about this participant:

Jennifer Hill-Kelley, an environmental quality director from Green Bay, WI, participated in the -0001 biomonitoring investigation entitled "Adult Minority Leader Report." She gave blood and urine for the study on August 5, 2008 at age 40.

Jennifer Hill-Kelley is an environmental quality director of the 100-square-mile Oneida Nation near Green Bay, Wisconsin, signs her emails wahnislateni ne yohantsya^teni -- every day is earth day.

She has spent 12 years overseeing cleanup of the reservation's fishing streams and ground waters and restoring the tribe's traditional fishery. That mission says Hill-Kelley, is "near to my heart" because it was sparkling Duck Creek that in 1822 enticed the Oneida people, fleeing white settlers in upstate New York, to settle this 100-square-mile reservation near Lake Michigan's Green Bay.

Today, Duck Creek is polluted with polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs), industrial chemicals that local paper mills dumped by the ton into nearby Fox River and the bay itself. In 1977, the U.S. government banned the manufacture of PCBs, by that time classified as known human carcinogens, but the waters in and around Green Bay remain contaminated by PCBs and other toxins such as mercury, dioxins and the pesticide DDT.

The Oneida reservation's waters have also been fouled by sediment from urbanization and agricultural chemicals and manure from surrounding farms.

"The fishing tradition is integral to our culture," says Hill-Kelley, "We want to be able to fish again on the reservation." Today, thanks in part to her work, streams are clearer, wetlands have been restored, and birds, trout and other wildlife are returning to a greener landscape.


Green Bay, WI

Participant's groups:

Women of Childbearing Age, Female


Adult Minority Leader Report

Sample Date:

August 5, 2008

health & safety concerns:
chemicals found in this person
Brain and nervous system29
Reproduction and fertility28
Birth defects and developmental delays3
Endocrine system3
Hematologic (blood) system2
Immune system (including sensitization and allergies)2
Chronic effects, general2

picture of Jennifer Hill-Kelley

Participant: Jennifer Hill-Kelley
Found 37-40 of 75 tested chemicals

Jennifer Hill-Kelley's blood and urine contained 37-40 of 75 industrial compounds, pollutants and other chemicals tested, including chemicals linked to brain and nervous system toxicity, reproductive toxicity and fertility problems, and birth defects and developmental delays.

Summary of chemicals found in Jennifer Hill-Kelley

chemical family level found health effects exposure routes
Polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs)moderateReproduction and fertility, Brain and nervous system Foam furniture, carpet padding, computers, televisions, contaminated house dust, food
Perfluorochemicals (PFCs)lowBirth defects and developmental delays, Cancer, Endocrine system Stain- and grease-proof coatings on food packaging, couches, carpets, pans
PerchloratelowHematologic (blood) system, Birth defects and developmental delays Contaminated food and drinking water
Nitro- and polycylic- muskshighEndocrine system Cosmetics, perfumes, cleaning agents, detergents, soaps
Bisphenol Ahigh Polycarbonate plastics, food can linings, dental sealants
MercurymoderateBrain and nervous system Seafood, flu shots/vaccines, dental fillings
Methylmercurymoderate Dietary sources, particularly seafood
Leadlow Lead-based paint in older homes, household dust, vinyl products, tap water

Test results by chemical family (see each chemical)

polybrominated diphenyl ethers (pbdes)

24-27 of 46 found — see each chemical

Fire retardants in furniture foam, computers, and televisions. Accumulate in human tissues. May harm brain development.

  • cumulative level found: 86.2 ng/g (lipid weight) in blood serum
  • High vs 116 tested in EWG/Commonweal studies (88th %ile)
  • Moderate vs 2,337 tested in CDC biomonitoring [1] (72nd %ile) (comparison based on congeners tested by CDC)
1.11ng/g (lipid weight) in blood serum314

Total Polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs)

perfluorochemicals (pfcs)

6 of 13 found — see each chemical

Includes Teflon, Scotchgard, Stainmaster. Linked to cancer and birth defects.

