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EWG's Tap Water Database — 2019 UPDATE

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Di(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate

Three Valleys Municipal Water District

Di(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate, or DEHP, is a softener added to PVC plastics. Phthalates are hormone disruptors that target the male reproductive system. Read More.

DEHP can cross the placenta and disrupt steroid hormone synthesis, and may lead to cancer. In laboratory animals, exposure to DEHP during pregnancy harms fetal developmental and causes abnormalities in the male reproductive tract. Human epidemiological studies show certain phthalates, especially DEHP, are associated with reduced anogenital distance in human male infants, which is a measure of adverse developmental effects in human male infants exposed prenatally to endocrine disrupting chemicals. DEHP may also interfere with signaling related to the timing of birth and may have adverse effects on the immune system.

 

22

Samples

0

Samples exceeding legal limit (MCL)

0

Samples exceeding
health guidelines

Testing results - average by year

 
YearAverage resultSamples takenDetectionsRange of results
2012ND50ND
2013ND40ND
2014ND20ND
2015ND20ND
2016ND50ND
2017ND40ND

ppb = parts per billion

State and national drinking water standards and health guidelines

EWG Health Guideline 3 ppb

The EWG Health Guideline of 3 ppb for di(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate was defined by the Environmental Protection Agency as a one-in-a-million lifetime risk of cancer. Values greater than one-in-a-million cancer risk level can result in increased cancer cases above one in a million people.

EPA Maximum Contaminant
Level (MCL) 6 ppb

The legal limit for di(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate, established in 1992, was based on analytical detection limits at the time that the standard was set.

ppb = parts per billion

All test results

Date Lab ID Result
2012-04-173761-002-1100ND
2012-05-153761-002-1100ND
2012-06-133761-004-1200ND
2012-09-119588-004-0800ND
2012-09-119588-002-0000ND
2013-03-053761-002-1040ND
2013-06-113761-002-0830ND
2013-09-173761-002-0000ND
2013-12-173761-002-1000ND
2014-06-103761-004-1030ND
2014-09-163761-004-1101ND
2015-03-103761-002-0930ND
2015-06-093761-004-0940ND
2016-03-153761-002-0900ND
2016-06-213761-004-1006ND
2016-06-213761-002-1030ND
2016-09-133761-002-1000ND
2016-12-133761-002-1020ND
2017-03-213761-004-1040ND
2017-06-213761-004-1100ND
2017-06-213761-002-1000ND
2017-09-123761-002-0900ND