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Data: Limited

  • Other Concerns
  • Functions
  • About the Chemical
  • Synonyms
  • Endocrine disruption (low)


Cancer concern is LOW

Developmental & Reproductive Toxicity

Developmental & reproductive toxicity concern is LOW

Allergies & Immunotoxicity

Allergies & immunotoxicity concern is LOW

Products with this Ingredient

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lipstick272 products
facial moisturizer/treatment195 products
foundation168 products
moisturizer with SPF140 products
serums & essences118 products
bronzer/highlighter75 products
moisturizer69 products
concealer59 products
eye shadow57 products
mask44 products
around-eye cream40 products
beach & sport sunscreen39 products
blush36 products
facial cleanser28 products
facial powder21 products
BB cream20 products
lip balm18 products
makeup primer17 products
anti-aging15 products
hand cream13 products
lip liner13 products
exfoliant/scrub12 products
baby lotion12 products
body firming lotion11 products
lip balm with SPF10 products
baby sunscreen10 products
glitter9 products
conditioner8 products
lip gloss8 products
lip plumper8 products
toners/astringents7 products
brow liner7 products
body oil7 products
makeup remover6 products
hair treatment/serum5 products
sunless tanning5 products
oil controller5 products
eye liner5 products
damaged skin treatment4 products
baby oil4 products
shaving cream3 products
baby soap3 products
other eye makeup3 products
3 products
shaving cream (men's)2 products
muscle/joint soreness2 products
after shave2 products
shampoo2 products
hair styling aide2 products
antiperspirant/deodorant2 products
body wash/cleanser2 products
CC cream2 products
baby shampoo2 products
beard oil2 products
hair spray1 products
tanning oil1 products
pore strips1 products
baby wipes1 products
cuticle treatment1 products
foot moisturizer1 products
eye makeup remover1 products
diaper cream1 products
vapor rubs1 products
hand sanitizer1 products
bar soap1 products

Endocrine disruption

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Concern Reference
This substance exhibited androgen receptor activity in cellular assays.National Toxicology Program (NTP)

Data gaps

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Concern Reference
Risk assessment method deficiencies and data gaps - Maximum reported "as used" concentration is basis of safety assessment by industry safety panel (Cosmetic Ingredient Review, CIR) - implicit safe concentration limit in productCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments
288 studies in PubMed science library may include information on the toxicity of this chemicalNLM PubMed


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Concern Reference
Uncertain environmental toxin and uncertain persistent or bioaccumulativeEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List


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Concern Reference
Industry or government recommendations for safe use: restrictions on concentration, impurities, product types, or manufacturing methods - anyCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments

Organ system toxicity (non-reproductive)

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Concern Reference
Classified as not expected to be potentially toxic or harmfulEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Persistence and bioaccumulation

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Concern Reference
Not suspected to be persistentEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List
Not suspected to be bioaccumulativeEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Data Sources

  • National Toxicology Program (NTP)
  • CIR (Cosmetic Ingredient Review). 2006. CIR Compendium, containing abstracts, discussions, and conclusions of CIR cosmetic ingredient safety assessments. Washington DC.
  • NLM (National Library of Medicine). 2012. PubMed online scientific bibliography data.
  • EC (Environment Canada). 2008. Domestic Substances List Categorization. Canadian Environmental Protection Act (CEPA) Environmental Registry.


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