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Product score: 05

Data Availability:

Limited

Zo Skin Health Illuminating AOX Serum

Zo Skin Health Illuminating AOX Serum

WHERE TO BUY

CATEGORY

Serums & Essences

BRAND

ZO Skin Health

DATA LAST UPDATED

April 2022

Ingredient concerns

See how this product scores for common concerns.

  • MODERATE
    Cancer
  • MODERATE
    Allergies & Immunotoxicity
  • HIGH
    Developmental and Reproductive Toxicity
  • HIGH
    Use Restrictions

Ingredient scores

Ingredients are scored based on their formulation and concentration in this product. Click on an ingredient for more information.

Ingredient score: 09
RETINYL PALMITATE (VITAMIN A PALMITATE)
Appeared as: RETINYL PALMITATE
Data Availability: Fair
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FUNCTION(S) skin-conditioning agent - miscellaneous, skin conditioning
CONCERNS • Cancer (moderate)
• Developmental/reproductive toxicity (high)
• Use restrictions (high)
• Non-reproductive organ system toxicity (low)
• Biochemical or cellular level changes (high)
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Ingredient score: 04
SODIUM HYDROXIDE
Data Availability: Fair
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FUNCTION(S) denaturant, ph adjuster, buffering
CONCERNS • Use restrictions (high)
• Non-reproductive organ system toxicity (moderate)
• Irritation (skin, eyes, or lungs) (low)
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Ingredient score: 04
PHENOXYETHANOL
Data Availability: Limited
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FUNCTION(S) fragrance ingredient, preservative
CONCERNS • Allergies/immunotoxicity (low)
• Use restrictions (moderate)
• Non-reproductive organ system toxicity (moderate)
• Irritation (skin, eyes, or lungs) (high)
• Occupational hazards (high)
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Ingredient score: 03
DIMETHICONE
Data Availability: Limited
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FUNCTION(S) antifoaming agent, skin-conditioning agent - occlusive, skin protectant, antifoaming, emollient, skin conditioning, skin protecting
CONCERNS • Use restrictions (moderate)
• Non-reproductive organ system toxicity (moderate)
• Ecotoxicology (low)
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Ingredient score: 03
TOCOPHERYL ACETATE
Data Availability: Fair
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FUNCTION(S) antioxidant, skin-conditioning agent - miscellaneous, skin conditioning
CONCERNS • Cancer (low)
• Allergies/immunotoxicity (moderate)
• Contamination concerns (HYDROQUINONE)
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Ingredient score: 03
POLYSORBATE-60
Data Availability: Limited
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FUNCTION(S) fragrance ingredient, surfactant - emulsifying agent, surfactant - solubilizing agent, emulsifying
CONCERNS • Non-reproductive organ system toxicity (low)
• Contamination concerns (ETHYLENE OXIDE and 1,4-DIOXANE)
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Ingredient score: 03
SODIUM BENZOATE
Data Availability: Fair
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FUNCTION(S) fragrance ingredient, preservative, anticorrosive, masking
CONCERNS • Use restrictions (moderate)
• Non-reproductive organ system toxicity (low)
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Ingredient score: 02
MICA
Data Availability: Fair
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FUNCTION(S) colorant, opacifying
CONCERNS • Persistence and bioaccumulation (high)
• Non-reproductive organ system toxicity (low)
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Ingredient score: 02
GLYCERIN
Data Availability: Good
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FUNCTION(S) denaturant, fragrance ingredient, hair conditioning agent, humectant, oral care agent;oral health care drug, skin-conditioning agent - humectant, skin protectant, viscosity decreasing agent, perfuming, solvent
CONCERNS • Use restrictions (moderate)
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Ingredient score: 02
SODIUM C14-16 OLEFIN SULFONATE
Data Availability: Limited
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FUNCTION(S) surfactant - cleansing agent, cleansing, foaming, surfactant
CONCERNS • Use restrictions (low)
• Non-reproductive organ system toxicity (moderate)
• Contamination concerns (GAMMA SULTONE)
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Ingredient score: 02
CETEARYL GLUCOSIDE
Data Availability: Limited
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FUNCTION(S) surfactant - emulsifying agent, emulsifying, surfactant
CONCERNS • Allergies/immunotoxicity (low)
• Use restrictions (low)
• Endocrine disruption (low)
• Irritation (skin, eyes, or lungs) (low)
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Ingredient score: 02
LECITHIN
Data Availability: Good
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FUNCTION(S) skin-conditioning agent - miscellaneous, surfactant - emulsifying agent, antistatic, emollient, emulsifying, skin conditioning
CONCERNS • Developmental/reproductive toxicity (low)
• Allergies/immunotoxicity (low)
• Multiple, additive exposure sources (low)
