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EWG's Tap Water Database

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Udall, City of

 

EWG's drinking water quality report shows results of tests conducted by the water utility and provided to the Environmental Working Group by the Kansas Department of Health and Environment, as well as information from the U.S. EPA Enforcement and Compliance History database (ECHO). For the latest quarter assessed by the EPA (July 2017 - September 2017), tap water provided by this water utility was in compliance with federal health-based drinking water standards.

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10

contaminants detected above health guidelines

8

other detected contaminants

    Includes chemicals detected in 2015 for which annual utility averages exceeded an EWG-selected health guideline established by a federal or state public health authority.

  • Arsenic

    cancer

    Arsenic is a potent carcinogen and common contaminant in drinking water. Arsenic causes thousands of cases of cancer each year in the U.S. Click here to read more about arsenic.

    STATE

    NATIONAL

    THIS UTILITY

    How your levels compare

    HEALTH GUIDELINE:
    0.004 ppb
    1.30 ppb
    2.51 ppb
    1.80 ppb
    The State and National averages were calculated using the averages of the contaminant measurements for each utility in 2015.
    ppb = parts per billion.

    Health risks of arsenic in excess of health guideline

    The health guideline of 0.004 ppb for arsenic was defined by the California Office of Environmental Health Hazard Assessment as a public health goal, the level of a drinking water contaminant that does not pose a significant health risk. This health guideline protects against cancer.

    Testing summary by quarter

    NOT TESTED

    NOT DETECTED

    DETECTED

    ABOVE HEALTH GUIDELINE

    ABOVE LEGAL LIMIT

    • Utility Average 2015: 1.80 ppb
    • Health Guideline Exceeded 2015: Yes
    • Legal Limit Exceeded 2015: No
    Utility
    Average
    2015
    Health
    Guideline
    Exceeded
    2015
    Legal
    Limit
    Exceeded
    2015
    2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015
    1.80 ppb Yes No

  • Atrazine

    harm to the developing fetus

    Atrazine is a herbicide commonly detected in drinking water that comes from cornfield and other agricultural runoff. It is a hormone disrupter that harms the male and female reproductive systems of people and wildlife.

    STATE

    NATIONAL

    THIS UTILITY

    How your levels compare

    HEALTH GUIDELINE:
    0.1 ppb
    0.0135 ppb
    0.156 ppb
    2.05 ppb
    The State and National averages were calculated using the averages of the contaminant measurements for each utility in 2015.
    ppb = parts per billion.

    Health risks of atrazine in excess of health guideline

    The health guideline of 0.1 ppb for atrazine was defined by EWG based on epidemiological studies of human exposure to atrazine in drinking water.. This health guideline protects against harm to the developing fetus, harm to the reproductive system and hormone disruption.

    Testing summary by quarter

    NOT TESTED

    NOT DETECTED

    DETECTED

    ABOVE HEALTH GUIDELINE

    ABOVE LEGAL LIMIT

    • Utility Average 2015: 2.05 ppb
    • Health Guideline Exceeded 2015: Yes
    • Legal Limit Exceeded 2015: No
    Utility
    Average
    2015
    Health
    Guideline
    Exceeded
    2015
    Legal
    Limit
    Exceeded
    2015
    2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015
    2.05 ppb Yes No

  • Bromodichloromethane

    cancer

    Bromodichloromethane, one of the total trihalomethanes (TTHMs), is formed when chlorine or other disinfectants are used to treat drinking water. Bromodichloromethane and other disinfection byproducts increase the risk of cancer and may cause problems during pregnancy. Click here to read more about disinfection byproducts.

    STATE

    NATIONAL

    THIS UTILITY

    How your levels compare

    HEALTH GUIDELINE:
    0.4 ppb
    4.38 ppb
    8.47 ppb
    17.0 ppb
    The State and National averages were calculated using the averages of the contaminant measurements for each utility in 2015.
    ppb = parts per billion.

    Health risks of bromodichloromethane in excess of health guideline

    The health guideline of 0.4 ppb for bromodichloromethane was proposed in 2018 by the California Office of Environmental Health Hazard Assessment as a one-in-a-million lifetime risk of cancer. Values greater than one-in-a-million cancer risk level can result in increased cancer cases above one in a million people.

