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Data: Limited

  • Other Concerns
  • Functions
  • About the Chemical
  • Synonyms
  • Non-reproductive organ system toxicity (moderate)


Cancer concern is LOW

Developmental & Reproductive Toxicity

Developmental & reproductive toxicity concern is LOW

Allergies & Immunotoxicity

Allergies & immunotoxicity concern is LOW

Products with this Ingredient

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moisturizer287 products
conditioner234 products
facial moisturizer/treatment138 products
lipstick129 products
beach & sport sunscreen105 products
moisturizer with SPF89 products
concealer62 products
hair color and bleaching61 products
hand cream58 products
lip balm46 products
baby lotion41 products
facial cleanser41 products
around-eye cream40 products
hair treatment/serum38 products
exfoliant/scrub35 products
mascara32 products
serums & essences30 products
shampoo27 products
antiperspirant/deodorant27 products
mask26 products
lip gloss21 products
lip balm with SPF21 products
body firming lotion20 products
shaving cream18 products
anti-aging17 products
hair styling aide15 products
styling gel/lotion13 products
body wash/cleanser13 products
baby sunscreen11 products
bronzer/highlighter8 products
BB cream8 products
foot moisturizer6 products
sunless tanning4 products
facial powder4 products
makeup remover4 products
detangler3 products
antiperspirant/deodorant (men's)3 products
makeup primer3 products
diaper cream2 products
lip liner2 products
oil controller2 products
shaving cream (men's)2 products
after sun product2 products
body oil2 products
after shave1 products
eye liner1 products
muscle/joint soreness1 products
foot cleansing1 products
bar soap1 products
eye makeup remover1 products
baby shampoo1 products
depilatory1 products
baby oil1 products
other eye makeup1 products
blush1 products

Organ system toxicity (non-reproductive)

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Concern Reference
Classified as expected to be toxic or harmfulEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List
Classified as medium human health priorityEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List


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Concern Reference
Suspected to be an environmental toxinEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Data gaps

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Concern Reference
Risk assessment method deficiencies and data gaps - Maximum reported "as used" concentration is basis of safety assessment by industry safety panel (Cosmetic Ingredient Review, CIR) - implicit safe concentration limit in productJACT 7(3):359-413, 1988 confirmed 12/05
740 studies in PubMed science library may include information on the toxicity of this chemicalNLM PubMed

Multiple, additive exposure sources

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Concern Reference
Designated as safe for general or specific, limited use in foodFDA Everything Added to Food


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Concern Reference
Industry or government recommendations for safe use: restrictions on concentration, impurities, product types, or manufacturing methods - anyJACT 7(3):359-413, 1988 confirmed 12/05

Persistence and bioaccumulation

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Concern Reference
Not suspected to be persistentEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List
Not suspected to be bioaccumulativeEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Data Sources

  • EC (Environment Canada). 2008. Domestic Substances List Categorization. Canadian Environmental Protection Act (CEPA) Environmental Registry.
  • JACT 7(3):359-413, 1988 confirmed 12/05
  • NLM (National Library of Medicine). 2012. PubMed online scientific bibliography data.
  • FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration). 2008. EAFUS [Everything Added to Food]: A Food Additive Database. FDA Office of Food Safety and Applied Nutrition.


EWG provides information on personal care product ingredients from the published scientific literature, to supplement incomplete data available from companies and the government. The ratings below indicate the relative level of concern posed by exposure to the ingredients in this product - not the product itself - compared to other product formulations. The ratings reflect potential health hazards but do not account for the level of exposure or individual susceptibility, factors which determine actual health risks, if any. Learn more | Legal Disclaimer


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