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Data: Limited

  • Other Concerns
  • Functions
  • About the Chemical
  • Synonyms
  • Non-reproductive organ system toxicity (moderate)


Cancer concern is LOW

Developmental & Reproductive Toxicity

Developmental & reproductive toxicity concern is LOW

Allergies & Immunotoxicity

Allergies & immunotoxicity concern is LOW

Products with this Ingredient

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moisturizer1045 products
conditioner944 products
facial moisturizer/treatment497 products
lipstick255 products
hand cream223 products
hair color and bleaching212 products
hair treatment/serum211 products
exfoliant/scrub154 products
mask144 products
shampoo141 products
daily use with SPF140 products
concealer140 products
hair styling aide136 products
recreational sunscreen122 products
facial cleanser119 products
mascara116 products
body firming lotion105 products
around-eye cream102 products
baby lotion100 products
lip balm78 products
foundation71 products
antiperspirant/deodorant45 products
anti-aging45 products
foot moisturizer44 products
styling gel/lotion44 products
lip gloss35 products
serums & essences33 products
body wash/cleanser29 products
shaving cream29 products
baby sunscreen28 products
lip balm with SPF24 products
beard care20 products
after sun product19 products
hair-loss treatment19 products
sunless tanning18 products
makeup primer18 products
detangler16 products
eye shadow16 products
lip liner14 products
antiperspirant/deodorant (men's)13 products
bronzer/highlighter13 products
BB cream12 products
blush12 products
12 products
eye liner11 products
shaving cream (men's)9 products
muscle/joint soreness8 products
after shave8 products
makeup remover8 products
brow liner8 products
foot cleansing7 products
bar soap7 products
damaged skin treatment6 products
skin fading/lightener5 products
styling mousse/foam5 products
facial powder5 products
baby shampoo4 products
hair relaxer4 products
fragrance for men4 products
cuticle treatment3 products
toners/astringents3 products
baby oil3 products
beard cleanser3 products
baby soap2 products
nail treatment2 products
depilatory1 products
oil controller1 products
diaper cream1 products
hair spray1 products
liquid hand soap1 products
CC cream1 products
hand sanitizer1 products
nail polish1 products
mouthwash1 products
body art1 products
setting powder/spray1 products
baby bubble bath1 products
beard oil1 products
glitter1 products

Organ system toxicity (non-reproductive)

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Concern Reference
Classified as expected to be toxic or harmfulEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List
Classified as medium human health priorityEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List


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Concern Reference
Suspected to be an environmental toxinEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Data gaps

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Concern Reference
Risk assessment method deficiencies and data gaps - Maximum reported "as used" concentration is basis of safety assessment by industry safety panel (Cosmetic Ingredient Review, CIR) - implicit safe concentration limit in productCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments
740 studies in PubMed science library may include information on the toxicity of this chemicalNLM PubMed

Persistence and bioaccumulation

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Concern Reference
Not suspected to be persistentEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List
Not suspected to be bioaccumulativeEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Multiple, additive exposure sources

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Concern Reference
Designated as safe for general or specific, limited use in foodFDA Everything Added to Food


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Concern Reference
Industry or government recommendations for safe use: restrictions on concentration, impurities, product types, or manufacturing methods - anyCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments

Data Sources

  • EC (Environment Canada). 2008. Domestic Substances List Categorization. Canadian Environmental Protection Act (CEPA) Environmental Registry.
  • CIR (Cosmetic Ingredient Review). 2006. CIR Compendium, containing abstracts, discussions, and conclusions of CIR cosmetic ingredient safety assessments. Washington DC.
  • NLM (National Library of Medicine). 2012. PubMed online scientific bibliography data.
  • FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration). 2008. EAFUS [Everything Added to Food]: A Food Additive Database. FDA Office of Food Safety and Applied Nutrition.


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