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EWG's Tap Water Database — 2019 UPDATE

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Carbon tetrachloride

San Francisco Regional Water System

Carbon tetrachloride, a volatile carcinogenic solvent, has been used in industrial chemical production and as a dry cleaning ingredient. Read More.

Carbon tetrachloride is no longer permitted in products intended for home use in the U.S. In the past, it was widely used as a dry cleaning ingredient, fire extinguishing chemical, pesticide and chemical intermediate for manufacturing refrigerants. Carbon tetrachloride does not break down easily and can remain in groundwater for years. In addition to increasing cancer risk, carbon tetrachloride harms the liver and causes central nervous system depression, irregular heart rate, and kidney damage. Maternal exposure to carbon tetrachloride in drinking water has been associated with a risk of birth defects.

Click here to read more about carcinogenic VOCs.

 

14

Samples

0

Samples exceeding legal limit (MCL)

0

Samples exceeding
health guidelines

Testing results - average by year

 
YearAverage resultSamples takenDetectionsRange of results
2012ND10ND
2013ND30ND
2014ND20ND
2015ND20ND
2016ND30ND
2017ND30ND

ppb = parts per billion

State and national drinking water standards and health guidelines

EWG Health Guideline 0.1 ppb

The EWG Health Guideline of 0.1 ppb for carbon tetrachloride was defined by the California Office of Environmental Health Hazard Assessment as a public health goal, the level of a drinking water contaminant that does not pose a significant health risk. This health guideline protects against cancer.

EPA Maximum Contaminant
Level (MCL) 5 ppb

The legal limit for carbon tetrachloride, established in 1987, was based on analytical detection limits at the time that the standard was set. This limit does not fully protect against the risk of cancer due to carbon tetrachloride exposure.

ppb = parts per billion

All test results

Date Lab ID Result
2012-06-139590-001-1045ND
2013-06-189553-016-0936ND
2013-06-189553-001-1110ND
2013-10-079553-015-1024ND
2014-06-179553-016-0904ND
2014-06-179553-001-1130ND
2015-05-279553-001-1235ND
2015-06-189553-015-0915ND
2016-06-149553-015-1231ND
2016-06-149553-001-1105ND
2016-06-219553-016-1055ND
2017-06-199553-015-1100ND
2017-06-199553-001-1025ND
2017-06-199553-016-0953ND