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Data: Fair

  • Other Concerns
  • Functions
  • About the Chemical
  • Synonyms
  • Persistence and bioaccumulation (high) and Non-reproductive organ system toxicity (low)


Cancer concern is LOW

Developmental & Reproductive Toxicity

Developmental & reproductive toxicity concern is LOW

Allergies & Immunotoxicity

Allergies & immunotoxicity concern is LOW

Products with this Ingredient

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lipstick1787 products
eye shadow1553 products
foundation1229 products
bronzer/highlighter839 products
lip gloss593 products
eye liner545 products
blush532 products
concealer431 products
brow liner318 products
lip liner292 products
facial powder262 products
nail polish244 products
moisturizer with SPF158 products
lip balm130 products
makeup primer123 products
mascara113 products
shampoo92 products
mask60 products
facial moisturizer/treatment59 products
beach & sport sunscreen54 products
toothpaste53 products
BB cream52 products
serums & essences52 products
bath oil/salts/soak52 products
hair color and bleaching46 products
body wash/cleanser43 products
around-eye cream36 products
glitter31 products
lip plumper30 products
facial cleanser27 products
bar soap26 products
CC cream25 products
exfoliant/scrub24 products
moisturizer24 products
lip balm with SPF22 products
21 products
conditioner17 products
other eye makeup16 products
body oil12 products
hair styling aide12 products
fragrance for women9 products
anti-aging8 products
body firming lotion7 products
baby sunscreen6 products
toners/astringents5 products
nail treatment5 products
styling gel/lotion4 products
sunless tanning4 products
bubble bath3 products
hair treatment/serum3 products
tooth whitening3 products
setting powder/spray3 products
oil controller3 products
body spray2 products
antiperspirant/deodorant2 products
baby oil2 products
styling mousse/foam2 products
shaving cream2 products
baby shampoo2 products
foot cleansing2 products
detangler2 products
hair spray2 products
makeup remover1 products
fragrance for men1 products
beard care1 products
shaving cream (men's)1 products
tanning oil1 products
eyelash glue1 products
damaged skin treatment1 products
liquid hand soap1 products
after sun product1 products

Persistence and bioaccumulation

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Concern Reference
Persistent, bioaccumulative in wildlife and humansNational Library of Medicine HazMap
Persistent, bioaccumulative in wildlifeNational Library of Medicine HazMap
Not suspected to be bioaccumulativeEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Organ system toxicity (non-reproductive)

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Concern Reference
Limited evidence of gastrointestinal or liver toxicityDossing, 1995
Classified as not expected to be potentially toxic or harmfulEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List
Classified as a low human health priorityEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Data gaps

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Concern Reference
4098 studies in PubMed science library may include information on the toxicity of this chemicalNLM PubMed


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Concern Reference
Not suspected to be an environmental toxinEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List


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Concern Reference
Industry or government recommendations for safe use: restrictions on concentration, impurities, product types, or manufacturing methods - Color additive approved by FDA for use in cosmeticsFDA Color Additive Status
Industry or government recommendations for safe use: restrictions on concentration, impurities, product types, or manufacturing methods - Color Additives - Exempt from Batch Certification by the U.S. Food and Drug AdministrationCTFA International Cosmetic Ingredient Dictionary and Handbook

Data Sources

  • NLM (National Library of Medicine). 2006. HazMap — Occupational Exposure to Hazardous Agents.
  • EC (Environment Canada). 2008. Domestic Substances List Categorization. Canadian Environmental Protection Act (CEPA) Environmental Registry.
  • Dossing, 1995
  • NLM (National Library of Medicine). 2012. PubMed online scientific bibliography data.
  • FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration) 2006. Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition. Color Additive Status List. September 2006.
  • CTFA (Cosmetic, Toiletry and Fragrance Association). 2006. International Cosmetic Ingredient Dictionary and Handbook, 11th Edition. Color Additive Information. Washington, DC.


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