EWG's Tap Water Database


Dichloroacetic acid

City of Flint

Dichloroacetic acid, one of the group of five haloacetic acids regulated by federal standards, is formed when chlorine or other disinfectants are used to treat drinking water. Haloacetic acids and other disinfection byproducts increase the risk of cancer and may cause problems during pregnancy. Click here to read more about disinfection byproducts.





Samples exceeding legal limit (MCL)


Samples exceeding
health guidelines

Testing results - average by year

YearAverage resultSamples takenDetectionsRange of results
20105.11 ppb19192.00 ppb - 9.00 ppb
20114.60 ppb20202.00 ppb - 7.00 ppb
20126.53 ppb17173.00 ppb - 12.0 ppb
20136.25 ppb16163.00 ppb - 10.00 ppb
201412.3 ppb31312.00 ppb - 36.0 ppb

ppb = parts per billion.

State and national drinking water standards and health guidelines

Health Guideline 0.7 ppb

The health guideline of 0.7 ppb for dichloroacetic acid was defined by the Environmental Protection Agency as a one-in-a-million lifetime risk of cancer. Values greater than one-in-a-million cancer risk level can result in increased cancer cases above one in a million people.

ppb = parts per billion.

EPA Maximum Contaminant
Level Goal (MCLG)0 ppb

A non-enforceable federal health guideline. For cancer-causing chemicals, these health goals are typically set to zero.

ppb = parts per billion.

All test results

Date Lab ID Result
2010-03-02LLD185214.00 ppb
2010-03-02LLD185204.00 ppb
2010-03-02LLD185183.00 ppb
2010-03-03LLD185194.00 ppb
2010-03-03LLD185223.00 ppb
2010-05-11LLD280575.00 ppb
2010-05-11LLD280583.00 ppb
2010-05-12LLD280594.00 ppb
2010-05-12LLD280646.00 ppb
2010-08-25LLD474339.00 ppb
2010-08-25LLD474347.00 ppb
2010-08-25LLD474356.00 ppb
2010-08-26LLD474367.00 ppb
2010-08-26LLD474374.00 ppb
2010-10-20LLD571979.00 ppb
2010-10-20LLD571996.00 ppb
2010-10-20LLD571986.00 ppb
2010-10-21LLD572005.00 ppb
2010-10-21LLD572012.00 ppb
2011-03-03LLD719923.00 ppb
2011-03-03LLD719963.00 ppb
2011-03-03LLD719933.00 ppb
2011-03-03LLD719953.00 ppb
2011-03-03LLD719943.00 ppb
2011-06-09LLD845125.00 ppb
2011-06-09LLD845107.00 ppb
2011-06-09LLD845136.00 ppb
2011-06-09LLD845116.00 ppb
2011-06-09LLD845146.00 ppb
2011-09-08LLD998606.00 ppb
2011-09-08LLD998597.00 ppb
2011-09-08LLD998615.00 ppb
2011-09-08LLD998624.00 ppb
2011-09-08LLD998637.00 ppb
2011-12-06LLE110834.00 ppb
2011-12-06LLE110855.00 ppb
2011-12-06LLE110864.00 ppb
2011-12-06LLE110842.00 ppb
2011-12-06LLE110873.00 ppb
2012-03-13LLE201904.00 ppb
2012-03-13LLE201864.00 ppb
2012-03-13LLE201874.00 ppb
2012-03-13LLE201895.00 ppb
2012-03-13LLE201884.00 ppb
2012-05-23LLE291028.00 ppb
2012-05-23LLE2910011.0 ppb
2012-05-23LLE291017.00 ppb
2012-05-23LLE291038.00 ppb
2012-08-22LLE443105.00 ppb
2012-08-22LLE443095.00 ppb
2012-08-22LLE4430811.0 ppb
2012-08-22LLE4431112.0 ppb
2012-11-20LLE560683.00 ppb
2012-11-20LLE560665.00 ppb
2012-11-20LLE5606510.00 ppb
2012-11-20LLE560675.00 ppb
2013-02-20LLE647553.00 ppb
2013-02-20LLE647569.00 ppb
2013-02-20LLE647543.00 ppb
2013-02-20LLE647534.00 ppb
2013-05-22LLE7499410.00 ppb
2013-05-22LLE749964.00 ppb
2013-05-22LLE749955.00 ppb
2013-05-22LLE749976.00 ppb
2013-08-21LLE897715.00 ppb
2013-08-21LLE897736.00 ppb
2013-08-21LLE8977410.00 ppb
2013-08-21LLE897729.00 ppb
2013-11-20LLF022856.00 ppb
2013-11-20LLF0228410.00 ppb
2013-11-20LLF022864.00 ppb
2013-11-20LLF022876.00 ppb
2014-02-19LLF099464.00 ppb
2014-02-19LLF099473.00 ppb
2014-02-19LLF099484.00 ppb
2014-02-19LLF099455.00 ppb
2014-05-21LLF1942326.0 ppb
2014-05-21LLF1942423.0 ppb
2014-05-21LLF1942526.0 ppb
2014-05-21LLF1942924.0 ppb
2014-05-21LLF1942236.0 ppb
2014-05-21LLF1942618.0 ppb
2014-05-21LLF1942720.0 ppb
2014-05-21LLF1942824.0 ppb
2014-08-21LLF3416516.0 ppb
2014-08-21LLF341709.00 ppb
2014-08-21LLF341647.00 ppb
2014-08-21LLF3416918.0 ppb
2014-08-21LLF341716.00 ppb
2014-08-21LLF3416613.0 ppb
2014-08-21LLF341676.00 ppb
2014-08-21LLF341687.00 ppb
2014-11-19LLF471719.00 ppb
2014-11-19LLF471692.00 ppb
2014-11-19LLF4717011.0 ppb
2014-11-19LLF4717810.00 ppb
2014-11-19LLF471777.00 ppb
2014-11-20LLF471726.00 ppb
2014-11-20LLF4717411.0 ppb
2014-11-20LLF471758.00 ppb
2014-11-20LLF471738.00 ppb
2014-11-20LLF471768.00 ppb
2014-11-20LLF471817.00 ppb