• Contamination concerns (NITROSAMINES)
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Ingredient score: 02
TIN OXIDE
Data Availability: Fair
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FUNCTION(S) abrasive, bulking agent, opacifying agent, bulking, opacifying, viscosity controlling
CONCERNS • Enhanced skin absorption
• Persistence and bioaccumulation (high)
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Ingredient score: 02
ETHYLHEXYLGLYCERIN
Data Availability: Limited
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FUNCTION(S) deodorant agent, skin-conditioning agent - miscellaneous, skin conditioning
CONCERNS • Allergies/immunotoxicity (low)
• Non-reproductive organ system toxicity (moderate)
• Ecotoxicology (low)
• Irritation (skin, eyes, or lungs) (high)
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Ingredient score: 02
TITANIUM DIOXIDE (SUNSCREEN GRADE)
Appeared as: FRAGRANCE/PARFUM,LIMONENE,TITANIUM DIOXIDE ,IRON OXIDES (CI 77891)
Data Availability: Good
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CONCERNS • Cancer (moderate)
• Allergies/immunotoxicity (low)
• Enhanced skin absorption
• Non-reproductive organ system toxicity (moderate)
• Irritation (skin, eyes, or lungs) (low)
• Occupational hazards (high)
• Biochemical or cellular level changes (high)
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Ingredient score: 01
WATER
Appeared as: AQUA/WATER/EAU
Data Availability: Robust
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FUNCTION(S) solvent
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Ingredient score: 01
CETEARYL ISONONANOATE
Data Availability: Limited
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FUNCTION(S) hair conditioning agent, skin-conditioning agent - emollient, emollient, hair conditioning, skin conditioning
CONCERNS • Use restrictions (low)
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Ingredient score: 01
BUTYLENE GLYCOL
Data Availability: Limited
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FUNCTION(S) fragrance ingredient, skin-conditioning agent - miscellaneous, solvent, viscositydecreasing agent, humectant, masking, skin conditioning, viscosity controlling
CONCERNS • Irritation (skin, eyes, or lungs) (moderate)
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Ingredient score: 01
PPG-3 BENZYL ETHER MYRISTATE
Data Availability: None
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FUNCTION(S) plasticiser, skin conditioning
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Ingredient score: 01
CETEARYL ALCOHOL
Data Availability: Limited
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FUNCTION(S) emulsion stabilizer, opacifying agent, surfactant - foam booster, viscosity increasingagent - aqueous, viscosity increasing agent - nonaqueous, emollient, emulsifying, emulsion stabilising, foam boosting, opacifying, surfactant, viscosity controlling
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Ingredient score: 01
PENTYLENE GLYCOL
Data Availability: Limited
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FUNCTION(S) solvent, skin conditioning
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Ingredient score: 01
CETYL ALCOHOL
Data Availability: Limited
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FUNCTION(S) emulsion stabilizer, fragrance ingredient, opacifying agent, surfactant - emulsifying agent;surfactant - foam booster, viscosity increasing agent - aqueous, viscosity increasing agent -nonaqueous, emollient, emulsifying, emulsion stabilising, foam boosting, masking, opacifying, surfactant, viscosity controlling
CONCERNS • Non-reproductive organ system toxicity (moderate)
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Ingredient score: 01
SUNFLOWER OIL/ PALM OIL AMINOPROPANEDIOL ESTERS
Appeared as: SAFFLOWER OIL/PALM OIL AMINOPROPANEDIOL ESTERS
Data Availability: None
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Ingredient score: 01
LAMINARIA DIGITATA EXTRACT
Data Availability: Limited
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FUNCTION(S) fragrance ingredient, skin-conditioning agent - miscellaneous, skin protecting
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Ingredient score: 01
OPUNTIA FICUS-INDICA STEM EXTRACT
Data Availability: None
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Ingredient score: 01
ARABIDOPSIS THALIANA EXTRACT
Data Availability: None
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FUNCTION(S) antioxidant
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Ingredient score: 01
LEONTOPODIUM ALPINUM MERISTEM CELL CULTURE
Data Availability: None
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Ingredient score: 01
MARRUBIUM VULGARE EXTRACT
Appeared as: MARRUBIUM VULGARE MERISTEM CELL CULTURE
Data Availability: None
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FUNCTION(S) fragrance ingredient, not reported, skin conditioning, soothing
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Ingredient score: 01
GALACTOARABINAN
Data Availability: Fair
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FUNCTION(S) film former, fragrance ingredient, film forming
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Ingredient score: 01
