WASHINGTON – EWG applauds Sen. Ed Markey (D-Mass.) for today introducing legislation to ensure the safety of food chemicals by closing regulatory loopholes.
The Ensuring Safe and Toxic-Free Foods Act would help the Food and Drug Administration prevent harmful substances from entering the food supply, among other steps. Nearly 99 percent of all food chemicals introduced into the marketplace since 2000 were greenlighted for use by the food and chemical industries, not the FDA, according to a recent EWG analysis.
“Americans deserve to know the food they serve at the kitchen table is safe for themselves and their children to eat,” said Markey. “The FDA has a responsibility to promote food safety and accountability – too often they fall short of that responsibility. It is long time we revise existing food safety measures and close the loophole that allows manufacturers to decide for themselves what new substances can enter our food supply.”
Chemicals have been able to enter the food supply, thanks to a loophole in the Substances Generally Recognized as Safe, or GRAS, Rule that lets their makers approve their use, and not the FDA, even though it’s the agency tasked with keeping our food safe. Markey’s bill would direct the FDA to revise the rule to include provisions that would:
- Prohibit manufacturers from designating substances as safe without supplying proper notice and supporting information to the secretary of the Department of Health and Human Services.
- Require safety information about a substance to be publicly available on the FDA website and subject to a 90-day public review period.
- Prohibit carcinogenic substances from receiving GRAS designation.
- Prohibit substances that show evidence of reproductive or developmental toxicity from receiving GRAS designation.
- Restrict people with direct conflicts of interest from serving as experts in reviewing and evaluating scientific data with regard to GRAS designations.
The legislation would also direct the secretary of HHS to create an Office of Food Chemical Safety Reassessment within the FDA’s Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition. The office would be charged with reassessing the safety of substances already on the market.
“It’s unbelievable that food companies, not the FDA, decide whether 99 percent of new chemicals used in food are safe, and that it’s been decades since the FDA evaluated the safety of many chemicals used in the foods we eat every day,” said Melanie Benesh, EWG legislative attorney. “The proposed reforms in the Ensuring Safe and Toxic-Free Foods Act of 2022 are desperately needed to fix the FDA’s oversight of food chemicals and keep consumers safe.”
The Environmental Working Group is a nonprofit, non-partisan organization that empowers people to live healthier lives in a healthier environment. Through research, advocacy and unique education tools, EWG drives consumer choice and civic action.