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EWG's Tap Water Database — 2019 UPDATE

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1,4-Dioxane

City of Biloxi

1,4-Dioxane is a solvent classified by the EPA as a likely human carcinogen. It contaminates groundwater in many states due to industrial wastewater discharges, plastic manufacturing runoff and landfill runoff. Read More.

Animal studies show that 1,4-dioxane can target the liver, kidneys and respiratory system, and that prenatal exposure can harm the developing fetus. The State of California has set a Public Heatlh Goal of no more than 1 part per billion of 1,4-dioxane in drinking water. The state of Massachusetts sets a legal limit of 0.3 ppb, and New Hampshire's limit is 3 parts per billion. There is no national drinking water standard for this contaminant.

Click here to read more about 1,4-dioxane.

 

26

Samples

0

Samples exceeding legal limit (MCL)

0

Samples exceeding
health guidelines

Testing results - average by year

 
YearAverage resultSamples takenDetectionsRange of results
2012N/A00N/A
2013ND130ND
2014ND130ND
2015N/A00N/A
2016N/A00N/A
2017N/A00N/A

ppb = parts per billion

State and national drinking water standards and health guidelines

EWG Health Guideline 0.35 ppb

The EWG Health Guideline of 0.35 ppb for 1,4-dioxane was defined by the Environmental Protection Agency as a one-in-a-million lifetime risk of cancer. Values greater than one-in-a-million cancer risk level can result in increased cancer cases above one in a million people.

ppb = parts per billion

All test results

Date Lab ID Result
2013-10-21754009-10160ND
2013-10-21754001-10160ND
2013-10-21754030-10194ND
2013-10-21754020-10194ND
2013-10-21754022-10194ND
2013-10-21754003-10160ND
2013-10-21754018-10194ND
2013-10-21754016-10194ND
2013-10-21754007-10160ND
2013-10-21754024-10194ND
2013-10-21754026-10194ND
2013-10-21754005-10160ND
2013-11-13758659-10316ND
2014-04-22781966-11223ND
2014-04-22781912-11223ND
2014-04-22781962-11223ND
2014-04-22781940-11223ND
2014-04-22781968-11223ND
2014-04-22781910-11223ND
2014-04-22781932-11223ND
2014-04-22781908-11223ND
2014-04-22781934-11223ND
2014-04-22781970-11236ND
2014-04-22781930-11223ND
2014-04-22781960-11223ND
2014-05-05783994-11306ND