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BENZYL ALCOHOL

Score:

Data: Fair

  • Other Concerns
  • Functions
  • About the Chemical
  • Synonyms
  • Non-reproductive organ system toxicity (moderate) and Occupational hazards (high)

Cancer

Cancer concern is LOW

Developmental & Reproductive Toxicity

Developmental & reproductive toxicity concern is LOW

Allergies & Immunotoxicity

Allergies & immunotoxicity concern is HIGH

Products with this Ingredient

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conditioner228 products
lipstick211 products
shampoo158 products
beach & sport sunscreen120 products
moisturizer113 products
body wash/cleanser98 products
foundation90 products
facial moisturizer/treatment82 products
fragrance for women68 products
hair treatment/serum62 products
liquid hand soap51 products
mask49 products
lip gloss48 products
moisturizer with SPF44 products
hair color and bleaching44 products
body firming lotion44 products
facial cleanser41 products
eye shadow40 products
serums & essences39 products
styling gel/lotion30 products
exfoliant/scrub29 products
bronzer/highlighter27 products
hand cream26 products
mascara22 products
makeup remover21 products
hair styling aide20 products
hair spray19 products
shaving cream18 products
fragrance for men18 products
antiperspirant/deodorant18 products
baby sunscreen14 products
around-eye cream14 products
Facial Sun Care14 products
facial powder13 products
lip balm12 products
lip balm with SPF12 products
bubble bath12 products
makeup primer9 products
styling mousse/foam9 products
sunless tanning8 products
toners/astringents8 products
lip liner8 products
body spray7 products
toothpaste7 products
concealer6 products
brow liner6 products
eye liner6 products
detangler6 products
bath oil/salts/soak6 products
blush6 products
baby lotion5 products
after shave5 products
mouthwash5 products
makeup with SPF5 products
shaving cream (men's)4 products
eye makeup remover4 products
foot moisturizer4 products
baby shampoo4 products
BB cream4 products
body oil4 products
CC cream4 products
after sun product3 products
antiperspirant/deodorant (men's)3 products
baby wipes3 products
baby soap2 products
baby toothpaste2 products
anti-aging2 products
bar soap2 products
oil controller1 products
vapor rubs1 products
beard cleanser1 products
baby bubble bath1 products
nail treatment1 products
skin fading/lightener1 products
lip plumper1 products

Allergies/immunotoxicity

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Concern Reference
Known human any toxicant or allergenOpinion on Frangrance allergens in cosmetics (2011), EU Cosmetics Directive
Human [[system]] toxicant or allergen - strong evidencePeer Reviewed Literature 2015. EWG Assessment of Open Scientific Literature. Appears as: listid: EWG-032; Chemical_Name: benzyl alcohol; ; CAS: 100-51-6
One or more human case studies show possible allergenic or allergenic effectsVerecken, 1998
Associated with immunotoxicity or allergiesNational Library of Medicine HazMap

Occupational hazards

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Concern Reference
Allowed workplace exposures restricted to low dosesCPS&Q - Classification & Labelling

Organ system toxicity (non-reproductive)

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Concern Reference
Classified as expected to be toxic or harmfulEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List
Deemed a moderate human health priority and was flagged by CEPA for further attention.Environment Canada 2015. Domestic Substance List. Appears as: listid: ECDSL-01112; Chemical_Name: Benzenemethanol; ; CAS: 100-51-6
Classified as toxic or harmfulCPS&Q - Classification & Labelling

Ecotoxicology

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Concern Reference
Dangerous for the environmentEU GHS Hazard Labeling Codes 2015. Classification & Labelling (Skin Deep®). Appears as: listid: 603-057-00-5; Chemical_Name: benzyl alcohol; ; CAS: 100-51-6
Deemed a moderate human health priority and was flagged by CEPA for further attention.Environment Canada 2015. Domestic Substance List. Appears as: listid: ECDSL-01112; Chemical_Name: Benzenemethanol; ; CAS: 100-51-6

Data gaps

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Concern Reference
Risk assessment method deficiencies and data gaps - Maximum reported "as used" concentration is basis of safety assessment by industry safety panel (Cosmetic Ingredient Review, CIR) - implicit safe concentration limit in productIJT 20(S3):23-50, 2001 reopened 06/10
5667 studies in PubMed science library may include information on the toxicity of this chemicalNLM PubMed

Multiple, additive exposure sources

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Concern Reference
Designated as safe for general or specific, limited use in foodFDA Everything Added to Food

Informational

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Concern Reference
Industry or government recommendations for safe use: restrictions on concentration, impurities, product types, or manufacturing methods - anyIJT 20(S3):23-50, 2001 reopened 06/10

Persistence and bioaccumulation

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Concern Reference
Deemed a moderate human health priority and was flagged by CEPA for further attention.Environment Canada 2015. Domestic Substance List. Appears as: listid: ECDSL-01112; Chemical_Name: Benzenemethanol; ; CAS: 100-51-6
Deemed a moderate human health priority and was flagged by CEPA for further attention.Environment Canada 2015. Domestic Substance List. Appears as: listid: ECDSL-01112; Chemical_Name: Benzenemethanol; ; CAS: 100-51-6

Use restrictions

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Concern Reference
Restricted in cosmetics - labeling requirement for allergensCosIng

Data Sources

  • Opinion on Frangrance allergens in cosmetics (2011), EU Cosmetics Directive
  • Peer Reviewed Literature 2015. EWG Assessment of Open Scientific Literature. Appears as: listid: EWG-032; Chemical_Name: benzyl alcohol; ; CAS: 100-51-6
  • Verecken, 1998
  • NLM (National Library of Medicine). 2006. HazMap — Occupational Exposure to Hazardous Agents.
  • CPS&Q (Consumer Products Safety & Quality) formely known as ECB (European Chemicals Bureau). 2008. Classification and Labelling: Chemicals: Annex VI of Directive 67/548/EEC through the 31st ATP.
  • EC (Environment Canada). 2008. Domestic Substances List Categorization. Canadian Environmental Protection Act (CEPA) Environmental Registry.
  • Environment Canada 2015. Domestic Substance List. Appears as: listid: ECDSL-01112; Chemical_Name: Benzenemethanol; ; CAS: 100-51-6
  • EU GHS Hazard Labeling Codes 2015. Classification & Labelling (Skin Deep®). Appears as: listid: 603-057-00-5; Chemical_Name: benzyl alcohol; ; CAS: 100-51-6
  • IJT 20(S3):23-50, 2001 reopened 06/10
  • NLM (National Library of Medicine). 2012. PubMed online scientific bibliography data. http://www.pubmed.gov.
  • FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration). 2008. EAFUS [Everything Added to Food]: A Food Additive Database. FDA Office of Food Safety and Applied Nutrition.
  • European Commission. 2013. Cosing, the European Commission database with information on cosmetic substances and ingredients. Accessed on March 1, 2013 at http://ec.europa.eu/consumers/cosmetics/cosing/ .

ABOUT THE SKIN DEEP® RATINGS

EWG provides information on personal care product ingredients from the published scientific literature, to supplement incomplete data available from companies and the government. The ratings below indicate the relative level of concern posed by exposure to the ingredients in this product - not the product itself - compared to other product formulations. The ratings reflect potential health hazards but do not account for the level of exposure or individual susceptibility, factors which determine actual health risks, if any. Learn more | Legal Disclaimer

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