Menu

EWG's Tap Water Database — 2021 UPDATE

Donate

Walnut Bend Water System

EWG's drinking water quality report shows results of tests conducted by the water utility and provided to the Environmental Working Group by the Texas Commission on Environmental Quality, as well as information from the U.S. EPA Enforcement and Compliance History database (ECHO). For the latest quarter assessed by the U.S. EPA (January 2021 - March 2021), tap water provided by this water utility was in serious violation federal health-based drinking water standards.

Utility Details

  • Angelina County, Texas
  • Serves: 51
  • Data available: 2014-2019
  • Source: Groundwater

Contaminants Detected

5

EXCEED
EWG HEALTH
GUIDELINES

11 Total Contaminants

  • Legal does not necessarily equal safe. Getting a passing grade from the federal government does not mean the water meets the latest health guidelines.
  • Legal limits for contaminants in tap water have not been updated in almost 20 years.
  • The best way to ensure clean tap water is to keep pollution out of source water in the first place.

Legal ≠ Safe

EWG Health Guidelines fill the gap in outdated government standards.

The federal government’s legal limits are not health-protective. The EPA has not set a new tap water standard in almost 20 years, and some standards are more than 40 years old.

Contaminants Detected

Bromodichloromethane

Potential Effect: cancer227x EWG'S HEALTH GUIDELINE
THIS UTILITY13.6 ppb
EWG HEALTH GUIDELINE0.06 ppb
NO LEGAL LIMIT
DETAILS
X

Bromodichloromethane

more about
this contaminant

Bromodichloromethane, one of the total trihalomethanes (TTHMs), is formed when chlorine or other disinfectants are used to treat drinking water. Bromodichloromethane and other disinfection byproducts increase the risk of cancer and may cause problems during pregnancy. Click here to read more about disinfection byproducts.

Bromodichloromethane was found at 227 times above EWG's Health Guideline.

EWG Health Guideline

0.06 ppb or less

This Utility

13.6 ppb

National Average

5.79 ppb

State Average

7.02 ppb
NO LEGAL LIMIT
The state and national averages were calculated using the averages of the contaminant measurements for each utility in 2017-2019.
ppb = parts per billion

Health Risks

The EWG Health Guideline of 0.06 ppb for bromodichloromethane was proposed in 2018 by the California Office of Environmental Health Hazard Assessment as a one-in-a-million lifetime risk of cancer. Values greater than one-in-a-million cancer risk level can result in increased cancer cases above one in a million people.

Pollution Sources

water treatment icon

Treatment Byproducts

Filtering Options

carbon filter icon

Activated Carbon

reverse osmosis icon

Reverse Osmosis

Bromoform

Potential Effect: cancer37x EWG'S HEALTH GUIDELINE
THIS UTILITY18.5 ppb
EWG HEALTH GUIDELINE0.5 ppb
NO LEGAL LIMIT
DETAILS
X

Bromoform, one of the total trihalomethanes (TTHMs), is formed when chlorine or other disinfectants are used to treat drinking water. Bromoform and other disinfection byproducts increase the risk of cancer and may cause problems during pregnancy. Click here to read more about disinfection byproducts.

Bromoform was found at 37 times above EWG's Health Guideline.

EWG Health Guideline

0.5 ppb or less

This Utility

18.5 ppb

National Average

1.32 ppb

State Average

3.19 ppb
NO LEGAL LIMIT
The state and national averages were calculated using the averages of the contaminant measurements for each utility in 2017-2019.
ppb = parts per billion

Health Risks

The EWG Health Guideline of 0.5 ppb for bromoform was proposed in 2018 by the California Office of Environmental Health Hazard Assessment as a one-in-a-million lifetime risk of cancer. Values greater than one-in-a-million cancer risk level can result in increased cancer cases above one in a million people.

Pollution Sources

water treatment icon

Treatment Byproducts

Filtering Options

carbon filter icon

Activated Carbon

reverse osmosis icon

Reverse Osmosis

Chloroform

Potential Effect: cancer11x EWG'S HEALTH GUIDELINE
THIS UTILITY4.20 ppb
EWG HEALTH GUIDELINE0.4 ppb
NO LEGAL LIMIT
DETAILS
X

Chloroform, one of the total trihalomethanes (TTHMs), is formed when chlorine or other disinfectants are used to treat drinking water. Chloroform and other disinfection byproducts increase the risk of cancer and may cause problems during pregnancy.

Chloroform was found at 11 times above EWG's Health Guideline.

