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Data: Fair

  • Other Concerns
  • Functions
  • About the Chemical
  • Synonyms
  • Contamination concerns (high)


Cancer concern is LOW

Developmental & Reproductive Toxicity

Developmental & reproductive toxicity concern is LOW

Allergies & Immunotoxicity

Allergies & immunotoxicity concern is MODERATE

Products with this Ingredient

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lipstick1887 products
foundation1170 products
concealer769 products
moisturizer700 products
lip gloss605 products
facial moisturizer/treatment483 products
eye shadow450 products
conditioner443 products
recreational sunscreen356 products
shampoo341 products
mask339 products
daily use with SPF336 products
blush315 products
bronzer/highlighter293 products
body wash/cleanser266 products
lip balm263 products
serums & essences233 products
liquid hand soap233 products
brow liner228 products
facial cleanser224 products
hand sanitizer222 products
hair treatment/serum212 products
mascara194 products
exfoliant/scrub164 products
hand cream158 products
around-eye cream131 products
makeup primer130 products
eye liner129 products
facial powder120 products
baby wipes110 products
hair styling aide110 products
lip liner107 products
makeup remover95 products
91 products
bath oil/salts/soak89 products
shaving cream88 products
CC cream85 products
body firming lotion81 products
lip balm with SPF80 products
body oil79 products
antiperspirant/deodorant77 products
setting powder/spray76 products
sunless tanning67 products
lip plumper67 products
anti-aging64 products
BB cream59 products
after sun product53 products
bubble bath51 products
bar soap49 products
polish remover47 products
baby sunscreen46 products
hair color and bleaching45 products
toners/astringents43 products
styling gel/lotion42 products
nail polish38 products
beard care36 products
shaving cream (men's)35 products
body spray35 products
hair spray34 products
foot moisturizer30 products
nail treatment30 products
baby lotion29 products
fragrance for women26 products
after shave24 products
baby shampoo24 products
antiperspirant/deodorant (men's)23 products
diaper cream23 products
beard oil22 products
tanning oil21 products
muscle/joint soreness21 products
baby soap17 products
damaged skin treatment17 products
styling mousse/foam16 products
baby oil16 products
fragrance for men16 products
cuticle treatment14 products
baby powder14 products
hair-loss treatment14 products
foot cleansing14 products
skin fading/lightener11 products
glitter9 products
detangler8 products
hair removal waxes7 products
toothpaste6 products
body powder5 products
depilatory4 products
eye makeup remover4 products
oil controller4 products
other eye makeup3 products
pore strips3 products
baby bubble bath2 products
foot odor control2 products
beard cleanser2 products
eyelash glue2 products
vapor rubs1 products
hair relaxer1 products
body art1 products

Contamination concerns

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Concern Reference
Human skin toxicant or allergen - strong evidenceCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments


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Concern Reference
One or more animal studies show tumor formation at high dosesOpen scientific literature


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Concern Reference
Suspected to be an environmental toxin and be persistent or bioaccumulative (uncertainty in environmental toxicity or persistence/bioaccumulation)Environment Canada Domestic Substance List
Uncertain environmental toxin and uncertain persistent or bioaccumulativeEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Data gaps

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Concern Reference
Risk assessment method deficiencies and data gaps - Maximum reported "as used" concentration is basis of safety assessment by industry safety panel (Cosmetic Ingredient Review, CIR) - implicit safe concentration limit in productCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments
5742 studies in PubMed science library may include information on the toxicity of this chemicalNLM PubMed

Organ system toxicity (non-reproductive)

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Concern Reference
Classified as not expected to be potentially toxic or harmfulEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List
Classified as a low human health priorityEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Persistence and bioaccumulation

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Concern Reference
Not suspected to be bioaccumulativeEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List


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Concern Reference
Industry or government recommendations for safe use: restrictions on concentration, impurities, product types, or manufacturing methods - anyCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments

Multiple, additive exposure sources

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Concern Reference
Designated as safe for general or specific, limited use in foodFDA Food Additive Status
Designated as safe for general or specific, limited use in foodFDA Everything Added to Food

Data Sources

  • CIR (Cosmetic Ingredient Review). 2006. CIR Compendium, containing abstracts, discussions, and conclusions of CIR cosmetic ingredient safety assessments. Washington DC.
  • Open scientific/peer reviewed literature
  • EC (Environment Canada). 2008. Domestic Substances List Categorization. Canadian Environmental Protection Act (CEPA) Environmental Registry.
  • NLM (National Library of Medicine). 2012. PubMed online scientific bibliography data.
  • FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration) 2006. Food Additive Status List. Downloaded from, Oct 16, 2006.
  • FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration). 2008. EAFUS [Everything Added to Food]: A Food Additive Database. FDA Office of Food Safety and Applied Nutrition.

About this Ingredient's Score Range

  • Products with the EWG VERIFIED mark have met the program’s impurity restrictions based on EWG review of company data.


EWG provides information on personal care product ingredients from the published scientific literature, to supplement incomplete data available from companies and the government. The ratings below indicate the relative level of concern posed by exposure to the ingredients in this product - not the product itself - compared to other product formulations. The ratings reflect potential health hazards but do not account for the level of exposure or individual susceptibility, factors which determine actual health risks, if any. Learn more | Legal Disclaimer


Beyond providing Skin Deep® as an educational tool for consumers, EWG offers its EWG VERIFIED™ mark as a quick and easily identifiable way of conveying personal care products that meet EWG's strict health criteria. Before a company can use EWG VERIFIED™ on such products, the company must show that it fully discloses the products' ingredients on their labels or packaging, they do not contain EWG ingredients of concern, and are made with good manufacturing practices, among other criteria. Note that EWG receives licensing fees from all EWG VERIFIED™ member companies that help to support the important work we do. Learn more | Legal Disclaimer