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Data: Limited

  • Other Concerns
  • Functions
  • About the Chemical
  • Synonyms
  • Irritation (skin, eyes, or lungs) (moderate)


Cancer concern is LOW

Developmental & Reproductive Toxicity

Developmental & reproductive toxicity concern is LOW

Allergies & Immunotoxicity

Allergies & immunotoxicity concern is LOW

Products with this Ingredient

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foundation985 products
concealer519 products
mask507 products
serums & essences427 products
facial moisturizer/treatment395 products
daily use with SPF334 products
mascara212 products
moisturizer181 products
facial cleanser174 products
eye liner160 products
makeup primer133 products
lipstick132 products
conditioner121 products
toners/astringents106 products
brow liner106 products
around-eye cream105 products
shampoo97 products
recreational sunscreen84 products
bronzer/highlighter80 products
body firming lotion78 products
CC cream68 products
hair treatment/serum68 products
BB cream63 products
blush61 products
exfoliant/scrub57 products
eye shadow55 products
makeup remover53 products
setting powder/spray47 products
hair styling aide45 products
hand cream39 products
styling gel/lotion34 products
lip gloss31 products
lip plumper30 products
lip balm30 products
facial powder28 products
hand sanitizer28 products
anti-aging27 products
body wash/cleanser26 products
sunless tanning21 products
hair spray21 products
20 products
pore strips19 products
lip liner17 products
detangler15 products
body spray13 products
other eye makeup13 products
styling mousse/foam12 products
after shave10 products
eyelash glue10 products
eye makeup remover9 products
shaving cream9 products
hair color and bleaching9 products
shaving cream (men's)8 products
beard care8 products
oil controller7 products
nail treatment7 products
fragrance for women7 products
foot moisturizer6 products
skin fading/lightener6 products
baby sunscreen6 products
glitter6 products
damaged skin treatment5 products
baby shampoo4 products
foot cleansing4 products
antiperspirant/deodorant (men's)3 products
nail polish3 products
baby lotion3 products
depilatory3 products
antiperspirant/deodorant3 products
lip balm with SPF3 products
liquid hand soap3 products
baby soap2 products
hair-loss treatment2 products
muscle/joint soreness2 products
after sun product2 products
tanning oil2 products
body oil2 products
fragrance for men2 products
baby wipes2 products
beard cleanser2 products
cuticle treatment1 products
bar soap1 products
diaper cream1 products
hair relaxer1 products
bubble bath1 products
mouthwash1 products
foot odor control1 products
polish remover1 products
beard oil1 products
body powder1 products
body art1 products

Irritation (skin, eyes, or lungs)

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Concern Reference
Human any irritant - strong evidenceJACT 4(5):223-48, 1985 confirmed 02/04 IJT 25(S2), 2006

Data gaps

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Concern Reference
Risk assessment method deficiencies and data gaps - Maximum reported "as used" concentration is basis of safety assessment by industry safety panel (Cosmetic Ingredient Review, CIR) - implicit safe concentration limit in productJACT 4(5):223-48, 1985 confirmed 02/04 IJT 25(S2), 2006
312 studies in PubMed science library may include information on the toxicity of this chemicalNLM PubMed


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Concern Reference
Not suspected to be an environmental toxinEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Multiple, additive exposure sources

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Concern Reference
Designated as safe for general or specific, limited use in foodFDA Food Additive Status
Designated as safe for general or specific, limited use in foodFDA Everything Added to Food


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Concern Reference
Industry or government recommendations for safe use: restrictions on concentration, impurities, product types, or manufacturing methods - anyJACT 4(5):223-48, 1985 confirmed 02/04 IJT 25(S2), 2006

Organ system toxicity (non-reproductive)

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Concern Reference
Classified as not expected to be potentially toxic or harmfulEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Persistence and bioaccumulation

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Concern Reference
Not suspected to be persistentEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List
Not suspected to be bioaccumulativeEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Data Sources

  • JACT 4(5):223-48, 1985 confirmed 02/04 IJT 25(S2), 2006
  • NLM (National Library of Medicine). 2012. PubMed online scientific bibliography data.
  • EC (Environment Canada). 2008. Domestic Substances List Categorization. Canadian Environmental Protection Act (CEPA) Environmental Registry.
  • FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration) 2006. Food Additive Status List. Downloaded from, Oct 16, 2006.
  • FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration). 2008. EAFUS [Everything Added to Food]: A Food Additive Database. FDA Office of Food Safety and Applied Nutrition.


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