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Data: Good

  • Other Concerns
  • Functions
  • About the Chemical
  • Synonyms
  • Multiple, additive exposure sources (low) and Contamination concerns (high)


Cancer concern is LOW

Developmental & Reproductive Toxicity

Developmental & reproductive toxicity concern is LOW

Allergies & Immunotoxicity

Allergies & immunotoxicity concern is LOW_MODERATE

Products with this Ingredient

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foundation522 products
lipstick399 products
facial moisturizer/treatment193 products
moisturizer170 products
daily use with SPF156 products
concealer134 products
serums & essences118 products
mascara117 products
eye liner103 products
brow liner91 products
lip liner85 products
eye shadow81 products
mask75 products
recreational sunscreen66 products
facial cleanser61 products
bronzer/highlighter57 products
around-eye cream55 products
lip gloss55 products
shampoo49 products
lip balm49 products
blush46 products
BB cream41 products
conditioner40 products
36 products
makeup primer31 products
exfoliant/scrub30 products
facial powder27 products
body wash/cleanser27 products
hand cream24 products
body firming lotion22 products
hair treatment/serum21 products
antiperspirant/deodorant16 products
lip balm with SPF12 products
anti-aging11 products
hair-loss treatment11 products
hair color and bleaching9 products
foot moisturizer7 products
nail treatment7 products
toners/astringents7 products
baby sunscreen7 products
body oil6 products
baby lotion6 products
muscle/joint soreness5 products
styling gel/lotion5 products
baby soap5 products
setting powder/spray5 products
sunless tanning4 products
diaper cream4 products
liquid hand soap4 products
makeup remover4 products
baby shampoo4 products
damaged skin treatment4 products
styling mousse/foam3 products
after shave3 products
toothpaste3 products
after sun product3 products
cuticle treatment2 products
nail polish2 products
bath oil/salts/soak2 products
hair styling aide2 products
baby bubble bath2 products
beard cleanser2 products
shaving cream1 products
skin fading/lightener1 products
depilatory1 products
bar soap1 products
hair spray1 products
baby oil1 products
detangler1 products
oil controller1 products
mouthwash1 products
CC cream1 products
baby wipes1 products
tanning oil1 products
beard care1 products
antiperspirant/deodorant (men's)1 products
foot odor control1 products

Contamination concerns

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Concern Reference
One or more human case studies show possible immune and respiratory or allergenic effectsAssociation of Occupational and Environmental Clinics

Multiple, additive exposure sources

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Concern Reference
Used in food or as an additive with limited or no toxicity information availableFDA Everything Added to Food
Designated as safe for general or specific, limited use in foodFDA Everything Added to Food

Developmental/reproductive toxicity

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Concern Reference
One or more animal studies show female reproductive system effects at high dosesOpen scientific literature


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Concern Reference
Uncertain environmental toxin and uncertain persistent or bioaccumulativeEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Organ system toxicity (non-reproductive)

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Concern Reference
Classified as not expected to be potentially toxic or harmfulEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List
Classified as a low human health priorityEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Persistence and bioaccumulation

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Concern Reference
Not suspected to be persistentEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List
Not suspected to be bioaccumulativeEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Data gaps

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Concern Reference
18085 studies in PubMed science library may include information on the toxicity of this chemicalNLM PubMed

Data Sources

  • AOEC (Association of Occupational and Environmental Clinics). 2009. AEOC exposures codes and asthmagen designation.
  • FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration). 2008. EAFUS [Everything Added to Food]: A Food Additive Database. FDA Office of Food Safety and Applied Nutrition.
  • Open scientific/peer reviewed literature
  • EC (Environment Canada). 2008. Domestic Substances List Categorization. Canadian Environmental Protection Act (CEPA) Environmental Registry.
  • NLM (National Library of Medicine). 2012. PubMed online scientific bibliography data.

About this Ingredient's Score Range

  • This ingredient’s score is higher if used in products that are inhalable (e.g., sprays, powders) because of respiratory concerns.
  • Products with the EWG VERIFIED mark have met the program’s impurity restrictions based on EWG review of company data.


EWG provides information on personal care product ingredients from the published scientific literature, to supplement incomplete data available from companies and the government. The ratings below indicate the relative level of concern posed by exposure to the ingredients in this product - not the product itself - compared to other product formulations. The ratings reflect potential health hazards but do not account for the level of exposure or individual susceptibility, factors which determine actual health risks, if any. Learn more | Legal Disclaimer


Beyond providing Skin Deep® as an educational tool for consumers, EWG offers its EWG VERIFIED™ mark as a quick and easily identifiable way of conveying personal care products that meet EWG's strict health criteria. Before a company can use EWG VERIFIED™ on such products, the company must show that it fully discloses the products' ingredients on their labels or packaging, they do not contain EWG ingredients of concern, and are made with good manufacturing practices, among other criteria. Note that EWG receives licensing fees from all EWG VERIFIED™ member companies that help to support the important work we do. Learn more | Legal Disclaimer