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EWG's Tap Water Database

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Springfield Water System

 

EWG's drinking water quality report shows results of tests conducted by the water utility and provided to the Environmental Working Group by the Tennessee Department of Environment & Conservation, as well as information from the U.S. EPA Enforcement and Compliance History database (ECHO). For the latest quarter assessed by the EPA (July 2017 - September 2017), tap water provided by this water utility was in violation of federal health-based drinking water standards.

This water utility has its own treatment plant or water supply, and also buys or otherwise receives some of its finished water from one or more public water utility systems to provide water for a part of its service area and customers. The list below includes the names of the supplemental water suppliers, with links to their water quality testing data.
- East Montgomery Utility District

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7

contaminants detected above health guidelines

5

other detected contaminants

    Includes chemicals detected in 2015 for which annual utility averages exceeded an EWG-selected health guideline established by a federal or state public health authority; chemicals detected under the EPA's Unregulated Contaminant Monitoring Rule (UCMR 3) program in 2013 to 2015, for which annual utility averages exceeded a health guideline established by a federal or state public health authority; radiological contaminants detected between 2010 and 2015.

  • Atrazine

    cancer

    Atrazine is a herbicide commonly detected in drinking water that comes from cornfield and other agricultural runoff. It is a hormone disrupter that harms the male and female reproductive systems of people and wildlife.

    STATE

    NATIONAL

    THIS UTILITY

    How your levels compare

    HEALTH GUIDELINE:
    0.15 ppb
    0.0131 ppb
    0.0395 ppb
    2.48 ppb
    The State and National averages were calculated using the averages of the contaminant measurements for each utility in 2015.
    ppb = parts per billion.

    Health risks of atrazine in excess of health guideline

    The health guideline of 0.15 ppb for atrazine was defined by the California Office of Environmental Health Hazard Assessment as a public health goal, the level of a drinking water contaminant that does not pose a significant health risk. This health guideline protects against cancer.

    Testing summary by quarter

    NOT TESTED

    NOT DETECTED

    DETECTED

    ABOVE HEALTH GUIDELINE

    ABOVE LEGAL LIMIT

    • Utility Average 2015: 2.48 ppb
    • Health Guideline Exceeded 2015: Yes
    • Legal Limit Exceeded 2015: No
    Utility
    Average
    2015
    Health
    Guideline
    Exceeded
    2015
    Legal
    Limit
    Exceeded
    2015
    2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015
    2.48 ppb Yes No

  • Bromodichloromethane

    cancer

    Bromodichloromethane, one of the total trihalomethanes (TTHMs), is formed when chlorine or other disinfectants are used to treat drinking water. Bromodichloromethane and other disinfection byproducts increase the risk of cancer and may cause problems during pregnancy. Click here to read more about disinfection byproducts.

    STATE

    NATIONAL

    THIS UTILITY

    How your levels compare

    HEALTH GUIDELINE:
    0.4 ppb
    4.37 ppb
    2.81 ppb
    1.39 ppb
    The State and National averages were calculated using the averages of the contaminant measurements for each utility in 2015.
    ppb = parts per billion.

    Health risks of bromodichloromethane in excess of health guideline

    The health guideline of 0.4 ppb for bromodichloromethane was defined by the California Office of Environmental Health Hazard Assessment as a one-in-a-million lifetime risk of cancer. Values greater than one-in-a-million cancer risk level can result in increased cancer cases above one in a million people.

    Testing summary by quarter

    NOT TESTED

    NOT DETECTED

    DETECTED

    ABOVE HEALTH GUIDELINE

    • Utility Average 2015: 1.39 ppb
    • Health Guideline Exceeded 2015: Yes
    • Legal Limit Exceeded 2015: No
    Utility
    Average
    2015
    Health
    Guideline
    Exceeded
    2015
    Legal
    Limit
    Exceeded
    2015
    2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015
    1.39 ppb Yes No

  • Chloroform

    cancer

    Chloroform, one of the total trihalomethanes (TTHMs), is formed when chlorine or other disinfectants are used to treat drinking water. Chloroform and other disinfection byproducts increase the risk of cancer and may cause problems during pregnancy.

