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Data: Limited

  • Other Concerns
  • Functions
  • About the Chemical
  • Synonyms


Cancer concern is LOW

Developmental & Reproductive Toxicity

Developmental & reproductive toxicity concern is LOW

Allergies & Immunotoxicity

Allergies & immunotoxicity concern is LOW

Products with this Ingredient

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facial moisturizer/treatment85 products
serums & essences85 products
recreational sunscreen56 products
foundation50 products
mask45 products
concealer40 products
eye liner37 products
facial cleanser36 products
moisturizer30 products
around-eye cream21 products
daily use with SPF20 products
exfoliant/scrub15 products
toners/astringents14 products
anti-aging10 products
body wash/cleanser9 products
after sun product7 products
makeup primer7 products
conditioner7 products
hair treatment/serum6 products
body firming lotion6 products
hand cream4 products
baby sunscreen3 products
liquid hand soap3 products
lip balm3 products
setting powder/spray3 products
hair styling aide3 products
sunless tanning3 products
bronzer/highlighter3 products
skin fading/lightener3 products
2 products
shaving cream2 products
shampoo2 products
bar soap2 products
makeup remover2 products
bubble bath2 products
after shave1 products
eye makeup remover1 products
lipstick1 products
tooth whitening1 products
toothpaste1 products
foot cleansing1 products
eye shadow1 products
lip plumper1 products
baby wipes1 products
damaged skin treatment1 products
hair spray1 products
blush1 products
BB cream1 products
lip balm with SPF1 products

Data gaps

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Concern Reference
Risk assessment method deficiencies and data gaps - Maximum reported "as used" concentration is basis of safety assessment by industry safety panel (Cosmetic Ingredient Review, CIR) - implicit safe concentration limit in productCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments
Safety assessment was based on related chemicalCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments
16 studies in PubMed science library may include information on the toxicity of this chemicalNLM PubMed


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Concern Reference
Industry or government recommendations for safe use: restrictions on concentration, impurities, product types, or manufacturing methods - anyCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments

Data Sources

  • CIR (Cosmetic Ingredient Review). 2006. CIR Compendium, containing abstracts, discussions, and conclusions of CIR cosmetic ingredient safety assessments. Washington DC.
  • NLM (National Library of Medicine). 2012. PubMed online scientific bibliography data.


EWG provides information on personal care product ingredients from the published scientific literature, to supplement incomplete data available from companies and the government. The ratings below indicate the relative level of concern posed by exposure to the ingredients in this product - not the product itself - compared to other product formulations. The ratings reflect potential health hazards but do not account for the level of exposure or individual susceptibility, factors which determine actual health risks, if any. Learn more | Legal Disclaimer


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