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EWG's Tap Water Database — 2019 UPDATE

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Styrene

City of Kerrville

Styrene is a volatile cancer-causing chemical used for manufacturing Styrofoam (polystyrene) and other plastics. Releases from industrial production sites and hazardous waste landfills cause styrene contamination in drinking water. Read More.

In addition to increasing the risk of cancer, styrene can also damage the liver and the nervous system. California set a public health goal for styrene in drinking water at 0.5 parts per billion. The federal Maximum Contaminant Level (MCL) allows up to 100 parts per billion of styrene in water, which is 200 times more than the California recommended level.

Click here to read more about carcinogenic VOCs.

 

28

Samples

0

Samples exceeding legal limit (MCL)

0

Samples exceeding
health guidelines

Testing results - average by year

 
YearAverage resultSamples takenDetectionsRange of results
2012ND30ND
2013ND10ND
2014ND10ND
2015ND60ND
2016ND50ND
2017ND120ND

ppb = parts per billion

State and national drinking water standards and health guidelines

EWG Health Guideline 0.5 ppb

The EWG Health Guideline of 0.5 ppb for styrene was defined by the California Office of Environmental Health Hazard Assessment as a public health goal, the level of a drinking water contaminant that does not pose a significant health risk. This health guideline protects against cancer.

EPA Maximum Contaminant
Level (MCL) 100 ppb

The legal limit for styrene, established in 1991, was based on a toxicity study in laboratory animals conducted in the 1970s. This limit may not fully protect against the risk of cancer due to styrene exposure.

ppb = parts per billion

All test results

Date Lab ID Result
2012-04-041204117005ND
2012-07-251207951005ND
2012-10-041210228005ND
2013-07-29AC26104ND
2014-07-16AC59841ND
2015-04-15AC88380ND
2015-07-20AD00203ND
2015-07-20AD00201ND
2015-08-14AD04432ND
2015-08-14AD04428ND
2015-08-14AD04430ND
2016-02-01AD21129ND
2016-04-18AD33348ND
2016-07-05AD42974ND
2016-07-05AD42962ND
2016-10-24AD54358ND
2017-04-06AD78768ND
2017-05-08AD83088ND
2017-05-08AD83086ND
2017-05-09AD83355ND
2017-05-09AD83359ND
2017-05-09AD83357ND
2017-07-05AD88337ND
2017-07-05AD88335ND
2017-07-05AD88333ND
2017-07-05AD88339ND
2017-10-09AD99820ND
2017-10-09AD99818ND