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Data: Fair

  • Other Concerns
  • Functions
  • About the Chemical
  • Synonyms
  • Persistence and bioaccumulation (high) and Non-reproductive organ system toxicity (low)


Cancer concern is LOW

Developmental & Reproductive Toxicity

Developmental & reproductive toxicity concern is LOW

Allergies & Immunotoxicity

Allergies & immunotoxicity concern is LOW

Products with this Ingredient

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lipstick1584 products
eye shadow1336 products
foundation1021 products
bronzer/highlighter709 products
lip gloss506 products
eye liner470 products
blush439 products
concealer363 products
lip liner257 products
brow liner233 products
facial powder214 products
nail polish214 products
moisturizer with SPF120 products
lip balm100 products
mascara94 products
makeup primer84 products
shampoo51 products
facial moisturizer/treatment50 products
beach & sport sunscreen49 products
bath oil/salts/soak46 products
hair color and bleaching45 products
BB cream45 products
serums & essences43 products
mask39 products
glitter30 products
around-eye cream29 products
bar soap28 products
body wash/cleanser25 products
toothpaste24 products
CC cream19 products
facial cleanser18 products
moisturizer18 products
lip plumper18 products
exfoliant/scrub17 products
other eye makeup16 products
lip balm with SPF14 products
12 products
fragrance for women9 products
conditioner9 products
body oil9 products
hair styling aide8 products
makeup with SPF7 products
anti-aging6 products
nail treatment5 products
styling gel/lotion4 products
body firming lotion4 products
toners/astringents4 products
tooth whitening3 products
oil controller3 products
baby sunscreen3 products
sunless tanning3 products
hair spray2 products
shaving cream2 products
foot cleansing2 products
body spray2 products
eyelash glue1 products
baby shampoo1 products
beard care1 products
tanning oil1 products
fragrance for men1 products
damaged skin treatment1 products
baby lotion1 products
detangler1 products
baby oil1 products
makeup remover1 products
bubble bath1 products

Persistence and bioaccumulation

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Concern Reference
Persistent, bioaccumulative in wildlife and humansNational Library of Medicine HazMap
Persistent, bioaccumulative in wildlifeNational Library of Medicine HazMap
Not suspected to be bioaccumulativeEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Organ system toxicity (non-reproductive)

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Concern Reference
Limited evidence of gastrointestinal or liver toxicityDossing, 1995
Classified as not expected to be potentially toxic or harmfulEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List
Classified as a low human health priorityEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Data gaps

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Concern Reference
4098 studies in PubMed science library may include information on the toxicity of this chemicalNLM PubMed


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Concern Reference
Not suspected to be an environmental toxinEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List


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Concern Reference
Industry or government recommendations for safe use: restrictions on concentration, impurities, product types, or manufacturing methods - Color additive approved by FDA for use in cosmeticsFDA Color Additive Status
Industry or government recommendations for safe use: restrictions on concentration, impurities, product types, or manufacturing methods - Color Additives - Exempt from Batch Certification by the U.S. Food and Drug AdministrationCTFA International Cosmetic Ingredient Dictionary and Handbook

Data Sources

  • NLM (National Library of Medicine). 2006. HazMap — Occupational Exposure to Hazardous Agents.
  • EC (Environment Canada). 2008. Domestic Substances List Categorization. Canadian Environmental Protection Act (CEPA) Environmental Registry.
  • Dossing, 1995
  • NLM (National Library of Medicine). 2012. PubMed online scientific bibliography data.
  • FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration) 2006. Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition. Color Additive Status List. September 2006.
  • CTFA (Cosmetic, Toiletry and Fragrance Association). 2006. International Cosmetic Ingredient Dictionary and Handbook, 11th Edition. Color Additive Information. Washington, DC.


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