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Data: Limited

  • Other Concerns
  • Functions
  • About the Chemical
  • Synonyms
  • Endocrine disruption (low)


Cancer concern is LOW

Developmental & Reproductive Toxicity

Developmental & reproductive toxicity concern is LOW

Allergies & Immunotoxicity

Allergies & immunotoxicity concern is LOW

Products with this Ingredient

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facial moisturizer/treatment344 products
lipstick344 products
foundation271 products
serums & essences149 products
moisturizer129 products
daily use with SPF120 products
eye shadow89 products
around-eye cream86 products
bronzer/highlighter86 products
lip balm85 products
mask83 products
lip gloss74 products
concealer68 products
blush54 products
recreational sunscreen49 products
BB cream48 products
facial cleanser48 products
makeup primer36 products
conditioner31 products
facial powder29 products
lip liner25 products
exfoliant/scrub23 products
eye liner23 products
anti-aging20 products
brow liner19 products
hand cream18 products
body oil18 products
baby lotion17 products
baby sunscreen17 products
hair treatment/serum17 products
lip balm with SPF16 products
toners/astringents14 products
body firming lotion12 products
makeup remover11 products
lip plumper9 products
shampoo8 products
7 products
muscle/joint soreness7 products
damaged skin treatment6 products
setting powder/spray5 products
baby oil5 products
baby soap5 products
baby shampoo4 products
hair styling aide4 products
skin fading/lightener3 products
glitter3 products
body wash/cleanser3 products
mascara3 products
foot moisturizer3 products
cuticle treatment3 products
oil controller3 products
pore strips2 products
after shave2 products
antiperspirant/deodorant2 products
sunless tanning2 products
bar soap2 products
shaving cream (men's)2 products
hand sanitizer2 products
beard oil2 products
diaper cream2 products
shaving cream2 products
hair-loss treatment1 products
baby wipes1 products
tanning oil1 products
CC cream1 products
toothpaste1 products
detangler1 products
hair color and bleaching1 products
nail treatment1 products
hair spray1 products
after sun product1 products
bath oil/salts/soak1 products
other eye makeup1 products
body spray1 products
foot cleansing1 products

Endocrine disruption

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Concern Reference
Human case studies indicate androgen disruption effectOpen scientific literature


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Concern Reference
Uncertain environmental toxin and uncertain persistent or bioaccumulativeEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Data gaps

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Concern Reference
Risk assessment method deficiencies and data gaps - Maximum reported "as used" concentration is basis of safety assessment by industry safety panel (Cosmetic Ingredient Review, CIR) - implicit safe concentration limit in productCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments
288 studies in PubMed science library may include information on the toxicity of this chemicalNLM PubMed

Organ system toxicity (non-reproductive)

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Concern Reference
Classified as not expected to be potentially toxic or harmfulEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Persistence and bioaccumulation

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Concern Reference
Not suspected to be persistentEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List
Not suspected to be bioaccumulativeEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List


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Concern Reference
Industry or government recommendations for safe use: restrictions on concentration, impurities, product types, or manufacturing methods - anyCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments

Data Sources

  • Open scientific/peer reviewed literature
  • EC (Environment Canada). 2008. Domestic Substances List Categorization. Canadian Environmental Protection Act (CEPA) Environmental Registry.
  • CIR (Cosmetic Ingredient Review). 2006. CIR Compendium, containing abstracts, discussions, and conclusions of CIR cosmetic ingredient safety assessments. Washington DC.
  • NLM (National Library of Medicine). 2012. PubMed online scientific bibliography data.


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