    Testing summary by quarter

    NOT TESTED

    NOT DETECTED

    DETECTED

    ABOVE HEALTH GUIDELINE

    • Utility Average 2015: 17.0 ppb
    • Health Guideline Exceeded 2015: Yes
    • Legal Limit Exceeded 2015: No
    Utility
    Average
    2015
    Health
    Guideline
    Exceeded
    2015
    Legal
    Limit
    Exceeded
    2015
    2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015
    17.0 ppb Yes No

  • Bromoform

    cancer

    Bromoform, one of the total trihalomethanes (TTHMs), is formed when chlorine or other disinfectants are used to treat drinking water. Bromoform and other disinfection byproducts increase the risk of cancer and may cause problems during pregnancy. Click here to read more about disinfection byproducts.

    STATE

    NATIONAL

    THIS UTILITY

    How your levels compare

    HEALTH GUIDELINE:
    5 ppb
    1.77 ppb
    3.23 ppb
    3.50 ppb
    The State and National averages were calculated using the averages of the contaminant measurements for each utility in 2015.
    ppb = parts per billion.

    Health risks of bromoform in excess of health guideline

    The health guideline of 5 ppb for bromoform was proposed in 2018 by the California Office of Environmental Health Hazard Assessment as a one-in-a-million lifetime risk of cancer. Values greater than one-in-a-million cancer risk level can result in increased cancer cases above one in a million people.

    Testing summary by quarter

    NOT TESTED

    NOT DETECTED

    DETECTED

    ABOVE HEALTH GUIDELINE

    • Utility Average 2015: 3.50 ppb
    • Health Guideline Exceeded 2015: Yes
    • Legal Limit Exceeded 2015: No
    Utility
    Average
    2015
    Health
    Guideline
    Exceeded
    2015
    Legal
    Limit
    Exceeded
    2015
    2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015
    3.50 ppb Yes No

  • Chloroform

    cancer

    Chloroform, one of the total trihalomethanes (TTHMs), is formed when chlorine or other disinfectants are used to treat drinking water. Chloroform and other disinfection byproducts increase the risk of cancer and may cause problems during pregnancy.

    STATE

    NATIONAL

    THIS UTILITY

    How your levels compare

    HEALTH GUIDELINE:
    1 ppb
    11.5 ppb
    18.1 ppb
    13.0 ppb
    The State and National averages were calculated using the averages of the contaminant measurements for each utility in 2015.
    ppb = parts per billion.

    Health risks of chloroform in excess of health guideline

    The health guideline of 1 ppb for chloroform was proposed in 2018 by the California Office of Environmental Health Hazard Assessment as a one-in-a-million lifetime risk of cancer. Values greater than one-in-a-million cancer risk level can result in increased cancer cases above one in a million people.

    Testing summary by quarter

    NOT TESTED

    NOT DETECTED

    DETECTED

    ABOVE HEALTH GUIDELINE

    • Utility Average 2015: 13.0 ppb
    • Health Guideline Exceeded 2015: Yes
    • Legal Limit Exceeded 2015: No
    Utility
    Average
    2015
    Health
    Guideline
    Exceeded
    2015
    Legal
    Limit
    Exceeded
    2015
    2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015
    13.0 ppb Yes No

  • Dibromochloromethane

    cancer

    Dibromochloromethane, one of the total trihalomethanes (TTHMs), is formed when chlorine or other disinfectants are used to treat drinking water. Dibromochloromethane and other disinfection byproducts increase the risk of cancer and may cause problems during pregnancy. Click here to read more about disinfection byproducts.

    STATE

    NATIONAL

    THIS UTILITY

    How your levels compare

    HEALTH GUIDELINE:
    0.7 ppb
    3.01 ppb
    5.78 ppb
    14.0 ppb
    The State and National averages were calculated using the averages of the contaminant measurements for each utility in 2015.
    ppb = parts per billion.

