Other ConcernsNon-reproductive organ system toxicity (moderate)
SYNONYMS2-PROPENOIC ACID, 2-METHYL-, METHYL ESTER, HOMOPOLYMER, HOMOPOLYMER 2-PROPENOIC ACID, 2-METHYL-, METHYL ESTER, METHYL ESTER HOMOPOLYMER 2-PROPENOIC ACID, 2-METHYL-, POLYMETHYL METHACRYLATE, and POLYMETHYLMETHACRYLATE
Polymethyl methacyrlate is a synthetic polymer.
See how this product scores for common concerns.
LOWAllergies & Immunotoxicity
LOWDevelopmental and Reproductive Toxicity
- DATA SOURCES
Products with this Ingredient
|daily use with SPF||50 products|
|eye shadow||41 products|
|nail glue||34 products|
|facial powder||23 products|
|makeup primer||17 products|
|eye liner||16 products|
|facial moisturizer/treatment||16 products|
|recreational sunscreen||15 products|
|brow liner||12 products|
|setting powder/spray||11 products|
|lip liner||11 products|
|around-eye cream||9 products|
|BB cream||6 products|
|hand cream||5 products|
|nail polish||4 products|
|lip gloss||2 products|
|oil controller||2 products|
|serums & essences||2 products|
|foot moisturizer||1 products|
|baby sunscreen||1 products|
Organ system toxicity (non-reproductive)
|Classified as expected to be toxic or harmful||Environment Canada Domestic Substance List|
|Classified as medium human health priority||Environment Canada Domestic Substance List|
|Single case study detailing occupational hazards||National Library of Medicine HazMap|
|Risk assessment method deficiencies and data gaps - Maximum reported "as used" concentration is basis of safety assessment by industry safety panel (Cosmetic Ingredient Review, CIR) - implicit safe concentration limit in product||Cosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments|
|8964 studies in PubMed science library may include information on the toxicity of this chemical||NLM PubMed|
|Not suspected to be an environmental toxin||Environment Canada Domestic Substance List|
Persistence and bioaccumulation
|Not suspected to be bioaccumulative||Environment Canada Domestic Substance List|
|Limited or incomplete evidence of cancer according to safety/hazard data – government assessment cannot classify as human carcinogen due to data gaps||Int'l Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) - Carcinogens|
|Industry or government recommendations for safe use: restrictions on concentration, impurities, product types, or manufacturing methods - any||Cosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments|
- EC (Environment Canada). 2008. Domestic Substances List Categorization. Canadian Environmental Protection Act (CEPA) Environmental Registry.
- NLM (National Library of Medicine). 2006. HazMap — Occupational Exposure to Hazardous Agents.
- CIR (Cosmetic Ingredient Review). 2006. CIR Compendium, containing abstracts, discussions, and conclusions of CIR cosmetic ingredient safety assessments. Washington DC.
- NLM (National Library of Medicine). 2012. PubMed online scientific bibliography data. http://www.pubmed.gov.
- IARC (International Agency for Research on Cancer). 2008. Overall Evaluations of Carcinogenicity to Humans, as evaluated in IARC Monographs Volumes 1-99 (a total of 935 agents, mixtures and exposures).
Cosmetics and personal care products are not required to be tested for safety before being allowed on the market. The Skin Deep® scoring system was designed to help the public understand whether a product is safe to use or whether it contains ingredients of concern.
Every product and ingredient in Skin Deep gets a two-part score – one for hazard and one for data availability. The safest products score well by both measures, with a low hazard rating and a fair or better data availability rating.HOW WE DETERMINE SCORES
The Skin Deep ingredient hazard score, from 1 to 10, reflects known and suspected hazards linked to the ingredients. The EWG VERIFIED™ mark means a product meets EWG’s strictest criteria for transparency and health.
The Skin Deep data availability rating reflects the number of scientific studies about the product or ingredient in the published scientific literature.