    STATE

    NATIONAL

    THIS UTILITY

    How your levels compare

    HEALTH GUIDELINE:
    1 ppb
    11.4 ppb
    10.2 ppb
    2.68 ppb
    The State and National averages were calculated using the averages of the contaminant measurements for each utility in 2015.
    ppb = parts per billion.

    Health risks of chloroform in excess of health guideline

    The health guideline of 1 ppb for chloroform was defined by the California Office of Environmental Health Hazard Assessment as a one-in-a-million lifetime risk of cancer. Values greater than one-in-a-million cancer risk level can result in increased cancer cases above one in a million people.

    Testing summary by quarter

    NOT TESTED

    NOT DETECTED

    DETECTED

    ABOVE HEALTH GUIDELINE

    • Utility Average 2015: 2.68 ppb
    • Health Guideline Exceeded 2015: Yes
    • Legal Limit Exceeded 2015: No
    Utility
    Average
    2015
    Health
    Guideline
    Exceeded
    2015
    Legal
    Limit
    Exceeded
    2015
    2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015
    2.68 ppb Yes No

  • Chromium (hexavalent)

    cancer

    Chromium (hexavalent) is a carcinogen that commonly contaminates American drinking water. Chromium (hexavalent) in drinking water may be due to industrial pollution or natural occurrences in mineral deposits and groundwater. Read more about chromium (hexavalent).

    STATE

    NATIONAL

    THIS UTILITY

    How your levels compare

    HEALTH GUIDELINE:
    0.02 ppb
    0.782 ppb
    0.127 ppb
    0.489 ppb
    The State and National averages were calculated using the averages of the contaminant measurements for each utility in 2010-2015.
    ppb = parts per billion.

    Health risks of chromium (hexavalent) in excess of health guideline

    The health guideline of 0.02 ppb for chromium (hexavalent) was defined by the California Office of Environmental Health Hazard Assessment as a public health goal, the level of a drinking water contaminant that does not pose a significant health risk. This health guideline protects against cancer.

    Testing summary by quarter

    NOT TESTED

    NOT DETECTED

    DETECTED

    ABOVE HEALTH GUIDELINE

    • Utility Average 2010-2015: 0.489 ppb
    • Health Guideline Exceeded 2010-2015: Yes
    • Legal Limit Exceeded 2010-2015: No
    Utility
    Average
    2010-2015
    Health
    Guideline
    Exceeded
    2010-2015
    Legal
    Limit
    Exceeded
    2010-2015
    2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015
    0.489 ppb Yes No

  • Nitrate

    cancer

    Nitrate, a fertilizer chemical, frequently contaminates drinking water due to agricultural and urban runoff, and discharges from municipal wastewater treatment plants and septic tanks. Excessive nitrate in water can cause oxygen deprivation in infants and increase the risk of cancer. Click here to read more about nitrate.

    STATE

    NATIONAL

    THIS UTILITY

    How your levels compare

    HEALTH GUIDELINE:
    5 ppm
    0.988 ppm
    0.683 ppm
    5.36 ppm
    The State and National averages were calculated using the averages of the contaminant measurements for each utility in 2015.
    ppm = parts per million.

    Health risks of nitrate in excess of health guideline

    The health guideline of 5 ppm for nitrate was defined by EWG based on studies by scientists at the National Cancer Institute and other independent researchers. This health guideline protects against cancer and harm to fetal growth and development.

