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EWG's Tap Water Database — 2019 UPDATE

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Chlorate

San Francisco Regional Water System

Chlorate forms in drinking water as a byproduct of disinfection. Chlorate impairs thyroid function, making chlorate exposure most harmful during pregnancy and childhood. Read More.

In 2002, California scientists proposed an advisory value, called an action level, for chlorate at 200 parts per billion. Between 2013 and 2015, the EPA collected data through the Unregulated Contaminant Monitoring Rule program and found that over 15 percent of water tests from 38 percent of utilities had chlorate levels above a health-protective concentration, which federal scientists defined as 210 parts per billion, nearly equivalent to the California advisory value.

Click here to read more about disinfection byproducts.

 

16

Samples

0

Samples exceeding legal limit (MCL)

6

Samples exceeding
health guidelines

Testing results - average by year

 
YearAverage resultSamples takenDetectionsRange of results
2012370.2 ppb22358.7 ppb - 381.6 ppb
2013313.0 ppb3339.0 ppb - 690.0 ppb
2014311.3 ppb3334.0 ppb - 740.0 ppb
2015143.0 ppb3339.0 ppb - 260.0 ppb
2016230.0 ppb22210.0 ppb - 250.0 ppb
201776.7 ppb3351.0 ppb - 100.0 ppb

ppb = parts per billion

State and national drinking water standards and health guidelines

EWG Health Guideline 210 ppb

The EWG Health Guideline of 210 ppb for chlorate was defined by the Environmental Protection Agency as a benchmark for testing under the Unregulated Contaminant Monitoring Rule program. This health guideline protects against hormone disruption.

ppb = parts per billion

All test results

Date Lab ID Result
2012-06-139553-015-1220381.6 ppb
2012-07-249553-016-0915358.7 ppb
2013-06-189590-001-111039.0 ppb
2013-06-189590-016-0936210.0 ppb
2013-10-079590-015-1024690.0 ppb
2014-06-179590-016-0904160.0 ppb
2014-06-179590-001-113034.0 ppb
2014-09-16740.0 ppb
2015-05-279590-016-0830130.0 ppb
2015-05-279590-001-123539.0 ppb
2015-06-189590-015-0915260.0 ppb
2016-06-219590-016-1055250.0 ppb
2016-07-059590-016-0920210.0 ppb
2017-06-199590-016-0953100.0 ppb
2017-06-199590-015-110079.0 ppb
2017-06-199590-001-102551.0 ppb