    Health risks of dibromochloromethane in excess of health guideline

    The health guideline of 0.7 ppb for dibromochloromethane was proposed in 2018 by the California Office of Environmental Health Hazard Assessment as a one-in-a-million lifetime risk of cancer. Values greater than one-in-a-million cancer risk level can result in increased cancer cases above one in a million people.

    Testing summary by quarter

    NOT TESTED

    NOT DETECTED

    DETECTED

    ABOVE HEALTH GUIDELINE

    • Utility Average 2015: 14.0 ppb
    • Health Guideline Exceeded 2015: Yes
    • Legal Limit Exceeded 2015: No
    Utility
    Average
    2015
    Health
    Guideline
    Exceeded
    2015
    Legal
    Limit
    Exceeded
    2015
    2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015
    14.0 ppb Yes No

  • Dichloroacetic acid

    cancer

    Dichloroacetic acid, one of the group of five haloacetic acids regulated by federal standards, is formed when chlorine or other disinfectants are used to treat drinking water. Haloacetic acids and other disinfection byproducts increase the risk of cancer and may cause problems during pregnancy. Click here to read more about disinfection byproducts.

    STATE

    NATIONAL

    THIS UTILITY

    How your levels compare

    HEALTH GUIDELINE:
    0.7 ppb
    6.07 ppb
    9.70 ppb
    5.40 ppb
    The State and National averages were calculated using the averages of the contaminant measurements for each utility in 2015.
    ppb = parts per billion.

    Health risks of dichloroacetic acid in excess of health guideline

    The health guideline of 0.7 ppb for dichloroacetic acid was defined by the Environmental Protection Agency as a one-in-a-million lifetime risk of cancer. Values greater than one-in-a-million cancer risk level can result in increased cancer cases above one in a million people.

    Testing summary by quarter

    NOT TESTED

    NOT DETECTED

    DETECTED

    ABOVE HEALTH GUIDELINE

    • Utility Average 2015: 5.40 ppb
    • Health Guideline Exceeded 2015: Yes
    • Legal Limit Exceeded 2015: No
    Utility
    Average
    2015
    Health
    Guideline
    Exceeded
    2015
    Legal
    Limit
    Exceeded
    2015
    2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015
    5.40 ppb Yes No

  • Nitrate

    cancer

    Nitrate, a fertilizer chemical, frequently contaminates drinking water due to agricultural and urban runoff, and discharges from municipal wastewater treatment plants and septic tanks. Excessive nitrate in water can cause oxygen deprivation in infants and increase the risk of cancer. Click here to read more about nitrate.

    STATE

    NATIONAL

    THIS UTILITY

    How your levels compare

    HEALTH GUIDELINE:
    5 ppm
    1.00 ppm
    2.91 ppm
    6.80 ppm
    The State and National averages were calculated using the averages of the contaminant measurements for each utility in 2015.
    ppm = parts per million.

    Health risks of nitrate in excess of health guideline

    The health guideline of 5 ppm for nitrate was defined by EWG based on studies by scientists at the National Cancer Institute and other independent researchers. This health guideline protects against cancer and harm to fetal growth and development.

    Testing summary by quarter

    NOT TESTED

    NOT DETECTED

    DETECTED

    ABOVE HEALTH GUIDELINE

    ABOVE LEGAL LIMIT

    • Utility Average 2015: 6.80 ppm
    • Health Guideline Exceeded 2015: Yes
    • Legal Limit Exceeded 2015: No
    Utility
    Average
    2015
    Health
    Guideline
    Exceeded
    2015
    Legal
    Limit
    Exceeded
    2015
    2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015
    6.80 ppm Yes No

  • Total trihalomethanes (TTHMs)

    cancer

    Trihalomethanes are cancer-causing contaminants that form during water treatment with chlorine and other disinfectants. The total trihalomethanes group includes four chemicals: chloroform, bromodichloromethane, dibromochloromethane and bromoform.

    STATE

    NATIONAL

    THIS UTILITY

    How your levels compare

    HEALTH GUIDELINE:
    0.8 ppb
    23.7 ppb
    35.5 ppb
    47.0 ppb
    The State and National averages were calculated using the averages of the contaminant measurements for each utility in 2015.
    ppb = parts per billion.

