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Data: Limited

  • Other Concerns
  • Functions
  • About the Chemical
  • Synonyms
  • Endocrine disruption (low)


Cancer concern is LOW

Developmental & Reproductive Toxicity

Developmental & reproductive toxicity concern is LOW

Allergies & Immunotoxicity

Allergies & immunotoxicity concern is LOW

Products with this Ingredient

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lipstick248 products
facial moisturizer/treatment160 products
foundation153 products
serums & essences100 products
moisturizer with SPF98 products
bronzer/highlighter63 products
concealer56 products
eye shadow56 products
moisturizer54 products
beach & sport sunscreen35 products
blush34 products
around-eye cream34 products
mask31 products
facial cleanser22 products
facial powder20 products
BB cream16 products
lip balm14 products
anti-aging14 products
makeup primer13 products
lip liner13 products
hand cream10 products
baby lotion10 products
lip balm with SPF10 products
glitter9 products
toners/astringents8 products
lip gloss8 products
brow liner8 products
baby sunscreen7 products
exfoliant/scrub6 products
body firming lotion6 products
body oil6 products
sunless tanning5 products
oil controller5 products
conditioner4 products
eye liner4 products
baby oil4 products
makeup remover4 products
shaving cream3 products
baby soap3 products
other eye makeup3 products
hair treatment/serum3 products
shampoo2 products
CC cream2 products
2 products
baby shampoo2 products
beard oil2 products
damaged skin treatment2 products
muscle/joint soreness1 products
after shave1 products
hair spray1 products
vapor rubs1 products
hand sanitizer1 products
foot moisturizer1 products
antiperspirant/deodorant1 products
eye makeup remover1 products
body wash/cleanser1 products
diaper cream1 products
hair styling aide1 products
pore strips1 products
baby wipes1 products
cuticle treatment1 products

Endocrine disruption

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Concern Reference
This substance exhibited androgen receptor activity in cellular assays.National Toxicology Program (NTP)

Data gaps

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Concern Reference
Risk assessment method deficiencies and data gaps - Maximum reported "as used" concentration is basis of safety assessment by industry safety panel (Cosmetic Ingredient Review, CIR) - implicit safe concentration limit in productCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments
288 studies in PubMed science library may include information on the toxicity of this chemicalNLM PubMed


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Concern Reference
Uncertain environmental toxin and uncertain persistent or bioaccumulativeEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List


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Concern Reference
Industry or government recommendations for safe use: restrictions on concentration, impurities, product types, or manufacturing methods - anyCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments

Organ system toxicity (non-reproductive)

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Concern Reference
Classified as not expected to be potentially toxic or harmfulEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Persistence and bioaccumulation

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Concern Reference
Not suspected to be persistentEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List
Not suspected to be bioaccumulativeEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Data Sources

  • National Toxicology Program (NTP)
  • CIR (Cosmetic Ingredient Review). 2006. CIR Compendium, containing abstracts, discussions, and conclusions of CIR cosmetic ingredient safety assessments. Washington DC.
  • NLM (National Library of Medicine). 2012. PubMed online scientific bibliography data.
  • EC (Environment Canada). 2008. Domestic Substances List Categorization. Canadian Environmental Protection Act (CEPA) Environmental Registry.


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