EWG's Tap Water Database — 2019 UPDATE



Three Valleys Municipal Water District

Fluoride occurs naturally in surface and groundwater and is also added to drinking water by many water systems. Read More.

Fluoride has been promoted as a chemical that reduces dental cavities. Yet it is now well-established that fluoride primarily exerts its protective effects through topical mechanisms, such as sodium fluoride in toothpaste and mouthwash. In contrast, long-term ingestion of fluoride in water increases dental fluorosis, which includes mottling, pitting and weakening of the teeth. EPA's maximum legal limit is set at 4 parts per million (ppm) to prevent skeletal fluorosis, a condition where bones become brittle and more susceptible to fractures, although these effects may occur at lower doses.

Even fluoride levels of 0.7 ppm, the amount of fluoride in drinking water recommended by the U.S. Public Health Service, can result in too much fluoride for bottle-fed babies. EWG recommends that caregivers mix baby formula with fluoride-free water. The National Toxicology Program is investigating the potential for low doses of fluoride to alter thyroid function and childhood brain development.





Samples exceeding legal limit (MCL)


Samples exceeding
health guidelines

Testing results - average by year

YearAverage resultSamples takenDetectionsRange of results
20120.350 ppm220.140 ppm - 0.560 ppm
20130.150 ppm110.150 ppm
20140.405 ppm220.160 ppm - 0.650 ppm
20150.400 ppm220.210 ppm - 0.590 ppm
20160.415 ppm220.240 ppm - 0.590 ppm
20170.407 ppm32ND - 0.640 ppm

ppm = parts per million

State and national drinking water standards and health guidelines

EPA Maximum Contaminant
Level (MCL) 4 ppm

ppm = parts per million

All test results

Date Lab ID Result
2012-03-213761-002-11000.140 ppm
2012-07-183761-004-07520.560 ppm
2013-03-053761-002-10400.150 ppm
2014-03-113761-002-10300.160 ppm
2014-08-263761-004-10000.650 ppm
2015-03-103761-002-09300.210 ppm
2015-07-143761-004-08320.590 ppm
2016-03-153761-002-09000.240 ppm
2016-07-193761-004-09450.590 ppm
2017-05-163761-004-09000.640 ppm
2017-07-183761-004-09000.580 ppm