    Health risks of trihalomethanes in excess of health guideline

    The health guideline of 0.8 ppb for trihalomethanes was defined by the California Office of Environmental Health Hazard Assessment as a draft public health goal, the level of drinking water contaminant that does not pose a significant health risk. This health guideline protects against cancer.

    Testing summary by quarter

    NOT TESTED

    NOT DETECTED

    DETECTED

    ABOVE HEALTH GUIDELINE

    ABOVE LEGAL LIMIT

    • Utility Average 2015: 47.0 ppb
    • Health Guideline Exceeded 2015: Yes
    • Legal Limit Exceeded 2015: No
    Utility
    Average
    2015
    Health
    Guideline
    Exceeded
    2015
    Legal
    Limit
    Exceeded
    2015
    2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015
    47.0 ppb Yes No

  • Trichloroacetic acid

    cancer

    Trichloroacetic acid, one of the group of five haloacetic acids regulated by federal standards, is formed when chlorine or other disinfectants are used to treat drinking water. Haloacetic acids and other disinfection byproducts increase the risk of cancer and may cause problems during pregnancy. Click here to read more about disinfection byproducts.

    STATE

    NATIONAL

    THIS UTILITY

    How your levels compare

    HEALTH GUIDELINE:
    0.5 ppb
    4.96 ppb
    6.43 ppb
    3.70 ppb
    The State and National averages were calculated using the averages of the contaminant measurements for each utility in 2015.
    ppb = parts per billion.

    Health risks of trichloroacetic acid in excess of health guideline

    The health guideline of 0.5 ppb for trichloroacetic acid was defined by the Environmental Protection Agency as a one-in-a-million lifetime risk of cancer. Values greater than one-in-a-million cancer risk level can result in increased cancer cases above one in a million people.

    Testing summary by quarter

    NOT TESTED

    NOT DETECTED

    DETECTED

    ABOVE HEALTH GUIDELINE

    • Utility Average 2015: 3.70 ppb
    • Health Guideline Exceeded 2015: Yes
    • Legal Limit Exceeded 2015: No
    Utility
    Average
    2015
    Health
    Guideline
    Exceeded
    2015
    Legal
    Limit
    Exceeded
    2015
    2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015
    3.70 ppb Yes No

    Includes chemicals detected in 2015 for which annual utility averages were lower than an EWG-selected health guideline established by a federal or state public health authority; chemicals detected under the EPA's Unregulated Contaminant Monitoring Rule (UCMR 3) program in 2013 to 2015, for which annual utility averages were lower than an EWG-selected health guideline established by a federal or state public health authority.

  • Aluminum


    Aluminum is a metal released from metal refineries and mining operations. Too much aluminum exposure can impair children's brain development.

    STATE

    NATIONAL

    THIS UTILITY

    How your levels compare

    HEALTH GUIDELINE:
    600 ppb
    19.9 ppb
    25.9 ppb
    15.0 ppb
    The State and National averages were calculated using the averages of the contaminant measurements for each utility in 2015.
    ppb = parts per billion.

    Health risks of aluminum in excess of health guideline

    The health guideline of 600 ppb for aluminum was defined by the California Office of Environmental Health Hazard Assessment as a public health goal, the level of a drinking water contaminant that does not pose a significant health risk. This health guideline protects against harm to the brain and nervous system.

    Testing summary by quarter

    NOT TESTED

    NOT DETECTED

    DETECTED

    ABOVE HEALTH GUIDELINE

    • Utility Average 2015: 15.0 ppb
    • Health Guideline Exceeded 2015: No
    • Legal Limit Exceeded 2015: No
    Utility
    Average
    2015
    Health
    Guideline
    Exceeded
    2015
    Legal
    Limit
    Exceeded
    2015
    2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015
    15.0 ppb No No

  • Barium


    Barium is a mineral present in rocks, soil and water. High concentrations of barium in drinking water increase the risk of cardiovascular disease and hypertension.

    STATE

    NATIONAL

    THIS UTILITY

    How your levels compare

    HEALTH GUIDELINE:
    700 ppb
    68.2 ppb
    130.2 ppb
    170.0 ppb
    The State and National averages were calculated using the averages of the contaminant measurements for each utility in 2015.
    ppb = parts per billion.