    Testing summary by quarter

    NOT TESTED

    NOT DETECTED

    DETECTED

    ABOVE HEALTH GUIDELINE

    ABOVE LEGAL LIMIT

    • Utility Average 2015: 5.36 ppm
    • Health Guideline Exceeded 2015: Yes
    • Legal Limit Exceeded 2015: No
    Utility
    Average
    2015
    Health
    Guideline
    Exceeded
    2015
    Legal
    Limit
    Exceeded
    2015
    2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015
    5.36 ppm Yes No

  • Radiological contaminants

    cancer

    This utility detected Radium, combined (-226 & -228) & Radium-226.

    Radiological contaminants leach into water from certain minerals and from mining. Drinking water contamination with radioactive substances increases the risk of cancer and may harm fetal development.

  • Total trihalomethanes (TTHMs)

    cancer

    Trihalomethanes are cancer-causing contaminants that form during water treatment with chlorine and other disinfectants. The total trihalomethanes group includes four chemicals: chloroform, bromodichloromethane, dibromochloromethane and bromoform.

    STATE

    NATIONAL

    THIS UTILITY

    How your levels compare

    HEALTH GUIDELINE:
    0.8 ppb
    23.4 ppb
    26.2 ppb
    41.5 ppb
    The State and National averages were calculated using the averages of the contaminant measurements for each utility in 2015.
    ppb = parts per billion.

    Health risks of trihalomethanes in excess of health guideline

    The health guideline of 0.8 ppb for trihalomethanes was defined by the California Office of Environmental Health Hazard Assessment as a draft public health goal, the level of drinking water contaminant that does not pose a significant health risk. This health guideline protects against cancer.

    Testing summary by quarter

    NOT TESTED

    NOT DETECTED

    DETECTED

    ABOVE HEALTH GUIDELINE

    ABOVE LEGAL LIMIT

    • Utility Average 2015: 41.5 ppb
    • Health Guideline Exceeded 2015: Yes
    • Legal Limit Exceeded 2015: No
    Utility
    Average
    2015
    Health
    Guideline
    Exceeded
    2015
    Legal
    Limit
    Exceeded
    2015
    2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015
    41.5 ppb Yes No

    Includes chemicals detected in 2015 for which annual utility averages were lower than an EWG-selected health guideline established by a federal or state public health authority; chemicals detected under the EPA's Unregulated Contaminant Monitoring Rule (UCMR 3) program in 2013 to 2015, for which annual utility averages were lower than an EWG-selected health guideline established by a federal or state public health authority.

  • Chromium (total)


    Chromium is a naturally occurring metal, but industrial uses can elevate its levels in water. One form, hexavalent chromium, causes cancer. Total chromium is not a good indicator of the amount of hexavalent chromium in drinking water.

    STATE

    NATIONAL

    THIS UTILITY

    How your levels compare

    0.633 ppb
    0.0691 ppb
    0.422 ppb
    The State and National averages were calculated using the averages of the contaminant measurements for each utility in 2010-2015.
    ppb = parts per billion.

    Testing summary by quarter

    NOT TESTED

    NOT DETECTED

    DETECTED

    ABOVE LEGAL LIMIT

    • Utility Average 2010-2015: 0.422 ppb
    • Health Guideline Exceeded 2010-2015: No
    • Legal Limit Exceeded 2010-2015: No
    Utility
    Average
    2010-2015
    Health
    Guideline
    Exceeded
    2010-2015
    Legal
    Limit
    Exceeded
    2010-2015
    2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015
    0.422 ppb No No

  • Haloacetic acids (HAA5)


    Haloacetic acids are formed when disinfectants such as chlorine are added to tap water. The group of five haloacetic acids regulated by federal standards includes monochloroacetic acid, dichloroacetic acid, trichloroacetic acid, monobromoacetic acid and dibromoacetic acid.

    STATE

    NATIONAL

    THIS UTILITY

    How your levels compare

    12.8 ppb
    16.2 ppb
    35.2 ppb
    The State and National averages were calculated using the averages of the contaminant measurements for each utility in 2015.
    ppb = parts per billion.

