relaxer1 products
depilatory1 products
baby wipes1 products

Use restrictions

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Concern Reference
Recommended restricted in cosmetics - use, concentration, or manufacturing restrictions - Product type restrictions or differences noted in safety assessment by industry panelCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments

Organ system toxicity (non-reproductive)

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Concern Reference
Classified as expected to be toxic or harmfulEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List


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Concern Reference
Suspected to be an environmental toxin and be persistent or bioaccumulativeEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List
Suspected to be an environmental toxinEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Data gaps

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Concern Reference
Risk assessment method deficiencies and data gaps - Maximum reported "as used" concentration is basis of safety assessment by industry safety panel (Cosmetic Ingredient Review, CIR) - implicit safe concentration limit in productCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments
218 studies in PubMed science library may include information on the toxicity of this chemicalNLM PubMed

Multiple, additive exposure sources

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Concern Reference
Designated as safe for general or specific, limited use in foodFDA Food Additive Status
Designated as safe for general or specific, limited use in foodFDA Everything Added to Food


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Concern Reference
Industry or government recommendations for safe use: restrictions on concentration, impurities, product types, or manufacturing methods - anyCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments

Persistence and bioaccumulation

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Concern Reference
Not suspected to be bioaccumulativeEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Data Sources

  • CIR (Cosmetic Ingredient Review). 2006. CIR Compendium, containing abstracts, discussions, and conclusions of CIR cosmetic ingredient safety assessments. Washington DC.
  • EC (Environment Canada). 2008. Domestic Substances List Categorization. Canadian Environmental Protection Act (CEPA) Environmental Registry.
  • NLM (National Library of Medicine). 2012. PubMed online scientific bibliography data.
  • FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration) 2006. Food Additive Status List. Downloaded from, Oct 16, 2006.
  • FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration). 2008. EAFUS [Everything Added to Food]: A Food Additive Database. FDA Office of Food Safety and Applied Nutrition.

About this Ingredient's Score Range

  • Products with the EWG VERIFIED mark have met use restrictions and warnings based on EWG review of company data.


EWG provides information on personal care product ingredients from the published scientific literature, to supplement incomplete data available from companies and the government. The ratings below indicate the relative level of concern posed by exposure to the ingredients in this product - not the product itself - compared to other product formulations. The ratings reflect potential health hazards but do not account for the level of exposure or individual susceptibility, factors which determine actual health risks, if any. Learn more | Legal Disclaimer


Beyond providing Skin Deep® as an educational tool for consumers, EWG offers its EWG VERIFIED™ mark as a quick and easily identifiable way of conveying personal care products that meet EWG's strict health criteria. Before a company can use EWG VERIFIED™ on such products, the company must show that it fully discloses the products' ingredients on their labels or packaging, they do not contain EWG ingredients of concern, and are made with good manufacturing practices, among other criteria. Note that EWG receives licensing fees from all EWG VERIFIED™ member companies that help to support the important work we do. Learn more | Legal Disclaimer