    Health risks of barium in excess of health guideline

    The health guideline of 700 ppb for barium was defined by the Environmental Protection Agency as a children's health-based limit for 10-day exposure, a non-enforceable federal health advisory. This health guideline protects against harm to internal organs.

    Testing summary by quarter

    NOT TESTED

    NOT DETECTED

    DETECTED

    ABOVE HEALTH GUIDELINE

    ABOVE LEGAL LIMIT

    • Utility Average 2015: 170.0 ppb
    • Health Guideline Exceeded 2015: No
    • Legal Limit Exceeded 2015: No
    Utility
    Average
    2015
    Health
    Guideline
    Exceeded
    2015
    Legal
    Limit
    Exceeded
    2015
    2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015
    170.0 ppb No No

  • Chromium (total)


    Chromium is a naturally occurring metal, but industrial uses can elevate its levels in water. One form, hexavalent chromium, causes cancer. Total chromium is not a good indicator of the amount of hexavalent chromium in drinking water.

    STATE

    NATIONAL

    THIS UTILITY

    How your levels compare

    0.637 ppb
    0.734 ppb
    1.20 ppb
    The State and National averages were calculated using the averages of the contaminant measurements for each utility in 2010-2015.
    ppb = parts per billion.

    Testing summary by quarter

    NOT TESTED

    NOT DETECTED

    DETECTED

    ABOVE LEGAL LIMIT

    • Utility Average 2010-2015: 1.20 ppb
    • Health Guideline Exceeded 2010-2015: No
    • Legal Limit Exceeded 2010-2015: No
    Utility
    Average
    2010-2015
    Health
    Guideline
    Exceeded
    2010-2015
    Legal
    Limit
    Exceeded
    2010-2015
    2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015
    1.20 ppb No No

  • Dibromoacetic acid


    Dibromoacetic acid, one of the group of five haloacetic acids regulated by federal standards, is formed when chlorine or other disinfectants are used to treat drinking water. Haloacetic acids and other disinfection byproducts increase the risk of cancer and may cause problems during pregnancy. Click here to read more about disinfection byproducts.

    STATE

    NATIONAL

    THIS UTILITY

    How your levels compare

    1.15 ppb
    2.26 ppb
    3.90 ppb
    The State and National averages were calculated using the averages of the contaminant measurements for each utility in 2015.
    ppb = parts per billion.

    Testing summary by quarter

    NOT TESTED

    NOT DETECTED

    DETECTED

    • Utility Average 2015: 3.90 ppb
    • Health Guideline Exceeded 2015: No
    • Legal Limit Exceeded 2015: No
    Utility
    Average
    2015
    Health
    Guideline
    Exceeded
    2015
    Legal
    Limit
    Exceeded
    2015
    2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015
    3.90 ppb No No

  • Fluoride


    Fluoride occurs naturally in surface and groundwater and is also added to drinking water by many water systems.

    STATE

    NATIONAL

    THIS UTILITY

    How your levels compare

    0.440 ppm
    0.371 ppm
    0.260 ppm
    The State and National averages were calculated using the averages of the contaminant measurements for each utility in 2015.
    ppm = parts per million.

    Testing summary by quarter

    NOT TESTED

    NOT DETECTED

    DETECTED

    ABOVE LEGAL LIMIT

    • Utility Average 2015: 0.260 ppm
    • Health Guideline Exceeded 2015: No
    • Legal Limit Exceeded 2015: No
    Utility
    Average
    2015
    Health
    Guideline
    Exceeded
    2015
    Legal
    Limit
    Exceeded
    2015
    2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015
    0.260 ppm No No

  • Haloacetic acids (HAA5)


    Haloacetic acids are formed when disinfectants such as chlorine are added to tap water. The group of five haloacetic acids regulated by federal standards includes monochloroacetic acid, dichloroacetic acid, trichloroacetic acid, monobromoacetic acid and dibromoacetic acid.

    STATE

    NATIONAL

    THIS UTILITY

    How your levels compare

    12.9 ppb
    19.2 ppb
    18.0 ppb
    The State and National averages were calculated using the averages of the contaminant measurements for each utility in 2015.
    ppb = parts per billion.

