Cancer: Ingredients linked to cancer in government, industry or academic studies or assessments.
Developmental & Reproductive Toxicity
Developmental and reproductive toxicity: Ingredients linked to developmental and reproductive toxicity, a broad class of health effects that range from infertility and reproductive organ cancers to birth defects and developmental delays in children.
Allergies & Immunotoxicity
Allergies and immunotoxicity: Ingredients linked to harm to the immune system, a class of health problems that manifest as allergic reactions or an impaired capacity to fight disease and repair damaged tissue in the body.
Products with this Ingredient
|moisturizer with SPF||146 products|
|beach & sport sunscreen||124 products|
|facial moisturizer/treatment||91 products|
|serums & essences||68 products|
|lip gloss||48 products|
|brow liner||34 products|
|lip liner||28 products|
|eye liner||26 products|
|facial cleanser||26 products|
|BB cream||26 products|
|lip balm||20 products|
|body firming lotion||18 products|
|lip balm with SPF||15 products|
|around-eye cream||14 products|
|eye shadow||13 products|
|baby sunscreen||11 products|
|hair treatment/serum||10 products|
|makeup primer||9 products|
|body wash/cleanser||8 products|
|facial powder||8 products|
|hand cream||7 products|
|hair color and bleaching||6 products|
|makeup with SPF||6 products|
|CC cream||6 products|
|makeup remover||5 products|
|sunless tanning||5 products|
|baby soap||5 products|
|baby lotion||5 products|
|baby shampoo||4 products|
|liquid hand soap||4 products|
|Facial Sun Care||2 products|
|styling gel/lotion||2 products|
|oil controller||2 products|
|hair styling aide||2 products|
|foot moisturizer||1 products|
|lip plumper||1 products|
|nail treatment||1 products|
|baby oil||1 products|
|diaper cream||1 products|
|after shave||1 products|
|baby wipes||1 products|
|Oils & Serums||1 products|
|other eye makeup||1 products|
|eye makeup remover||1 products|
|baby toothpaste||1 products|
Multiple, additive exposure sources
|Used in food or as an additive with limited or no toxicity information available||FDA Everything Added to Food|
|Designated as safe for general or specific, limited use in food||FDA Everything Added to Food|
|One or more human case studies show possible immune and respiratory or allergenic effects||Association of Occupational and Environmental Clinics|
|One or more animal studies show female reproductive system effects at high doses||Effect of Curcuma longa (rhizomes) on fertility in experimental animals Planta medica 26(3), 225-7.|
|Uncertain environmental toxin and uncertain persistent or bioaccumulative||Environment Canada Domestic Substance List|
|18085 studies in PubMed science library may include information on the toxicity of this chemical||NLM PubMed|
Organ system toxicity (non-reproductive)
|Classified as not expected to be potentially toxic or harmful||Environment Canada Domestic Substance List|
|Classified as a low human health priority||Environment Canada Domestic Substance List|
Persistence and bioaccumulation
|Not suspected to be persistent||Environment Canada Domestic Substance List|
|Not suspected to be bioaccumulative||Environment Canada Domestic Substance List|
- FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration). 2008. EAFUS [Everything Added to Food]: A Food Additive Database. FDA Office of Food Safety and Applied Nutrition.
- AOEC (Association of Occupational and Environmental Clinics). 2009. AEOC exposures codes and asthmagen designation.
- Effect of Curcuma longa (rhizomes) on fertility in experimental animals Planta medica 26(3), 225-7.
- EC (Environment Canada). 2008. Domestic Substances List Categorization. Canadian Environmental Protection Act (CEPA) Environmental Registry.
- NLM (National Library of Medicine). 2012. PubMed online scientific bibliography data. http://www.pubmed.gov.
- This ingredient’s score is higher if used in products that are inhalable (e.g., sprays, powders) because of respiratory concerns.
- Products with the EWG VERIFIED mark have met the program’s impurity restrictions based on EWG review of company data.
ABOUT THE SKIN DEEP® RATINGS
EWG provides information on personal care product ingredients from the published scientific literature, to supplement incomplete data available from companies and the government. The ratings below indicate the relative level of concern posed by exposure to the ingredients in this product - not the product itself - compared to other product formulations. The ratings reflect potential health hazards but do not account for the level of exposure or individual susceptibility, factors which determine actual health risks, if any. Learn more | Legal Disclaimer
ABOUT EWG VERIFIED™
Beyond providing Skin Deep® as an educational tool for consumers, EWG offers its EWG VERIFIED™ mark as a quick and easily identifiable way of conveying personal care products that meet EWG's strict health criteria. Before a company can use EWG VERIFIED™ on such products, the company must show that it fully discloses the products' ingredients on their labels or packaging, they do not contain EWG ingredients of concern, and are made with good manufacturing practices, among other criteria. Note that EWG receives licensing fees from all EWG VERIFIED™ member companies that help to support the important work we do. Learn more | Legal Disclaimer