    Testing summary by quarter

    NOT TESTED

    NOT DETECTED

    DETECTED

    ABOVE LEGAL LIMIT

    • Utility Average 2015: 35.2 ppb
    • Health Guideline Exceeded 2015: No
    • Legal Limit Exceeded 2015: No
    Utility
    Average
    2015
    Health
    Guideline
    Exceeded
    2015
    Legal
    Limit
    Exceeded
    2015
    2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015
    35.2 ppb No No

  • Simazine


    Simazine is a hormone-disrupting herbicide related to atrazine. It affects the male and female reproductive systems. In studies of laboratory animals, simazine increases blood levels of estrogen, decreases prolactin and progesterone, and causes mammary and ovarian tumors.

    STATE

    NATIONAL

    THIS UTILITY

    How your levels compare

    0.00154 ppb
    0.00827 ppb
    0.358 ppb
    The State and National averages were calculated using the averages of the contaminant measurements for each utility in 2015.
    ppb = parts per billion.

    Health risks of simazine in excess of health guideline

    The health guideline of 4 ppb for simazine was defined by the California Office of Environmental Health Hazard Assessment as a public health goal, the level of a drinking water contaminant that does not pose a significant health risk. This health guideline protects against change in body weight.

    Testing summary by quarter

    NOT TESTED

    NOT DETECTED

    DETECTED

    ABOVE HEALTH GUIDELINE

    ABOVE LEGAL LIMIT

    • Utility Average 2015: 0.358 ppb
    • Health Guideline Exceeded 2015: No
    • Legal Limit Exceeded 2015: No
    Utility
    Average
    2015
    Health
    Guideline
    Exceeded
    2015
    Legal
    Limit
    Exceeded
    2015
    2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015
    0.358 ppb No No

  • Strontium


    Strontium is a metal that accumulates in the bones. Radioactive strontium-90 can cause bone cancer and leukemia, and any form of strontium at high doses can harm bone health.

    STATE

    NATIONAL

    THIS UTILITY

    How your levels compare

    HEALTH GUIDELINE:
    1,500 ppb
    357.2 ppb
    108.2 ppb
    255.0 ppb
    The State and National averages were calculated using the averages of the contaminant measurements for each utility in 2010-2015.
    ppb = parts per billion.

    Health risks of strontium in excess of health guideline

    The health guideline of 1,500 ppb for strontium was defined by the Environmental Protection Agency as a benchmark for testing under the Unregulated Contaminant Monitoring Rule program. This health guideline protects against harm to bones.

    Testing summary by quarter

    NOT TESTED

    NOT DETECTED

    DETECTED

    ABOVE HEALTH GUIDELINE

    • Utility Average 2010-2015: 255.0 ppb
    • Health Guideline Exceeded 2010-2015: No
    • Legal Limit Exceeded 2010-2015: No
    Utility
    Average
    2010-2015
    Health
    Guideline
    Exceeded
    2010-2015
    Legal
    Limit
    Exceeded
    2010-2015
    2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015
    255.0 ppb No No

  • Vanadium


    Vanadium is a metal used in steels and other alloys. People are commonly exposed to vanadium in water and food. Excessive exposure can be toxic during pregnancy and childhood.

    STATE

    NATIONAL

    THIS UTILITY

    How your levels compare

    HEALTH GUIDELINE:
    21 ppb
    1.99 ppb
    0.175 ppb
    0.463 ppb
    The State and National averages were calculated using the averages of the contaminant measurements for each utility in 2010-2015.
    ppb = parts per billion.

    Health risks of vanadium in excess of health guideline

    The health guideline of 21 ppb for vanadium was defined by the Environmental Protection Agency as a benchmark for testing under the Unregulated Contaminant Monitoring Rule program. This health guideline protects against change in blood chemistry.

