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Data: Limited

  • Other Concerns
  • Functions
  • About the Chemical
  • Synonyms


Cancer concern is LOW

Developmental & Reproductive Toxicity

Developmental & reproductive toxicity concern is LOW

Allergies & Immunotoxicity

Allergies & immunotoxicity concern is LOW

Products with this Ingredient

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lipstick87 products
facial moisturizer/treatment56 products
recreational sunscreen56 products
conditioner26 products
daily use with SPF26 products
hair treatment/serum26 products
lip liner21 products
moisturizer18 products
bar soap17 products
hair styling aide16 products
serums & essences15 products
facial cleanser14 products
mask13 products
eye shadow12 products
lip balm11 products
baby sunscreen11 products
blush10 products
makeup primer9 products
around-eye cream9 products
brow liner9 products
anti-aging7 products
lip balm with SPF6 products
lip gloss6 products
shampoo6 products
mascara6 products
antiperspirant/deodorant6 products
makeup remover6 products
bronzer/highlighter5 products
styling gel/lotion5 products
BB cream5 products
exfoliant/scrub4 products
eye liner4 products
hair color and bleaching4 products
body oil3 products
concealer3 products
hand cream2 products
sunless tanning2 products
after sun product2 products
toothpaste2 products
toners/astringents2 products
foot odor control1 products
beard care1 products
1 products
baby wipes1 products
body firming lotion1 products
baby lotion1 products
fragrance for women1 products
shaving cream (men's)1 products
other eye makeup1 products
shaving cream1 products
beard oil1 products
styling mousse/foam1 products
hair spray1 products
foot cleansing1 products
setting powder/spray1 products
detangler1 products
facial powder1 products


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Concern Reference
Suspected to be an environmental toxinEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Data gaps

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Concern Reference
Risk assessment method deficiencies and data gaps - Maximum reported "as used" concentration is basis of safety assessment by industry safety panel (Cosmetic Ingredient Review, CIR) - implicit safe concentration limit in productCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments
404 studies in PubMed science library may include information on the toxicity of this chemicalNLM PubMed


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Concern Reference
Industry or government recommendations for safe use: restrictions on concentration, impurities, product types, or manufacturing methods - anyCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments

Organ system toxicity (non-reproductive)

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Concern Reference
Classified as not expected to be potentially toxic or harmfulEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List
Classified as a low human health priorityEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Persistence and bioaccumulation

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Concern Reference
Not suspected to be persistentEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List
Not suspected to be bioaccumulativeEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Multiple, additive exposure sources

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Concern Reference
Designated as safe for general or specific, limited use in foodFDA Everything Added to Food
Designated as safe for general or specific, limited use in foodFDA Food Additive Status

Data Sources

  • EC (Environment Canada). 2008. Domestic Substances List Categorization. Canadian Environmental Protection Act (CEPA) Environmental Registry.
  • CIR (Cosmetic Ingredient Review). 2006. CIR Compendium, containing abstracts, discussions, and conclusions of CIR cosmetic ingredient safety assessments. Washington DC.
  • NLM (National Library of Medicine). 2012. PubMed online scientific bibliography data.
  • FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration). 2008. EAFUS [Everything Added to Food]: A Food Additive Database. FDA Office of Food Safety and Applied Nutrition.
  • FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration) 2006. Food Additive Status List. Downloaded from, Oct 16, 2006.


EWG provides information on personal care product ingredients from the published scientific literature, to supplement incomplete data available from companies and the government. The ratings below indicate the relative level of concern posed by exposure to the ingredients in this product - not the product itself - compared to other product formulations. The ratings reflect potential health hazards but do not account for the level of exposure or individual susceptibility, factors which determine actual health risks, if any. Learn more | Legal Disclaimer


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