SCHIZOPHYLLAN
Data Availability: Limited
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FUNCTION(S) humectant
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Ingredient score: 01
ASCORBIC ACID (VITAMIN C)
Appeared as: ASCORBIC ACID
Data Availability: Fair
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FUNCTION(S) antioxidant, fragrance ingredient, ph adjuster, skin-conditioning agent - miscellaneous, buffering, masking, skin conditioning
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Ingredient score: 01
SQUALANE
Data Availability: Limited
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FUNCTION(S) hair conditioning agent, skin-conditioning agent - occlusive, emollient, hair conditioning, refatting, skin conditioning
CONCERNS • Endocrine disruption (low)
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Ingredient score: 01
CAPRYLYL GLYCOL
Data Availability: Limited
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FUNCTION(S) hair conditioning agent, skin-conditioning agent - emollient, emollient, hair conditioning, humectant, skin conditioning
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Ingredient score: 01
PULLULAN
Data Availability: Limited
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FUNCTION(S) binder, film former, binding, film forming
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Ingredient score: 01
HEXYLENE GLYCOL
Data Availability: Fair
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FUNCTION(S) fragrance ingredient, solvent, viscosity decreasing agent, emulsifying, perfuming, skin conditioning, surfactant
CONCERNS • Allergies/immunotoxicity (low)
• Irritation (skin, eyes, or lungs) (high)
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Ingredient score: 01
SILICA, AMORPHOUS
Appeared as: SILICA
Data Availability: Good
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FUNCTION(S) abrasive, absorbent, anticaking agent, bulking agent, opacifying agent, suspending agent- nonsurfactant, anticaking, opacifying
CONCERNS • Persistence and bioaccumulation (high)
• Non-reproductive organ system toxicity (low)
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Ingredient score: 01
POLYGLUTAMIC ACID
Data Availability: Fair
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FUNCTION(S) skin-conditioning agent - miscellaneous, skin conditioning
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Ingredient score: 01
1,2-HEXANEDIOL
Data Availability: Limited
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FUNCTION(S) solvent
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Ingredient score: 01
BETA-GLUCAN
Data Availability: Fair
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FUNCTION(S) bulking agent, skin-conditioning agent - miscellaneous, skin conditioning
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Ingredient score: 01
MICROCOCCUS LYSATE
Data Availability: None
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FUNCTION(S) not reported, skin conditioning
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Ingredient score: 01
DISODIUM EDTA
Data Availability: Fair
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FUNCTION(S) chelating agent, chelating, viscosity controlling
CONCERNS • Enhanced skin absorption
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Ingredient score: 01
HYDROXYETHYL ACRYLATE/ SODIUM ACRYLOYLDIMETHYL TAURATE COPOLYMER
Data Availability: None
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FUNCTION(S) emulsion stabilizer, opacifying agent, suspending agent - nonsurfactant, viscosityincreasing agent - aqueous, emulsion stabilising, viscosity controlling
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Ingredient score: 01
XANTHAN GUM
Data Availability: Fair
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FUNCTION(S) binder, emulsion stabilizer, skin-conditioning agent - miscellaneous, surfactant -emulsifying agent, viscosity increasing agent - aqueous, binding, emulsifying, emulsion stabilising, gel forming, skin conditioning, surfactant, viscosity controlling
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Ingredient score: 01
SCLEROTIUM GUM
Data Availability: Limited
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FUNCTION(S) emulsion stabilizer, skin-conditioning agent - miscellaneous, viscosity increasing agent -aqueous, emulsion stabilising, skin conditioning, viscosity controlling
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Ingredient score: 01
POLYMETHYL METHACRYLATE
Data Availability: Fair
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FUNCTION(S) film former, film forming
CONCERNS • Allergies/immunotoxicity (low)
• Non-reproductive organ system toxicity (moderate)
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Ingredient score: 01
MALTODEXTRIN
Data Availability: Fair
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FUNCTION(S) absorbent, binder, emulsion stabilizer, film former, hair conditioning agent;skin-conditioning agent - miscellaneous, suspending agent - nonsurfactant, binding, emulsion stabilising, film forming, hair conditioning, skin conditioning
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Ingredients from packaging:

