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May 15, 2003

Canaries in the Kitchen: Bird Death Diary - References

Bird Death Diary headerBird Death Diary header


[1] Kreger Theresa 2003. "Teflon deaths." Email correspondence to EWG. April 2003.

[2] Birdhotline 2003. "Warnings to keep your bird safe." Accessed via the Internet at http:/ May 2003.

[3] Shively Carol. 2003. "PTFE fumes kill family's pet birds!" Accessed online at April 2003.

[4] Talking Green Parrot Aviary. 2003. Information accessed online at April 7 2003.

[5] Sehnal, D. 2003. Personal correspondence via email with Environmental Working Group. April and May 2003.

[6] Grahme 2003. "Teflon-related bird information." Email correspondence to Environmental Working Group. April 24 2003.

[7] Stewart Bob. 2002. Personal communication with Dr. Jennifer Klein, Environmental Working Group. May 9, 2002.

[8] Stewart Bob. 2002. Personal email communication with Anne Morgan, Environmental Working Group. [date]

[9] Anonymous 2003. Email correspondence to Environmental Working Group. April 2003.

[10] Anonymous 2003. Email correspondence to Environmental Working Group. April 2003.

[11] Hopkins, Steve 2001. “Bird deaths linked to Teflon coating.” Waikato Times. Hamilton, New Zealand. Independent Publishers Ltd. July 11, 2001. Copyright 2001 Independent Publishers Ltd.

[12] Blandford, TB., Seamon, PJ., Hughes, R., Pattison, M and Wilderspin, MP. 1975. A case of polytetrafluoroethylene poisoning in cockatiels accompanied by polymer fume fever in the owner. Vet Rec 96(8): 175-8.

[13] Boucher M, Ehmler TJ, Bermudez AJ. 2000. Polytetrafluoroethylene gas intoxication in broiler chickens. Avian Dis 2000 Apr-Jun;44(2):449-53.

[14] Zanen AL, Rietveld AP. 1993. Inhalation trauma due to overheating in a microwave oven. Thorax 48:300-2.

[15] Pennycott TW, Middleton JD. 1997. Suspected PTFE toxicity in wild birds. Vet Rec 141:255.

[16] Canadian Cooperative Wildlife Health Centre (CCWHC). 1997. “Suspected Teflon toxicosis in songbirds.” CCWHC Newsletter. Volume 4, Number 3, Summer 1997. Accessed online May 2003 at

[17] Daniels, Mary. 1986. “Stove fumes killing cages birds; overheating coated pans can bring quick death,” Chicago Tribune. March 9, 1986.

[18] Daniels, Mary. 1987. “Health debate; non-stick drip pans catch heat.” Chicago Tribune. March 29 1987.

[19] Vaughn, Sam. 1994. “What is a safe toy?” NCS Magazine. The National Cockatiel Society (NCS). Accessed online May 2002 at