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EWG's Tap Water Database — 2021 UPDATE

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Oak Forest South Water Supply

EWG's drinking water quality report shows results of tests conducted by the water utility and provided to the Environmental Working Group by the Texas Commission on Environmental Quality, as well as information from the U.S. EPA Enforcement and Compliance History database (ECHO). For the latest quarter assessed by the U.S. EPA (January 2021 - March 2021), tap water provided by this water utility was in compliance with federal health-based drinking water standards.

Utility Details

  • Kerr County, Texas
  • Serves: 645
  • Data available: 2014-2020*
  • Source: Groundwater
  • * 2020/2021 testing is for chemicals in EPA's Fourth Unregulated Contaminant Monitoring Rule (UCMR-4) only.

Contaminants Detected

3

EXCEED
EWG HEALTH
GUIDELINES

12 Total Contaminants

  • Legal does not necessarily equal safe. Getting a passing grade from the federal government does not mean the water meets the latest health guidelines.
  • Legal limits for contaminants in tap water have not been updated in almost 20 years.
  • The best way to ensure clean tap water is to keep pollution out of source water in the first place.

Legal ≠ Safe

EWG Health Guidelines fill the gap in outdated government standards.

The federal government’s legal limits are not health-protective. The EPA has not set a new tap water standard in almost 20 years, and some standards are more than 40 years old.

Contaminants Detected

Haloacetic acids (HAA9)†

Potential Effect: cancer3.5x EWG'S HEALTH GUIDELINE
THIS UTILITY0.210 ppb
EWG HEALTH GUIDELINE0.06 ppb
NO LEGAL LIMIT
DETAILS
X

Haloacetic acids (HAA9)

more about
this contaminant

Haloacetic acids are formed when disinfectants such as chlorine are added to tap water. The group of nine haloacetic acids includes monochloroacetic acid, dichloroacetic acid, trichloroacetic acid, monobromoacetic acid and dibromoacetic acid, which are regulated as a group by the federal government (HAA5); and bromochloroacetic acid, bromodichloroacetic acid, chlorodibromoacetic acid, and tribromoacetic acid.

Haloacetic acids (HAA9) was found at 3.5 times above EWG's Health Guideline.

EWG Health Guideline

0.06 ppb or less

This Utility

0.21 ppb

National Average

23.7 ppb

State Average

23.9 ppb
NO LEGAL LIMIT
The state and national averages were calculated using the averages of the contaminant measurements for each utility in 2017-2021.
ppb = parts per billion

Health Risks

The EWG Health Guideline of 0.06 ppb for the group of nine haloacetic acids, or HAA9, was defined in a peer-reviewed scientific study by EWG and represents a one-in-a-million lifetime cancer risk level as . This health guideline protects against cancer.

Pollution Sources

water treatment icon

Treatment Byproducts

Filtering Options

carbon filter icon

Activated Carbon

reverse osmosis icon

Reverse Osmosis

Radium, combined (-226 & -228)

Potential Effect: cancer38x EWG'S HEALTH GUIDELINE
THIS UTILITY1.91 pCi/L
EWG HEALTH GUIDELINE0.05 pCi/L
LEGAL LIMIT5 pCi/L
DETAILS
X

Radium, combined (-226 & -228)

more about
this contaminant

Radium is a radioactive element that causes bone cancer and other cancers. It can occur naturally in groundwater, and oil and gas extraction activities such as hydraulic fracturing can elevate concentrations.

Radium, combined (-226 & -228) was found at 38 times above EWG's Health Guideline.

EWG Health Guideline

0.05 pCi/L or less

This Utility

1.91 pCi/L

Legal Limit

5 pCi/L

National Average

0.46 pCi/L

State Average

0.55 pCi/L
The state and national averages were calculated using the averages of the contaminant measurements for each utility in 2014-2019.
pCi/L = picocuries per liter

Health Risks

EWG applied the health guideline of 0.05 pCi/L, defined by the California Office of Environmental Health Hazard Assessment as a public health goal for radium-226, to radium-226 and radium-228 combined. This health guideline protects against cancer.

