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EWG's Tap Water Database — 2019 UPDATE

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Di(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate

City of San Benito

Di(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate, or DEHP, is a softener added to PVC plastics. Phthalates are hormone disruptors that target the male reproductive system. Read More.

DEHP can cross the placenta and disrupt steroid hormone synthesis, and may lead to cancer. In laboratory animals, exposure to DEHP during pregnancy harms fetal developmental and causes abnormalities in the male reproductive tract. Human epidemiological studies show certain phthalates, especially DEHP, are associated with reduced anogenital distance in human male infants, which is a measure of adverse developmental effects in human male infants exposed prenatally to endocrine disrupting chemicals. DEHP may also interfere with signaling related to the timing of birth and may have adverse effects on the immune system.

 

14

Samples

0

Samples exceeding legal limit (MCL)

0

Samples exceeding
health guidelines

Testing results - average by year

 
YearAverage resultSamples takenDetectionsRange of results
20120.336 ppb51ND - 1.68 ppb
20130.438 ppb42ND - 1.10 ppb
2014ND20ND
2015ND10ND
2016ND10ND
2017ND10ND

ppb = parts per billion

State and national drinking water standards and health guidelines

EWG Health Guideline 3 ppb

The EWG Health Guideline of 3 ppb for di(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate was defined by the Environmental Protection Agency as a one-in-a-million lifetime risk of cancer. Values greater than one-in-a-million cancer risk level can result in increased cancer cases above one in a million people.

EPA Maximum Contaminant
Level (MCL) 6 ppb

The legal limit for di(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate, established in 1992, was based on analytical detection limits at the time that the standard was set.

ppb = parts per billion

All test results

Date Lab ID Result
2012-01-1112012500031.68 ppb
2012-04-101204235004ND
2012-04-101204235003ND
2012-07-181207811001ND
2012-12-05AC06244ND
2013-01-16AC08039ND
2013-04-02AC155561.10 ppb
2013-04-02AC15554ND
2013-07-09AC241790.650 ppb
2014-03-05AC45755ND
2014-06-03AC55828ND
2015-03-18AC85138ND
2016-03-08AD27719ND
2017-03-15AD75281ND