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Data: Fair

  • Other Concerns
  • Functions
  • About the Chemical
  • Synonyms
  • Persistence and bioaccumulation (high) and Non-reproductive organ system toxicity (low)


Cancer concern is LOW

Developmental & Reproductive Toxicity

Developmental & reproductive toxicity concern is LOW

Allergies & Immunotoxicity

Allergies & immunotoxicity concern is LOW

Products with this Ingredient

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lipstick2236 products
eye shadow1970 products
foundation1365 products
bronzer/highlighter1002 products
lip gloss781 products
eye liner664 products
blush639 products
concealer597 products
brow liner406 products
facial powder360 products
lip liner333 products
nail polish263 products
daily use with SPF169 products
lip balm164 products
mascara149 products
makeup primer141 products
shampoo126 products
bath oil/salts/soak110 products
hair color and bleaching88 products
mask84 products
facial moisturizer/treatment81 products
setting powder/spray80 products
recreational sunscreen73 products
serums & essences71 products
toothpaste65 products
lip plumper64 products
BB cream63 products
body wash/cleanser61 products
around-eye cream57 products
bar soap47 products
glitter44 products
CC cream44 products
exfoliant/scrub38 products
moisturizer38 products
lip balm with SPF32 products
facial cleanser31 products
29 products
conditioner28 products
other eye makeup23 products
hair styling aide21 products
body oil15 products
styling gel/lotion12 products
body spray12 products
anti-aging10 products
fragrance for women10 products
hair treatment/serum9 products
body firming lotion8 products
toners/astringents7 products
tooth whitening6 products
sunless tanning6 products
bubble bath6 products
baby sunscreen6 products
oil controller5 products
shaving cream4 products
liquid hand soap3 products
skin fading/lightener3 products
body art3 products
hair spray2 products
hand cream2 products
baby oil2 products
after sun product2 products
styling mousse/foam2 products
makeup remover2 products
tanning oil2 products
baby shampoo2 products
foot cleansing2 products
detangler2 products
antiperspirant/deodorant2 products
mouthwash1 products
body powder1 products
hand sanitizer1 products
eyelash glue1 products
foot moisturizer1 products
fragrance for men1 products
cuticle treatment1 products
damaged skin treatment1 products
baby lotion1 products
beard care1 products
shaving cream (men's)1 products

Persistence and bioaccumulation

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Concern Reference
Persistent, bioaccumulative in wildlife and humansNational Library of Medicine HazMap
Persistent, bioaccumulative in wildlifeNational Library of Medicine HazMap
Not suspected to be bioaccumulativeEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Organ system toxicity (non-reproductive)

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Concern Reference
Limited evidence of gastrointestinal or liver toxicityDossing, 1995
Classified as not expected to be potentially toxic or harmfulEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List
Classified as a low human health priorityEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Data gaps

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Concern Reference
4098 studies in PubMed science library may include information on the toxicity of this chemicalNLM PubMed


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Concern Reference
Not suspected to be an environmental toxinEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List


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Concern Reference
Industry or government recommendations for safe use: restrictions on concentration, impurities, product types, or manufacturing methods - Color additive approved by FDA for use in cosmeticsFDA Color Additive Status
Industry or government recommendations for safe use: restrictions on concentration, impurities, product types, or manufacturing methods - Color Additives - Exempt from Batch Certification by the U.S. Food and Drug AdministrationCTFA International Cosmetic Ingredient Dictionary and Handbook

Data Sources

  • NLM (National Library of Medicine). 2006. HazMap — Occupational Exposure to Hazardous Agents.
  • EC (Environment Canada). 2008. Domestic Substances List Categorization. Canadian Environmental Protection Act (CEPA) Environmental Registry.
  • Dossing, 1995
  • NLM (National Library of Medicine). 2012. PubMed online scientific bibliography data.
  • FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration) 2006. Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition. Color Additive Status List. September 2006.
  • CTFA (Cosmetic, Toiletry and Fragrance Association). 2006. International Cosmetic Ingredient Dictionary and Handbook, 11th Edition. Color Additive Information. Washington, DC.


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