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Data: Limited

  • Other Concerns
  • Functions
  • About the Chemical
  • Synonyms
  • Non-reproductive organ system toxicity (moderate)


Cancer concern is LOW

Developmental & Reproductive Toxicity

Developmental & reproductive toxicity concern is LOW

Allergies & Immunotoxicity

Allergies & immunotoxicity concern is LOW

Products with this Ingredient

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conditioner380 products
moisturizer348 products
facial moisturizer/treatment156 products
lipstick139 products
hair color and bleaching106 products
beach & sport sunscreen102 products
moisturizer with SPF94 products
concealer66 products
hair treatment/serum57 products
lip balm57 products
mask56 products
hand cream52 products
facial cleanser49 products
baby lotion48 products
exfoliant/scrub47 products
body firming lotion45 products
mascara44 products
around-eye cream44 products
shampoo40 products
serums & essences30 products
antiperspirant/deodorant27 products
hair styling aide23 products
shaving cream21 products
anti-aging21 products
lip gloss21 products
lip balm with SPF19 products
styling gel/lotion15 products
foot moisturizer13 products
body wash/cleanser13 products
foundation12 products
baby sunscreen11 products
bronzer/highlighter9 products
BB cream8 products
eye shadow6 products
sunless tanning5 products
antiperspirant/deodorant (men's)4 products
blush4 products
makeup primer4 products
makeup remover4 products
foot cleansing4 products
facial powder4 products
after shave3 products
eye liner3 products
hair-loss treatment3 products
detangler3 products
body oil2 products
bar soap2 products
shaving cream (men's)2 products
after sun product2 products
baby shampoo2 products
muscle/joint soreness2 products
lip liner2 products
oil controller2 products
beard care2 products
diaper cream2 products
baby oil1 products
other eye makeup1 products
nail treatment1 products
baby soap1 products
depilatory1 products
hair spray1 products
cuticle treatment1 products
makeup with SPF1 products

Organ system toxicity (non-reproductive)

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Concern Reference
Classified as expected to be toxic or harmfulEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List
Classified as medium human health priorityEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List


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Concern Reference
Suspected to be an environmental toxinEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Data gaps

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Concern Reference
Risk assessment method deficiencies and data gaps - Maximum reported "as used" concentration is basis of safety assessment by industry safety panel (Cosmetic Ingredient Review, CIR) - implicit safe concentration limit in productJACT 7(3):359-413, 1988 confirmed 12/05
740 studies in PubMed science library may include information on the toxicity of this chemicalNLM PubMed

Multiple, additive exposure sources

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Concern Reference
Designated as safe for general or specific, limited use in foodFDA Everything Added to Food


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Concern Reference
Industry or government recommendations for safe use: restrictions on concentration, impurities, product types, or manufacturing methods - anyJACT 7(3):359-413, 1988 confirmed 12/05

Persistence and bioaccumulation

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Concern Reference
Not suspected to be persistentEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List
Not suspected to be bioaccumulativeEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Data Sources

  • EC (Environment Canada). 2008. Domestic Substances List Categorization. Canadian Environmental Protection Act (CEPA) Environmental Registry.
  • JACT 7(3):359-413, 1988 confirmed 12/05
  • NLM (National Library of Medicine). 2012. PubMed online scientific bibliography data.
  • FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration). 2008. EAFUS [Everything Added to Food]: A Food Additive Database. FDA Office of Food Safety and Applied Nutrition.


EWG provides information on personal care product ingredients from the published scientific literature, to supplement incomplete data available from companies and the government. The ratings below indicate the relative level of concern posed by exposure to the ingredients in this product - not the product itself - compared to other product formulations. The ratings reflect potential health hazards but do not account for the level of exposure or individual susceptibility, factors which determine actual health risks, if any. Learn more | Legal Disclaimer


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