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Data: Limited

  • Other Concerns
  • Functions
  • About the Chemical
  • Synonyms
  • Endocrine disruption (low)


Cancer concern is LOW

Developmental & Reproductive Toxicity

Developmental & reproductive toxicity concern is LOW

Allergies & Immunotoxicity

Allergies & immunotoxicity concern is LOW

Products with this Ingredient

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lipstick305 products
facial moisturizer/treatment281 products
foundation232 products
daily use with SPF163 products
moisturizer103 products
serums & essences103 products
bronzer/highlighter94 products
eye shadow91 products
concealer84 products
around-eye cream65 products
mask63 products
recreational sunscreen53 products
lip balm52 products
facial cleanser40 products
blush39 products
facial powder39 products
BB cream35 products
makeup primer33 products
lip gloss22 products
body firming lotion20 products
anti-aging20 products
baby sunscreen19 products
body oil16 products
baby lotion16 products
conditioner16 products
exfoliant/scrub15 products
brow liner15 products
lip liner14 products
lip balm with SPF13 products
hand cream13 products
setting powder/spray12 products
toners/astringents10 products
makeup remover9 products
eye liner9 products
glitter9 products
lip plumper8 products
shampoo8 products
7 products
hair treatment/serum6 products
oil controller5 products
muscle/joint soreness5 products
baby oil5 products
damaged skin treatment4 products
baby soap4 products
other eye makeup4 products
cuticle treatment3 products
mascara3 products
sunless tanning3 products
body wash/cleanser3 products
baby shampoo3 products
hair styling aide3 products
skin fading/lightener3 products
beard oil2 products
shaving cream (men's)2 products
foot cleansing2 products
diaper cream2 products
shaving cream2 products
foot moisturizer2 products
after shave2 products
antiperspirant/deodorant2 products
pore strips1 products
CC cream1 products
baby wipes1 products
tanning oil1 products
body spray1 products
hand sanitizer1 products
bar soap1 products
eye makeup remover1 products
after sun product1 products
hair spray1 products
nail treatment1 products
toothpaste1 products

Endocrine disruption

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Concern Reference
This substance exhibited androgen receptor activity in cellular assays.National Toxicology Program (NTP)

Data gaps

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Concern Reference
Risk assessment method deficiencies and data gaps - Maximum reported "as used" concentration is basis of safety assessment by industry safety panel (Cosmetic Ingredient Review, CIR) - implicit safe concentration limit in productCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments
288 studies in PubMed science library may include information on the toxicity of this chemicalNLM PubMed


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Concern Reference
Uncertain environmental toxin and uncertain persistent or bioaccumulativeEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List


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Concern Reference
Industry or government recommendations for safe use: restrictions on concentration, impurities, product types, or manufacturing methods - anyCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments

Organ system toxicity (non-reproductive)

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Concern Reference
Classified as not expected to be potentially toxic or harmfulEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Persistence and bioaccumulation

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Concern Reference
Not suspected to be persistentEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List
Not suspected to be bioaccumulativeEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Data Sources

  • National Toxicology Program (NTP)
  • CIR (Cosmetic Ingredient Review). 2006. CIR Compendium, containing abstracts, discussions, and conclusions of CIR cosmetic ingredient safety assessments. Washington DC.
  • NLM (National Library of Medicine). 2012. PubMed online scientific bibliography data.
  • EC (Environment Canada). 2008. Domestic Substances List Categorization. Canadian Environmental Protection Act (CEPA) Environmental Registry.


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