Aqua/Water/Eau, Cetearyl Isononanoate, Butylene Glycol, Dimethicone, PPG-3 Benzyl Ether Myristate, Cetearyl Alcohol, Pentylene Glycol, Cetyl Alcohol, Mica, Glycerin, Safflower Oil/Palm Oil Aminopropanediol Esters, Laminaria Digitata Extract, Opuntia Ficus-Indica Stem Extract, Arabidopsis Thaliana Extract, Leontopodium Alpinum Meristem Cell Culture, Marrubium Vulgare Meristem Cell Culture, Galactoarabinan, Schizophyllan, Tocopheryl Acetate, Retinyl Palmitate, Ascorbic Acid, Squalane, Caprylyl Glycol, Pullulan, Hexylene Glycol, Silica, Polyglutamic Acid, 1,2-Hexanediol, Beta-Glucan, Micrococcus Lysate, Polysorbate 60, Sodium C14-16 Olefin Sulfonate, Disodium EDTA, Hydroxyethyl Acrylate/Sodium Acryloyldimethyl Taurate Copolymer, Cetearyl Glucoside, Lecithin, Xanthan Gum, SclerotiumGum, Polymethyl Methacrylate, Maltodextrin, Tin Oxide,Sodium Hydroxide, Phenoxyethanol, Ethylhexylglycerin, Sodium Benzoate, Fragrance/Parfum,Limonene,Titanium Dioxide (CI 77891),Iron Oxides (CI 77491).

Product's animal testing policies

Some cosmetics companies have taken People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals and Leaping Bunny animal-testing pledges. For consumers who are concerned about companies’ policies on animal testing, Skin Deep reports this information.


Unknown

Leading international certifiers PETA and Leaping Bunny have no information concerning this company’s use of animal testing.

Understanding scores

Cosmetics and personal care products are not required to be tested for safety before being allowed on the market. The Skin Deep® scoring system was designed to help the public understand whether a product is safe to use or whether it contains ingredients of concern.

Every product and ingredient in Skin Deep gets a two-part score – one for hazard and one for data availability. The safest products score well by both measures, with a low hazard rating and a fair or better data availability rating.

HOW WE DETERMINE SCORES

Hazard score

The Skin Deep ingredient hazard score, from 1 to 10, reflects known and suspected hazards linked to the ingredients. The EWG VERIFIED™ mark means a product meets EWG’s strictest criteria for transparency and health.

Score legend

Data availability

The Skin Deep data availability rating reflects the number of scientific studies about the product or ingredient in the published scientific literature.

NONE LIMITED FAIR GOOD ROBUST
Low Availability
Moderate Availability
High Availability

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