EWG's Tap Water Database — 2021 UPDATE


Dichloroacetic acid

Lillington Water System-riverbluff

Dichloroacetic acid, one of the group of five haloacetic acids regulated by federal standards, is formed when chlorine or other disinfectants are used to treat drinking water. Haloacetic acids and other disinfection byproducts increase the risk of cancer and may cause problems during pregnancy. Click here to read more about disinfection byproducts.





Samples exceeding legal limit (MCL)


Samples exceeding
health guidelines

Testing results - average by year

YearAverage resultSamples takenDetectionsRange of results
20149.36 ppb32326.30 ppb - 14.7 ppb
201513.6 ppb32325.60 ppb - 23.4 ppb
20169.64 ppb32324.90 ppb - 17.5 ppb
20176.00 ppb32322.00 ppb - 12.6 ppb
201815.2 ppb4410.1 ppb - 25.6 ppb
20199.10 ppb446.40 ppb - 11.6 ppb

ppb = parts per billion

State and national drinking water standards and health guidelines

EWG Health Guideline 0.2 ppb

The EWG Health Guideline of 0.2 ppb for dichloroacetic acid was proposed in 2020 by the California Office of Environmental Health Hazard Assessment as a public health goal, the level of a drinking water contaminant that does not pose a significant health risk.a one-in-a-million lifetime risk of cancer. Values greater than one-in-a-million cancer risk level can result in increased cancer cases above one in a million people.

ppb = parts per billion

All test results

Date Lab ID Result
2018-03-088639-030818-B01M14.9 ppb
2018-05-078639-050718-B01M10.2 ppb
2018-08-158639-081518-B01M25.6 ppb
2018-11-288639-112818-B01M10.1 ppb
2019-02-138639-021319-B01M6.40 ppb
2019-05-148639-051419-B01M11.6 ppb
2019-08-138639-081319-B01M6.80 ppb
2019-11-138639-111319-B01M11.6 ppb