Menu Close Menu




Data: Limited

  • Other Concerns
  • Functions
  • About the Chemical
  • Synonyms
  • Irritation (skin, eyes, or lungs) (moderate)


Cancer concern is LOW

Developmental & Reproductive Toxicity

Developmental & reproductive toxicity concern is LOW

Allergies & Immunotoxicity

Allergies & immunotoxicity concern is LOW

Products with this Ingredient

Expand content Collapse content
foundation595 products
mask303 products
serums & essences283 products
concealer249 products
moisturizer with SPF215 products
facial moisturizer/treatment193 products
lipstick132 products
mascara81 products
facial cleanser66 products
moisturizer60 products
makeup primer60 products
beach & sport sunscreen56 products
eye liner54 products
brow liner50 products
around-eye cream49 products
conditioner44 products
shampoo43 products
BB cream39 products
toners/astringents35 products
bronzer/highlighter33 products
eye shadow29 products
blush26 products
facial powder24 products
makeup remover23 products
exfoliant/scrub19 products
lip balm19 products
lip gloss17 products
hair treatment/serum17 products
anti-aging17 products
CC cream16 products
styling gel/lotion16 products
hair styling aide13 products
body firming lotion13 products
lip liner12 products
hair spray10 products
sunless tanning8 products
detangler8 products
other eye makeup8 products
pore strips8 products
oil controller7 products
lip plumper7 products
body wash/cleanser6 products
after shave6 products
hand cream6 products
shaving cream (men's)5 products
shaving cream4 products
body spray4 products
styling mousse/foam3 products
eye makeup remover3 products
baby soap3 products
lip balm with SPF3 products
baby shampoo3 products
depilatory2 products
makeup with SPF2 products
baby sunscreen2 products
damaged skin treatment2 products
beard care2 products
skin fading/lightener1 products
foot moisturizer1 products
antiperspirant/deodorant1 products
nail treatment1 products
hair relaxer1 products
fragrance for women1 products
body art1 products
eyelash glue1 products
beard oil1 products
cuticle treatment1 products
hair color and bleaching1 products
bar soap1 products
glitter1 products
muscle/joint soreness1 products
mouthwash1 products
vapor rubs1 products

Irritation (skin, eyes, or lungs)

Expand content Collapse content
Concern Reference
Human any irritant - strong evidenceJACT 4(5):223-48, 1985 confirmed 02/04 IJT 25(S2), 2006

Data gaps

Expand content Collapse content
Concern Reference
Risk assessment method deficiencies and data gaps - Maximum reported "as used" concentration is basis of safety assessment by industry safety panel (Cosmetic Ingredient Review, CIR) - implicit safe concentration limit in productJACT 4(5):223-48, 1985 confirmed 02/04 IJT 25(S2), 2006
312 studies in PubMed science library may include information on the toxicity of this chemicalNLM PubMed


Expand content Collapse content
Concern Reference
Not suspected to be an environmental toxinEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Multiple, additive exposure sources

Expand content Collapse content
Concern Reference
Designated as safe for general or specific, limited use in foodFDA Food Additive Status
Designated as safe for general or specific, limited use in foodFDA Everything Added to Food


Expand content Collapse content
Concern Reference
Industry or government recommendations for safe use: restrictions on concentration, impurities, product types, or manufacturing methods - anyJACT 4(5):223-48, 1985 confirmed 02/04 IJT 25(S2), 2006

Organ system toxicity (non-reproductive)

Expand content Collapse content
Concern Reference
Classified as not expected to be potentially toxic or harmfulEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Persistence and bioaccumulation

Expand content Collapse content
Concern Reference
Not suspected to be persistentEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List
Not suspected to be bioaccumulativeEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Data Sources

  • JACT 4(5):223-48, 1985 confirmed 02/04 IJT 25(S2), 2006
  • NLM (National Library of Medicine). 2012. PubMed online scientific bibliography data.
  • EC (Environment Canada). 2008. Domestic Substances List Categorization. Canadian Environmental Protection Act (CEPA) Environmental Registry.
  • FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration) 2006. Food Additive Status List. Downloaded from, Oct 16, 2006.
  • FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration). 2008. EAFUS [Everything Added to Food]: A Food Additive Database. FDA Office of Food Safety and Applied Nutrition.


EWG provides information on personal care product ingredients from the published scientific literature, to supplement incomplete data available from companies and the government. The ratings below indicate the relative level of concern posed by exposure to the ingredients in this product - not the product itself - compared to other product formulations. The ratings reflect potential health hazards but do not account for the level of exposure or individual susceptibility, factors which determine actual health risks, if any. Learn more | Legal Disclaimer


Beyond providing Skin Deep® as an educational tool for consumers, EWG offers its EWG VERIFIED™ mark as a quick and easily identifiable way of conveying personal care products that meet EWG's strict health criteria. Before a company can use EWG VERIFIED™ on such products, the company must show that it fully discloses the products' ingredients on their labels or packaging, they do not contain EWG ingredients of concern, and are made with good manufacturing practices, among other criteria. Note that EWG receives licensing fees from all EWG VERIFIED™ member companies that help to support the important work we do. Learn more | Legal Disclaimer