EWG Health Guideline

0.4 ppb or less

This Utility

4.2 ppb

National Average

15.5 ppb

State Average

8.88 ppb
NO LEGAL LIMIT
The state and national averages were calculated using the averages of the contaminant measurements for each utility in 2017-2019.
ppb = parts per billion

Health Risks

The EWG Health Guideline of 0.4 ppb for chloroform was proposed in 2018 by the California Office of Environmental Health Hazard Assessment as a one-in-a-million lifetime risk of cancer. Values greater than one-in-a-million cancer risk level can result in increased cancer cases above one in a million people.

Pollution Sources

water treatment icon

Treatment Byproducts

Filtering Options

carbon filter icon

Activated Carbon

reverse osmosis icon

Reverse Osmosis

Dibromochloromethane

Potential Effect: cancer278x EWG'S HEALTH GUIDELINE
THIS UTILITY27.8 ppb
EWG HEALTH GUIDELINE0.1 ppb
NO LEGAL LIMIT
DETAILS
X

Dibromochloromethane

more about
this contaminant

Dibromochloromethane, one of the total trihalomethanes (TTHMs), is formed when chlorine or other disinfectants are used to treat drinking water. Dibromochloromethane and other disinfection byproducts increase the risk of cancer and may cause problems during pregnancy. Click here to read more about disinfection byproducts.

Dibromochloromethane was found at 278 times above EWG's Health Guideline.

EWG Health Guideline

0.1 ppb or less

This Utility

27.8 ppb

National Average

3.29 ppb

State Average

5.82 ppb
NO LEGAL LIMIT
The state and national averages were calculated using the averages of the contaminant measurements for each utility in 2017-2019.
ppb = parts per billion

Health Risks

The EWG Health Guideline of 0.1 ppb for dibromochloromethane was proposed in 2018 by the California Office of Environmental Health Hazard Assessment as a one-in-a-million lifetime risk of cancer. Values greater than one-in-a-million cancer risk level can result in increased cancer cases above one in a million people.

Pollution Sources

water treatment icon

Treatment Byproducts

Filtering Options

carbon filter icon

Activated Carbon

reverse osmosis icon

Reverse Osmosis

Total trihalomethanes (TTHMs)†

Potential Effect: cancer525x EWG'S HEALTH GUIDELINE
THIS UTILITY78.8 ppb
EWG HEALTH GUIDELINE0.15 ppb
LEGAL LIMIT80 ppb
DETAILS
X

Total trihalomethanes (TTHMs)

more about
this contaminant

Trihalomethanes are cancer-causing contaminants that form during water treatment with chlorine and other disinfectants. The total trihalomethanes group includes four chemicals: chloroform, bromodichloromethane, dibromochloromethane and bromoform.

Total trihalomethanes (TTHMs) was found at 525 times above EWG's Health Guideline.

EWG Health Guideline

0.15 ppb or less

This Utility

78.8 ppb

Legal Limit

80 ppb

National Average

29.7 ppb

State Average

27.3 ppb
The state and national averages were calculated using the averages of the contaminant measurements for each utility in 2017-2019.
ppb = parts per billion

Health Risks

The health guideline of 0.15 parts per billion, or ppb, for the group of four trihalomethanes, or THM4/TTHM, was defined in a peer-reviewed scientific study by EWG and represents a one-in-one-million lifetime cancer risk level.

Pollution Sources

water treatment icon

Treatment Byproducts

Filtering Options

carbon filter icon

Activated Carbon

reverse osmosis icon

Reverse Osmosis

Includes chemicals detected in 2017-2019 for which annual utility averages exceeded an EWG-selected health guideline established by a federal or state public health authority.



† HAA5 is a contaminant group that includes monochloroacetic acid, dichloroacetic acid, trichloroacetic acid, monobromoacetic acid and dibromoacetic acid. HAA9 is a contaminant group that includes the chemicals in HAA5 and bromochloroacetic acid, bromodichloroacetic acid, chlorodibromoacetic acid and tribromoacetic acid. TTHM is a contaminant group that includes bromodichloromethane, bromoform, chloroform and dibromochloromethane.

