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Data: Fair

  • Other Concerns
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  • About the Chemical
  • Synonyms


Cancer concern is LOW

Developmental & Reproductive Toxicity

Developmental & reproductive toxicity concern is LOW

Allergies & Immunotoxicity

Allergies & immunotoxicity concern is LOW

Products with this Ingredient

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foundation242 products
toothpaste220 products
mask119 products
recreational sunscreen65 products
facial moisturizer/treatment53 products
antiperspirant/deodorant53 products
serums & essences38 products
facial cleanser25 products
mascara22 products
around-eye cream22 products
tooth whitening17 products
exfoliant/scrub17 products
eye liner16 products
BB cream15 products
baby sunscreen14 products
daily use with SPF14 products
concealer13 products
body wash/cleanser12 products
bath oil/salts/soak12 products
antiperspirant/deodorant (men's)12 products
moisturizer11 products
shampoo10 products
eye shadow10 products
hair color and bleaching9 products
baby toothpaste9 products
makeup primer8 products
mouthwash8 products
toners/astringents7 products
bronzer/highlighter6 products
5 products
eyelash glue4 products
after shave4 products
conditioner4 products
hair treatment/serum3 products
hair styling aide3 products
brow liner3 products
body firming lotion3 products
anti-aging3 products
liquid hand soap3 products
setting powder/spray2 products
nail polish2 products
pore strips2 products
makeup remover2 products
baby shampoo2 products
styling gel/lotion2 products
after sun product2 products
lipstick1 products
eye makeup remover1 products
foot moisturizer1 products
bubble bath1 products
detangler1 products
baby lotion1 products
body oil1 products
lip plumper1 products
lip balm1 products
shaving cream (men's)1 products
baby soap1 products

Data gaps

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Concern Reference
Risk assessment method deficiencies and data gaps - Maximum reported "as used" concentration is basis of safety assessment by industry safety panel (Cosmetic Ingredient Review, CIR) - implicit safe concentration limit in productCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments
14776 studies in PubMed science library may include information on the toxicity of this chemicalNLM PubMed

Multiple, additive exposure sources

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Concern Reference
Designated as safe for general or specific, limited use in foodFDA Everything Added to Food
Designated as safe for general or specific, limited use in foodFDA Food Additive Status


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Concern Reference
Industry or government recommendations for safe use: restrictions on concentration, impurities, product types, or manufacturing methods - anyCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments


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Concern Reference
Not suspected to be an environmental toxinEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Organ system toxicity (non-reproductive)

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Concern Reference
Classified as not expected to be potentially toxic or harmfulEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List
Classified as a low human health priorityEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Data Sources

  • CIR (Cosmetic Ingredient Review). 2006. CIR Compendium, containing abstracts, discussions, and conclusions of CIR cosmetic ingredient safety assessments. Washington DC.
  • NLM (National Library of Medicine). 2012. PubMed online scientific bibliography data.
  • FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration). 2008. EAFUS [Everything Added to Food]: A Food Additive Database. FDA Office of Food Safety and Applied Nutrition.
  • FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration) 2006. Food Additive Status List. Downloaded from, Oct 16, 2006.
  • EC (Environment Canada). 2008. Domestic Substances List Categorization. Canadian Environmental Protection Act (CEPA) Environmental Registry.


EWG provides information on personal care product ingredients from the published scientific literature, to supplement incomplete data available from companies and the government. The ratings below indicate the relative level of concern posed by exposure to the ingredients in this product - not the product itself - compared to other product formulations. The ratings reflect potential health hazards but do not account for the level of exposure or individual susceptibility, factors which determine actual health risks, if any. Learn more | Legal Disclaimer


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