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Data: Fair

  • Other Concerns
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  • About the Chemical
  • Synonyms


Cancer concern is LOW

Developmental & Reproductive Toxicity

Developmental & reproductive toxicity concern is LOW

Allergies & Immunotoxicity

Allergies & immunotoxicity concern is LOW

Products with this Ingredient

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foundation219 products
toothpaste146 products
mask82 products
recreational sunscreen62 products
facial moisturizer/treatment40 products
antiperspirant/deodorant37 products
daily use with SPF37 products
serums & essences30 products
mascara18 products
facial cleanser18 products
exfoliant/scrub16 products
hair color and bleaching13 products
baby sunscreen13 products
eye liner12 products
around-eye cream11 products
antiperspirant/deodorant (men's)10 products
toners/astringents8 products
concealer7 products
baby toothpaste7 products
tooth whitening7 products
moisturizer6 products
shampoo6 products
body wash/cleanser6 products
bath oil/salts/soak6 products
makeup primer6 products
bronzer/highlighter5 products
5 products
mouthwash4 products
eyelash glue3 products
hair styling aide3 products
conditioner3 products
after shave3 products
hair treatment/serum2 products
baby lotion2 products
body firming lotion2 products
brow liner2 products
styling gel/lotion2 products
anti-aging2 products
baby wipes2 products
eye makeup remover1 products
BB cream1 products
lip plumper1 products
detangler1 products
setting powder/spray1 products
pore strips1 products
baby soap1 products
body oil1 products
bubble bath1 products
shaving cream (men's)1 products
makeup remover1 products
baby shampoo1 products

Data gaps

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Concern Reference
Risk assessment method deficiencies and data gaps - Maximum reported "as used" concentration is basis of safety assessment by industry safety panel (Cosmetic Ingredient Review, CIR) - implicit safe concentration limit in productAmended safety assessment 03/09 - Available from CIR JACT 5(3):1-59, 1986 (original report)
14776 studies in PubMed science library may include information on the toxicity of this chemicalNLM PubMed


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Concern Reference
Not suspected to be an environmental toxinEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Multiple, additive exposure sources

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Concern Reference
Designated as safe for general or specific, limited use in foodFDA Food Additive Status
Designated as safe for general or specific, limited use in foodFDA Everything Added to Food


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Concern Reference
Industry or government recommendations for safe use: restrictions on concentration, impurities, product types, or manufacturing methods - anyAmended safety assessment 03/09 - Available from CIR JACT 5(3):1-59, 1986 (original report)

Organ system toxicity (non-reproductive)

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Concern Reference
Classified as not expected to be potentially toxic or harmfulEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List
Classified as a low human health priorityEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Data Sources

  • Amended safety assessment 03/09 - Available from CIR JACT 5(3):1-59, 1986 (original report)
  • NLM (National Library of Medicine). 2012. PubMed online scientific bibliography data.
  • EC (Environment Canada). 2008. Domestic Substances List Categorization. Canadian Environmental Protection Act (CEPA) Environmental Registry.
  • FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration) 2006. Food Additive Status List. Downloaded from, Oct 16, 2006.
  • FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration). 2008. EAFUS [Everything Added to Food]: A Food Additive Database. FDA Office of Food Safety and Applied Nutrition.


EWG provides information on personal care product ingredients from the published scientific literature, to supplement incomplete data available from companies and the government. The ratings below indicate the relative level of concern posed by exposure to the ingredients in this product - not the product itself - compared to other product formulations. The ratings reflect potential health hazards but do not account for the level of exposure or individual susceptibility, factors which determine actual health risks, if any. Learn more | Legal Disclaimer


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