Other Contaminants Tested


Chemicals tested for but not detected from 2014 to 2019:

1,1,1,2-Tetrachloroethane , 1,1,1-Trichloroethane , 1,1,2,2-Tetrachloroethane , 1,1,2-Trichloroethane , 1,1-Dichloroethane , 1,1-Dichloroethylene , 1,1-Dichloropropene , 1,2,3-Trichlorobenzene , 1,2,3-Trichloropropane , 1,2,4-Trichlorobenzene , 1,2,4-Trimethylbenzene , 1,2-Dichloroethane , 1,2-Dichloropropane , 1,3,5-Trimethylbenzene , 1,3-Dichloropropane , 2,2-Dichloropropane , 2,3-Dichlorobiphenyl , 2,4,5-Trichlorobiphenyl , 2-Chlorobiphenyl , 2-Hexanone , 22'3'46-Pentachlorobiphenyl , 22'33'44'6-Heptachlorobiphenyl , 22'33'45'66'-Octachlorobiphenyl , 22'44'-Tetrachlorobiphenyl , 22'44'56'-Hexachlorobiphenyl , Acenaphthene , Acenaphthylene , Acetone , Acrylonitrile , Alachlor (Lasso) , Aldrin , alpha-Chlordane , Anthracene , Atrazine , Benzene , Benzo[a]anthracene , Benzo[a]pyrene , Benzo[b]fluoranthene , Benzo[g,h,i]perylene , Benzo[k]fluoranthene , Bromacil , Bromobenzene , Bromochloroacetic acid , Bromochloromethane , Bromomethane , Butachlor , Butyl benzyl phthalate , Carbon tetrachloride , Chlordane , Chloroethane , Chloromethane , Chrysene , cis-1,2-Dichloroethylene , cis-1,3-Dichloropropene , Dalapon , Di(2-ethylhexyl) adipate , Di(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate , Di-n-butyl phthalate , Dibenz[a,h]anthracene , Dibromoacetic acid , Dibromomethane , Dichloroacetic acid , Dichlorodifluoromethane , Dichloromethane (methylene chloride) , Dieldrin , Diethyl phthalate , Dimethyl phthalate , Endrin , Ethyl methacrylate , Ethylbenzene , Fluorene , gamma-Chlordane , Haloacetic acids (HAA5) , Heptachlor , Heptachlor epoxide , Hexachlorobenzene (HCB) , Hexachlorobutadiene , Hexachlorocyclopentadiene , Indeno[1,2,3-cd]pyrene , Iodomethane , Isopropylbenzene , Lindane , m-Dichlorobenzene , Methoxychlor , Methyl ethyl ketone , Methyl isobutyl ketone , Methyl methacrylate , Metolachlor , Metribuzin , Monobromoacetic acid , Monochloroacetic acid , Monochlorobenzene (chlorobenzene) , MTBE , n-Butylbenzene , n-Propylbenzene , Naphthalene , o-Chlorotoluene , o-Dichlorobenzene , p-Chlorotoluene , p-Dichlorobenzene , p-Isopropyltoluene , Phenanthrene , Propachlor , Pyrene , sec-Butylbenzene , Simazine , Styrene , tert-Butylbenzene , Tetrachloroethylene (perchloroethylene) , Tetrahydrofuran , Toluene , Toxaphene , trans-1,2-Dichloroethylene , trans-1,3-Dichloropropene , trans-Nonachlor , Trichloroacetic acid , Trichloroethylene , Trichlorofluoromethane , Trifluralin , Vinyl chloride , Xylenes (total)

Walnut Bend Water System compliance with legally mandated federal standards:

  • From April 2019 to March 2021, Walnut Bend Water System did not comply with health-based drinking water standards.
  • 12 QUARTERS
    in violation of any federal drinking water standard from April 2019 to March 2021
  • Over the last 3 years this water utility has spent
    12 QUARTERS
    in significant violation of federal drinking water standards

Information in this section on Walnut Bend Water System comes from the U.S. EPA Enforcement and Compliance History Online database (ECHO).

LEARN MORE ABOUT THIS UTILITY

Water Filters That Can Reduce Contaminant Levels

ContaminantActivated Carbonactivated carbonReverse Osmosisreverse osmosisIon Exchangeion exchange
CONTAMINANTS ABOVE
HEALTH GUIDELINES
Bromodichloromethane
Bromoform
Chloroform
Dibromochloromethane
Total trihalomethanes (TTHMs)
OTHER CONTAMINANTS
DETECTED
Fluoride
Hexadecanoic acid
Nitrate
Nitrate & nitrite
Nitrite
Octadecanoic acid

Take Action

Contact Your Local Official

One of the best ways to push for cleaner water is to hold accountable the elected officials who have a say in water quality – from city hall and the state legislature to Congress all the way to the Oval Office – by asking questions and demanding answers.

LEARN MORE

Filter Out Contaminants

Check out our recommendations for filters to protect your water against the detected contaminants.

EWG’S WATER FILTER GUIDE