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Data: Fair

  • Other Concerns
  • Functions
  • About the Chemical
  • Synonyms
  • Contamination concerns (high)


Cancer concern is LOW

Developmental & Reproductive Toxicity

Developmental & reproductive toxicity concern is LOW

Allergies & Immunotoxicity

Allergies & immunotoxicity concern is LOW

Products with this Ingredient

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beach & sport sunscreen848 products
lipstick734 products
foundation482 products
facial moisturizer/treatment412 products
moisturizer372 products
moisturizer with SPF321 products
lip balm313 products
concealer292 products
lip gloss253 products
serums & essences210 products
eye shadow161 products
lip balm with SPF159 products
bronzer/highlighter153 products
conditioner138 products
shampoo125 products
exfoliant/scrub123 products
eye liner114 products
facial cleanser114 products
lip liner113 products
blush103 products
baby sunscreen99 products
mask95 products
brow liner92 products
body wash/cleanser91 products
body oil77 products
body firming lotion77 products
antiperspirant/deodorant73 products
around-eye cream68 products
mascara67 products
hair treatment/serum49 products
makeup primer48 products
facial powder48 products
hand cream45 products
anti-aging44 products
hair color and bleaching37 products
BB cream36 products
bath oil/salts/soak34 products
baby lotion34 products
liquid hand soap32 products
Tanning Sprays30 products
hair styling aide29 products
makeup remover25 products
makeup with SPF24 products
bar soap23 products
styling gel/lotion22 products
CC cream22 products
Facial Sun Care21 products
toners/astringents20 products
beard oil20 products
shaving cream18 products
baby soap17 products
fragrance for women16 products
baby oil16 products
diaper cream14 products
other eye makeup13 products
toothpaste12 products
sunless tanning12 products
baby shampoo11 products
vapor rubs10 products
fragrance for men10 products
lip plumper9 products
shaving cream (men's)8 products
foot moisturizer8 products
hair spray7 products
after shave7 products
bubble bath7 products
eye makeup remover7 products
detangler6 products
baby wipes5 products
after sun product4 products
cuticle treatment4 products
hand sanitizer4 products
oil controller4 products
antiperspirant/deodorant (men's)4 products
styling mousse/foam4 products
nail treatment3 products
body spray3 products
Lip Stain3 products
muscle/joint soreness3 products
other men's products3 products
baby bubble bath2 products
depilatory2 products
mouthwash2 products
polish remover1 products
Oils & Serums1 products
tanning oil1 products
skin fading/lightener1 products
baby powder1 products
foot odor control1 products
eyelash glue1 products
damaged skin treatment1 products
Under Eye Concealers1 products

Contamination concerns

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Concern Reference
One or more animal studies show tumor formation at high dosesConstantinides P, Harkey M 1985. Initiation of a transplantable fibrosarcoma by the synergism of two non-initiators, alpha-tocopherol and soya oil. Virchows Arch A Pathol Anat Histopathol 405(3): 285-97.

Data gaps

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Concern Reference
Risk assessment method deficiencies and data gaps - Maximum reported "as used" concentration is basis of safety assessment by industry safety panel (Cosmetic Ingredient Review, CIR) - implicit safe concentration limit in productCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments
43489 studies in PubMed science library may include information on the toxicity of this chemicalNLM PubMed


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Concern Reference
Not suspected to be an environmental toxinEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Multiple, additive exposure sources

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Concern Reference
Designated as safe for general or specific, limited use in foodFDA Food Additive Status
Designated as safe for general or specific, limited use in foodFDA Everything Added to Food


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Concern Reference
Industry or government recommendations for safe use: restrictions on concentration, impurities, product types, or manufacturing methods - anyCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments

Organ system toxicity (non-reproductive)

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Concern Reference
Classified as not expected to be potentially toxic or harmfulEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Persistence and bioaccumulation

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Concern Reference
Not suspected to be bioaccumulativeEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Data Sources

  • Constantinides P, Harkey M 1985. Initiation of a transplantable fibrosarcoma by the synergism of two non-initiators, alpha-tocopherol and soya oil. Virchows Arch A Pathol Anat Histopathol 405(3): 285-97.
  • CIR (Cosmetic Ingredient Review). 2006. CIR Compendium, containing abstracts, discussions, and conclusions of CIR cosmetic ingredient safety assessments. Washington DC.
  • NLM (National Library of Medicine). 2012. PubMed online scientific bibliography data.
  • EC (Environment Canada). 2008. Domestic Substances List Categorization. Canadian Environmental Protection Act (CEPA) Environmental Registry.
  • FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration) 2006. Food Additive Status List. Downloaded from, Oct 16, 2006.
  • FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration). 2008. EAFUS [Everything Added to Food]: A Food Additive Database. FDA Office of Food Safety and Applied Nutrition.


EWG provides information on personal care product ingredients from the published scientific literature, to supplement incomplete data available from companies and the government. The ratings below indicate the relative level of concern posed by exposure to the ingredients in this product - not the product itself - compared to other product formulations. The ratings reflect potential health hazards but do not account for the level of exposure or individual susceptibility, factors which determine actual health risks, if any. Learn more | Legal Disclaimer


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