Pollution Sources

industry icon

Industry

naturally occuring icon

Naturally Occurring

Filtering Options

reverse osmosis icon

Reverse Osmosis

ion exchange icon

Ion Exchange

Uranium

Potential Effect: cancer4.2x EWG'S HEALTH GUIDELINE
THIS UTILITY1.81 pCi/L
EWG HEALTH GUIDELINE0.43 pCi/L
LEGAL LIMIT20 pCi/L
DETAILS
X

Uranium is a known human carcinogen. The federal legal limit for uranium is set at 30 micrograms per liter (corresponding to parts per billion), but utilities can also report uranium in picocuries per liter (pCi/L), which is a measure of radioactivity in water. EWG translated all uranium results to pCi/L using a conversion factor developed by the EPA. With this conversion approach, the limit of 30 ppb corresponds to 20 pCi/L. Drinking water with this much uranium would cause more than 4.6 cancer cases in a population of 100,000. California set a public health goal for uranium of 0.43 pCi/L.

Uranium was found at 4.2 times above EWG's Health Guideline.

EWG Health Guideline

0.43 pCi/L or less

This Utility

1.81 pCi/L

Legal Limit

20 pCi/L

National Average

1.04 pCi/L

State Average

0.66 pCi/L
The state and national averages were calculated using the averages of the contaminant measurements for each utility in 2014-2019.
pCi/L = picocuries per liter

Health Risks

The EWG Health Guideline of 0.43 pCi/L for uranium was defined by the California Office of Environmental Health Hazard Assessment as a public health goal, the level of a drinking water contaminant that does not pose a significant health risk. Three most common uranium isotopes are U-234, U-235 and U-238. All isotopes of uranium are radioactive, and the total radioactivity depends on the ratio of isotopes. This health guideline protects against cancer.

Pollution Sources

industry icon

Industry

naturally occuring icon

Naturally Occurring

Filtering Options

reverse osmosis icon

Reverse Osmosis

ion exchange icon

Ion Exchange

Includes chemicals detected in 2017-2019 for which annual utility averages exceeded an EWG-selected health guideline established by a federal or state public health authority; chemicals detected under the EPA's Unregulated Contaminant Monitoring Rule (UCMR 4) program in 2017 to 2020 (and subsequent testing when available), for which annual utility averages exceeded a health guideline established by a federal or state public health authority; radiological contaminants detected between 2014 and 2019.


Other Contaminants Tested


Chemicals tested for but not detected from 2014 to 2019:

