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Data: Fair

  • Other Concerns
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  • About the Chemical
  • Synonyms


Cancer concern is LOW

Developmental & Reproductive Toxicity

Developmental & reproductive toxicity concern is LOW

Allergies & Immunotoxicity

Allergies & immunotoxicity concern is LOW

Products with this Ingredient

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facial moisturizer/treatment274 products
serums & essences242 products
foundation123 products
mask118 products
daily use with SPF108 products
concealer91 products
shampoo89 products
conditioner70 products
around-eye cream63 products
CC cream56 products
moisturizer55 products
facial cleanser55 products
toners/astringents50 products
makeup primer42 products
body wash/cleanser34 products
setting powder/spray31 products
anti-aging30 products
body firming lotion24 products
hair treatment/serum18 products
exfoliant/scrub15 products
recreational sunscreen14 products
hand cream12 products
makeup remover12 products
hair color and bleaching11 products
bronzer/highlighter11 products
hair styling aide8 products
eye shadow8 products
lipstick6 products
mascara6 products
6 products
facial powder5 products
styling gel/lotion5 products
bar soap5 products
blush5 products
beard care4 products
BB cream4 products
after sun product4 products
beard oil4 products
baby lotion4 products
hair spray3 products
body spray3 products
foot moisturizer3 products
damaged skin treatment3 products
liquid hand soap2 products
nail treatment2 products
baby sunscreen2 products
detangler2 products
other eye makeup2 products
after shave2 products
eye liner1 products
depilatory1 products
hair-loss treatment1 products
bath oil/salts/soak1 products
skin fading/lightener1 products
antiperspirant/deodorant1 products
oil controller1 products
lip balm1 products
shaving cream1 products
muscle/joint soreness1 products
baby bubble bath1 products
beard cleanser1 products
foot cleansing1 products
body oil1 products
baby soap1 products

Data gaps

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Concern Reference
Risk assessment method deficiencies and data gaps - Maximum reported "as used" concentration is basis of safety assessment by industry safety panel (Cosmetic Ingredient Review, CIR) - implicit safe concentration limit in productCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments
53042 studies in PubMed science library may include information on the toxicity of this chemicalNLM PubMed


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Concern Reference
Not suspected to be an environmental toxinEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Multiple, additive exposure sources

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Concern Reference
Designated as safe for general or specific, limited use in foodFDA Food Additive Status
Designated as safe for general or specific, limited use in foodFDA Everything Added to Food


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Concern Reference
Industry or government recommendations for safe use: restrictions on concentration, impurities, product types, or manufacturing methods - anyCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments

Organ system toxicity (non-reproductive)

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Concern Reference
Classified as not expected to be potentially toxic or harmfulEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List
Classified as a low human health priorityEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Persistence and bioaccumulation

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Concern Reference
Not suspected to be persistentEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List
Not suspected to be bioaccumulativeEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Data Sources

  • CIR (Cosmetic Ingredient Review). 2006. CIR Compendium, containing abstracts, discussions, and conclusions of CIR cosmetic ingredient safety assessments. Washington DC.
  • NLM (National Library of Medicine). 2012. PubMed online scientific bibliography data.
  • EC (Environment Canada). 2008. Domestic Substances List Categorization. Canadian Environmental Protection Act (CEPA) Environmental Registry.
  • FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration) 2006. Food Additive Status List. Downloaded from, Oct 16, 2006.
  • FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration). 2008. EAFUS [Everything Added to Food]: A Food Additive Database. FDA Office of Food Safety and Applied Nutrition.


EWG provides information on personal care product ingredients from the published scientific literature, to supplement incomplete data available from companies and the government. The ratings below indicate the relative level of concern posed by exposure to the ingredients in this product - not the product itself - compared to other product formulations. The ratings reflect potential health hazards but do not account for the level of exposure or individual susceptibility, factors which determine actual health risks, if any. Learn more | Legal Disclaimer


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