  • cumulative level found: 15.1 ng/mL (wet weight) in blood serum
  • Low vs 55 tested in EWG/Commonweal studies (20th %ile)
  • Low vs 3,959 tested in CDC biomonitoring [1] (18th %ile) (comparison based on congeners tested by CDC)
2.63ng/mL (wet weight) in blood serum77.7

Total Perfluorochemicals (PFCs)


1 of 1 found

Explosive component of solid rocket and missile fuel. Widespread contaminant of food, drinking water, and people. Disrupts thyroid hormones, particularly in women with lower iodide intake; may harm brain development.

  • level found: 0.72 ug/L in urine
  • Moderate vs 24 tested in EWG/Commonweal studies (38th %ile)
  • Low vs 2,818 tested in CDC biomonitoring [1] (4th %ile) (comparison based on congeners tested by CDC)
ug/L in urine5.6

nitro- and polycylic- musks

2 of 10 found — see each chemical

Fragrance ingredients. Build up in human tissues. May harm hormone system.

  • cumulative level found: 1.96 ng/g (wet weight) in blood serum
  • High vs 42 tested in EWG/Commonweal studies (91st %ile)
ng/g (wet weight) in blood serum4.23

Total Nitro- and polycylic- musks

bisphenol a & badge

1 of 1 found

Detected in polycarbonate plastic, dental sealants, and resins that line metal cans. Linked to hormone disruption, birth defects, cancer with effects at very low doses.

  • level found: 5.03 ug/g creatinine in urine
  • High vs 17 tested in EWG/Commonweal studies (95th %ile)
  • High vs 2,612 tested in CDC biomonitoring [1] (81st %ile) (comparison based on congeners tested by CDC)
ug/g creatinine in urine6.06


3 of 3 found

Mercury is used in dental fillings and to preserve vaccines; it is also a common pollutant in seafood. Mercury harms brain development and function.

  • level found: 1.01 ug/L (wet weight) in whole blood
  • Moderate vs 40 tested in EWG/Commonweal studies (45th %ile)
  • Moderate vs 8,373 tested in CDC biomonitoring [1] (68th %ile) (comparison based on congeners tested by CDC)
7.0E-5ug/L (wet weight) in whole blood12

Forms from mercury, a pollutant from coal-fired power plants and other sources. Methylmercury accumulates in seafood and harms brain development and function.

  • level found: 0.68 ug/L (wet weight) in whole blood
  • Moderate vs 88 tested in EWG/Commonweal studies (30th %ile)
  • Moderate vs 8,373 tested in CDC biomonitoring [1] (50th %ile) (comparison based on congeners tested by CDC)
ug/L (wet weight) in whole blood25.9

Neurotoxic heavy metal linked to IQ deficits and behavioral problems. Found in dust from chipping lead paint in older homes, and in some tap water.

  • level found: 0.556 ug/dL (wet weight) in whole blood
  • Low vs 71 tested in EWG/Commonweal studies (23rd %ile)
  • Low vs 8,373 tested in CDC biomonitoring [1] (12th %ile) (comparison based on congeners tested by CDC)
0.222ug/dL (wet weight) in whole blood4.7

Chemicals not found in Jennifer Hill-Kelley

35 chemicals

Tetrabromobisphenol A, Celestolide, Traseolide, Phantolide, Musk xylene, Musk tibetene, Musk moskene, Musk ketone, Cashmeran, PFBS (Perfluorobutane sulfonate), PFBA (Perfluorobutyric acid), PFDoA (Perfluorododecanoic acid), PFHpA (Perfluoroheptanoic acid), PFHxA (Perfluorohexanoic acid), PFOSA (Perfluorooctanesulfonic acid), PFPeA (Perfluoro-n-pentanoic acid), PBDE-13, PBDE-11, PBDE-32, PBDE-128, PBDE-155, PBDE-181, PBDE-190, PBDE-209, PBDE-105, PBDE-77, PBDE-35, PBDE-126, PBDE-30, PBDE-7, PBDE-10, PBDE-119, PBDE-8, PBDE-12, PBDE-120


[1] CDC (2005). National Report on Human Exposure to Environmental Chemicals, Centers for Disease Control. http://www.cdc.gov/exposurereport/. (Methylmercury results have been compared to total mercury in CDC biomonitoring.)

See results for this participant's group