1,1,1,2-Tetrachloroethane , 1,1,1-Trichloroethane , 1,1,2,2-Tetrachloroethane , 1,1,2-Trichloroethane , 1,1-Dichloroethane , 1,1-Dichloroethylene , 1,1-Dichloropropene , 1,2,3-Trichlorobenzene , 1,2,3-Trichloropropane , 1,2,4-Trichlorobenzene , 1,2,4-Trimethylbenzene , 1,2-Dibromo-3-chloropropane (DBCP) , 1,2-Dichloroethane , 1,2-Dichloropropane , 1,3,5-Trimethylbenzene , 1,3-Dichloropropane , 1-butanol , 2,2-Dichloropropane , 2,3-Dichlorobiphenyl , 2,4,5-T , 2,4,5-TP (Silvex) , 2,4,5-Trichlorobiphenyl , 2,4-D , 2,4-DB , 2-Chlorobiphenyl , 2-Hexanone , 2-methoxyethanol , 2-propen-1-ol , 22'3'46-Pentachlorobiphenyl , 22'33'44'6-Heptachlorobiphenyl , 22'33'45'66'-Octachlorobiphenyl , 22'44'-Tetrachlorobiphenyl , 22'44'56'-Hexachlorobiphenyl , 3,5-Dichlorobenzoic acid , 3-Hydroxycarbofuran , Acenaphthene , Acenaphthylene , Acetone , Acifluorfen (Blazer) , Acrylonitrile , Alachlor (Lasso) , Aldicarb , Aldicarb sulfone , Aldicarb sulfoxide , Aldrin , alpha-Chlordane , Alpha-hexachlorocyclohexane , Aluminum , Anthracene , Antimony , Arsenic , Asbestos , Atrazine , Baygon (Propoxur) , Bentazon (Basagran) , Benzene , Benzo[a]anthracene , Benzo[a]pyrene , Benzo[b]fluoranthene , Benzo[g,h,i]perylene , Benzo[k]fluoranthene , Beryllium , Bromacil , Bromobenzene , Bromochloroacetic acid , Bromochloromethane , Bromodichloromethane , Bromoform , Bromomethane , Butachlor , Butyl benzyl phthalate , Butylated hydroxyanisole , Cadmium , Carbaryl , Carbofuran , Carbon tetrachloride , Chloramben , Chlordane , Chloroethane , Chloroform , Chloromethane , Chlorpyriphos , Chromium (total) , Chrysene , cis-1,2-Dichloroethylene , cis-1,3-Dichloropropene , Cyanide , Dalapon , Di(2-ethylhexyl) adipate , Di-n-butyl phthalate , Dibenz[a,h]anthracene , Dibromoacetic acid , Dibromochloromethane , Dibromomethane , Dicamba , Dichloroacetic acid , Dichlorodifluoromethane , Dichloromethane (methylene chloride) , Dichlorprop , Dieldrin , Diethyl phthalate , Dimethipin , Dimethyl phthalate , Dinoseb , Ethoprop , Ethyl methacrylate , Ethylbenzene , Ethylene dibromide , Fluorene , gamma-Chlordane , Germanium , Haloacetic acids (HAA5) , Heptachlor , Heptachlor epoxide , Hexachlorobenzene (HCB) , Hexachlorobutadiene , Hexachlorocyclopentadiene , Indeno[1,2,3-cd]pyrene , Iodomethane , Isopropylbenzene , Lindane , m-Dichlorobenzene , Mercury (inorganic) , Methiocarb , Methomyl , Methoxychlor , Methyl ethyl ketone , Methyl isobutyl ketone , Methyl methacrylate , Metolachlor , Metribuzin , Monobromoacetic acid , Monochloroacetic acid , Monochlorobenzene (chlorobenzene) , MTBE , n-Butylbenzene , n-Propylbenzene , Naphthalene , Nitrite , o-Chlorotoluene , o-Dichlorobenzene , o-toluidine , Oxamyl (Vydate) , Oxyflurofen , p-Chlorotoluene , p-Dichlorobenzene , p-Isopropyltoluene , Pentachlorophenol , Permethrin , Phenanthrene , Picloram , Profenofos , Propachlor , Pyrene , Quinclorac , Quinoline , sec-Butylbenzene , Silver , Simazine , Styrene , Tebuconazole , tert-Butylbenzene , Tetrachloroethylene (perchloroethylene) , Tetrahydrofuran , Thallium , Toluene , Total trihalomethanes (TTHMs) , Toxaphene , trans-1,2-Dichloroethylene , trans-1,3-Dichloropropene , trans-Nonachlor , Tribufos , Trichloroacetic acid , Trichloroethylene , Trichlorofluoromethane , Trifluralin , Vinyl acetate , Vinyl chloride

Oak Forest South Water Supply compliance with legally mandated federal standards:

  • From April 2019 to March 2021, Oak Forest South Water Supply complied with health-based drinking water standards.

Information in this section on Oak Forest South Water Supply comes from the U.S. EPA Enforcement and Compliance History Online database (ECHO).

LEARN MORE ABOUT THIS UTILITY

Water Filters That Can Reduce Contaminant Levels

ContaminantActivated Carbonactivated carbonReverse Osmosisreverse osmosisIon Exchangeion exchange
CONTAMINANTS ABOVE
HEALTH GUIDELINES
Haloacetic acids (HAA9)
Radium, combined (-226 & -228)
Uranium, combined (pCi/L)
OTHER CONTAMINANTS
DETECTED
Barium
Di(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate
Endrin
Fluoride
Manganese
Nitrate
Nitrate & nitrite
Selenium
Xylenes (total)

Take Action

Contact Your Local Official

One of the best ways to push for cleaner water is to hold accountable the elected officials who have a say in water quality – from city hall and the state legislature to Congress all the way to the Oval Office – by asking questions and demanding answers.

LEARN MORE

Filter Out Contaminants

Check out our recommendations for filters to protect your water against the detected contaminants.

EWG’S WATER FILTER GUIDE