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Data: Good

  • Other Concerns
  • Functions
  • About the Chemical
  • Synonyms
  • Multiple, additive exposure sources (low) and Contamination concerns (high)


Cancer concern is LOW

Developmental & Reproductive Toxicity

Developmental & reproductive toxicity concern is LOW

Allergies & Immunotoxicity

Allergies & immunotoxicity concern is LOW_MODERATE

Products with this Ingredient

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lipstick191 products
moisturizer with SPF146 products
foundation135 products
beach & sport sunscreen124 products
facial moisturizer/treatment91 products
serums & essences68 products
moisturizer66 products
lip gloss48 products
brow liner34 products
concealer32 products
lip liner28 products
mask27 products
eye liner26 products
facial cleanser26 products
BB cream26 products
lip balm20 products
conditioner18 products
body firming lotion18 products
bronzer/highlighter18 products
exfoliant/scrub16 products
mascara16 products
lip balm with SPF15 products
around-eye cream14 products
eye shadow13 products
baby sunscreen11 products
anti-aging11 products
shampoo11 products
hair treatment/serum10 products
makeup primer9 products
antiperspirant/deodorant8 products
body wash/cleanser8 products
facial powder8 products
hand cream7 products
hair color and bleaching6 products
makeup with SPF6 products
CC cream6 products
makeup remover5 products
blush5 products
sunless tanning5 products
baby soap5 products
baby lotion5 products
baby shampoo4 products
liquid hand soap4 products
toothpaste3 products
Facial Sun Care2 products
styling gel/lotion2 products
oil controller2 products
hair styling aide2 products
foot moisturizer1 products
lip plumper1 products
nail treatment1 products
baby oil1 products
diaper cream1 products
after shave1 products
depilatory1 products
baby wipes1 products
Oils & Serums1 products
toners/astringents1 products
other eye makeup1 products
eye makeup remover1 products
baby toothpaste1 products

Contamination concerns

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Multiple, additive exposure sources

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Concern Reference
Used in food or as an additive with limited or no toxicity information availableFDA Everything Added to Food
Designated as safe for general or specific, limited use in foodFDA Everything Added to Food


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Concern Reference
One or more human case studies show possible immune and respiratory or allergenic effectsAssociation of Occupational and Environmental Clinics

Developmental/reproductive toxicity

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Concern Reference
One or more animal studies show female reproductive system effects at high dosesEffect of Curcuma longa (rhizomes) on fertility in experimental animals Planta medica 26(3), 225-7.


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Concern Reference
Uncertain environmental toxin and uncertain persistent or bioaccumulativeEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Data gaps

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Concern Reference
18085 studies in PubMed science library may include information on the toxicity of this chemicalNLM PubMed

Organ system toxicity (non-reproductive)

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Concern Reference
Classified as not expected to be potentially toxic or harmfulEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List
Classified as a low human health priorityEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Persistence and bioaccumulation

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Concern Reference
Not suspected to be persistentEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List
Not suspected to be bioaccumulativeEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Data Sources

  • FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration). 2008. EAFUS [Everything Added to Food]: A Food Additive Database. FDA Office of Food Safety and Applied Nutrition.
  • AOEC (Association of Occupational and Environmental Clinics). 2009. AEOC exposures codes and asthmagen designation.
  • Effect of Curcuma longa (rhizomes) on fertility in experimental animals Planta medica 26(3), 225-7.
  • EC (Environment Canada). 2008. Domestic Substances List Categorization. Canadian Environmental Protection Act (CEPA) Environmental Registry.
  • NLM (National Library of Medicine). 2012. PubMed online scientific bibliography data.

About this Ingredient's Score Range

  • This ingredient’s score is higher if used in products that are inhalable (e.g., sprays, powders) because of respiratory concerns.
  • Products with the EWG VERIFIED mark have met the program’s impurity restrictions based on EWG review of company data.


EWG provides information on personal care product ingredients from the published scientific literature, to supplement incomplete data available from companies and the government. The ratings below indicate the relative level of concern posed by exposure to the ingredients in this product - not the product itself - compared to other product formulations. The ratings reflect potential health hazards but do not account for the level of exposure or individual susceptibility, factors which determine actual health risks, if any. Learn more | Legal Disclaimer


Beyond providing Skin Deep® as an educational tool for consumers, EWG offers its EWG VERIFIED™ mark as a quick and easily identifiable way of conveying personal care products that meet EWG's strict health criteria. Before a company can use EWG VERIFIED™ on such products, the company must show that it fully discloses the products' ingredients on their labels or packaging, they do not contain EWG ingredients of concern, and are made with good manufacturing practices, among other criteria. Note that EWG receives licensing fees from all EWG VERIFIED™ member companies that help to support the important work we do. Learn more | Legal Disclaimer