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EWG's Tap Water Database — 2019 UPDATE

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Chloroform

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Chloroform, one of the total trihalomethanes (TTHMs), is formed when chlorine or other disinfectants are used to treat drinking water. Chloroform and other disinfection byproducts increase the risk of cancer and may cause problems during pregnancy. Read More.

In addition to tap water disinfection, chloroform pollution in the environment also comes from industrial discharges from pulp and paper mills, and from urban wastewater effluent. Human studies show that chloroform damages the kidneys, liver and central nervous system. In animals, chloroform causes infertility, birth defects and cancer.

Click here to read more about disinfection byproducts.

 

15

Samples

0

Samples exceeding legal limit (MCL)

6

Samples exceeding
health guidelines

Testing results - average by year

 
YearAverage resultSamples takenDetectionsRange of results
2012ND20ND
2013ND30ND
2014ND30ND
2015ND10ND
20161.64 ppb441.28 ppb - 2.46 ppb
20171.64 ppb221.38 ppb - 1.90 ppb

ppb = parts per billion

State and national drinking water standards and health guidelines

EWG Health Guideline 0.4 ppb

The EWG Health Guideline of 0.4 ppb for chloroform was proposed in 2018 by the California Office of Environmental Health Hazard Assessment as a one-in-a-million lifetime risk of cancer. Values greater than one-in-a-million cancer risk level can result in increased cancer cases above one in a million people.

ppb = parts per billion

All test results

Date Lab ID Result
2012-04-24AB87952ND
2012-04-24AB87954ND
2013-02-071302273014ND
2013-02-071302273010ND
2013-02-071302273012ND
2014-05-01Q1414182010ND
2014-05-01Q1414182001ND
2014-05-01Q1414182008ND
2015-06-18Q1522930001ND
2016-02-10Q16060300021.31 ppb
2016-06-08Q16231350041.51 ppb
2016-09-07Q16360540042.46 ppb
2016-10-31Q16463980031.28 ppb
2017-02-09Q17058850021.90 ppb
2017-04-19Q17161690021.38 ppb