    Testing summary by quarter

    NOT TESTED

    NOT DETECTED

    DETECTED

    ABOVE HEALTH GUIDELINE

    • Utility Average 2010-2015: 0.463 ppb
    • Health Guideline Exceeded 2010-2015: No
    • Legal Limit Exceeded 2010-2015: No
    Utility
    Average
    2010-2015
    Health
    Guideline
    Exceeded
    2010-2015
    Legal
    Limit
    Exceeded
    2010-2015
    2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015
    0.463 ppb No No

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Pollution sources

Click on each pollution source to see from which source contaminants come.

agriculture icon

Agriculture

teardrop 3
industry icon

Industry

teardrop 6
water treatment icon

Treatment
byproducts

tear drop 4
urban area icon

Runoff &
sprawl

teardrop 1
naturally occuring icon

Naturally
occuring

teardrop 7

  • Nitrate
  • Simazine
  • Atrazine
  • Chromium (total)
  • Strontium
  • Chromium (hexavalent)
  • Vanadium
  • Radium, combined (-226 & -228)
  • Radium-226
  • Chromium (total)
  • Nitrate
  • Strontium
  • Chromium (hexavalent)
  • Vanadium
  • Radium, combined (-226 & -228)
  • Radium-226
  • Nitrate
  • Haloacetic acids (HAA5)
  • Chloroform
  • Bromodichloromethane
  • Total trihalomethanes (TTHMs)
Specific water contaminants can come from more than one source.

Springfield Water System compliance with legally mandated federal standards

  • From October 2014 to September 2017, Springfield Water System was in violation of health-based drinking water standards:
    Yes
  • 11 QUARTERS
    in violation of any federal drinking water standard from October 2014 to September 2017
  • Over the last 3 years this water utility has spent
    3 QUARTERS
    in significant violation of federal drinking water standards
Information in this section on Springfield Water System comes from the U.S. EPA Enforcement and Compliance History Online database. Click here for more information for this utility.

Other contaminants tested


Contaminants detected between 2010 and 2014 and were not part of EPA's UCMR-3 testing program:

Barium, Fluoride, Metolachlor, Dibromochloromethane

 

Chemicals tested for but not detected from 2010 to 2015:

1,1,1,2-Tetrachloroethane, 1,1,1-Trichloroethane, 1,1,2,2-Tetrachloroethane, 1,1,2-Trichloroethane, 1,1-Dichloroethane, 1,1-Dichloroethylene, 1,1-Dichloropropene, 1,2,3-Trichlorobenzene, 1,2,3-Trichloropropane, 1,2,4-Trichlorobenzene, 1,2-Dichloroethane, 1,2-Dichloropropane, 1,3-Butadiene, 1,3-Dichloropropane, 1,3-Dichloropropene, 1,4-Dioxane, 2,2-Dichloropropane, 2,4-D, Alachlor (Lasso), Aldicarb, Aluminum, Antimony, Arsenic, Benzene, Beryllium, Bromobenzene, Bromochloromethane, Bromoform, Bromomethane, Cadmium, Carbofuran, Carbon tetrachloride, Chlorate, Chlorodifluoromethane, Chloroethane, Chloromethane, cis-1,2-Dichloroethylene, Cobalt, Cyanide, Dibromomethane, Dichloromethane (methylene chloride), Ethylbenzene, Glyphosate, m-Dichlorobenzene, Manganese, Mercury (inorganic), Molybdenum, Monochlorobenzene (chlorobenzene), o-Chlorotoluene, o-Dichlorobenzene, p-Chlorotoluene, p-Dichlorobenzene, Perfluorobutane sulfonate (PFBS), Perfluoroheptanoic acid (PFHPA), Perfluorohexane sulfonate (PFHXS), Perfluorononanoic acid (PFNA), Perfluorooctane sulfonate (PFOS), Perfluorooctanoic acid (PFOA), Picloram, Radium-228, Selenium, Silver, Styrene, Tetrachloroethylene (perchloroethylene), Thallium, Toluene, trans-1,2-Dichloroethylene, trans-1,2-Dichloropropene, Trichloroethylene, Vinyl chloride, Xylenes (total)