    Testing summary by quarter

    NOT TESTED

    NOT DETECTED

    DETECTED

    ABOVE LEGAL LIMIT

    • Utility Average 2015: 18.0 ppb
    • Health Guideline Exceeded 2015: No
    • Legal Limit Exceeded 2015: No
    Utility
    Average
    2015
    Health
    Guideline
    Exceeded
    2015
    Legal
    Limit
    Exceeded
    2015
    2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015
    18.0 ppb No No

  • Monobromoacetic acid


    Monobromoacetic acid, one of the group of five haloacetic acids regulated by federal standards, is formed when chlorine or other disinfectants are used to treat drinking water. Haloacetic acids and other disinfection byproducts increase the risk of cancer and may cause problems during pregnancy. Click here to read more about disinfection byproducts.

    STATE

    NATIONAL

    THIS UTILITY

    How your levels compare

    0.172 ppb
    0.461 ppb
    5.30 ppb
    The State and National averages were calculated using the averages of the contaminant measurements for each utility in 2015.
    ppb = parts per billion.

    Testing summary by quarter

    NOT TESTED

    NOT DETECTED

    DETECTED

    • Utility Average 2015: 5.30 ppb
    • Health Guideline Exceeded 2015: No
    • Legal Limit Exceeded 2015: No
    Utility
    Average
    2015
    Health
    Guideline
    Exceeded
    2015
    Legal
    Limit
    Exceeded
    2015
    2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015
    5.30 ppb No No

  • Selenium


    Selenium is an essential element in diets. But too much selenium can decrease thyroid hormone production and cause hair loss, skin lesions and brittle fingernails.

    STATE

    NATIONAL

    THIS UTILITY

    How your levels compare

    HEALTH GUIDELINE:
    30 ppb
    0.696 ppb
    5.06 ppb
    4.00 ppb
    The State and National averages were calculated using the averages of the contaminant measurements for each utility in 2015.
    ppb = parts per billion.

    Health risks of selenium in excess of health guideline

    The health guideline of 30 ppb for selenium was defined by the California Office of Environmental Health Hazard Assessment as a public health goal, the level of a drinking water contaminant that does not pose a significant health risk. This health guideline protects against hair loss and nail damage.

    Testing summary by quarter

    NOT TESTED

    NOT DETECTED

    DETECTED

    ABOVE HEALTH GUIDELINE

    ABOVE LEGAL LIMIT

    • Utility Average 2015: 4.00 ppb
    • Health Guideline Exceeded 2015: No
    • Legal Limit Exceeded 2015: No
    Utility
    Average
    2015
    Health
    Guideline
    Exceeded
    2015
    Legal
    Limit
    Exceeded
    2015
    2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015
    4.00 ppb No No

Want to filter these contaminants out?

Pollution sources

Click on each pollution source to see from which source contaminants come.

agriculture icon

Agriculture

teardrop 3
industry icon

Industry

teardrop 5
water treatment icon

Treatment
byproducts

tear drop 11
urban area icon

Runoff &
sprawl

teardrop 1
naturally occuring icon

Naturally
occuring

teardrop 6

  • Arsenic
  • Nitrate
  • Atrazine
  • Aluminum
  • Arsenic
  • Barium
  • Chromium (total)
  • Selenium
  • Aluminum
  • Arsenic
  • Barium
  • Chromium (total)
  • Nitrate
  • Selenium
  • Nitrate
  • Fluoride
  • Dichloroacetic acid
  • Trichloroacetic acid
  • Monobromoacetic acid
  • Dibromoacetic acid
  • Haloacetic acids (HAA5)
  • Chloroform
  • Bromoform
  • Bromodichloromethane
  • Dibromochloromethane
  • Total trihalomethanes (TTHMs)
Specific water contaminants can come from more than one source.

Udall, City of compliance with legally mandated federal standards

  • From October 2014 to September 2017, Udall, City of was in violation of health-based drinking water standards:
    No
Information in this section on Udall, City of comes from the U.S. EPA Enforcement and Compliance History Online database. Click here for more information for this utility.

Other contaminants tested