Menu Close Menu




Data: Limited

  • Other Concerns
  • Functions
  • About the Chemical
  • Synonyms
  • Use restrictions (low), Non-reproductive organ system toxicity (moderate), and Ecotoxicology (low)


Cancer concern is LOW

Developmental & Reproductive Toxicity

Developmental & reproductive toxicity concern is LOW

Allergies & Immunotoxicity

Allergies & immunotoxicity concern is LOW

Products with this Ingredient

Expand content Collapse content
foundation154 products
lipstick95 products
facial moisturizer/treatment72 products
moisturizer with SPF62 products
beach & sport sunscreen44 products
serums & essences38 products
concealer38 products
bronzer/highlighter36 products
moisturizer33 products
eye shadow23 products
body firming lotion21 products
around-eye cream20 products
makeup primer16 products
conditioner16 products
makeup remover16 products
sunless tanning14 products
mask12 products
anti-aging12 products
facial cleanser11 products
lip gloss9 products
eye liner9 products
antiperspirant/deodorant9 products
mascara9 products
hair treatment/serum8 products
baby sunscreen8 products
BB cream8 products
8 products
brow liner7 products
hand cream7 products
blush6 products
hair spray4 products
hair styling aide4 products
CC cream4 products
lip balm4 products
eye makeup remover4 products
other eye makeup3 products
tanning oil2 products
detangler2 products
after sun product1 products
lip balm with SPF1 products
hair relaxer1 products
styling gel/lotion1 products
after shave1 products
exfoliant/scrub1 products
toners/astringents1 products

Organ system toxicity (non-reproductive)

Expand content Collapse content
Concern Reference
Classified as expected to be toxic or harmfulEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List
REACH registrations this substance may be fatal if swallowed and enters airways and is harmful if inhaled.European Chemicals Agency (ECHA)

Use restrictions

Expand content Collapse content
Concern Reference
Determined safe for use in cosmetics, subject to concentration or use limitations - Safe for use in cosmetics with some qualificationsCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments


Expand content Collapse content
Concern Reference
Suspected to be an environmental toxin and be persistent or bioaccumulativeEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List
Suspected to be an environmental toxinEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Data gaps

Expand content Collapse content
Concern Reference
34 studies in PubMed science library may include information on the toxicity of this chemicalNLM PubMed

Persistence and bioaccumulation

Expand content Collapse content
Concern Reference
Not suspected to be bioaccumulativeEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Data Sources

  • EC (Environment Canada). 2008. Domestic Substances List Categorization. Canadian Environmental Protection Act (CEPA) Environmental Registry.
  • European Chemicals Agency (ECHA)
  • CIR (Cosmetic Ingredient Review). 2006. CIR Compendium, containing abstracts, discussions, and conclusions of CIR cosmetic ingredient safety assessments. Washington DC.
  • NLM (National Library of Medicine). 2012. PubMed online scientific bibliography data.


EWG provides information on personal care product ingredients from the published scientific literature, to supplement incomplete data available from companies and the government. The ratings below indicate the relative level of concern posed by exposure to the ingredients in this product - not the product itself - compared to other product formulations. The ratings reflect potential health hazards but do not account for the level of exposure or individual susceptibility, factors which determine actual health risks, if any. Learn more | Legal Disclaimer


Beyond providing Skin Deep® as an educational tool for consumers, EWG offers its EWG VERIFIED™ mark as a quick and easily identifiable way of conveying personal care products that meet EWG's strict health criteria. Before a company can use EWG VERIFIED™ on such products, the company must show that it fully discloses the products' ingredients on their labels or packaging, they do not contain EWG ingredients of concern, and are made with good manufacturing practices, among other criteria. Note that EWG receives licensing fees from all EWG VERIFIED™ member companies that help to support the important work we do. Learn more | Legal Disclaimer