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Data: Limited

  • Other Concerns
  • Functions
  • About the Chemical
  • Synonyms
  • Non-reproductive organ system toxicity (moderate)


Cancer concern is LOW

Developmental & Reproductive Toxicity

Developmental & reproductive toxicity concern is LOW

Allergies & Immunotoxicity

Allergies & immunotoxicity concern is LOW

Products with this Ingredient

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conditioner629 products
moisturizer517 products
facial moisturizer/treatment255 products
lipstick196 products
body firming lotion152 products
hair color and bleaching151 products
shampoo119 products
hair treatment/serum116 products
beach & sport sunscreen111 products
moisturizer with SPF107 products
hand cream97 products
mask96 products
exfoliant/scrub87 products
lip balm86 products
mascara84 products
hair styling aide71 products
facial cleanser69 products
concealer68 products
baby lotion66 products
around-eye cream59 products
anti-aging39 products
serums & essences39 products
foundation30 products
antiperspirant/deodorant29 products
lip gloss26 products
shaving cream24 products
body wash/cleanser23 products
foot moisturizer22 products
styling gel/lotion22 products
lip balm with SPF21 products
bronzer/highlighter17 products
baby sunscreen17 products
beard care13 products
eye shadow11 products
lip liner11 products
detangler11 products
makeup primer10 products
after sun product10 products
foot cleansing10 products
antiperspirant/deodorant (men's)10 products
9 products
sunless tanning8 products
BB cream7 products
shaving cream (men's)6 products
hair-loss treatment6 products
after shave4 products
baby oil4 products
blush4 products
muscle/joint soreness4 products
makeup remover4 products
facial powder4 products
fragrance for women3 products
diaper cream3 products
baby shampoo3 products
hair relaxer3 products
depilatory2 products
bar soap2 products
body oil2 products
oil controller2 products
hair spray2 products
baby soap2 products
styling mousse/foam2 products
tanning oil2 products
fragrance for men1 products
cuticle treatment1 products
eye liner1 products
other eye makeup1 products
damaged skin treatment1 products
beard cleanser1 products
skin fading/lightener1 products
nail treatment1 products
nail polish1 products

Organ system toxicity (non-reproductive)

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Concern Reference
Classified as expected to be toxic or harmfulEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List
Classified as medium human health priorityEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List


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Concern Reference
Suspected to be an environmental toxinEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Data gaps

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Concern Reference
Risk assessment method deficiencies and data gaps - Maximum reported "as used" concentration is basis of safety assessment by industry safety panel (Cosmetic Ingredient Review, CIR) - implicit safe concentration limit in productJACT 7(3):359-413, 1988 confirmed 12/05
740 studies in PubMed science library may include information on the toxicity of this chemicalNLM PubMed

Multiple, additive exposure sources

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Concern Reference
Designated as safe for general or specific, limited use in foodFDA Everything Added to Food


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Concern Reference
Industry or government recommendations for safe use: restrictions on concentration, impurities, product types, or manufacturing methods - anyJACT 7(3):359-413, 1988 confirmed 12/05

Persistence and bioaccumulation

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Concern Reference
Not suspected to be persistentEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List
Not suspected to be bioaccumulativeEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Data Sources

  • EC (Environment Canada). 2008. Domestic Substances List Categorization. Canadian Environmental Protection Act (CEPA) Environmental Registry.
  • JACT 7(3):359-413, 1988 confirmed 12/05
  • NLM (National Library of Medicine). 2012. PubMed online scientific bibliography data.
  • FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration). 2008. EAFUS [Everything Added to Food]: A Food Additive Database. FDA Office of Food Safety and Applied Nutrition.


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