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Data: Fair

  • Other Concerns
  • Functions
  • About the Chemical
  • Synonyms
  • Persistence and bioaccumulation (high) and Non-reproductive organ system toxicity (low)


Cancer concern is LOW

Developmental & Reproductive Toxicity

Developmental & reproductive toxicity concern is LOW

Allergies & Immunotoxicity

Allergies & immunotoxicity concern is LOW

Products with this Ingredient

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lipstick1235 products
eye shadow1139 products
foundation785 products
bronzer/highlighter573 products
blush402 products
lip gloss399 products
eye liner362 products
concealer275 products
nail polish242 products
lip liner218 products
brow liner191 products
facial powder154 products
moisturizer with SPF130 products
lip balm93 products
mascara61 products
BB cream54 products
makeup primer53 products
beach & sport sunscreen53 products
hair color and bleaching41 products
serums & essences41 products
shampoo39 products
facial moisturizer/treatment37 products
mask32 products
around-eye cream27 products
makeup with SPF26 products
CC cream23 products
toothpaste20 products
glitter19 products
bath oil/salts/soak18 products
lip balm with SPF16 products
other eye makeup16 products
moisturizer15 products
bar soap15 products
body wash/cleanser14 products
lip plumper11 products
facial cleanser11 products
exfoliant/scrub9 products
anti-aging7 products
body firming lotion6 products
body oil6 products
Facial Sun Care5 products
nail treatment4 products
fragrance for women4 products
hair styling aide4 products
tooth whitening3 products
conditioner3 products
styling gel/lotion3 products
oil controller3 products
sunless tanning3 products
baby sunscreen3 products
Oils & Serums3 products
toners/astringents2 products
body spray2 products
body powder2 products
shaving cream2 products
hair spray1 products
tanning oil1 products
baby lotion1 products
baby shampoo1 products
damaged skin treatment1 products
foot cleansing1 products
baby oil1 products
fragrance for men1 products
eyelash glue1 products
Under Eye Concealers1 products

Persistence and bioaccumulation

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Concern Reference
Persistent, bioaccumulative in wildlife and humansNational Library of Medicine HazMap
Persistent, bioaccumulative in wildlifeNational Library of Medicine HazMap
Not suspected to be bioaccumulativeEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Organ system toxicity (non-reproductive)

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Concern Reference
Limited evidence of gastrointestinal or liver toxicityDossing, 1995
Classified as not expected to be potentially toxic or harmfulEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List
Classified as a low human health priorityEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Data gaps

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Concern Reference
4098 studies in PubMed science library may include information on the toxicity of this chemicalNLM PubMed


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Concern Reference
Not suspected to be an environmental toxinEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List


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Concern Reference
Industry or government recommendations for safe use: restrictions on concentration, impurities, product types, or manufacturing methods - Color additive approved by FDA for use in cosmeticsFDA Color Additive Status
Industry or government recommendations for safe use: restrictions on concentration, impurities, product types, or manufacturing methods - Color Additives - Exempt from Batch Certification by the U.S. Food and Drug AdministrationCTFA International Cosmetic Ingredient Dictionary and Handbook

Data Sources

  • NLM (National Library of Medicine). 2006. HazMap — Occupational Exposure to Hazardous Agents.
  • EC (Environment Canada). 2008. Domestic Substances List Categorization. Canadian Environmental Protection Act (CEPA) Environmental Registry.
  • Dossing, 1995
  • NLM (National Library of Medicine). 2012. PubMed online scientific bibliography data.
  • FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration) 2006. Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition. Color Additive Status List. September 2006.
  • CTFA (Cosmetic, Toiletry and Fragrance Association). 2006. International Cosmetic Ingredient Dictionary and Handbook, 11th Edition. Color Additive Information. Washington, DC.


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