EWG's Tap Water Database — 2021 UPDATE



Audrain County Public Water Supply District 1

Chloroform, one of the total trihalomethanes (TTHMs), is formed when chlorine or other disinfectants are used to treat drinking water. Chloroform and other disinfection byproducts increase the risk of cancer and may cause problems during pregnancy. Read More.

In addition to tap water disinfection, chloroform pollution in the environment also comes from industrial discharges from pulp and paper mills, and from urban wastewater effluent. Human studies show that chloroform damages the kidneys, liver and central nervous system. In animals, chloroform causes infertility, birth defects and cancer.

Click here to read more about disinfection byproducts.





Samples exceeding legal limit (MCL)


Samples exceeding
health guidelines

Testing results - average by year

YearAverage resultSamples takenDetectionsRange of results
20140.590 ppb220.540 ppb - 0.640 ppb
20150.610 ppb110.610 ppb
20160.810 ppb110.810 ppb
20170.580 ppb110.580 ppb
20182.01 ppb112.01 ppb
20192.41 ppb112.41 ppb

ppb = parts per billion

State and national drinking water standards and health guidelines

EWG Health Guideline 0.4 ppb

The EWG Health Guideline of 0.4 ppb for chloroform was proposed in 2018 by the California Office of Environmental Health Hazard Assessment as a one-in-a-million lifetime risk of cancer. Values greater than one-in-a-million cancer risk level can result in increased cancer cases above one in a million people.

ppb = parts per billion

All test results

Date Lab ID Result
2014-08-20AC332040.640 ppb
2014-08-20AC332050.540 ppb
2015-08-31AC573390.610 ppb
2016-09-23AC853050.810 ppb
2017-08-14AD033100.580 ppb
2018-08-13AD311302.01 ppb
2019-08-19AD538552.41 ppb