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Product score: 02

Data Availability:

Limited

111 Skin NAC Y2 Pollution Defence Booster

111 Skin NAC Y2 Pollution Defence Booster

WHERE TO BUY

CATEGORY

Facial Moisturizer/Treatment

BRAND

111 Skin

DATA LAST UPDATED

January 2021

Ingredient concerns

See how this product scores for common concerns.

  • LOW
    Cancer
  • HIGH
    Allergies & Immunotoxicity
  • LOW
    Developmental and Reproductive Toxicity
  • MODERATE
    Use Restrictions

Ingredient scores

Ingredients are scored based on their formulation and concentration in this product. Click on an ingredient for more information.

Ingredient score: 05
BENZYL ALCOHOL
Data Availability: Fair
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FUNCTION(S) external analgesic, fragrance ingredient, oral health care drug, preservative, solvent;viscosity decreasing agent, masking, solvent
CONCERNS • Allergies/immunotoxicity (high)
• Use restrictions (moderate)
• Non-reproductive organ system toxicity (moderate)
• Occupational hazards (high)
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Ingredient score: 03
POLYSORBATE-20
Data Availability: Fair
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FUNCTION(S) fragrance ingredient, surfactant - emulsifying agent, surfactant - solubilizing agent
CONCERNS • Non-reproductive organ system toxicity (low)
• Contamination concerns (ETHYLENE OXIDE and 1,4-DIOXANE)
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Ingredient score: 02
GLYCERIN
Data Availability: Good
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FUNCTION(S) denaturant, fragrance ingredient, hair conditioning agent, humectant, oral care agent;oral health care drug, skin-conditioning agent - humectant, skin protectant, viscosity decreasing agent, perfuming, solvent
CONCERNS • Use restrictions (moderate)
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Ingredient score: 01
WATER
Appeared as: AQUA / WATER / EAU
Data Availability: Robust
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FUNCTION(S) solvent
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Ingredient score: 01
ROSMARINUS OFFICINALIS (ROSEMARY) LEAF EXTRACT
Appeared as: ROSMARINUS OFFICINALIS (ROSEMARY / ROMARIN) LEAF EXTRACT
Data Availability: Limited
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FUNCTION(S) antimicrobial agent, antioxidant, fragrance ingredient, skin-conditioning agent -miscellaneous, skin-conditioning agent - occlusive, perfuming
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Ingredient score: 01
AESCULUS HIPPOCASTANUM (HORSE CHESTNUT) SEED EXTRACT
Appeared as: AESCULUS HIPPOCASTANUM (HORSE CHESTNUT / MARRON) SEED EXTRACT
Data Availability: Limited
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FUNCTION(S) skin-conditioning agent - miscellaneous, skin conditioning
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Ingredient score: 01
CELLULOSE GUM
Data Availability: Fair
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FUNCTION(S) binder, emulsion stabilizer, film former, fragrance ingredient, viscosity increasing agent -aqueous, binding, emulsion stabilising, film forming, masking, viscosity controlling
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Ingredient score: 01
SODIUM ASCORBYL PHOSPHATE
Data Availability: Limited
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FUNCTION(S) antioxidant
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Ingredient score: 01
MALTODEXTRIN
Data Availability: Fair
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FUNCTION(S) absorbent, binder, emulsion stabilizer, film former, hair conditioning agent;skin-conditioning agent - miscellaneous, suspending agent - nonsurfactant, binding, emulsion stabilising, film forming, hair conditioning, skin conditioning
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Ingredient score: 01
MORINGA OLEIFERA SEED EXTRACT
Appeared as: MORINGA OLEIFERA (MORINGA) SEED EXTRACT
Data Availability: Limited
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FUNCTION(S) skin-conditioning agent - miscellaneous, skin conditioning
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Ingredient score: 01
WITHANIA SOMNIFERA ROOT EXTRACT
Data Availability: Limited
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FUNCTION(S) not reported, skin conditioning
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Ingredient score: 01
FRUCTOSE
Data Availability: Fair
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FUNCTION(S) flavoring agent, humectant, skin-conditioning agent - humectant
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Ingredient score: 01
TOCOPHEROL
Data Availability: Fair
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FUNCTION(S) antioxidant, fragrance ingredient, skin-conditioning agent - miscellaneous;skin-conditioning agent - occlusive, skin conditioning
CONCERNS • Cancer (low)
• Contamination concerns (HYDROQUINONE)
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Ingredient score: 01
ACETYL-CYSTEINE
Data Availability: Fair
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FUNCTION(S) antioxidant, skin-conditioning agent - miscellaneous, skin conditioning
CONCERNS • Use restrictions (low)
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Ingredient score: 01
VITIS VINIFERA (GRAPE) SEED EXTRACT
Appeared as: VITIS VINIFERA (GRAPE / RAISIN) SEED EXTRACT
Data Availability: Fair
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FUNCTION(S) anticaries agent, antidandruff agent, antifungal agent, antimicrobial agent, antioxidant;oral care agent, oral health care drug, sunscreen agent, ultraviolet light absorber
CONCERNS • Multiple, additive exposure sources (low)
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Ingredients from packaging:

AQUA / WATER / EAU, GLYCERIN, BENZYL ALCOHOL, ROSMARINUS OFFICINALIS (ROSEMARY / ROMARIN) LEAF EXTRACT, AESCULUS HIPPOCASTANUM (HORSE CHESTNUT / MARRON) SEED EXTRACT, CELLULOSE GUM, POLYSORBATE 20, SODIUM ASCORBYL PHOSPHATE, MALTODEXTRIN, MORINGA OLEIFERA (MORINGA) SEED EXTRACT, WITHANIA SOMNIFERA ROOT EXTRACT, FRUCTOSE, TOCOPHEROL, ACETYL CYSTEINE, VITIS VINIFERA (GRAPE / RAISIN) SEED EXTRACT.

Directions from packaging:

Shake well before use. Mix 1-2 drops with your moisturiser or apply directly to skin after cleansing.

Product's animal testing policies

Some cosmetics companies have taken People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals and Leaping Bunny animal-testing pledges. For consumers who are concerned about companies’ policies on animal testing, Skin Deep reports this information.


Unknown

Leading international certifiers PETA and Leaping Bunny have no information concerning this company’s use of animal testing.

Understanding scores

Cosmetics and personal care products are not required to be tested for safety before being allowed on the market. The Skin Deep® scoring system was designed to help the public understand whether a product is safe to use or whether it contains ingredients of concern.

Every product and ingredient in Skin Deep gets a two-part score – one for hazard and one for data availability. The safest products score well by both measures, with a low hazard rating and a fair or better data availability rating.

HOW WE DETERMINE SCORES

Hazard score

The Skin Deep ingredient hazard score, from 1 to 10, reflects known and suspected hazards linked to the ingredients. The EWG VERIFIED™ mark means a product meets EWG’s strictest criteria for transparency and health.

Score legend

Data availability

The Skin Deep data availability rating reflects the number of scientific studies about the product or ingredient in the published scientific literature.

NONE LIMITED FAIR GOOD ROBUST
Low Availability
Moderate Availability
High Availability

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