EWG's Tap Water Database



Grants Way

1,2-Dichloroethane is a volatile carcinogenic chemical used to make plastic products such as polyvinyl chloride. Read More.

Also known as ethylene dichloride, it has been widely used as an intermediate for manufacturing other chemicals and as a solvent. 1,2-Dichloroethane causes multiple types of cancer in animal studies, and damages liver, kidneys, and the immune and nervous systems. The EPA classifies 1,2-dichloroethane as a probable human carcinogen.

Click here to read more about carcinogenic VOCs.





Samples exceeding legal limit (MCL)


Samples exceeding
health guidelines

Testing results - average by year

YearAverage resultSamples takenDetectionsRange of results
20100.843 ppb32ND - 1.40 ppb
20110.683 ppb43ND - 0.950 ppb
20120.583 ppb43ND - 0.840 ppb
20140.758 ppb440.660 ppb - 0.910 ppb
20150.598 ppb440.540 ppb - 0.640 ppb

ppb = parts per billion.

State and national drinking water standards and health guidelines

Health Guideline 0.4 ppb

The health guideline of 0.4 ppb for 1,2-dichloroethane was defined by the California Office of Environmental Health Hazard Assessment as a public health goal, the level of a drinking water contaminant that does not pose a significant health risk. This health guideline protects against cancer.

ppb = parts per billion.

EPA Maximum Contaminant
Level (MCL) 5 ppb

The enforceable federal standard that defines the highest level of a contaminant allowed in drinking water.

ppb = parts per billion.

EPA Maximum Contaminant
Level Goal (MCLG)0 ppb

A non-enforceable federal health guideline. For cancer-causing chemicals, these health goals are typically set to zero.

ppb = parts per billion.

All test results

Date Lab ID Result
2010-04-14S731151.13 ppb
2010-09-13A10090774-021.40 ppb
2011-04-25S2279210.950 ppb
2011-07-26S2013640.950 ppb
2011-10-21S1966340.830 ppb
2012-01-26S3134610.840 ppb
2012-04-26S3135840.800 ppb
2012-07-24S3664440.690 ppb
2014-01-30S4383210.760 ppb
2014-04-23S4790780.660 ppb
2014-07-23L5171337-10.910 ppb
2014-10-15S2577420.700 ppb
2015-01-15S5046010.640 ppb
2015-04-21S5804970.620 ppb
2015-08-24S6124060.590 ppb
2015-10-20S6147510.540 ppb